Margaret Thatcher received numerous honours in recognition of her career in politics. These included a peerage, membership of the Order of the Garter, the Order of Saint John and the Order of Merit, along with numerous other British and foreign honours. These included the Order of King Abdulaziz from Saudi Arabia in 1990. She was also honoured in Kuwait in 1991.

Life peerage

Margaret Thatcher was given a life peerage on her standing down from the House of Commons at the 1992 United Kingdom general election. This allowed her a seat in the House of Lords. She took the title Baroness Thatcher, of Kesteven in the County of Lincolnshire. She sat with the Conservative Party benches.

Coat of arms

As a member of the House of Lords with a life peerage,[1] Thatcher was entitled to use a personal coat of arms. A second coat of arms was created following her appointment as Lady Companion of the Order of the Garter (LG) in 1995.[2] Despite receiving her own arms, Thatcher sometimes used the Royal Arms instead of her own, contrary to protocol.[3]

Coat of arms of Margaret Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher
Coat of Arms of Margaret Thatcher, The Baroness Thatcher (1995–2013).svg
Notes
This achievement was used from 1995 to 2013, granted originally by the College of Arms in 1992 and was designed by the Garter King of Arms Sir Colin Cole. This version displays the circlet of the Order of the Garter. When she was appointed to the Order of the Garter in 1995 she was allowed to displayed a circlet of the order, she then used this new version until her death in 2013.
Adopted
1992
Coronet
surmounted by a baron's coronet
Escutcheon
On a lozenge per chevron azure and gules, a double key in chief between two lions combatant a tower with portcullis in base all or.
Supporters
Dexter: An admiral of the fleet of the British Royal Navy; sinister: Sir Isaac Newton holding in his left hand weighing scales, both proper.
Motto
CHERISH FREEDOM
Orders
  • Garter ribbon
  • Merit ribbon with Cross pendant
  • HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE
    — French for "Shame be to him who thinks evil of it."
Banner
Garter Banner of Baroness Thatcher.svg
The banner of Margaret Thatcher's arms used as knight of the Garter at St George's Chapel.
Symbolism
The dexter supporter is an Admiral of the Royal Navy, to commemorate the victory of the Falklands War during her premiership. The sinister supporter is Sir Isaac Newton, to recognise her earlier career as a scientist. The key and the two royal lions of England represents her tenure as Prime Minister and First Lord of the Treasury. The tower and portcullis represents her time at the Palace of Westminster as Member of Parliament. She bore this achievement on a lozenge (as is traditional for a woman), surrounded by the circlet of the Order of the Garter (in which she was appointed in 1995); below hangs the ribbon and insignia of the Order of Merit (in which she was appointed in 1990).[4]
Previous versions
Coat of Arms of Margaret Thatcher, The Baroness Thatcher (1992–1995).svg
1992–1995
Coat of Arms of Margaret Thatcher, The Baroness Thatcher (1995–2013) (Variant).svg
Escutcheon: 1995–2013

Commonwealth honours

Commonwealth realms
Country Date Appointment Post-nominal letters
 United Kingdom 1970 – 8 April 2013 Member of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council PC
Commonwealth realms 7 December 1990 – 8 April 2013 Order of Merit OM[5]
 United Kingdom 1 July 1991 – 8 April 2013 Dame of Justice of the Order of St John D.StJ[6]
 United Kingdom 25 April 1995 – 8 April 2013 Lady Companion of the Order of the Garter LG[7]

Foreign honours

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (January 2019)
Orders
Country Date Appointment Ref.
 United States 7 March 1991 Presidential Medal of Freedom [8]
South Africa South Africa 15 May 1991 Grand Cross of the Order of Good Hope [9]
 Japan 24 May 1995 Grand Cordon of the Order of the Precious Crown [10]
Croatia Croatia 15 September 1998 Grand Order of King Dimitar Zvonimir [11]
 United States 28 October 1998 Ronald Reagan Freedom Award [12]
Czech Republic Czech Republic 17 November 1999 Order of the White Lion, First Class [13]
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 31 August 2001 Order of Friendship, First Class [14]
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies House of Bourbon 14 November 2003 Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Francis I Awarded on behalf of the Catholic Church by the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies [15]
Lithuania Lithuania 16 February 2008 Grand Cross of the Order of Vytautas the Great [16][17]

Other distinctions

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (November 2018)

Scholastic

University degrees
Location Date School Degree
 England 1947 Somerville College, Oxford Second-Class Honours Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Chemistry
Chancellor, visitor, governor, rector, and fellowships
Location Date School Position
 England 1970 – 8 April 2013 Somerville College, Oxford Honorary Fellow[18]
 Virginia 1993–2000 College of William and Mary Chancellor[19]
Honorary degrees
Location Date School Degree Gave Commencement Address
 District of Columbia 27 February 1981 Georgetown University Doctor of Laws (LL.D)[20]
 England 1986 University of Buckingham Doctor of Laws (LL.D)[21]
 Israel 17 November 1992 Weizmann Institute of Science Doctorate[22]
 Utah 5 March 1996 Brigham Young University Doctor of Public Service (DPS)[23]
 Virginia 2000 College of William and Mary Doctor of Laws (LL.D)[24]
 California 2008 Pepperdine University Doctorate[25]

Memberships and fellowships

Location Date Organisation Position
 United Kingdom 1975 – 8 April 2013 Carlton Club Honorary Member
 United Kingdom 24 October 1979 – 15 May 1980 Royal Institute of Chemistry Honorary Fellow (Hon FRIC)[26]
 United Kingdom 15 May 1980 – 8 April 2013 Royal Society of Chemistry Honorary Fellow (Hon FRSC)
 United Kingdom 1 July 1983 – 8 April 2013 Royal Society Fellow (FRS)[27]
 England 9 November 1983 – 8 April 2013 Gray's Inn Honorary Bencher[28]
 Ontario 18 June 1988 – 8 April 2013 Law Society of Upper Canada Honorary Bencher[29]
 United States 2006 – 8 April 2013 The Heritage Foundation Patron

Freedom of the City

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (August 2020)

Awards

Location Date Organisation Award
 Virginia 28 February 1981 OSS Society William J. Donovan Award [38]
 California 27 October 1998 Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation Ronald Reagan Freedom Award [39]
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (January 2021)

Places and other things named after Thatcher

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (November 2018)
Dendrobium Margaret Thatcher, with explanatory plaque.
Dendrobium Margaret Thatcher, with explanatory plaque.

