This is a list of members of the United States Congress who enslaved people. Slavery was legal in the United States from its beginning as a nation, having been practiced in North America from early colonial days.

Synopsis

At least 1,700 members of Congress held slaves at some point in their lives,[1] including 374 senators, at least 1,477 representatives, at least 23 territorial delegates to the U.S. House, at least 6 members of the Congress of the Confederation, and at least 2 members of the Continental Congress.

Slaveowners, whether holding slaves in office or previously as adults, represented 37 states in either house of Congress, from 1789 to 1923:

In addition, the following territories and insular areas were represented by contemporary or former slaveowners who were elected as delegates:

Numerous slaveowners, contemporary and former, served in the Continental Congress and the Congress of the Confederation, and slaveowning men constituted at least half of the membership of Congress from 1789 to 1819. The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution formally abolished slavery in 1865, immediately after the end of the American Civil War. During Reconstruction, the number of former slaveowners declined, but then rose following the end of Reconstruction, followed by a gradual decline in the number of former slaveowners.

William Richardson of Alabama was the last of the continuous line of former slaveholders to serve in Congress, having died in office in 1914. The 64th Congress of 1915-1917 was the first full session to not have any contemporary or former slaveholders in its roster. The last slaveholder to ever hold office in Congress was Rebecca Latimer Felton, who was appointed to represent Georgia in the United States Senate for one day during the 67th Congress. In addition to being the first woman to serve in the Senate, she was the only female slaveowner to ever hold office in Congress.

On January 10, 2022, The Washington Post launched the first known database of documented contemporary or former slaveowners who held office in Congress and its preceding legislatures.[2][1]

Senate

Senator Party State Term Start Term End Approximate number
of slaves held[3]
While in office? Notes
John Adair Democratic-Republican Kentucky November 7, 1805 March 1, 1833
Stephen Adams Democratic Mississippi March 3, 1845 March 2, 1857
James Lusk Alcorn Whig, Republican Mississippi December 3, 1871 March 2, 1877
Alexander Outlaw Anderson Democratic Tennessee January 26, 1840 March 2, 1841
William S. Archer Democratic-Republican Virginia January 17, 1820 March 2, 1847
John Armstrong Jr. Democratic-Republican New York November 5, 1800 June 29, 1804
Chester Ashley Democratic Arkansas December 7, 1844 April 28, 1848
David Rice Atchison Democratic Missouri March 3, 1895 February 13, 1914
George Edmund Badger Whig North Carolina November 24, 1846 March 2, 1855
Arthur P. Bagby Democratic Alabama November 23, 1841 June 15, 1848
Theodorus Bailey Anti-Administration,
Democratic-Republican
New York December 1, 1793 March 4, 1803 January 15, 1804
James E. Bailey Democratic Tennessee November 23, 1841 June 15, 1848
James Barbour Democratic-Republican (Before 1825), National Republican (1825–1834), Whig (1834–1842) Virginia January 1, 1815 March 26, 1825
John S. Barbour Jr. Democratic Virginia March 3, 1881 May 13, 1892
Robert Woodward Barnwell Democratic South Carolina June 4, 1850 December 8, 1850 128+ Yes
Alexander Barrow Whig Louisiana March 3, 1841 December 28, 1846
William Taylor Barry Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)
Democratic (1828–1835)
Kentucky March 21, 1809 April 30, 1816
Richard Bassett Federalist Delaware March 3, 1789 March 2, 1793
William Brimage Bate Democratic Tennessee March 3, 1887 March 8, 1905
Martin Waltham Bates Federalist
Democratic
Delaware January 13, 1857 March 2, 1859
James Asheton Bayard Sr. Federalist Delaware May 14, 1804 March 2, 1813
James Burnie Beck Democratic Kentucky March 3, 1867 May 2, 1890
John Bell Democratic-Republican (1817–1825)
Jacksonian
(1825–1835)
Whig
(1835–1854)
American
(1854–1860)
Constitutional Union (1860–1861)
Tennessee December 2, 1827 March 2, 1859
Judah P. Benjamin Whig (before 1856)
Democratic (from 1856)
Louisiana March 3, 1853 February 3, 1861
Thomas Hart Benton Democratic-Republican, Jacksonian, Democratic Missouri August 9, 1821 March 2, 1855
John M. Berrien Democratic (before 1834)
Whig (1834–1856)
Georgia March 3, 1825 May 27, 1852
George Mortimer Bibb Democratic Kentucky March 3, 1811 March 2, 1835
William Wyatt Bibb Democratic-Republican Georgia December 1, 1805 November 8, 1816
Asa Biggs Democratic North Carolina March 3, 1845 May 4, 1858
John Black Whig Mississippi November 11, 1832 January 21, 1838
Francis Preston Blair Jr. Democratic (before 1848, 1866–75)
Free Soil (1848–54)
Republican (1854–66)
Missouri March 3, 1857 March 2, 1873
Jesse Bledsoe Democratic-Republican Kentucky March 3, 1813 January 13, 1815
Timothy Bloodworth Democratic-Republican North Carolina March 3, 1789 March 2, 1801
William Blount Democratic-Republican Tennessee August 1, 1796 July 7, 1797
Elijah Boardman Democratic-Republican Connecticut March 3, 1821 August 17, 1823
Lewis Vital Bogy Democratic Missouri March 3, 1873 September 19, 1877
Solon Borland Democratic Arkansas March 29, 1848 April 2, 1853
Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny Democratic-Republican (Before 1828)
National Republican (1828–1833)
Louisiana November 18, 1824 March 2, 1829
Lemuel Jackson Bowden Unionist Virginia March 3, 1863 January 1, 1864
William Bradford Federalist
Pro-Administration
Rhode Island March 3, 1793 March 2, 1799
Thomas Bragg Democratic North Carolina March 3, 1859 July 10, 1861
John Branch Democratic-Republican (before 1825)
Jacksonian (1825–1837)
Democratic (1837–1863)
North Carolina March 3, 1823 March 1, 1833
John Breckinridge Democratic-Republican Kentucky March 3, 1801 August 6, 1805
John Cabell Breckinridge Democratic Kentucky March 3, 1851 December 3, 1861 >5 Later became vice president. Breckenridge defended states' rights in regards to slavery and defended the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. He also supported manumission and African colonization. He joined the Confederacy as a general and was expelled from Congress.
Richard Brent Democratic-Republican Virginia December 6, 1795 December 29, 1814
Jesse David Bright Democratic Indiana March 3, 1845 February 4, 1862
Walker Brooke Democratic Mississippi February 18, 1852 March 3, 1853
Albert Gallatin Brown Democratic Mississippi March 3, 1839 January 13, 1861
Bedford Brown Democratic North Carolina December 8, 1829 November 10, 1840
James Brown Democratic-Republican Louisiana February 4, 1813 December 9, 1823
John Brown Democratic-Republican Virginia, Kentucky March 3, 1789 March 2, 1805 Also served in the House
Joseph Emerson Brown Whig, Democratic, Republican Georgia May 25, 1880 March 2, 1891
William Gannaway Brownlow Whig
American
Republican
Tennessee March 3, 1869 March 2, 1875
Alexander Buckner Jacksonian Missouri March 3, 1831 June 5, 1833
William Bellinger Bulloch Democratic-Republican Georgia April 7, 1813 December 5, 1813
Aaron Burr Democratic-Republican New York March 3, 1791 March 2, 1797 6+ ? Later became vice-president. Burr was born into a slaveholding family. He became a slaveholder himself upon his marriage to Theodosia Bartow Prevost, who held slaves from her prior marriage to Jacques Marcus Prevost, and bought a servant named Carlos. Burr personally opposed to slavery, proposing a 1785 bill for immediate emancipation which failed in the New York State Assembly in favor of another bill which required gradual emancipation and was never passed; a later bill for immediate emancipation was passed after Burr returned to the State Assembly in 1799. His son John Pierre Burr became an abolitionist and civil rights activist.
Andrew Pickens Butler Democratic South Carolina December 3, 1846 May 24, 1857
Pierce Butler Federalist, Democratic-Republican South Carolina March 3, 1789 November 20, 1804
Donelson Caffery Democratic Louisiana December 30, 1892 March 2, 1901
John C. Calhoun Democratic-Republican (before 1828)
Democratic (1828, 1839–1850)
Nullifier (1828–1839)
South Carolina November 3, 1811 March 30, 1850
Wilkinson Call Democratic Florida March 3, 1879 March 2, 1897
Johnson Newlon Camden Democratic West Virginia March 3, 1881 March 2, 1895
Allen Taylor Caperton Democratic West Virginia March 3, 1875 July 25, 1876
John Snyder Carlile Unionist Virginia March 3, 1855 March 2, 1865
Charles Carroll of Carrollton Federalist[4] Maryland March 3, 1789 Nov 29, 1792
Lewis Cass Democratic Michigan Mar 3, 1845 Mar 3, 1845
Joseph Williams Chalmers Democratic Mississippi Mar 3, 1845 Mar 2, 1847
Ezekiel Forman Chambers National Republican Maryland Jan 23, 1826 Mar 2, 1835
Christopher Grant Champlin Federalist Rhode Island May 14, 1797 Oct 1, 1811
Robert Milledge Charlton Democratic Georgia May 30, 1852 Mar 2, 1853
James Chesnut Jr. Democratic, Conservative Party South Carolina Dec 2, 1858 Jul 10, 1861
William Charles Cole Claiborne Democratic-Republican Tennessee, Louisiana May 14, 1797 Nov 22, 1817
Clement Claiborne Clay Jr. Democratic Alabama Mar 3, 1853 Jan 20, 1861
Clement Comer Clay Democratic Alabama Dec 6, 1829 Nov 14, 1841
Henry Clay Democratic-Republican (1797–1825)

National Republican (1825–1833) Whig (1833–1852)

Kentucky Dec 28, 1806 Jun 28, 1852
John Middleton Clayton Federalist Party (Before 1824)

National Republican (Before 1834) Whig (1824–1854) American (1854–1856)

Delaware Mar 3, 1829 Nov 8, 1856
Thomas Clayton Federalist, Whig Delaware Dec 3, 1815 Mar 2, 1847
De Witt Clinton Democratic-Republican New York Feb 8, 1802 Nov 3, 1803
Thomas Willis Cobb Democratic-Republican Georgia Nov 30, 1817 Mar 2, 1829
William Cocke Democratic-Republican Tennessee Aug 1, 1796 Mar 2, 1805
Francis Marion Cockrell Democratic Missouri Mar 3, 1875 Mar 2, 1905
Richard Coke Democratic Texas Mar 3, 1877 Mar 2, 1895
John Ewing Colhoun Democratic-Republican South Carolina Mar 3, 1801 Oct 25, 1802
Alfred Holt Colquitt Democratic Georgia Mar 3, 1853 Mar 25, 1894
Walter Terry Colquitt Democratic Georgia Mar 3, 1839 Mar 2, 1849
John Condit Democratic-Republican New Jersey Dec 1, 1799 Nov 3, 1819
Charles Magill Conrad Whig Louisiana Apr 13, 1842 Aug 16, 1850
William Harris Crawford Democratic-Republican (1803–1828)

Democratic (1828–1834)

Georgia Nov 6, 1807 Mar 22, 1813
John Jordan Crittenden Democratic-Republican (before 1825)

National Republican (1825–1830) Whig (1830–1856) American (1856–1859) Constitutional Union (1859–1861) Unionist (1861–1863)

