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The first light navigational structure in Albania was built in the north-western side of Sazan Island in 1871. More than a decade later, in 1884, a second structure was erected in Shëngjin. Between the years from 1878–1890, maritime experts from the Austro-Hungarian Empire drafted the first hydrographic maps in the country which were further improved by Italian experts during the period from 1933–1941. They planted new light navigational structures at the main entry points of the coast, in places such as: Durrës, Vlorë and Sarandë (Çukë). After the war, some major headlights were repaired and in collaboration with Soviet maritime specialists, new maps were published for the entire coast and marine region.

Light tower near Grama Bay
Light tower near Grama Bay

Lanterns powered by acetylene gas were put into operation and some of the older lanterns were refurbished with new parts. From 1958–1960, concrete and stone lantern towers of 8–14 m in height were built in the Cape of Panorma, south of the island of Sazan, in Shën Vasil, Pashaliman, Treport, Selita Cape, atop the Durrës Mountain, etc. From 1984–1986, two new beacon towers were built with the architecture of the time, one at the mouth of Vjosa River (20 m) and the other at Pali Cape (14 m). After 1985, some lamps were fitted with automatic electronic equipment, which increased their vision and reduced electricity consumption by 40%. At this time, more than 40 marine lanterns were numbered on the Albanian coast, covering the coastal waters at a range of 6 to 13 nautical miles, and in some capes up to 25 nautical miles. Presently there are a total of 84, mostly functional, lanterns from Buna to Saranda in full alert.[1][2][3]

Lighthouses, buoys, maritime navigational marks

This table shows a complete list of lighthouses, buoys and other navigational marks spread throughout the coast of Albania.[4]

No. Name Coordinates Class of Light Range
nml
Light Color Type Elevation
north
east
Ground level Sea level
Shëngjin-Talë Region
1 Shëngjin lighthouse 41°48′38″N 19°34′59″E / 41.81056°N 19.58306°E / 41.81056; 19.58306 Fl. W 5s 12
Inox pipe 2m atop military structure. 11 m 32 m
2 Red lighthouse at the entrance of Shëngjin port (left) 41°48′26″N 19°35′13″E / 41.80722°N 19.58694°E / 41.80722; 19.58694 Fl. R 5s 4
White concrete tower with a red open deck standing on a scaled base. 6 m 11.5 m
3 Temporary green trellis at the entrance of Shëngjin port (right) 41°48′32″N 19°35′18″E / 41.80889°N 19.58833°E / 41.80889; 19.58833 Fl. G 5s 4
Metal trellis standing on a scaled base. 4 m 6 m
4 Shëngjin with course 1
Non-functional
(turned off until the redefining of the channel)
5 Shëngjin with course 2
6 Buoy no.0
Non-functional
(removed until the redefining of the channel)

