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The two largest new-built Orthodox church buildings are the People's Salvation Cathedral (right) and the Church of Saint Sava (left) with 5,760 m² respectively 4,830 m² exterior floor area.
The two largest new-built Orthodox church buildings are the People's Salvation Cathedral (right) and the Church of Saint Sava (left) with 5,760 m² respectively 4,830 m² exterior floor area.

This is a list of the largest Eastern Orthodox church buildings in the world, based on area and capacity. Any Eastern Orthodox church building that has a capacity of 3,000 people or more, can be added to this page. Entries are included even if they currently do not function as a church. For example, the Hagia Sophia is included – it was originally built as a church but was later converted into a mosque. Sorting is done by volume (priority) and area. The church building are listed in alphabetical order according to country. The churches are from various jurisdictions of the Eastern Orthodox Church.

List

Name Image Area (m²) Gross volume (m³) Capacity Built City Country Jurisdiction Notes
Interior Exterior
People's Salvation Cathedral
ca 5,000 m² [1][2][3] 5,760 m²[4][5][6] 323,000 m³ [7][8] 7,000 [a][9] 2010–present Bucharest Romania Romania Patriarchate of Romania Along with the largest volume and interior area, 127 m high and 126 m long, it is the tallest and longest Orthodox church building in the world.
Saint Isaac's Cathedral [b]
4,000 m² [11] 7,418 m²[12] 260,000 m³ 12,000 [13] 1818-1858, Museum 1931 Saint Petersburg Russia Russia State Russian Museum With 105 m length and 93 m width it is the Orthodox church building that has the greatest groundfloor extent.
Hagia Sophia
7,960[citation needed] 255,800[14] 532–537 Istanbul  Turkey Ecumenical Patriarchate 537-1453 converted to mosque
Church of Saint Sava
3,650 m² [c][15] 4,830 m²[16] 170,000 m³ [15] 6,000−10,000 [d][17][15] 1935–2004 Belgrade Serbia Serbia Serbian Patriarchate It is the tallest (78 m), longest (91 m), widest (81 m) and largest (by area and volume) church building in the Balkans.
Cathedral of Christ the Saviour
3,990 m² [18][19] [e] 6,829.3 m² [20][21] 101,992 m³ [22] 10,000 [23] 1839-1883, Demolished 1931, Rebuilt 1994-2000 Moscow Russia Russia Moscow Patriarchate The church building has an underground area of 28,000 m², it contains the hall of the church council with 1,250 places, the hall of the synod meetings, refectory, and technical installations[24]
Kazan Cathedral
4,000 m²[citation needed] 6,000[citation needed] 1811 Saint Petersburg Russia Russia Moscow Patriarchate
Trinity Izmailovsky Cathedral
3,500 m²
[25]
3,000
[25]
1835 Saint Petersburg Russia Russia Moscow Patriarchate
Tsminda Sameba Cathedral 3,000 m²[citation needed] 137,000 m³[citation needed] 10,000[citation needed] 1995-2004 Tbilisi Georgia (country) Georgia Patriarchate of Georgia
Novocherkassk Ascension Cathedral
2,900 m²[citation needed] 135,000 m³
[26]
5,000[citation needed] 1904 Novocherkassk Russia Russia Moscow Patriarchate
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
3,170 m²
[27]
86,000 m³
[28]
5,000
[29]
1882-1912 Sofia Bulgaria Bulgaria Patriarchate of Bulgaria It is the tallest (53 m) and largest (by area and volume) cathedral in the Balkans.
Transfiguration Cathedral
3,100 m²[citation needed] 9,000
[30]
1837, rebuilt 2003 Odessa Ukraine Ukraine Moscow Patriarchate
Smolny Cathedral
3,000 m²[citation needed] 6,000
[31]
1764 Saint Petersburg Russia Russia Moscow Patriarchate
Kronstadt Naval Cathedral
3,000 m²[citation needed] 5,000[citation needed] 1913 Kronstadt Russia Russia Moscow Patriarchate
Church of Saint Panteleimon
2,400 m²[citation needed] 5,000[citation needed] 1930 Athens Greece Greece Greek Orthodox Church
Holy Trinity Cathedral 2,100 m²[citation needed] 5,000[citation needed] 1990–present Baia Mare Romania Romania Patriarchate of Romania
Annunciation Cathedral
2,000 m²[citation needed] 5,000
[32]
1901 Kharkiv Ukraine Ukraine Moscow Patriarchate
Saint Andrew of Patras
2,600 m²
[33]
7,000
[33]
1908–1974[34] Patras Greece Greece Greek Orthodox Church
Cathedral of the Lord's Ascension 1,706 m²
[35]
5,000[citation needed] 2017 Bacău Romania Romania Patriarchate of Romania
Resurrection Cathedral
1,660 m²[citation needed] 5,000[citation needed] 2014 Tirana Albania Albania Albanian Orthodox Church
Timișoara Orthodox Cathedral
1,542 m²[36] 50,000 m³
[36]
5,000
[37]
1940 Timișoara Romania Romania Patriarchate of Romania With 91 m height It is the second tallest church building in Romania.
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral
1,450 m²[citation needed] 4,000[citation needed] 1900 Tallinn Estonia Estonia Moscow Patriarchate
Agios Minas Cathedral
1,350 m²
[38]
3,000[citation needed] 1895 Heraklion Greece Greece Greek Orthodox Church
Saint Mark's Church
1,150 m²[citation needed] 3,000[citation needed] 1940 Belgrade Serbia Serbia Serbian Patriarchate
Saints Boris and Gleb Cathedral
1,100 m²[citation needed] 3,000[citation needed] 1905 Daugavpils Latvia Latvia Moscow Patriarchate
Poti Cathedral
1,000 m²[citation needed] 3,000[citation needed] 1906 Poti Georgia (country) Georgia Patriarchate of Georgia
Uspenski Cathedral
1,000 m²[citation needed] 1868 Helsinki Finland Finland Finnish Orthodox Church
St. Michael's Cathedral 12,000[citation needed] 2000 Cherkasy Ukraine Ukraine Ukrainian Orthodox Church
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
10,000[39] 326 Jerusalem Israel/State of Palestine Israel/Palestine Patriarchate of Jerusalem
Transfiguration Cathedral of Ugresha Monastery
7,000[citation needed] 1521 Dzerzhinsky, Moscow Oblast Russia Russia Moscow Patriarchate
Church of the Nativity of Christ
5,000[40] 1857 Kyshtym Russia Russia Moscow Patriarchate
St. Nicholas Naval Cathedral
5,000[citation needed] 1753 Saint Petersburg Russia Russia Moscow Patriarchate
Sophia Cathedral
5,000[citation needed] 1788 Saint Petersburg Russia Russia Moscow Patriarchate
Uzhhorod Orthodox Cathedral 5,000[citation needed] 1990 Uzhhorod Ukraine Ukraine Ukrainian Orthodox Church
Iași Metropolitan Cathedral
3,000
[41]
1887 Iași Romania Romania Patriarchate of Romania