Kentucky Mar 3, 1817 Mar 2, 1863
Alfred Cuthbert Democratic Georgia May 23, 1813 Mar 2, 1843
Tristram Dalton Pro-Administration Massachusetts Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1791
Garrett Davis Whig, Unionist, Democrat Kentucky Mar. 3, 1839 Sep. 21, 1872
Henry Gassaway Davis Democratic West Virginia Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1883
Jefferson Davis Democratic Mississippi Mar. 3, 1845 Jan. 20, 1861
William Crosby Dawson States' Rights Party, Whig Georgia Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1855
George Robertson Dennis Democratic Maryland Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1879
William Ford De Saussure Democratic South Carolina May. 9, 1852 Mar. 2, 1853
Jean Noel Destréhan Democratic-Republican Louisiana Sep. 2, 1812 Sep. 30, 1812
James De Wolf Democratic-Republican Rhode Island Mar. 3, 1821 Oct. 30, 1825
Archibald Dixon Whig Kentucky Aug. 31, 1852 Mar. 2, 1855
Henry Dodge Democratic Wisconsin Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1857
Stephen Arnold Douglas Democratic Illinois Mar. 3, 1843 Jun. 2, 1861
Solomon Weathersbee Downs Democratic Louisiana Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1853
Charles Daniel Drake Republican Missouri Mar. 3, 1867 Dec. 18, 1870
John Henry Eaton Democratic-Republican (Before 1828),

Democratic (1828–1840), Whig (1840–1856)

Tennessee Sep. 4, 1818 Mar. 8, 1829
John Edwards Anti-Administration Kentucky Jun. 17, 1792 Mar. 2, 1795
Ninian Edwards Democratic-Republican Illinois Dec. 2, 1818 Mar. 3, 1824
John Elliott Democratic-Republican Georgia Mar. 3, 1819 Mar. 2, 1825
Franklin Harper Elmore Democratic South Carolina Dec. 9, 1836 May. 28, 1850
John Wayles Eppes Democratic-Republican Virginia Oct. 16, 1803 Dec. 3, 1819
George Evans National Republican,

Whig

Maine Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1847
Josiah James Evans Democratic South Carolina Mar. 3, 1853 May. 5, 1858
William Lee Davidson Ewing Democratic Illinois Dec. 29, 1835 Mar. 2, 1837
Rebecca Latimer Felton Democratic Georgia Oct. 2, 1922 Nov. 20, 1922 First woman in the Senate, last slaveholder in the Senate
William Findlay Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania Dec. 9, 1821 Mar. 2, 1827
Benjamin Fitzpatrick Democratic Alabama Nov. 24, 1848 Jan. 20, 1861
James Winright Flanagan Republican Texas Mar. 30, 1870 Mar. 2, 1875
Henry Stuart Foote Democratic Mississippi Mar. 3, 1847 Jan. 7, 1852
John Forsyth Democratic-Republican (before 1825)

Democratic (1825–1841)

Georgia May. 23, 1813 Jun. 26, 1834
Ephraim Hubbard Foster Whig Tennessee Sep. 16, 1838 Mar. 2, 1845
Jesse Franklin Democratic-Republican North Carolina Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1813
Frederick Frelinghuysen Federalist New Jersey Mar. 3, 1793 Nov. 11, 1796
Eligius Fromentin Democratic-Republican Louisiana Mar. 3, 1813 Mar. 2, 1819
William Savin Fulton Jacksonian, Democratic Arkansas Sep. 17, 1836 Aug. 14, 1844
John Gaillard Democratic-Republican South Carolina Dec. 5, 1804 Feb. 25, 1826
Augustus Hill Garland Whig (before 1855)

American (1855–1859) Constitutional Union (1859–1860) Democratic (1860–1899)

Arkansas Mar. 3, 1877 Mar. 5, 1885
James Zachariah George Democratic Mississippi Mar. 3, 1881 Aug. 13, 1897
Henry Sheffie Geyer Whig, Opposition Missouri Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1857
Randall Lee Gibson Democratic Louisiana Mar. 4, 1875 Dec. 14, 1892
William Branch Giles Democratic-Republican Virginia Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1815
Robert Henry Goldsborough Federalist; Whig Maryland May. 20, 1813 Oct. 4, 1836
George Goldthwaite Democratic Alabama Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1877
James Gordon Democratic Mississippi Dec. 26, 1909 Feb. 21, 1910
John Brown Gordon Democratic Georgia Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1897
William Alexander Graham Whig (before 1860)

Constitutional Union (1860–1861) Democratic (1861–1865, 1868–1875) National Union (1865–1868)

North Carolina Nov. 24, 1840 Mar. 2, 1843
William Grayson Anti-Administration Virginia Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 11, 1790
James Stephen Green Democratic Missouri January 12, 1857 Mar. 2, 1861
Felix Grundy Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

Democratic (1825–1840)

Tennessee Nov. 3, 1811 Dec. 18, 1840
James Guthrie Democratic Kentucky Mar. 3, 1865 Feb. 6, 1868
William McKendree Gwin Democratic Mississippi, California Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1861
James Henry Hammond Nullifier (Before 1839)

Democratic (1842–1864)

South Carolina Mar. 3, 1835 Nov. 10, 1860
Wade Hampton III Democratic South Carolina Mar. 3, 1879 Mar. 2, 1891
Alexander Contee Hanson Federalist Maryland May. 23, 1813 Apr. 22, 1819
Martin D. Hardin Democratic-Republican Kentucky Nov. 12, 1816 Mar. 2, 1817
Robert Goodloe Harper Federalist South Carolina, Maryland Dec. 1, 1793 Dec. 5, 1816
William Harper Jacksonian South Carolina Mar. 7, 1826 Nov. 28, 1826
Isham Green Harris Democratic Tennessee Mar. 3, 1849 Jul. 7, 1897
William Henry Harrison Ohio Mar. 3, 1799 May. 19, 1828 11 No (1841) Harrison inherited several slaves. As the first governor of the Indiana Territory, he unsuccessfully lobbied Congress to legalize slavery in Indiana.
Henry Peter Haun Democratic California Nov. 2, 1859 Mar. 3, 1860
Benjamin Hawkins Pro-Administration (1789–1791), Anti-Administration (1791–1795) North Carolina Dec. 7, 1789 Mar. 2, 1795
Arthur Peronneau Hayne Democratic South Carolina May. 10, 1858 Dec. 1, 1858
Robert Young Hayne Democratic South Carolina Mar. 3, 1823 Dec. 12, 1832
William Henry Haywood Jr. Democratic North Carolina Mar. 3, 1843 Jul. 24, 1846
John Hemphill Democratic Texas Mar. 3, 1859 Jul. 10, 1861
James Pinckney Henderson Democratic Texas Nov. 8, 1857 Jun. 3, 1858
John Henderson Whig Mississippi Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1845
John Brooks Henderson Democrat, Unionist, Republican Missouri Jan. 16, 1862 Mar. 2, 1869
Thomas Holliday Hicks Democratic (1830–1835)

Whig (1835–1854) American (1854–1860) Constitutional Union (1860–1862) Unconditional Union (1862–1865)

Maryland Dec. 28, 1862 Feb. 13, 1865
Benjamin Harvey Hill Democratic, Whig (Before 1855), American (1855–1859),

Constitutional Union (1859–1861)

Georgia Mar. 4, 1875 Aug. 15, 1882
Joshua Hill American Party, Republican Georgia Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1873
James Hillhouse Federalist Connecticut Oct. 23, 1791 Jun. 9, 1810
William Hindman Federalist Maryland Oct. 23, 1791 Nov. 18, 1801
David Holmes Jacksonian, Democratic-Republican Virginia, Mississippi May. 14, 1797 Sep. 24, 1825
Outerbridge Horsey Federalist Delaware Jan. 11, 1810 Mar. 2, 1821
George Smith Houston Democratic Alabama Mar. 3, 1841 Dec. 30, 1879
Samuel Houston Democratic-Republican (before 1830)

Democratic (1846–1854) Know Nothing (1855–1856) Independent (after 1856)

Tennessee, Texas Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1859
John Eager Howard Federalist Maryland Nov. 20, 1796 Mar. 2, 1803
Daniel Elliott Huger Democratic South Carolina Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter Whig (Before 1844)

Democratic (1844–1887)

Virginia Mar. 3, 1837 Jul. 10, 1861
William Hunter Federalist Rhode Island Oct. 27, 1811 Mar. 2, 1821
Eppa Hunton Democratic Virginia Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1895
James Iredell Democratic North Carolina Dec. 14, 1828 Mar. 2, 1831
Alfred Iverson Sr. Democratic Georgia Mar. 3, 1847 Jan. 27, 1861
Ralph Izard Pro-Administration South Carolina Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1795
Andrew Jackson Tennessee Oct. 6, 1796 Oct. 13, 1825 200[5] Yes (1829–1837) Later elected president. Jackson owned many slaves. One controversy during his presidency was his reaction to anti-slavery tracts. During his campaign for the presidency, he faced criticism for being a slave trader. He did not free his slaves in his will.
Spencer Jarnagin Whig Tennessee Oct. 16, 1843 Mar. 2, 1847
Andrew Johnson Democratic (c. 1839–1864, 1868–1875), National Union (1864–1868) Tennessee Mar. 3, 1843 Jul. 30, 1875 9[6] No (1865–1869) Later elected president. Johnson owned a few slaves and was supportive of James K. Polk's slavery policies. As military governor of Tennessee, he convinced Abraham Lincoln to exempt that area from the Emancipation Proclamation. Johnson went on to free all his personal slaves on August 8, 1863.[7] On October 24, 1864, Johnson officially freed all slaves in Tennessee.[8]
Henry Johnson Democratic-Republican, National Republican, Whig Louisiana Jan. 11, 1818 Mar. 2, 1849
Herschel Vespasian Johnson Democratic Georgia Feb. 3, 1848 Mar. 2, 1849
Reverdy Johnson Whig (Before 1860)

Democratic (1860–1872)

Maryland Mar. 3, 1845 Jul. 9, 1868
Richard Mentor Johnson Democratic-Republican (before 1828)

Democratic (after 1828)

Kentucky Mar. 3, 1807 Mar. 2, 1837
Robert Ward Johnson Democratic Arkansas Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1861
Waldo Porter Johnson Democratic Missouri Mar. 16, 1861 Jan. 9, 1862
William Samuel Johnson Pro-Administration Connecticut Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 3, 1791
Josiah Stoddard Johnston Democratic-Republican Louisiana Dec. 2, 1821 May. 18, 1833
Samuel Johnston Federalist North Carolina Nov. 25, 1789 Mar. 2, 1793
George Jones Democratic-Republican Georgia Aug. 26, 1807 Nov. 6, 1807
George Wallace Jones Democratic, Jacksonian Michigan, Iowa, Wisconsin Mar. 3, 1835 Mar. 2, 1859
James Chamberlain Jones Whig (until 1854), Democrat (1854–1859) Tennessee Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1857
Elias Kent Kane Jacksonian Illinois Mar. 3, 1825 Dec. 11, 1835 5+
William Kelly Democratic-Republican Alabama Dec. 11, 1822 Mar. 2, 1825
Anthony Kennedy Whig, Know Nothing Maryland Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1863
Joseph Kent Whig Maryland Nov. 3, 1811 Nov. 23, 1837
John Leeds Kerr Whig Maryland Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1843
John Pendleton King Jacksonian Georgia Nov. 20, 1833 Oct. 31, 1837
Rufus King Federalist New York Jul. 15, 1789 Mar. 2, 1825
William Rufus de Vane King Democratic-Republican (before 1828), Democratic Alabama Mar. 3, 1811 Dec. 19, 1852 ~500 Yes Later became vice president. King developed a large cotton plantation based on slave labor, calling the property "Chestnut Hill". Moving from North Carolina, King and his relatives formed one of Alabama's largest slaveholding families, collectively owning as many as 500 people. King staked a pro-slavery position in Congress.
Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar Democratic Mississippi Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 5, 1885
Joseph Lane Democratic Oregon Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1861
Walter Leake Democratic-Republican Mississippi Dec. 9, 1817 May. 14, 1820
Richard Henry Lee Anti-Administration Virginia Mar. 3, 1789 Oct. 7, 1792
Benjamin Watkins Leigh National Republican Virginia Feb. 25, 1834 Jul. 3, 1836
Dixon Hall Lewis Democratic Alabama Dec. 6, 1829 Oct. 24, 1848
John Francis Lewis Republican Virginia Jan. 26, 1870 Mar. 2, 1875
Lewis Fields Linn Democratic Missouri Oct. 24, 1833 Oct. 2, 1843
Edward Livingston Democratic-Republican (before 1825)