Buoy no.0: open waters; Buoys no.1-4: entry channel
7 Buoy no.1
8 Buoy no.2
9 Buoy no.3
10 Buoy no.4
11 Talë trellis 41°42′37″N 19°35′13″E / 41.71028°N 19.58694°E / 41.71028; 19.58694 Fl. W 6s 6
White steel trellis 2 m above the Hidrovori. 9 m 10 m
Durrës-Karavasta Region
12 Rodoni Cape lighthouse 41°35′14″N 19°26′42″E / 41.58722°N 19.44500°E / 41.58722; 19.44500 Fl.(2) W 10s 9
Inox pipe atop the cape. 3.5 m 44.5 m
13 Rodoni buoy 41°35′25″N 19°26′30″E / 41.59028°N 19.44167°E / 41.59028; 19.44167 Fl.(9) W 15s 6
Cardinal western buoy. 3 m
14 Pali Cape lighthouse 41°24′48″N 19°23′30″E / 41.41333°N 19.39167°E / 41.41333; 19.39167 Fl. W 10s 10
Concrete square tower. 11 m 34.5 m
15 Pali Cape channel buoy (left) 41°24′56″N 19°24′08″E / 41.41556°N 19.40222°E / 41.41556; 19.40222 Fl. R 2s 3
Lateral red buoy. 3 m
16 Pali Cape channel buoy (right) 41°25′01″N 19°24′04″E / 41.41694°N 19.40111°E / 41.41694; 19.40111 Fl. G 2s 3
Lateral green buoy. 3 m
17 Pali Cape covered trellis 1 41°24′38″N 19°23′45″E / 41.41056°N 19.39583°E / 41.41056; 19.39583 Fl. W 2.5s 4
Course light steel trellis. 6 m 9 m
18 Pali Cape covered trellis 2 41°24′36″N 19°23′43″E / 41.41000°N 19.39528°E / 41.41000; 19.39528 Fl. W 6s 4
Inox pipe. 1.7 m 10 m
19 Romano Port buoy (open waters) 41°22′42″N 19°23′12″E / 41.37833°N 19.38667°E / 41.37833; 19.38667 2.5
Red buoy. 1.5 m
20 Romano Port side buoy (entrance) 41°22′43″N 19°24′18″E / 41.37861°N 19.40500°E / 41.37861; 19.40500 4
Red buoy. 2.5 m
21 Romano Port green lighthouse (entrance) 41°22′36″N 19°24′18″E / 41.37667°N 19.40500°E / 41.37667; 19.40500 4
Inox pipe standing on a scaled base. 2 m 6 m
22 Durrës lighthouse (Vila) 41°18′56″N 19°26′07″E / 41.31556°N 19.43528°E / 41.31556; 19.43528 Fl.(2) 10s 20
Octagonal decorative stone tower. 14 m 126 m
23 Durrës Port red lighthouse (left entrance) 41°18′09″N 19°27′20″E / 41.30250°N 19.45556°E / 41.30250; 19.45556 Fl. R 5s 6
Red plastic tower. 4 m 8 m
24 Durrës Port green lighthouse (right entrance) 41°18′15.5″N 19°27′24.2″E / 41.304306°N 19.456722°E / 41.304306; 19.456722 Fl. G 5s 6
Green plastic tower. 4 m 8 m
25 Durrës Channel directional sign 41°18′49.97″N 19°27′57.83″E / 41.3138806°N 19.4660639°E / 41.3138806; 19.4660639 Iso. WRG 2s 5-7-5 Xingaro pole. 5 m 7 m
26 Durrës Channel buoy no.0 (open waters) 41°15′54″N 19°26′45″E / 41.26500°N 19.44583°E / 41.26500; 19.44583 LFI W 10s
Buoy with red and white light. 4 m
27 Durrës Channel buoy no.1 (entrance) 41°16′37″N 19°27′12″E / 41.27694°N 19.45333°E / 41.27694; 19.45333 Fl. G 3s 3
Lateral right buoy with green light. 4 m
28 Durrës Channel buoy no.2 (entrance) 41°16′42″N 19°27′00″E / 41.27833°N 19.45000°E / 41.27833; 19.45000 Fl. R 3s 3
Lateral left buoy with red light. 4 m
29 Durrës Channel buoy no.3 (entrance) 41°17′06″N 19°27′22″E / 41.28500°N 19.45611°E / 41.28500; 19.45611 Fl.(2) G 6s 3
Lateral right buoy with green light. 4 m