Places

Other things

References

  1. ^ "No. 52978". The London Gazette. 26 June 1992. p. 11045.
  2. ^ "No. 54017". The London Gazette. 25 April 1995. p. 6023.
  3. ^ Summers, Michael; Streeter, Ben (24 March 1997). "The strange case of Lady Thatcher and Her Majesty's coat of arms". The Independent. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  4. ^ Hardman, Robert. "His and Her coats of arms for a baronet and his Lady". The Electronic Telegraph. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  5. ^ "No. 52360". The London Gazette. 11 December 1990. p. 19066.
  6. ^ "No. 52590". The London Gazette. 1 July 1991. p. 10029.
  7. ^ "No. 54017". The London Gazette. 25 April 1995. p. 6023.
  8. ^ "Speech receiving Presidential Medal of Freedom". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 7 March 1991. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  9. ^ "Speech on receiving the Order of Good Hope from President De Klerk". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 15 May 1991. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  10. ^ "Photo receiving Order of the Precious Crown". Getty Images. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  11. ^ "122 18.9.1998 Odluka o odlikovanju bivše predsjednice Vlade Ujedinjene Kraljevine Velike Britanije i Sjeverne Irske i članice Gornjeg doma Parlamenta Velike Britanije, barunice Margaret Thatcher Veleredom kralja Dmitra Zvonimira s lentom i Danic" (in Croatian).
  12. ^ Youtube n° 0C7j8jw95y0 Ronald Reagan Freedom Award
  13. ^ Speech receiving the Order of the White Lion in Prague
  14. ^ Peter Harrington
  15. ^ "Highest Catholic honour for thatcher". The Independent (Ireland). Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  16. ^ Archive
  17. ^ VLE
  18. ^ "Margaret Thatcher 1925–2013". University of Oxford. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  19. ^ "Post-Colonial Era Chancellors". College of William and Mary. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  20. ^ "Margaret Thatcher receives honorary doctorate from Georgetown University". United Press International. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  21. ^ "Honorary Graduates 1978–2000". University of Buckingham. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  22. ^ "Margaret Thatcher and the Jewish community". The Jewish Chronicle. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  23. ^ "Margaret Thatcher has BYU ties". The Daily Universe. Brigham Young University. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  24. ^ "Honorary degree recipients". Scdbwiki.swem.wm.edu. 28 September 2018. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  25. ^ "Lady Margaret Thatcher Receives Honorary Doctorate from Pepperdine University". Business Wire. 14 November 2008. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  26. ^ "Speech to the Chemical Society and the Royal Institute of Chemistry (honorary fellowship)". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 24 October 1979. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
  27. ^ "Cream of the crop at Royal Society". New Scientist. 99 (1365): 5. 7 July 1983.
  28. ^ "Historical List of Honorary Benchers since 1883" (PDF). graysinn.org.uk. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  29. ^ "Speech on being elected an Honorary Bencher of the Law Society of Upper Canada". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 18 June 1988. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  30. ^ "Speech receiving Freedom of the Borough of Barnet". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 6 February 1980. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  31. ^ "Margaret Thatcher recieves [sic] the freedom of the London Borough of Barnet, 7th February 1980". agefotostock. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  32. ^ "Speech in Port Stanley (Falklands)". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 10 January 1983. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  33. ^ "Speech at Mansion House (receiving freedom of the City)". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 26 May 1989. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  34. ^ "Speech receiving Freedom of City of Westminster". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 12 December 1990. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  35. ^ "Speech in Zagreb". Margaret Thatcher Foundation. 16 September 1998. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  36. ^ "Honorary citizenship of the city". City of Zagreb. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
  37. ^ "Baltic port honors Thatcher and Reagan". Deseret News. 26 August 2000. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  38. ^ "Office of Strategic Services Society". osssociety.org. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  39. ^ "The Ronald Reagan Freedom Award". reaganfoundation.org. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  40. ^ Google (31 March 2022). "Margaret Thatcher Street" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  41. ^ a b "Falkland Islands day of mourning for Baroness Thatcher". BBC News. 10 April 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2021. Margaret Thatcher Day is celebrated every 10 January on the islands and a street is named Thatcher Drive after her in the capital Port Stanley.
  42. ^ "Peninsula on South Georgia to be named after Margaret Thatcher". The Times. London. 15 June 1991.
  43. ^ "Madrid names school after Margaret Thatcher". Thelocal.es. 21 June 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  44. ^ Murado, Miguel-Anxo (17 September 2014). "Madrid's Plaza Margaret Thatcher is a curious landmark for curious times". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  45. ^ "Somerville College". Conference Oxford. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  46. ^ "New Said building named after Baroness Thatcher". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  47. ^ Ros-Lehtinen, Ileana (13 September 2006). "Honoring the Iron Lady". The Washington Times. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  48. ^ "Margaret Thatcher's namesakes: five unlikely things named after the Iron Lady". The Daily Telegraph. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2021. The orchid - Dendrobium Margaret Thatcher. This hybrid orchid was named after Margaret Thatcher during a visit to the Singapore Botanic Gardens.