Jacksonian (1825–1836)

New York, Louisiana Dec. 6, 1795 May. 23, 1831
Edward Lloyd Democratic-Republican, Jacksonian Maryland Dec. 1, 1805 Jan. 13, 1826 468 Yes Among those held on this plantation was future abolitionist and diplomat Frederick Douglass.
James Lloyd Federalist Maryland Dec. 7, 1797 Nov. 30, 1800
Francis Locke Jr. Democratic-Republican North Carolina May. 23, 1813 Dec. 4, 1815
William Logan Democratic-Republican Kentucky Mar. 3, 1819 May. 27, 1820
Wilson Lumpkin Democratic Georgia Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1841
Willis Benson Machen Democratic Kentucky Sep. 26, 1872 Mar. 2, 1873
Samuel Maclay Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania Dec. 6, 1795 Jan. 3, 1809
Nathaniel Macon Anti-Administration (Before 1792)

Democratic-Republican (1792–1828)

North Carolina Oct. 23, 1791 Nov. 13, 1828
William Mahone Readjuster in alliance with Republicans Virginia Mar. 3, 1881 Mar. 2, 1887
Francis Malbone Federalist Rhode Island Dec. 1, 1793 Jun. 3, 1809
Stephen Russell Mallory Democratic Florida Mar. 3, 1851 Jan. 20, 1861
Willie Person Mangum Democratic (Before 1834)

Whig (1834–1852) American (1856–1861)

North Carolina Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1853
Humphrey Marshall Federalist Kentucky Mar. 3, 1795 Mar. 2, 1801
Alexander Martin Anti-Administration Party North Carolina Mar. 3, 1793 Mar. 2, 1799
Armistead Thomson Mason Democratic-Republican Virginia Jan. 2, 1816 Mar. 2, 1817
James Murray Mason Democratic Virginia Mar. 3, 1837 Jul. 10, 1861
Stevens Thomson Mason Democratic Virginia Nov. 17, 1794 May. 9, 1803
Samuel Bell Maxey Democratic Texas Mar. 3, 1875 Mar. 2, 1887
James Bennett McCreary Democratic Kentucky Mar. 3, 1885 Mar. 2, 1909
Thomas Clay McCreery Democratic Kentucky Feb. 18, 1868 Mar. 2, 1879
George McDuffie Democratic South Carolina Dec. 2, 1821 Aug. 16, 1846
John McKinley Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

Democratic (1828–1852)

Alabama Nov. 26, 1826 Apr. 21, 1837
Louis McLane Federalist (before 1825)

Jacksonian (1825–1837) Democratic (1837–1857)

Delaware Nov. 30, 1817 Apr. 15, 1829
John Jones McRae Democratic Mississippi Nov. 30, 1851 Jan. 11, 1861
David Meriwether Democratic Kentucky Jul. 5, 1852 Aug. 31, 1852
William Duhurst Merrick Whig Maryland Jan. 3, 1838 Mar. 2, 1845
Augustus Summerfield Merrimon Democratic North Carolina Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1879
Thomas Metcalfe National Republican, Whig Kentucky Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1849
John Milledge Democratic-Republican Georgia Oct. 23, 1791 Nov. 13, 1809
Homer Virgil Milton Miller Democratic Georgia Feb. 23, 1871 Mar. 2, 1871
Stephen Decatur Miller Nullifier South Carolina Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 1, 1833
Roger Quarles Mills Democratic Texas Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1899
Charles Burton Mitchel Democratic Arkansas Mar. 3, 1861 Jul. 10, 1861
Stephen Mix Mitchell Pro-Administration Connecticut Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
Samuel Latham Mitchill Democratic-Republican New York Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1813
James Monroe Democratic-Republican Virginia Nov. 8, 1790 May. 26, 1794 75[5] Yes (1817–1825) Later elected President. Like Thomas Jefferson, Monroe condemned the institution of slavery as evil and advocated its gradual end, but still owned many slaves throughout his entire adult life, freeing only one of them in his final days.[9] As President, he oversaw the Missouri Compromise, which admitted Missouri to the Union as a slave state in exchange for admitting Maine as a free state and banning slavery above the parallel 36°30′ north. Monroe supported sending freed slaves to the new country of Liberia; its capital, Monrovia, is named after him. See James Monroe for more details.
Andrew Moore Democratic-Republican Virginia Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1809
Gabriel Moore Democratic-Republican, Jacksonian, National Republican Alabama Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1837
James Turner Morehead National Republican, Whig Kentucky Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1847
John Tyler Morgan Democratic Alabama Mar. 3, 1877 Jun. 10, 1907
Robert Morris Federalist Pennsylvania Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1795
Jackson Morton Whig Florida Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1855
Alexandre Mouton Democratic Louisiana Jan. 11, 1837 Feb. 28, 1842
John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania Mar. 3, 1789 Jun. 29, 1801
Arnold Naudain Whig Delaware Jan. 6, 1830 Jun. 15, 1836
Robert Carter Nicholas Democratic Louisiana Jan. 12, 1836 Mar. 2, 1841
Wilson Cary Nicholas Democratic-Republican Virginia Dec. 4, 1799 Nov. 26, 1809
Alfred Osborn Pope Nicholson Democratic Tennessee Dec. 24, 1840 Jul. 10, 1861
William North Federalist New York May. 4, 1798 Aug. 16, 1798
Thomas Manson Norwood Democratic Georgia Nov. 13, 1871 Mar. 3, 1889
Aaron Ogden Federalist New Jersey Feb. 27, 1801 Mar. 2, 1803
Richard Elliott Parker Democratic Virginia Dec. 11, 1836 Mar. 12, 1837
David Trotter Patterson Democratic Tennessee Jul. 27, 1866 Mar. 2, 1869
James Alfred Pearce Whig, Democrat Maryland Dec. 6, 1835 Dec. 19, 1862
Isaac Samuels Pennybacker Democratic Virginia Mar. 3, 1837 Jan. 11, 1847
Edmund Winston Pettus Democratic Alabama Mar. 3, 1897 Jul. 26, 1907
Israel Pickens Democratic North Carolina, Alabama Nov. 3, 1811 Nov. 26, 1826
Charles Pinckney Federalist, Democratic-Republican South Carolina Dec. 5, 1798 Mar. 2, 1821
William Pinkney Democratic-Republican Maryland Oct. 23, 1791 Feb. 24, 1822
James Pleasants Democratic-Republican Virginia Nov. 3, 1811 Dec. 14, 1822
George Poindexter Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

Jacksonian (1825–1832) National Republican (1832–1834) Democratic (1834–1853)

Mississippi Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1835
Trusten Polk Democratic Missouri Mar. 3, 1857 Jan. 9, 1862
John Pool Republican North Carolina Jul. 16, 1868 Mar. 2, 1873
John Pope Democratic-Republican (as Senator)

Democratic (as Governor) Whig/Independent (as Representative)

Kentucky Mar. 3, 1807 Mar. 2, 1843
Alexander Porter National Republican,

Whig

Louisiana Dec. 18, 1833 Jan. 4, 1837
Thomas Posey Democratic-Republican Louisiana Oct. 7, 1812 Feb. 3, 1813
Samuel John Potter Democratic-Republican Rhode Island Mar. 3, 1803 Oct. 13, 1804
Richard Potts Pro-Administration Maryland Jan. 9, 1793 Oct. 23, 1796
Lazarus Whitehead Powell Democratic Kentucky Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1865
Thomas George Pratt Whig, Democrat Maryland Jan. 11, 1850 Mar. 2, 1857
William Campbell Preston Nullifier, Whig South Carolina Nov. 25, 1833 Nov. 28, 1842
Samuel Price Democratic West Virginia Aug. 25, 1876 Jan. 25, 1877
Luke Pryor Democratic Alabama Jan. 6, 1880 Mar. 3, 1885
James Lawrence Pugh Democratic Alabama Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1897
John Randolph Democratic-Republican Virginia Dec. 1, 1799 May. 23, 1833
Matt Whitaker Ransom Democratic North Carolina Jan. 29, 1872 Mar. 2, 1895
George Read Federalist Delaware Mar. 3, 1789 Sep. 17, 1793
Jacob Read Federalist South Carolina Mar. 3, 1795 Mar. 2, 1801
John Henninger Reagan Democratic Texas Mar. 3, 1857 Jun. 9, 1891
Philip Reed Democratic-Republican Maryland Nov. 24, 1806 Mar. 2, 1823
Thomas Buck Reed Jacksonian Mississippi Jan. 27, 1826 Nov. 25, 1829
David Settle Reid Democratic North Carolina Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1859
Robert Barnwell Rhett Democratic South Carolina Mar. 3, 1837 May. 6, 1852
George Read Riddle Democratic Delaware Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 28, 1867
Henry Moore Ridgely Federalist Party, Jacksonian Delaware Nov. 3, 1811 Mar. 2, 1829
William Cabell Rives Democratic,

Whig

Virginia Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1845
William Henry Roane Democratic-Republican, Democratic Virginia Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1841
Thomas James Robertson Republican South Carolina Jul. 21, 1868 Mar. 2, 1877
Daniel Rodney Federalist Delaware Dec. 1, 1822 Jan. 11, 1827
John Rowan Democratic-Republican, Jacksonian Kentucky Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1831
Thomas Jefferson Rusk Democratic Texas Feb. 20, 1846 Jul. 28, 1857
John Rutherfurd Federalist New Jersey Mar. 3, 1791 Nov. 25, 1798
Willard Saulsbury Sr. Democratic Delaware Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1871
James Schureman Federalist New Jersey Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1815
Philip John Schuyler Pro-Administration, Federalist New York Mar. 3, 1789 Jan. 2, 1798
William King Sebastian Democratic Arkansas May. 11, 1848 Jul. 10, 1861
Theodore Sedgwick Federalist (1795-1813)

Pro-Administration (before 1795)

Massachusetts Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1801
James Semple Democratic Illinois Aug. 15, 1843 Mar. 2, 1847
Ambrose Hundley Sevier Democratic Arkansas Feb. 12, 1828 Mar. 14, 1848
James Sheafe Federalist New Hampshire Dec. 6, 1799 Jun. 13, 1802
Daniel Smith Democratic-Republican Tennessee Oct. 5, 1798 Mar. 30, 1809
John Smith Democratic-Republican Ohio Mar. 31, 1803 Apr. 24, 1808
William Smith Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

Democratic (1828–1840)

South Carolina Dec. 3, 1816 Mar. 2, 1831
Pierre Soulé Democratic Louisiana Jan. 20, 1847 Apr. 10, 1853
Samuel Lewis Southard Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

National Republican (1825–1834) Whig (1834–1842)

New Jersey Jan. 25, 1821 Jun. 25, 1842
Jesse Speight Democratic North Carolina, Mississippi Dec. 6, 1829 Apr. 30, 1847
John Selby Spence Whig Maryland Nov. 30, 1823 Oct. 23, 1840
Presley Spruance Whig Delaware Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1853
John White Stevenson Democratic Kentucky Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1877
David Stewart Whig Maryland Dec. 5, 1849 Jan. 11, 1850
Richard Stockton Federalist New Jersey Nov. 11, 1796 Mar. 2, 1815
Robert Field Stockton Democratic New Jersey Mar. 3, 1851 Jan. 9, 1853
Montfort Stokes Democratic-RepublicanDemocratic North Carolina Dec. 3, 1816 Mar. 2, 1823
David Stone Democratic-Republican North Carolina Dec. 1, 1799 Dec. 23, 1814
Robert Strange Democratic North Carolina Dec. 4, 1836 Nov. 15, 1840
Thomas Sumter Democratic-Republican South Carolina Mar. 3, 1789 Dec. 15, 1810
Charles Tait Democratic-Republican Georgia Nov. 26, 1809 Mar. 2, 1819
Isham Talbot Democratic-Republican Kentucky Feb. 1, 1815 Mar. 2, 1825
John Taylor Democratic-Republican South Carolina Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1817
John Taylor of Caroline Democratic-Republican Virginia Oct. 17, 1792 Aug. 20, 1824
Henry Tazewell Anti-Administration Virginia Nov. 17, 1794 Jan. 23, 1799
Littleton Waller Tazewell Anti-Administration (Before 1792)