30 Durrës Channel buoy no.4 (entrance) 41°17′12″N 19°27′12″E / 41.28667°N 19.45333°E / 41.28667; 19.45333 Fl.(2) R 6s 3
Lateral left buoy with red light. 4 m
31 Durrës Channel buoy no.5 (entrance) 41°17′35″N 19°27′36″E / 41.29306°N 19.46000°E / 41.29306; 19.46000 Fl.(3) G 9s 3
Lateral right buoy with green light. 4 m
32 Durrës Channel buoy no.6 (entrance) 41°17′38″N 19°27′25.6″E / 41.29389°N 19.457111°E / 41.29389; 19.457111 Fl.(3) R 9s 3
Lateral left buoy with red light. 4 m
33 Durrës Channel buoy no.7 (entrance) 41°18′07″N 19°27′41″E / 41.30194°N 19.46139°E / 41.30194; 19.46139 Fl. G 5s 3
Lateral right buoy with green light. 4 m
34 Talbot cekinë buoy 41°16′42″N 19°26′48″E / 41.27833°N 19.44667°E / 41.27833; 19.44667 Q(6)+LFIW. 15s 6
Cardinal southern buoy (with yellow and black). 4 m
35 Durrës cekinë buoy 41°18′18″N 19°25′12″E / 41.30500°N 19.42000°E / 41.30500; 19.42000 Q(9)W. 15s 6
Cardinal western buoy (with yellow and black). 4 m
36 Closed vessel buoy 41°16′41″N 19°26′45″E / 41.27806°N 19.44583°E / 41.27806; 19.44583 Q(6)+LFIW. 15s
Cardinal southern buoy (with yellow and black). 4 m
37 Fishing Port lighthouse (left) 41°18′03″N 19°27′07″E / 41.30083°N 19.45194°E / 41.30083; 19.45194 Fl.(2) R 8s 3
Red metal tower. 8.5 m 10.5 m
38 Fishing Port lighthouse (right) 41°18′07″N 19°27′07″E / 41.30194°N 19.45194°E / 41.30194; 19.45194 Fl.(2) G 8s 3
Green metal tower. 8.5 m 10.5 m
39 Cekina e Seladës 1 (northern) 41°13′12″N 19°26′30″E / 41.22000°N 19.44167°E / 41.22000; 19.44167 Q W 1s 6
Cardinal northern buoy (yellow and black). 4 m
40 Cekina e Seladës 2 (western) 41°12′17″N 19°25′30″E / 41.20472°N 19.42500°E / 41.20472; 19.42500 Q(9) W 15s 6
Cardinal western buoy (yellow and black). 4 m
41 Cekina e Seladës 3 (western) 41°09′41.8″N 19°25′30.3″E / 41.161611°N 19.425083°E / 41.161611; 19.425083 Q(9) W 15s 6
Cardinal western buoy (yellow and black). 4 m
42 Selina lighthouse (Lagji Cape) 41°18′47″N 19°27′20″E / 41.31306°N 19.45556°E / 41.31306; 19.45556 LFl. W 6s 11
White plastic tower. 4 m 71 m
43 Karavasta trellis (Hidrovori) 40°52′49″N 19°25′26″E / 40.88028°N 19.42389°E / 40.88028; 19.42389 Fl. W 3s 10
Steel trellis above the Hidrovori. 12.8 m 15.8 m
Vlorë Region (Vjosë-Gramë)
44 Treportet lighthouse (Zvërnec) 40°30′44″N 19°23′45″E / 40.51222°N 19.39583°E / 40.51222; 19.39583 Fl(2). W 8s 9
Grey octagonal concrete tower. 12 m 70 m
45 Triport Left 40°29′01″N 19°26′00″E / 40.48361°N 19.43333°E / 40.48361; 19.43333 Fl(2). R 5s 6
Red plastic base atop a rounded concrete tower. 6 m 8 m
46 Triport Right 40°28′56″N 19°26′01″E / 40.48222°N 19.43361°E / 40.48222; 19.43361 Fl(2). G 5s 6
Green plastic base atop a rounded concrete tower. 6 m 8 m
47 PIA, red buoy (Pair I) 40°27′53.8″N 19°26′17.2″E / 40.464944°N 19.438111°E / 40.464944; 19.438111 Fl. R 3s 6
Side red buoy. 4 m
48 PIA, green buoy (Pair I) 40°27′50.3″N 19°26′20.6″E / 40.463972°N 19.439056°E / 40.463972; 19.439056 Fl. G 3s 6
Side green buoy. 4 m