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ The cathedral is projected for 10,000 people in the main cathedral building and underground galleries. A total of 7,000 peoples/worshipers can attend at the holy liturgy in the same time, with 1,000 – choirs (three places), clergy, three levels of balconies right-left, and 6,000 pilgrims. In the underground galleries can be accommodate 3,000 peoples.
  2. ^ Currently functions as a museum[10]
  3. ^ The official site specifies that, the Nave & Altar area is 3,650 m2 and the three Narthex area is 1,444 m2. The total internal area of the temple (cathedral) is 5,094 m2 (without stairs). On the official site, the area of the temple is specified separately, not as a total. This is why confusion arises. Note! To the paragraph above: No, the official site does not say that. 1,444 sq. meters is the combined area of the second level and not the floor. This 1,444 sq. meters is the combined area of the balconies for the choirs. This is clearly stated in the official site and there is no confusion. Furthermore, the total external area of the church (without the stairs) is 4830 sq. meters – given by the official cadastre.
  4. ^ The official site specifies that, on the nave floor can be accommodated 7,000 worshipers. More precisely 6,300 worshipers on the nave floor and 700 choirs (balconies). In the temple galleries (underground), can be accommodated 3,000 worshipers. Also the official site specifies that, in total 10,000 worshipers, can accommodated on the nave floor and in the underground galleries. The nave floor criterion is considered standard without annexes. Also valued at 10,000 can be disputed including the annexes, to increase the value.
  5. ^ The church covers 3980 m2