Democratic-Republican (1792–1825) Jacksonian (1825–1828) Democratic (1828–1860)

Virginia Dec. 1, 1799 Jul. 15, 1832
Jesse Burgess Thomas National Republican, Democratic-Republican Indiana, Illinois Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1829
John Burton Thompson Whig, Know Nothing Kentucky Dec. 6, 1840 Mar. 2, 1859
Buckner Thruston Democratic-Republican Kentucky Mar. 3, 1805 Dec. 17, 1809
Edward Tiffin Democratic-Republican Ohio Mar. 3, 1807 Mar. 2, 1809
Gideon Tomlinson Toleration (1817-1827)

Democratic-Republican (1827-1828) National Republican (1828-1834) Whig (1834-1854)

Connecticut Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1837
Robert Augustus Toombs Whig (Before 1851)

Constitutional Union (1851–1853) Democratic (1853–1885)

Georgia Mar. 3, 1845 Jan. 12, 1861
James Fisher Trotter Democratic Mississippi Jan. 21, 1838 Jul. 9, 1838
George Michael Troup Democratic-Republican, Democratic Georgia Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1835
James Turner Democratic-Republican North Carolina Mar. 3, 1805 Nov. 20, 1816
Hopkins Lacy Turney Democratic Tennessee Sep. 2, 1837 Mar. 2, 1851
John Tyler Virginia Oct. 31, 1816 Feb. 28, 1836 29[10] Yes (1841–1845) Later elected president. Tyler never freed any of his slaves and consistently supported the slaveholder's rights and the expansion of slavery during his time in political office.
Joseph Rogers Underwood Whig Kentucky Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1853
Martin Van Buren New York Mar. 3, 1821 Dec. 19, 1828 1[11][5] No (1837–1841) Van Buren's father owned six slaves. The only slave he personally owned, Tom, escaped in 1814. When Tom was found in Massachusetts, Van Buren tentatively agreed to sell him to the finder, but terms were not agreed and Tom remained free. Later in life, Van Buren belonged to the Free Soil Party, which opposed the expansion of slavery into the Western territories without advocating immediate abolition. Later elected President.
Zebulon Baird Vance Whig/American (pre-Civil War)

Conservative Party of NC (c. 1862–1872) Democratic (1872–1894)

North Carolina Dec. 6, 1858 Apr. 13, 1894
Nicholas Van Dyke Federalist Delaware Oct. 25, 1807 May. 20, 1826
Abraham Bedford Venable Democratic-Republican, Anti-Administration Virginia Oct. 23, 1791 Jun. 6, 1804
George Graham Vest Democratic Missouri Mar. 3, 1879 Mar. 2, 1903
George Vickers Democratic Maryland Mar. 6, 1868 Mar. 2, 1873
John Vining Federalist Delaware Mar. 3, 1789 Jan. 18, 1798
George Augustus Waggaman Anti-Jacksonian Louisiana Nov. 14, 1831 Mar. 2, 1835
Freeman Walker Democratic-Republican Georgia Nov. 5, 1819 Aug. 7, 1821
George Walker Democratic-Republican Kentucky Aug. 29, 1814 Jan. 31, 1815
James David Walker Democratic Arkansas Mar. 3, 1879 Mar. 2, 1885
John Williams Walker Democratic-Republican Alabama Dec. 13, 1819 Dec. 11, 1822
Robert John Walker Democratic Mississippi Mar. 3, 1835 Mar. 4, 1845
Edward Cary Walthall Democratic Mississippi Mar. 8, 1885 Apr. 20, 1898
Matthias Ward Democratic Texas Sep. 26, 1858 Dec. 4, 1859
Nicholas Ware Democratic-Republican Georgia Nov. 9, 1821 Sep. 6, 1824
James Watson Federalist New York Aug. 16, 1798 Mar. 18, 1800
William Hill Wells Federalist Delaware Jan. 16, 1799 Mar. 2, 1817
James Diament Westcott Jr. Democratic Florida Jun. 30, 1845 Mar. 2, 1849
Jesse Wharton Democratic-Republican Tennessee Oct. 25, 1807 Oct. 9, 1815
Hugh Lawson White Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

Democratic (1825–1836) Whig (1836–1840)

Tennessee Oct. 27, 1825 Jan. 12, 1840
Jenkin Whiteside Democratic-Republican Tennessee Apr. 10, 1809 Oct. 7, 1811
Washington Curran Whitthorne Democratic Tennessee Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1891
Louis Trezevant Wigfall Democratic Texas Dec. 4, 1859 Jul. 10, 1861
Waitman Thomas Willey Whig (1840-1860)

Unionist (1860-1865) Republican (1865-1900)

Virginia, West Virginia Jul. 8, 1861 Mar. 2, 1871
John Williams Democratic-Republican Tennessee Oct. 9, 1815 Mar. 2, 1823
John Stuart Williams Democratic Kentucky Mar. 3, 1879 Mar. 2, 1885
Thomas Hickman Williams Democratic Mississippi Nov. 11, 1838 Mar. 2, 1839
Ephraim King Wilson Democratic Maryland Mar. 3, 1873 Feb. 23, 1891
Robert Wilson Unionist Missouri Jan. 16, 1862 Nov. 12, 1863
Thomas Worthington Democratic-Republican Ohio Mar. 31, 1803 Nov. 30, 1814
Robert Wright Democratic-Republican Maryland Nov. 18, 1801 Mar. 2, 1823
Richard Montgomery Young Democratic Illinois Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1843
David Levy Yulee Democratic Florida Mar. 3, 1841 Jan. 20, 1861

House

Representatives

Representative Party State Term Start Term End Approximate number
of slaves held[3]
While in office? Notes
James Abercrombie Whig Alabama's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1855
George Madison Adams Democratic Kentucky's 8th district, 9th district Mar. 3, 1867 Mar. 2, 1875
Green Adams Whig Kentucky's 6th district Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1861 [12]
David Wyatt Aiken Democratic S.C. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 2, 1887 ~ 40 Aiken was a slave owner, and owned the Smith family slave plantation after marrying Miss Smith of Abbeville, which held about 40 slaves.[13][14]
William Aiken Democratic South Carolina's 6th district, 2nd district Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1857 700+ Aiken owned one of the largest rice plantation in the state—Jehossee Island—with over 700 enslaved Blacks on 1,500 acres under cultivation
Thomas Peter Akers Know Nothing Missouri's 5th district Aug. 17, 1856 Mar. 2, 1857
Nathaniel Albertson Democratic Indiana's 1st district Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
Adam Rankin Alexander Jacksonian Republican Tennessee's 9th district Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1827
Armstead Milton Alexander Democratic Missouri's 2nd district Dec. 2, 1883 Mar. 3, 1885
Evan Shelby Alexander Democratic-Republican North Carolina's 10th district Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1809
Mark Alexander Democratic-Republican (before 1825), Jacksonian (after 1825) Virginia's 18th district (1819-1823), 4th district (1823-1833) Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 1, 1833
Nathaniel Alexander Democratic-Republican North Carolina's 10th district Nov. 16, 1803 Oct. 31, 1805
Julius Caesar Alford National Republican, Whig Georgia's at-large district Jan. 30, 1837 Sep. 30, 1841
Chilton Allan Whig Kentucky's 3rd district (1831-1833), 10th district (1833-1837) Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1837
John James Allen National Republican Virginia's 20th district Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
Robert Allen Democratic-Republican Tennessee's 4th district, 5th district Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1827
Robert Allen Democratic-Republican Virginia's 17th district Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 1, 1833
Thomas Allen Democratic Missouri's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1881 Mar. 2, 1883
Lemuel James Alston Democratic-Republican South Carolina's 8th district Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1811
William Jeffreys Alston Whig, Democratic Alabama's 1st district Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
Willis Alston Federalist, Democratic-Republican, Jacksonian North Carolina's 2nd district Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1831
George Washington Anderson Republican Missouri's 9th district Mar. 3, 1865 Mar. 2, 1869
Josiah McNair Anderson Whig Tennessee's 3rd district Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
Lucien Anderson Whig,

Unconditional Unionist, Republican

Kentucky's 1st district Mar. 3, 1863 Mar. 3, 1865 While in Congress, Anderson advocated for the emancipation of all slaves and voted for the 13th Amendment to the US Constitution, despite having been a slave-owner, possibly even at the time of his voting for the Amendment.
Richard Clough Anderson Jr. Democratic-Republican Kentucky's 8th District Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
Simeon H. Anderson Whig Kentucky's 5th district Mar. 3, 1839 Aug. 10, 1840
Thomas Lilbourne Anderson American Party, Independent Democrat, Whig Party Missouri's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1861
William Clayton Anderson American Party, Unionist and Opposition Party Kentucky's 4th district Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
Landaff Watson Andrews Whig Kentucky's 11th district Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1843
John Archer Democratic-Republican Maryland's 6th district Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1807
Stevenson Archer Democratic-Republican Maryland's 6th district, 7th district Nov. 3, 1811 Mar. 2, 1821
Stevenson Archer Maryland's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1867 Mar. 2, 1875
James Armstrong Pro-Administration Pennsylvania's At-large district Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
William Armstrong Democratic-Republican,

National Republican, Whig

Virginia's 16th district Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 1, 1833
Samuel Mayes Arnell Unconditional Unionist, Republican Tennessee's 6th district Jul. 23, 1866 Mar. 2, 1871
Thomas Dickens Arnold Whig Tennessee's 2nd district (1831-1833), 1st district (1841-1843) Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1843
Archibald Hunter Arrington Democrat North Carolina's 6th district, 8th district Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1845
John Baptista Ashe Anti-Administration North Carolina's 3rd district Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 1, 1793
John Baptista Ashe Whig Tennessee's 10th district Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
Thomas Samuel Ashe Democrat North Carolina's 6th district Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 3, 1877
William Shepperd Ashe Democratic North Carolina's 7th district, 3rd district Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1855
William Henry Ashley Democratic-Republican Missouri's at-large district Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1837
John Durant Ashmore Democratic South Carolina's 5th district Mar. 3, 1859 Dec. 20, 1860
John DeWitt Clinton Atkins Democratic Tennessee's 9th district, 7th district, 8th district Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1883
Archibald Atkinson Democratic Virginia's 1st district Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1849
Archibald Austin Democratic-Republican Virginia's 16th district Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Thomas Hamlet Averett Democratic Virginia's 3rd district Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1853
William Tecumsah Avery Democratic Tennessee's 10th district Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1861
George Baer Jr. Federalist Maryland's 4th district May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1817
David Jackson Bailey Democratic Georgia's 3rd district Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1855
William Lee Ball Democratic-Republican Virginia's 9th district, 13th district Nov. 30, 1817 Feb. 28, 1824
John Goff Ballentine Democratic Tennessee's 7th district Dec. 2, 1883 Mar. 2, 1887
Linn Banks Democratic Virginia's 13th district Apr. 27, 1838 Dec. 5, 1841 >40 Yes Banks owned 45 slaves in Madison County in 1820, and more than 40 slaves in 1840
John Strode Barbour Jacksonian Democrat Virginia's 15th district Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 1, 1833
Philip Pendleton Barbour Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

Democratic (1828–1841)