49 PIA, red buoy (Pair II) 40°28′13.8″N 19°26′30.8″E / 40.470500°N 19.441889°E / 40.470500; 19.441889 Fl. R 6s 6
Side red buoy. 4 m
50 PIA, green buoy (Pair II) 40°28′11.8″N 19°26′35.1″E / 40.469944°N 19.443083°E / 40.469944; 19.443083 Fl. G 6s 6
Side green buoy. 4 m
51 Northern wavebreakrer 40°28′14″N 19°26′25″E / 40.47056°N 19.44028°E / 40.47056; 19.44028 Q(6)+LFIW. 15s 6
Cardinal southern buoy. 4 m
52 Southern wavebreaker 40°28′09.4″N 19°26′55.8″E / 40.469278°N 19.448833°E / 40.469278; 19.448833 Q(9)W. 15s 6
Cardinal western buoy. 4 m
53 PIA aquarium buoy no.1 40°28′29.1″N 19°26′38.8″E / 40.474750°N 19.444111°E / 40.474750; 19.444111 Iso. W 2s 4
Small open waters buoy (red and white). 1 m
54 PIA aquarium buoy no.2 40°28′14.6″N 19°26′40.7″E / 40.470722°N 19.444639°E / 40.470722; 19.444639 Iso. W 2s 4
Small open waters buoy (red and white). 1 m
55 PIA aquarium buoy no.3 40°28′22″N 19°26′32.3″E / 40.47278°N 19.442306°E / 40.47278; 19.442306 Iso. W 2s 4
Small open waters buoy (red and white). 1 m
56 PIA aquarium buoy no.4 40°28′21.7″N 19°26′31.6″E / 40.472694°N 19.442111°E / 40.472694; 19.442111 Iso. W 2s 4
Small open waters buoy (red and white). 1 m
57 Vlorë TEC black buoy 40°28′35.2″N 19°23′35.9″E / 40.476444°N 19.393306°E / 40.476444; 19.393306
Without lighting
Small black buoy. 1 m
58 Vlorë TEC red buoy 40°28′33.8″N 19°23′37.3″E / 40.476056°N 19.393694°E / 40.476056; 19.393694 Small red buoy. 1 m
59 Vlorë Port western red lighthouse 40°26′57″N 19°28′50″E / 40.44917°N 19.48056°E / 40.44917; 19.48056 Fl. R 3s 5
Red plastic tower atop a square concrete base. 8 m 10 m
60 Vlorë Port eastern green lighthouse 40°26′54″N 19°29′03″E / 40.44833°N 19.48417°E / 40.44833; 19.48417 Fl. G 3s 5
Green plastic tower atop a square concrete base. 7 m 8 m
61 Kalaja lighthouse 40°24′54″N 19°28′54″E / 40.41500°N 19.48167°E / 40.41500; 19.48167 LFl. W 10s 10
White square concrete tower. 8 m 44 m
62 Benzinato Vlorë 40°28′25″N 19°24′01″E / 40.47361°N 19.40028°E / 40.47361; 19.40028 Fl(2)W. 6s 6 Possibly isolated. 4 m
63 Orikum lighthouse (Pashaliman) 40°19′41″N 19°25′11″E / 40.32806°N 19.41972°E / 40.32806; 19.41972 Fl(2)W. 5s 8
Grey square concrete tower. 8 m 21 m
64 Shën Vasili lighthouse 40°22′33″N 19°24′16″E / 40.37583°N 19.40444°E / 40.37583; 19.40444 Fl(3)W. 8s 8
Grey octagonal concrete tower. 6 m 55 m
65 Gallovec trellis (Shën Jan) 40°26′18″N 19°19′17″E / 40.43833°N 19.32139°E / 40.43833; 19.32139 Fl. G 3s 4
Steel trellis atop a concrete base. 4 m 14 m
66 Gjuhëza Cape lighthouse 40°25′19″N 19°17′29″E / 40.42194°N 19.29139°E / 40.42194; 19.29139 Fl. W 6s 11
Land beacon (bunker). 4 m 58 m
67 Grama trellis 40°12′57″N 19°28′18″E / 40.21583°N 19.47167°E / 40.21583; 19.47167 Fl. W 6s 5
Steel trellis. 4 m 51.5 m
68 Orikum Marina (red)
Currently non-existent
Fl. R 4s 3
Side buoy. 4 m
69 Orikum Marina (green) 40°20′32″N 19°28′18″E / 40.34222°N 19.47167°E / 40.34222; 19.47167 FG 3
White steel pipe. 5 m