References

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  2. ^ "Catedrala Neamului". Patriarhia Română.ro.
  3. ^ "The biggest orthodox church in the world". Business-review.eu.
  4. ^ Romania's National Cathedral. Construction World May 2018 [2]
  5. ^ The Database of Buildings: Catedrala Mântuirii Neamului Românesc in Bucharest [3]
  6. ^ Annual Report Umdasch Group 2018: The largest church in the Balkans (PDF)
  7. ^ "Catedrala Mântuirii Neamului". Adevarul.ro. 2018-11-25.
  8. ^ Şantierul Catedralei Mântuirii Neamului (2010–2013) [The Shrine of the People's Salvation Cathedral (2010–2013)] (DVD) (in Romanian). Patriarchate of Romania.
  9. ^ Iftimiu, Aurelian (2018-06-29). "Mosaic icons began to be applied on the National Cathedral's iconostasis". Basilica.ro.
  10. ^ "РПЦ осталась без Исаакиевского собора". www.lenta.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-01-10.
  11. ^ http://cathedral.ru/ru/isaac/architecture
  12. ^ Zoran Veljovic: the largest orthodox temple [4]
  13. ^ "Исаакиевский собор". Artnight.ru.
  14. ^ Wieslaw Woszczyk (27 January 2014). "Aural Architecture: Music, Acoustics, and Ritual" (PDF). Onassis Seminar on music acoustics and ritual. Stanford University. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  15. ^ a b c "Храм у простору и бројевима" [Temple in space and numbers]. - Hram Svetog Save.
  16. ^ Cadastre of the Republic of Serbia cadastral parcel of the church of saint sava 1819/2 at 4830 m², Opstina Savski Venac
  17. ^ "Организација унутрашњег простора Храма и његове функције" [Organization of the inner space of the Temple and its functions]. - Hram Svetog Save. Archived from the original on 2017-08-24. Retrieved 2019-02-10.
  18. ^ Official Site [http://new.xxc.ru/about/istoriya_hrama/istoriya/postroenie_hrama Построение Храма
  19. ^ Dmitri Sidorov 2004: National Monumentalization ant the Politics of Scale: The Resurrections of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow (PDF)
  20. ^ Official Site [http://new.xxc.ru/about/istoriya_hrama/istoriya/postroenie_hrama Построение Храма
  21. ^ Dmitri Sidorov 2004: National Monumentalization ant the Politics of Scale: The Resurrections of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow (PDF)
  22. ^ Official Site [http://new.xxc.ru/about/istoriya_hrama/istoriya/postroenie_hrama Построение Храма
  23. ^ "Храм Христа Спасителя". Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  24. ^ https://zoranveljovic11.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/the-largest-orthodox-temple-h.jpg
  25. ^ a b "Собор Святой Живоначальной Троицы". Izmsobor.ru.
  26. ^ "Патриарший Вознесенский войсковой всеказачий собор – Достопримечательности – Официальный сайт города Новочеркасска". Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  27. ^ "15 Century Bulgaria Foundation (15 века БЪЛГАРИЯ) website, article with title Patriarchal cathedral stauropigial memorial church St. Alexander Nevsky (pdf in English)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-04-25. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
  28. ^ "София 1968 г. – ОБИКОЛКА НА ГРАДА". www.omda.bg. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  29. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-11-22. Retrieved 2011-11-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  30. ^ "ОДЕСА: СОБОР,ЩО ПРЕОБРАЖАЄ". Risu.Orh.ua.
  31. ^ Смольный монастырь, собор
  32. ^ Благовіщенський собор у Харкові
  33. ^ a b Dr. Charis Alk. Apostolopoulos, University of Patras, "Historical data from construction – damages in the structure of the new church of Saint Andrew in Patras", Proceedings of 3rd National Conference "Mild interventions for the protection of historic structures. New Design Trends", Ministry of Culture, Thessaloniki 2009 (paper in Greek)
  34. ^ "Πάτρα - Ι.Ν. Αγίου Ανδρέα: Ο μεγαλύτερος των Βαλκανίων..." Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  35. ^ "Megaconstrucţii: Catedrala "Înălţarea Domnului" din Bacău". www.deferlari.ro. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  36. ^ a b "Catedrala din Timişoara, stil şi eleganţă". Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  37. ^ WR. "Metropolitan Cathedral, Timișoara·". www.welcometoromania.ro. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  38. ^ Chiotaki Aspasia, Bachelor Thesis with title Religious Tourism in Heraklion, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, 2009
  39. ^ "Israel News – The Jerusalem post". www.jpost.com. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  40. ^ "Kyshtym, Chelyabinsk region – Parks and Landscapes". www.parksandlandscapes.org. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  41. ^ "Iași Metropolitan Ensemble – The Metropolitan Cathedral". iasi.travel. Retrieved 10 July 2019.