Virginia's 11th district May. 23, 1813 Oct. 14, 1830 54[15] Yes
Ethelbert Barksdale Democratic Mississippi's 7th district Dec. 2, 1883 Mar. 2, 1887
William Barksdale Democratic Mississippi's at-large district, 3rd district Mar. 3, 1853 Jan. 11, 1861
William Barnett Democratic-Republican Georgia's at large district Nov. 3, 1811 Mar. 2, 1815
John Barney National Republican Maryland's 5th district Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1829
Robert Barnwell Pro-Administration South Carolina's 2nd district Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 1, 1793
John Richard Barret Democratic Missouri's 1st district Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
Daniel Laurens Barringer National Republican, Whig,Jacksonian Democrat North Carolina's 8th district Dec. 3, 1826 Mar. 2, 1835
Daniel Moreau Barringer North Carolina's 2nd district (1843–1847)

3rd district (1847–1849)

Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1849
Washington Barrow Whig Tennessee's 8th district Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
William Taylor Sullivan Barry Democratic Mississippi's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
Richard Walker Barton Whig Virginia's 15th district Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
Burwell Bassett Democratic-Republican, Jacksonian Democrat Virginia's 12th district, 13th district Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1829 127 Yes In the 1830 federal census, Bassett owned 109 enslaved men and women in New Kent County, and 18 in James City County.
Edward Bates Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

National Republican (1825–1834) Whig (1834–1854) American (1854–1860) Republican (1860–1869)

Missouri's at-large district Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1829 Yes While Bates is considered by some modern scholars as "generally unsympathetic to the cause of African American freedom," he emancipated all of his slaves and had paid for his last former slave's passage to Liberia by 1851.
Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor Jacksonian Alabama's 2nd district Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1831 33[16] Yes
Thomas Bayly Federalist Maryland's 8th district Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1823
Thomas Henry Bayly Democratic Virginia's 7th district, 1st district May. 5, 1844 Jun. 22, 1856 31[17] Yes
Thomas Monteagle Bayly Federalist Virginia's 13th district May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
James Madison Hite Beale Jacksonian Virginia's 16th district, 14th district Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1853
Richard Lee Turberville Beale Democratic Virginia's 8th district, 1st district Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1881 38[18] Yes
John Beatty Pro-Administration New Jersey's At-large district Mar. 3, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
Martin Beaty National Republican Kentucky's 4th district Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
Erasmus Williams Beck Democratic Georgia's 4th district Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
George Michael Bedinger Democratic-Republican Kentucky's 6th district Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1807 While Bedinger inherited several slaves from his brother, he freed the slaves he owned personally when they reached the age of 30, and reportedly offered to pay for their passage to Liberia, though only one accepted. While serving in the Kentucky state senate, he opposed Kentucky becoming a slave state, but was unsuccessful in this effort.[19][20]
Henry Bedinger Democratic Virginia's 10th district Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1849
Joseph Henry Beeman Democratic Mississippi's 4th district Mar. 3, 1891 Mar. 3, 1893
Andrew Beirne Democratic Virginia's 19th district Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1841
Hiram Parks Bell Democratic Georgia's 9th district Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1879 >2 Yes According to his autobiographical memoirs, "Men and Things," he owned at least two slaves.
Joshua Fry Bell Whig Kentucky's 4th district Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847 >14[21] Yes Bell owned four slaves as of the 1850 census, and 14 as of the 1860 census.
Peter Hansbrough Bell Democratic Texas's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1857 >500[22] Yes Having grown wealthy and living "in lordly style" from his ownership of over 500 slaves, he was "impoverished" when the Union freed them after the Civil War.[23]
Joseph Bellinger Democratic-Republican South Carolina's 4th district Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819 He owned the "Aeolian Lawn" slave plantation.
James Edwin Belser Democratic Alabama's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845 10->50[24][25]
Benjamin Bennet Democratic-Republican New Jersey's at-large district Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1819
Hendley Stone Bennett Democratic Mississippi's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
Egbert Benson Federalist New York's 3rd district, 2nd district Mar. 3, 1789 Aug. 1, 1813 2
Lemuel Benton Anti-Administration (until 1795), Democratic-Republican (1795 onward) South Carolina's 3rd district Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1799
John Teunis Bergen Jacksonian New York's 2nd district Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 1, 1833
Lauchlin Bethune Jacksonian North Carolina's 7th district Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 1, 1833 >38[26]
Marion Bethune Republican Georgia's 3rd district Dec. 21, 1870 Mar. 2, 1871
Samuel Rossiter Betts Democratic-Republican New York's 7th district Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
John Summerfield Bigby Republican Georgia's 3rd district Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
Benjamin Thomas Biggs Democratic Delaware's At-large district Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1873
Marion Biggs Democratic California's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1887 Mar. 2, 1891
John Bird Federalist New York's 6th district Dec. 1, 1799 Jul. 24, 1801
Edward Junius Black Whig, Democratic Georgia's at-large district Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1845 30-40[27]
George Robison Black Democratic Georgia's 1st district Mar. 3, 1881 Mar. 2, 1883
James Augustus Black Democratic South Carolina's 1st district Mar. 3, 1843 Apr. 2, 1848
William Blackledge Democratic-Republican North Carolina's 4th district Nov. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1813 >6[28]
William Salter Blackledge Democratic-Republican North Carolina's 4th district Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1823
James Gorrall Blair Liberal Republican,

Democratic

Missouri's 8th district Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
John Blair Jacksonian Republican Tennessee's 1st district Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1835
John Blake Jr. Democratic-Republican New York's 5th district Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1809
John Blanchard Whig Pennsylvania's 17th district Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1849
Theodorick Bland Virginia's 8th district Mar. 3, 1789 May. 31, 1790
James Henderson Blount Democratic Georgia's 6th district Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 3, 1893
Thomas Blount Democratic-Republican North Carolina's 9th district Dec. 1, 1793 Feb. 6, 1812
William Grainger Blount Democratic-Republican Tennessee's 2nd district Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1819
Henry Taylor Blow Unconditional Unionist, Republican Missouri's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1863 Mar. 2, 1867 Despite being raised in a slaveholding household, Taylor Blow funded the freedom suit of Dred Scott, who was previously owned by Taylor Blow's parents, in Dred Scott v. Sandford.
Thomas Stanley Bocock Democratic Virginia's 5th district, 4th district Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1861
Milledge Luke Bonham Democratic South Carolina's 4th district Mar. 3, 1857 Dec. 20, 1860
George William Booker Republican, Conservative Virginia's 4th district Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1871
Andrew Rechmond Boone Democratic Kentucky's 1st district Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1879
Charles Borland Jr. Democratic New York's 6th district Dec. 1, 1821 Mar. 2, 1823
Pierre Jean Baptiste Evariste Bossier Democratic Louisiana's 4th district Mar. 3, 1843 Apr. 23, 1844
Alexander Robinson Boteler Opposition Virginia's 8th district Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861 15[29]
John Minor Botts Whig Virginia's 6th district, 11th district Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1849
Joseph Bouck Jacksonian New York's 12th district Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 1, 1833
James Wood Bouldin Democratic-Republican Virginia's 5th district Mar. 27, 1834 Mar. 2, 1839
Thomas Tyler Bouldin Jacksonian Virginia's 5th district Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1835
John Henry Bowen Democratic-Republican Tennessee's 4th district May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Rees Tate Bowen Democratic Virginia's 9th district Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
Gustavus Miller Bower Democratic Missouri's at-large district Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
Richard Johns Bowie Whig Maryland's 1st district Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1853
Thomas Fielder Bowie Democratic Maryland's 6th district Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1859
Walter Bowie Democratic-Republican Maryland's 2nd district Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1805
James Butler Bowlin Democratic Missouri's at-large district, 1st district Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1851
William Waters Boyce Democratic South Carolina's 6th district Mar. 3, 1853 Dec. 20, 1860
Adam Boyd Democratic-Republican New Jersey's at-large district Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1813
Alexander Boyd Federalist New York's 13th district May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Linn Boyd Jacksonian,

Democratic

Kentucky's 1st district Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1855
Nathaniel Boyden Whig, Democratic North Carolina's 2nd district, 6th district Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1869
John Boyle Democratic-Republican Kentucky's 2nd district Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1809
Reese Bowen Brabson WhigKnow Nothing (1856)

Opposition (1859–1861)

Tennessee's 3rd district Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
Taul Bradford Democratic Alabama's 3rd district Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 3, 1877
John Bragg Democratic Alabama's 1st district Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
Lawrence O’Bryan Branch Democratic North Carolina's 4th district Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1861
John Bratton Democratic South Carolina's 4th district Dec. 2, 1883 Mar. 3, 1885
Elliott Muse Braxton Democratic Virginia's 7th district Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
Daniel Breck Whig Kentucky's 6th district Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
James Breckinridge Federalist Virginia's 5th district May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1817
James Douglas Breckinridge Democratic-Republican Kentucky's 8th district Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1823
William Campbell Preston Breckinridge Democratic Kentucky's 7th district Mar. 3, 1885 Mar. 3, 1895
William Leigh Brent Whig, Democratic-Republican, National Republican Louisiana's 3rd district Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1829
Joseph Brevard Democratic-Republican South Carolina's 9th district Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1821
George Washington Bridges Democratic Tennessee's 3rd district Feb. 24, 1863 Mar. 2, 1863
John Morgan Bright Democratic Tennessee's 4th district, 5th district Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1881
Henry Roelif Brinkerhoff Democratic Ohio's 21st district Mar. 3, 1843 Apr. 29, 1844
Francis Marion Bristow Opposition, Whig Kentucky's 3rd district Dec. 3, 1854 Mar. 2, 1861
James Overton Broadhead Democratic Missouri's 9th district Dec. 2, 1883 Mar. 3, 1885
John Curtis Brodhead Jacksonian,

Democrat

New York's 7th district Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1839
Isaac Hopkins Bronson Democratic New York's 18th district Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1839
David Brooks Federalist New York's 5th district May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1799
Preston Smith Brooks Democratic South Carolina's 4th district Mar. 3, 1853 Jan. 26, 1857
Aaron Venable Brown Democratic Tennessee's 10th district, 6th district Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1845
Elias Brown Jacksonian, Whig Maryland's 5th district Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1831
John Brown Federalist Rhode Island's at-large district Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1801
Milton Brown Whig Tennessee's 12th district, 11th district Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1847
William Brown Democratic-Republican Kentucky's 3rd district Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1821
William Gay Brown Democrat,

Unionist

Virginia's 15th district and 10th district; West Virginia's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 3, 1865
Guy Morrison Bryan Democratic Texas's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1859
Henry Hunter Bryan Democratic-Republican Tennessee's 6th district Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1823
John Heritage Bryan National Republican North Carolina's 4th district Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1829
Joseph Bryan Democratic-Republican Georgia's at-large district Oct. 16, 1803 Dec. 31, 1805
Joseph Hunter Bryan Democratic-Republican North Carolina's 2nd district Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1819
Nathan Bryan Democratic-Republican North Carolina's 10th district Dec. 6, 1795 Jun. 3, 1798
Hugh Buchanan Democratic Georgia's 4th district Mar. 3, 1881 Mar. 3, 1885
Aylett Hawes Buckner Democratic Missouri's 13th district, 7th district Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 3, 1885
Aylette Buckner Whig Kentucky's 4th district Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
Richard Aylett Buckner Adams-Clay Republican, Adams Party Kentucky's 8th district Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1829
Robert Malone Bugg Whig Tennessee's 7th district Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
John Bull National Republican Missouri's at-large district Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
Henry Adams Bullard National Republican (3rd Dist.)

Whig (2nd Dist.)