Vlorë Region (Sazan Island)
70 Sazan lighthouse (northern entrance) 40°30′11″N 19°17′07″E / 40.50306°N 19.28528°E / 40.50306; 19.28528 Fl. G 4s 4
Green plastic tower atop a concrete base. 4 m 10 m
71 Sazan lighthouse (southern entrance) 40°30′07″N 19°17′07″E / 40.50194°N 19.28528°E / 40.50194; 19.28528 Fl. R 4s 4
Red plastic tower atop a concrete base. 4 m 10 m
72 Sazan southern lighthouse 40°28′27″N 19°17′09″E / 40.47417°N 19.28583°E / 40.47417; 19.28583 Fl. R 3s 4
White concrete tower. 8 m 32.5 m
73 Sazan northern lighthouse 40°30′40″N 19°16′11″E / 40.51111°N 19.26972°E / 40.51111; 19.26972 Fl(4)W. 15s 12
Inox pipe atop a bunker. 5 m 157 m
Vlorë Region (Llogara-Qefali Cape)
74 Himara lighthouse 40°05′59″N 19°44′29″E / 40.09972°N 19.74139°E / 40.09972; 19.74139 Fl. W 3s 6
White plastic tower. 6 m 8 m
75 Panorma Cape lighthouse 40°02′58″N 19°47′40″E / 40.04944°N 19.79444°E / 40.04944; 19.79444 Fl. W 8s 6
White square stone tower. 10 m 114 m
76 Course towards Panorma
Temporarily shut off
77 Qefali Cape lighthouse 39°54′28″N 19°54′49″E / 39.90778°N 19.91361°E / 39.90778; 19.91361 Fl. W 5s 20
Metal pole. 8 m 155 m
Sarandë Region (Limion-Çukë)
78 Limion (right) 39°52′32″N 19°59′21″E / 39.87556°N 19.98917°E / 39.87556; 19.98917 Fl. G 3s 4
Green steel pole. 6 m 8 m
79 Limion (left) 39°52′21″N 19°59′18″E / 39.87250°N 19.98833°E / 39.87250; 19.98833 Fl. R 3s 4
Red steel pole. 6 m 8 m
80 Cekina e Paladinës 39°51′50″N 20°00′05″E / 39.86389°N 20.00139°E / 39.86389; 20.00139 Q(6)+LFIW. 15s 6
Cardinal southern plastic buoy (yellow and black). 4 m
81 Saranda Port
Currently non-existent
82 Saranda Beach buoy 39°52′13″N 20°00′39″E / 39.87028°N 20.01083°E / 39.87028; 20.01083 Fl(2)W. 6s 6
Isolated danger buoy (red and black). 4 m
83 Lëkurësi lighthouse 39°51′51″N 20°01′34″E / 39.86417°N 20.02611°E / 39.86417; 20.02611 Fl(3)W. 30s 20
Concrete tower covered with decorative stone. 5 m 214 m
84 Bredeneshi trellis (Çukë) 39°50′44″N 20°01′30″E / 39.84556°N 20.02500°E / 39.84556; 20.02500 Fl(4)W. 12s 6
Trellis atop concrete base. 4.5 m 37.5 m

The lantern icons displayed in the table above are precise graphical recreations of the light navigational structures found along the coastal waters of Albania. The yellow light bulb icon represents in fact color white but due to technical limitations that made it difficult to properly display a white bulb in the current table background, yellow was the closest color chosen.


See also

References

  1. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Albania". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  2. ^ "PUB.113 – List of Lights". National Geospatial Intelligence Agency. 2019.
  3. ^ Kërcelli, Shefqet. "60 vjetori i krijimit të Shërbimit Hidrografik Shqiptar". Gazeta Telegraf. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Udhëzues Lundrimi për Detet Adriatik dhe Jon" (PDF). Shërbimi Hidrografik Shqiptar. Retrieved 19 October 2019.