Louisiana's 3rd district, 2nd district Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1851
Wingfield Bullock Democratic-Republican Kentucky's 8th district Dec. 2, 1821 Oct. 12, 1821
Samuel Bunch Whig Tennessee's 2nd district Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1837
Dempsey Burgess Democratic-Republican North Carolina's 8th district Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1799
Aedanus Burke Anti-Administration South Carolina's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1791
James Nelson Burnes Democratic Missouri's 4th district Dec. 2, 1883 Jan. 22, 1889
Henry Cornelius Burnett Democratic Kentucky's 1st district Mar. 3, 1855 Dec. 2, 1861 >10[30]
Armistead Burt Democratic South Carolina's 5th district Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1853
Hutchins Gordon Burton Democratic-Republican North Carolina's 2nd district Dec. 2, 1812 Mar. 22, 1824
William Armisted Burwell Democratic-Republican Virginia's 13th & 14th district Dec. 1, 1805 Feb. 15, 1821 >71[31]
Roderick Randum Butler Whig (before Civil War)

Republican (after Civil War)

Tennessee's 1st district Mar. 3, 1867 Mar. 3, 1889
Sampson Hale Butler Democratic South Carolina's 4th district Mar. 3, 1839 Sep. 26, 1842
Thomas Butler Democratic-Republican, Whig, American Louisiana's at-large district Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
William Butler Democratic-Republican South Carolina's 5th district, 2nd district Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1813
William Butler Whig South Carolina's 6th district Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
William Orlando Butler Democratic Kentucky's 13th district Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1843
Jesse Atherton Bynum Jacksonian, Democratic North Carolina's 2nd district Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1841
Edward Carrington Cabell Whig Florida's at-large district Oct. 5, 1845 Mar. 2, 1853
George Craighead Cabell Democratic Virginia's 5th district Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1887
Samuel Jordan Cabell Democratic-Republican Virginia's 14th district Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1803
Lambert Cadwalader Federalist New Jersey's at-large district Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1795
Daniel Cady Federalist New York's 14th district Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
Harry Cage Jacksonian Mississippi's at-large district Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
Greene Washington Caldwell N.C. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
Joseph Pearson Caldwell N.C. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1853
Patrick Calhoun Caldwell S.C. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
William Parker Caldwell Tenn. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1879
Joseph Calhoun S.C. Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1811
Charles Benedict Calvert Md. Mar. 3, 1861 Mar. 2, 1863
Brookins Campbell Tenn. Mar. 3, 1853 Dec. 24, 1853
John Campbell S.C. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1845
John Campbell Md. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1811
John Pierce Campbell Jr. Ky. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
Robert Blair Campbell S.C. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1837
Thomas Jefferson Campbell Tenn. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
William Bowen Campbell Tenn. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1867
Milton Anthony Candler Ga. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1879
Newton Cannon Tenn. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1823
Hugh Caperton Va. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Richard Bennett Carmichael Md. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
Thomas Petters Carnes Ga. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
Daniel Carroll Md. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1791
James Carroll Md. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1841
Samuel Price Carson N.C. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 1, 1833
John Carter S.C. Dec. 10, 1822 Mar. 2, 1829
William Blount Carter Whig Tennessee's 1st district Mar. 3, 1835 Mar. 2, 1841
Robert Looney Caruthers Tenn. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
Samuel Caruthers Mo. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1859
George Cary Ga. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1827
George Booth Cary Va. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
Walter Case N.Y. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1821
Levi Casey S.C. Oct. 16, 1803 Feb. 2, 1807
Samuel Lewis Casey Ky. Mar. 9, 1862 Mar. 2, 1863
John Samuels Caskie Va. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1859
James Ronald Chalmers Miss. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 3, 1885
John Chambers Ky. Nov. 30, 1828 Mar. 2, 1839
Augustus Alexandria Chapman Va. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1847
John Grant Chapman Md. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1849
Reuben Chapman Ala. Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1847
Absalom Harris Chappell Ga. Oct. 1, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
John Joel Chappell S.C. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1817
Elijah Webb Chastain Ga. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1855
Richard Cheatham Tenn. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1839
Langdon Cheves S.C. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1815
Samuel Chilton Va. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
Thomas Chilton Ky. Jan. 10, 1828 Mar. 2, 1835
Joseph William Chinn Va. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1835
Thomas Withers Chinn La. Feb. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1841
James Stone Chrisman Ky. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
Gabriel Christie Md. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1801
William Montgomery Churchwell Tenn. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1855
John Francis Hamtramck Claiborne Miss. Dec. 6, 1835 Feb. 4, 1838
Nathaniel Herbert Claiborne Va. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1837
Thomas Claiborne Va. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1805
Thomas Claiborne Tenn. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
John Daniel Clardy Ky. Dec. 1, 1895 Mar. 3, 1899
Abraham Clark N.J. Oct. 23, 1791 Sep. 14, 1794
Christopher Henderson Clark Va. Oct. 16, 1803 Jun. 30, 1806
Henry Selby Clark N.C. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
James Clark Ky. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1831
James West Clark N.C. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
John Bullock Clark Mo. Dec. 6, 1857 Jul. 12, 1861
John Bullock Clark Jr. Mo. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1883
Lincoln Clark Iowa Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
Beverly Leonidas Clarke Ky. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
Brutus Junius Clay Ky. Mar. 3, 1863 Mar. 3, 1865
James Brown Clay Ky. Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1859
Matthew Clay Va. May. 14, 1797 May. 26, 1815
Augustin Smith Clayton Ga. Jan. 20, 1832 Mar. 2, 1835
Sherrard Clemens Va. Dec. 5, 1852 Mar. 2, 1861
Newton Nash Clements Ala. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 2, 1881
David Clendenin Ohio May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1817
Duncan Lamont Clinch Ga. Feb. 14, 1844 Mar. 2, 1845
George Clinton N.Y. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1809
David Clopton Ala. Mar. 3, 1859 Jan. 20, 1861
John Clopton Va. Dec. 6, 1795 Sep. 10, 1816
William Kennedy Clowney S.C. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1839
Howell Cobb Ga. Oct. 25, 1807 Jul. 31, 1812
Howell Cobb Ga. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1857
Williamson Robert Winfield Cobb Ala. Mar. 3, 1847 Jan. 29, 1861
James Cochran N.C. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1813
John Cocke Tenn. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1827
William Michael Cocke Whig Tennessee's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1849
Jeremiah Vardaman Cockrell Democratic Texas's 13th district Mar. 3, 1893 Mar. 2, 1897
John Coffee Jacksonian Georgia's at-large district Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1837
Richard Coke Jr. Jacksonian Virginia's 8th district Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 1, 1833
William Ferguson Colcock S.C. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1853
Cadwallader David Colden N.Y. Dec. 11, 1821 Mar. 2, 1823
Nicholas Daniel Coleman Ky. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1831
Isaac Coles Va. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1797
Walter Coles Va. Mar. 3, 1835 Mar. 2, 1845
Stephen Alfestus Corker Ga. Dec. 21, 1870 Mar. 2, 1871
Jeremiah Cosden Md. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 18, 1822
James Sproull Cothran S.C. Mar. 3, 1887 Mar. 2, 1891
Joseph Stewart Cottman Md. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
James La Fayette Cottrell Ala. Dec. 6, 1846 Mar. 2, 1847
Leonard Covington Md. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1807
Leander Martin Cox Ky. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1857
William Ruffin Cox N.C. Mar. 3, 1881 Mar. 2, 1887
George Whitfield Crabb Ala. Sep. 3, 1838 Mar. 2, 1841
Jeremiah Crabb Md. Dec. 6, 1795 Dec. 31, 1795
Hector Craig N.Y. Nov. 30, 1823 Jul. 11, 1830
James Craig Mo. Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1861
Robert Craig Va. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1841
Francis Burton Craige N.C. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1861
William Craik Md. Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1801
Jordan Edgar Cravens Ark. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 2, 1883
George Walker Crawford Ga. Jan. 6, 1843 Mar. 2, 1843
Joel Crawford Ga. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
Martin Jenkins Crawford Ga. Mar. 3, 1855 Jan. 22, 1861
William Crawford Pa. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1817
John Woodland Crisfield Md. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1863
Henry Crist Ky. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
John Critcher Va. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
Thomas Theodore Crittenden Mo. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1879
Jacob Crocheron N.Y. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1831
David Crockett Tenn. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1835
Edward Cross Ark. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1845
Edward Crossland Ky. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1875
Edward Crouch Pa. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
John Crowell Ala. Nov. 15, 1818 Mar. 2, 1821
Thomas Croxton Va. Mar. 3, 1885 Mar. 2, 1887
John Hervey Crozier Tenn. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1849
Josiah Crudup N.C. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1823
Daniel Cruger N.Y. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
William Crutchfield Tenn. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
William Constantine Culbertson Pa. Mar. 3, 1889 Mar. 2, 1891
Thomas Culbreth Md. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
Elisha Dickerson Cullen American Delaware's At-large district Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
Alvan Cullom Democratic Tennessee's 4th district Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1847
William Cullom Whig Tennessee's 8th district, 4th district Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1855
John Culpepper National Republican North Carolina's 7th district Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1829
Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry Democratic Alabama's 7th district Mar. 3, 1857 Jan. 20, 1861
John Alfred Cuthbert Democratic-Republican Georgia's at-large district Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1821
Henry Daniel Ky. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 1, 1833
John Reeves Jones Daniel N.C. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1853
Ezra Darby N.J. Dec. 1, 1805 Dec. 27, 1808
John Fletcher Darby Mo. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
Edmund Strother Dargan Ala. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
Thomas Davenport Va. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1835
Alexander Caldwell Davidson Ala. Mar. 3, 1885 Mar. 3, 1889
Robert Hamilton McWhorta Davidson Fla. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 2, 1891
Thomas Green Davidson La. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1861
William Davidson N.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
Amos Davis Ky. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
Henry Winter Davis Md. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 3, 1865
Jacob Cunningham Davis Ill. Nov. 3, 1856 Mar. 2, 1857
Joseph Jonathan Davis N.C. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1881
Reuben Davis Miss. Mar. 3, 1857 Jan. 11, 1861
Timothy Davis Iowa Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1859
Warren Ransom Davis S.C. Dec. 9, 1827 Jan. 28, 1835
John Bennett Dawson La. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1845
William Johnson Dawson N.C. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
Edmund Deberry N.C. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1851
Daniel Coleman De Jarnette Va. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
James Dellet Ala. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1845
William Denning N.Y. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
John Dennis Md. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1805
John Dennis Md. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1841
Littleton Purnell Dennis Md. Dec. 1, 1833 Apr. 13, 1834
Peter Denoyelles N.Y. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
George Dent Md. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1801
William Barton Wade Dent Ga. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
Joseph Desha Ky. Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1819
Robert Desha Tenn. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1831
Jacob Hasbrouck De Witt N.Y. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1821
George Gibbs Dibrell Tenn. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 3, 1885
Samuel Dickens N.C. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
David W. Dickinson Tenn. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1845
John Dean Dickinson N.Y. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1831
David Dickson Miss. Dec. 30, 1835 Dec. 31, 1835
Joseph Dickson N.C. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1801
William Dietz N.Y. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1827
Joseph Dixon N.C. Dec. 4, 1870 Mar. 2, 1871
James Cochrane Dobbin N.C. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
Alfred Dockery N.C. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1853
Oliver Hart Dockery N.C. Jul. 12, 1868 Mar. 2, 1871
Philip Doddridge Va. Jan. 27, 1830 Nov. 18, 1832
Richard Spaight Donnell N.C. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
Clement Dorsey Md. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1831
Beverly Browne Douglas Va. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1879
James Ferguson Dowdell Ala. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1859
William Drayton S.C. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 1, 1833
George Coke Dromgoole Va. Mar. 3, 1835 Apr. 26, 1847
Dudley McIver Du Bose Ga. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
Edward Bishop Dudley N.C. Dec. 13, 1829 Mar. 2, 1831
Richard Thomas Walker Duke Va. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1873
William Dunbar La. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
William Garnett Duncan Ky. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
George Washington Dunlap Ky. Mar. 3, 1861 Mar. 2, 1863
William Claiborne Dunlap Tenn. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1837
Poindexter Dunn Ark. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 3, 1889
Milton Jameson Durham Ky. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1879
William Pope Duval Ky. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Gabriel Duvall Md. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 27, 1796
Elias Earle S.C. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1821
John Baylis Earle S.C. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1805
Samuel Earle S.C. Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1797
Peter Early Ga. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1807
Paul Carrington Edmunds Va. Mar. 3, 1889 Mar. 3, 1895
Henry Alonzo Edmundson Va. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1861
Benjamin Edwards Md. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
John Edwards N.Y. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1839
John Cummins Edwards Mo. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
Weldon Nathaniel Edwards N.C. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1827
George Ege Pa. Dec. 6, 1795 Sep. 30, 1797
Joseph Eggleston Va. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1801
Joseph Barton Elam La. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 2, 1881
Henry Thomas Ellett Miss. Jan. 25, 1847 Mar. 2, 1847
John Milton Elliott Ky. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1859
William Elliott S.C. Mar. 3, 1887 Mar. 2, 1903
Lucas Conrad Elmendorf N.Y. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1803
John Ely N.Y. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1841
James Ervin S.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
Benjamin Estil Va. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1827
Emerson Etheridge Tenn. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1861
David Reid Evans S.C. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Andrew Ewing Tenn. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
Edwin Hickman Ewing Tenn. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
Isaac Gray Farlee N.J. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
Samuel Farrow S.C. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Charles James Faulkner Va., W.Va. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 3, 1877
Winfield Scott Featherston Miss. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1851
John Myers Felder S.C. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1835
William Harrell Felton Ga. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1881
William Findley Pa. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 2, 1817
Jesse Johnson Finley Fla. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1883
Charles Fisher N.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1841
George Purnell Fisher Del. Mar. 3, 1861 Mar. 2, 1863
Jonathan Fisk N.Y. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1815
Samuel McClary Fite Tenn. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 3, 1877
William Fitzgerald Tenn. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 1, 1833
Thomas Fitzsimons Pa. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1795
William Bennett Fleming Ga. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 2, 1879
Thomas Fletcher Ky. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
Thomas Stanhope Flournoy Va. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
John Floyd Ga. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1829
John Floyd Va. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1829
William Floyd N.Y. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1791
Daniel Munroe Forney N.C. Dec. 3, 1815 Dec. 31, 1817
Peter Forney N.C. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
William Henry Forney Ala. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 3, 1893
Uriah Forrest Md. Dec. 1, 1793 Nov. 7, 1794
Tomlinson Fort Ga. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1829
Nathaniel Greene Foster Ga. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
John Fowler Ky. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1807
John Rankin Franklin Md. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
Meshack Franklin N.C. Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1815
James Crawford Freeman Ga. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
John D. Freeman Miss. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
Richard French Ky. Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1849
David Fullerton Pa. Dec. 5, 1819 May. 14, 1820
Andrew Steele Fulton Va. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
John Pollard Gaines Ky. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
Nathan Gaither Ky. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 1, 1833
George Gale Md. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1791
Levin Gale Md. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1829
Roger Lawson Gamble Ga. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1843
David Shepherd Garland Va. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
James Garland Va. Mar. 3, 1835 Mar. 2, 1841
Rice Garland La. Apr. 27, 1834 Jul. 20, 1840
James Mercer Garnett Va. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1809
Muscoe Russell Hunter Garnett Va. Nov. 30, 1856 Mar. 2, 1861
Robert Selden Garnett Va. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1827
Daniel Greene Garnsey N.Y. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1829
George Tankard Garrison Va. Mar. 3, 1881 Mar. 3, 1885
Nathaniel Garrow N.Y. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1829
William Willis Garth Ala. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 2, 1879
Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell Ga. Mar. 3, 1857 Jan. 22, 1861
William Gaston N.C. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1817
Alfred Moore Gatlin N.C. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
Edward James Gay La. Mar. 3, 1885 May. 29, 1889
John Gayle Ala. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
James Herbert Gholson Va. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
Samuel Jameson Gholson Miss. Jan. 6, 1837 Feb. 4, 1838
Thomas Gholson Jr. Va. Oct. 25, 1807 Jul. 3, 1816
James King Gibson Va. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1871
Ezekiel Gilbert N.Y. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1797
Sylvester Gilbert Conn. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
William Fell Giles Md. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
James Gillespie N.C. Dec. 1, 1793 Jan. 9, 1805
Alexander Gillon S.C. Dec. 1, 1793 Oct. 5, 1794
George Rockingham Gilmer Ga. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1835
John Adams Gilmer N.C. Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1861
Thomas Walker Gilmer Va. Mar. 3, 1841 Feb. 15, 1844
Joseph Gist S.C. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1827
Thomas Glascock Ga. Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1839
Presley Thornton Glass Tenn. Mar. 3, 1885 Mar. 3, 1889
Henry Glen N.Y. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1801
William Leftwich Goggin Va. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1849
Thomas Ruggles Gold N.Y. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1817
Charles Goldsborough Md. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1817
Jacob Shall Golladay Ky. Dec. 4, 1867 Feb. 27, 1870
John Goode Jr. Va. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1881
Samuel Goode Va. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1801
William Osborne Goode Va. Mar. 3, 1841 Jul. 2, 1859
Elizur Goodrich Conn. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1801
George Washington Gordon Tenn. Mar. 3, 1907 Aug. 8, 1911
James Gordon N.Y. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 2, 1795
William Fitzhugh Gordon Va. Jan. 24, 1830 Mar. 2, 1835
James Hamilton Goss S.C. Jul. 17, 1868 Mar. 2, 1869
Theodore Gourdin S.C. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Andrew Robison Govan S.C. Dec. 3, 1822 Mar. 2, 1827
Samuel Francis Gove Ga. Jun. 24, 1868 Mar. 2, 1869
Amos Phelps Granger N.Y. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1859
Seaton Grantland Ga. Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1839
William Jordan Graves Ky. Dec. 13, 1835 Mar. 2, 1841
Edwin Gray Va. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1813
John Cowper Gray Va. Nov. 12, 1820 Mar. 2, 1821
William John Grayson S.C. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1837
Wharton Jackson Green N.C. Dec. 2, 1883 Mar. 2, 1887
Willis Green Ky. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1845
Christopher Greenup Ky. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 2, 1797
Alfred Burton Greenwood Ark. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1859
John Greig N.Y. May. 20, 1841 Sep. 24, 1841
Henry Grider Ky. Mar. 3, 1843 Sep. 6, 1866
John King Griffin S.C. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1841
Thomas Griffin Va. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1805
William Barry Grove N.C. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 2, 1803
Asa Porter Grover Ky. Mar. 3, 1867 Mar. 2, 1869
Henry Hosford Gurley La. Dec. 17, 1823 Mar. 2, 1831
James Guyon Jr. N.Y. Jan. 13, 1820 Mar. 2, 1821
Richard Wylly Habersham Ga. Mar. 3, 1839 Dec. 1, 1842
Aaron Hackley Jr. N.Y. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1821
William Haile Miss. Dec. 3, 1826 Sep. 11, 1828
Bolling Hall Ga. Nov. 3, 1811 Mar. 2, 1817
Obed Hall N.H. Nov. 3, 1811 Mar. 2, 1813
Thomas H. Hall N.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1835
Willard Preble Hall Mo. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1853
William Hall Tenn. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 1, 1833
William Augustus Hall Mo. Jan. 19, 1862 Mar. 3, 1865
John Edward Halsell Ky. Dec. 2, 1883 Mar. 2, 1887
Silas Halsey N.Y. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1807
Samuel Hambleton Md. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1873
Andrew Jackson Hamilton Tex. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
James Hamilton Jr. S.C. Jan. 5, 1823 Mar. 2, 1829
William Henry Hammett Miss. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
Edward Hammond Md. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1853
Samuel Hammond Ga. Oct. 16, 1803 Feb. 1, 1805
Wade Hampton S.C. Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1805
George Hancock Va. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1797
John Hancock Tex. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 3, 1885
William Anderson Handley Ala. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
James Millander Hanks Ark. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
John Andre Hanna Pa. May. 14, 1797 Jul. 22, 1805
Hugh Anderson Haralson Ga. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1851
Thomas Hardeman Jr. Ga. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 3, 1885
Benjamin Hardin Ky. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1837
Aaron Harding Ky. Mar. 3, 1861 Mar. 2, 1867
James Harlan Ky. Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1839
John Henry Harmanson La. Mar. 3, 1845 Oct. 24, 1850
James Clarence Harper N.C. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
Benjamin Gwinn Harris Md. Mar. 3, 1863 Mar. 2, 1867
Henry Richard Harris Ga. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1887
James Morrison Harris Md. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1861
John Thomas Harris Va. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1881
Robert Harris Pa. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1827
Sampson Willis Harris Ala. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1857
Wiley Pope Harris Miss. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
William Alexander Harris Va. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
Albert Galliton Harrison Mo. Dec. 6, 1835 Sep. 6, 1839
Carter Henry Harrison Ill. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1879
Horace Harrison Harrison Tenn. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
Thomas Hartley Pa. Mar. 3, 1789 Dec. 20, 1800
Julian Hartridge Ga. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1879
Abraham Bruyn Hasbrouck N.Y. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1827
Abraham Joseph Hasbrouck N.Y. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Josiah Hasbrouck N.Y. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1819
William T. Haskell Tenn. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
Robert Anthony Hatcher Mo. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1879
John Hathorn N.Y. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1797
Robert Hopkins Hatton Tenn. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
Thomas Haughey Ala. Jul. 20, 1868 Mar. 2, 1869
Nathaniel Appleton Haven N.H. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
Jonathan Nicoll Havens N.Y. Dec. 6, 1795 Oct. 24, 1799
Albert Gallatin Hawes Ky. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1837
Aylett Hawes Va. Nov. 3, 1811 Mar. 2, 1817
Richard Hawes Ky. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1841
George Sydney Hawkins Fla. Mar. 3, 1857 Jan. 20, 1861
Isaac Roberts Hawkins Tenn. Jul. 23, 1866 Mar. 2, 1871
Micajah Thomas Hawkins N.C. Jan. 5, 1832 Mar. 2, 1841
Thomas Sherwood Haymond Va. Nov. 7, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
Charles Eaton Haynes Ga. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1839
Charles Hays Ala. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 3, 1877
Samuel Lewis Hays Va. Mar. 4, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
William Hayward Jr. Md. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
James P. Heath Md. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
John Heath Va. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1797
Robert Stell Heflin Ala. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1871
Archibald Henderson N.C. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1803
Bennett H. Henderson Tenn. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
Thomas Henderson N.J. Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1797
Eli Jones Henkle Md. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1881
Daniel Maynadier Henry Md. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 2, 1881
John Flournoy Henry Ky. Dec. 10, 1826 Mar. 2, 1827
Robert Pryor Henry Ky. Nov. 30, 1823 Aug. 24, 1826
Hilary Abner Herbert Ala. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 3, 1893
John Carlyle Herbert Md. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1819
Thomas Hord Herndon Ala. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 3, 1885
Goldsmith Whitehouse Hewitt Ala. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 3, 1885
Daniel Hiester Pa., Md. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 6, 1804
Joseph Hiester Pa. May. 14, 1797 Nov. 30, 1820
Clement Sidney Hill Ky. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
Hugh Lawson White Hill Tenn. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
John Hill N.C. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1841
John Hill Va. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1841
William Henry Hill N.C. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1803
Solomon Hillen Jr. Md. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1841
Henry Washington Hilliard Ala. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1851
Junius Hillyer Ga. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1855
Thomas Carmichael Hindman Ark. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
Thomas Hinds Miss. Dec. 7, 1828 Mar. 2, 1831
Richard Hines N.C. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1827
Elijah Hise Ky. Dec. 2, 1866 May. 7, 1867
Asa Hodges Ark. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
John Henry Hoffecker Del. Mar. 3, 1899 Jun. 15, 1900
John Hoge Pa. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1805
John Blair Hoge W.Va. Mar. 3, 1881 Mar. 2, 1883
James Lawrence Hogeboom N.Y. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
Samuel Hogg Tenn. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Alexander Richmond Holladay Va. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1853
James Holland N.C. Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1811
Joel Holleman Va. Mar. 3, 1839 Dec. 31, 1839
Gabriel Holmes N.C. Dec. 4, 1825 Sep. 25, 1829
Isaac Edward Holmes S.C. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1851
Hopkins Holsey Ga. Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1839
Hines Holt Ga. Jan. 31, 1841 Mar. 2, 1841
Charles Edward Hooker Miss. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1903
Charles Hooks N.C. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1825
George Washington Hopkins Va. Mar. 3, 1835 Mar. 2, 1859
Samuel Hopkins Ky. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Joseph Hopkinson Pa. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1819
John Ford House Tenn. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1883
John Wallace Houston Del. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1851
Benjamin Chew Howard Md. Dec. 4, 1829 Mar. 2, 1839
Volney Erskine Howard Tex. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1853
Edmund Wilcox Hubard Va. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1847
David Hubbard Ala. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1851
Benjamin Huger S.C. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1817
Daniel Huger S.C. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 1, 1793
George Wurtz Hughes Md. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
James Madison Hughes Mo. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
Parry Wayne Humphreys Tenn. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
John Pratt Hungerford Va. Nov. 3, 1811 Mar. 2, 1817
Theodore Gaillard Hunt La. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
Adam Huntsman Tenn. Mar. 3, 1835 Mar. 2, 1837
James Henderson Imlay N.J. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1801
Samuel Williams Inge Ala. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1851
William Marshall Inge Tenn. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
Alfred Briggs Irion La. Mar. 3, 1885 Mar. 2, 1887
William Irvine Pa. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
William Irving N.Y. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1819
James Ferdinand Izlar S.C. Apr. 14, 1894 Mar. 3, 1895
Jabez Young Jackson Ga. Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1839
James Jackson Ga. Mar. 3, 1857 Jan. 22, 1861
James Streshly Jackson Ky. Mar. 3, 1861 Dec. 12, 1861
John George Jackson Va. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1817
Joseph Webber Jackson Ga. Mar. 3, 1850 Mar. 2, 1853
John Jameson Mo. Dec. 11, 1839 Mar. 2, 1849
Daniel Jenifer Md. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1841
Albert Gallatin Jenkins Va. Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1861
Joshua Husband Jewett Ky. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1859
Kensey Johns Jr. Del. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1831
Cave Johnson Tenn. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1845
Charles Johnson N.C. Dec. 6, 1801 Jul. 22, 1802
Francis Johnson Ky. Nov. 12, 1820 Mar. 2, 1827
James Johnson Va. May. 23, 1813 Jan. 31, 1820
James Johnson Ga. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
James Leeper Johnson Ky. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
John Telemachus Johnson Ky. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1825
Joseph Johnson Va. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1847
William Cost Johnson Md. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1843
George Washington Jones Tenn. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1859
George Washington Jones Tex. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 2, 1883
Isaac Dashiell Jones Md. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
James Jones Va. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1823
James Henry Jones Tex. Dec. 2, 1883 Mar. 2, 1887
James Taylor Jones Ala. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 3, 1889
John James Jones Ga. Mar. 3, 1859 Jan. 22, 1861
John William Jones Ga. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
John Winston Jones Va. Mar. 3, 1835 Mar. 2, 1845
Roland Jones La. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
Seaborn Jones Ga. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1847
Walter Jones Va. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1811
Andrew Thompson Judson Conn. Dec. 6, 1835 Jul. 3, 1836
Laurence Massillon Keitt S.C. Mar. 3, 1853 Dec. 9, 1860
Thomas Kenan N.C. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1811
William Kennedy N.C. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1815
Luther Martin Kennett Mo. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
John Kerr Va. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1817
John Kerr Jr. N.C. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
John Kershaw S.C. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Philip Key Md. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 1, 1793
Philip Barton Key Md. Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1813
John Kincaid Ky. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1831
Andrew King Mo. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
Austin Augustus King Mo. Mar. 3, 1863 Mar. 3, 1865
John King N.Y. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 1, 1833
Thomas Butler King Ga. Mar. 3, 1839 Dec. 31, 1849
Dorrance Kirtland N.Y. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Herman Knickerbocker N.Y. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
Nehemiah Knight R.I. Dec. 1, 1805 Jun. 12, 1808
Jacob Michael Kunkel Md. Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1861
Alcée Louis La Branche La. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
Emile La Sére La. Jan. 28, 1846 Mar. 2, 1851
William Augustus Lake Miss. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
Henry Graybill Lamar Ga. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 1, 1833
John Basil Lamar Ga. Mar. 3, 1843 Jul. 28, 1843
Alfred William Lamb Mo. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
John Morgan Landrum La. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
Joseph Aristide Landry La. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
Israel George Lash N.C. Jul. 19, 1868 Mar. 2, 1871
Effingham Lawrence La. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
Samuel Lawrence N.Y. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
John William Lawson Va. Mar. 3, 1891 Mar. 3, 1893
Thomas Lawyer N.Y. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Alfred Morrison Lay Mo. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 2, 1881
Luke Lea Tenn. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1837
Pryor Lea Tenn. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1831
James Madison Leach N.C. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1875
Shelton Farrar Leake Va. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1861
Amasa Learned Conn. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 2, 1795
Joseph Lecompte Ky. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 1, 1833
Henry Lee Va. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1801
John Lee Md. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
Richard Bland Lee Va. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1795
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee Va. Mar. 3, 1887 Oct. 14, 1891
John Lefferts N.Y. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Isaac Leffler Va. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1829
Jabez Leftwich Va. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1825
Hugh Swinton Legaré S.C. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1839
James Lent N.Y. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 1, 1833
Rufus Ezekiel Lester Ga. Mar. 3, 1889 Jun. 15, 1906
John Letcher Va. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1859
Robert Perkins Letcher Ky. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1835
Burwell Boykin Lewis Ala. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1881
Charles Swearinger Lewis Va. Dec. 3, 1854 Mar. 2, 1855
Joseph Horace Lewis Ky. May. 9, 1870 Mar. 2, 1873
Joseph Lewis Jr. Va. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1817
William J. Lewis Va. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Robert Fulwood Ligon Ala. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 2, 1879
Thomas Watkins Ligon Md. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1849
James Linn N.J. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1801
Henry Walter Livingston N.Y. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1807
Robert Le Roy Livingston N.Y. May. 21, 1809 May. 5, 1812
Matthew Locke N.C. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1799
James Rush Lofland Del. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
Edward Henry Carroll Long Md. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
John Long N.C. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1829
Peter Early Love Ga. Mar. 3, 1859 Jan. 22, 1861
John Lovett N.Y. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1817
Christian Lower Pa. Dec. 1, 1805 Dec. 18, 1806
Thomas Lowndes S.C. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1805
William Lowndes S.C. Nov. 3, 1811 May. 7, 1822
George Loyall Va. Mar. 8, 1830 Mar. 2, 1837
Edward Lucas Va. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1837
John Baptiste Charles Lucas Pa. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1805
William Lucas Va. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1845
John Henry Lumpkin Ga. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1857
Chittenden Lyon Ky. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1835
Francis Strother Lyon Ala. Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1839
Matthew Lyon Vt., Ky. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1811
James Machir Va. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1799
Archibald Thompson MacIntyre Ga. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
James Madison Democratic-Republican Virginia's 5th district (1789–1793),

15th district (1793–1797)

Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1797 100+ Yes (1809–1817) Later elected President. Madison occasionally condemned the institution of slavery and opposed the international slave trade, but he also vehemently opposed any attempts to restrict its domestic expansion. Madison did not free his slaves during his lifetime or in his will. Paul Jennings, one of Madison's slaves, served him during his presidency and later published the first memoir of life in the White House.
Patrick Magruder Md. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1807
Francis Mallory Va. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1843
Robert Mallory Ky. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 3, 1865
John Manning Jr. N.C. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1871
Richard Irvine Manning S.C. Dec. 7, 1834 Apr. 30, 1836
Vannoy Hartrog Manning Miss. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 2, 1883
John Hartwell Marable Tenn. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1829
Samuel Wright Mardis Ala. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1835
Robert Marion S.C. Dec. 1, 1805 Dec. 3, 1810
George Washington Lent Marr Tenn. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Alexander Keith Marshall Ky. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
Humphrey Marshall Ky. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1859
John Marshall Va. Dec. 1, 1799 Jun. 6, 1800
Thomas Alexander Marshall Ky. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1835
Thomas Francis Marshall Ky. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
Barclay Martin Tenn. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
John Mason Martin Ala. Mar. 3, 1885 Mar. 2, 1887
John Preston Martin Ky. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
Joshua Lanier Martin Ala. Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1839
William Dickinson Martin S.C. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1831
John Calvin Mason Ky. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1859
John Thomson Mason Md. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
John Young Mason Va. Dec. 4, 1831 Jan. 10, 1837
Vincent Mathews N.Y. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
James Matlack N.J. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1825
Abram Poindexter Maury Tenn. Mar. 3, 1835 Mar. 2, 1839
Augustus Emmett Maxwell Fla. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1857
George Clifford Maxwell N.J. Nov. 3, 1811 Mar. 2, 1813
Lewis Maxwell Va. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 1, 1833
William L. May Ill. Nov. 30, 1834 Mar. 2, 1839
Horace Maynard Tenn. Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1875
Robert Murphy Mayo Va. Dec. 2, 1883 Mar. 3, 1885
William Mayrant S.C. Dec. 3, 1815 Oct. 20, 1816
Archibald McBryde N.C. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1813
Abraham McClellan Tenn. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1843
Joseph Washington McClurg Mo. Mar. 3, 1863 Jun. 30, 1868
William McComas Va. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1837
Felix Grundy McConnell Ala. Mar. 3, 1843 Sep. 9, 1846
Andrew McCord N.Y. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1805
James Robinson McCormick Mo. Dec. 16, 1867 Mar. 2, 1873
John McCreary S.C. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1821
William McCreery Md. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1809
Hiram McCullough Md. Mar. 3, 1865 Mar. 2, 1869
William McDaniel Mo. Dec. 6, 1846 Mar. 2, 1847
James McDowell Va. Mar. 5, 1846 Mar. 2, 1851
Joseph McDowell N.C. Mar. 3, 1797 Mar. 2, 1799
William McFarland Tenn. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 3, 1877
Robert Lytle McHatton Ky. Dec. 6, 1826 Mar. 2, 1829
Henry Davis McHenry Ky. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
John Hardin McHenry Ky. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
James Iver McKay N.C. Feb. 19, 1832 Mar. 2, 1849
John McKee Ala. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1829
Samuel McKee Ky. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1817
Lewis McKenzie Va. Feb. 15, 1863 Mar. 2, 1871
Alexander McKim Md. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1815
William McKinley Va. May. 22, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
Thomas McKissock N.Y. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
Alney McLean Ky. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1821
Finis Ewing McLean Ky. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
John McLean Ohio May. 23, 1813 Dec. 31, 1815
Fayette McMullen Va. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1857
Archibald McNeill N.C. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1827
John McQueen S.C. Feb. 11, 1849 Dec. 20, 1860
James McSherry Pa. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1823
William McWillie Miss. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
Cowles Mead Ga. Dec. 1, 1805 Dec. 23, 1805
Richard Kidder Meade Va. Aug. 4, 1847 Mar. 2, 1853
John William Menzies Ky. Mar. 3, 1861 Mar. 2, 1863
Charles Fenton Mercer Va. Nov. 30, 1817 Dec. 25, 1839
John Francis Mercer Md. Oct. 23, 1791 Apr. 12, 1794
James Meriwether Ga. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1827
James A. Meriwether Ga. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
Henry Middleton S.C. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1819
John Millen Ga. Mar. 3, 1843 Oct. 14, 1843
John Gaines Miller Mo. Mar. 3, 1851 May. 10, 1856
Morris Smith Miller N.Y. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Pleasant Moorman Miller Tenn. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
John Singleton Millson Va. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1861
William Milnor Pa. Oct. 25, 1807 May. 7, 1822
Charles Miner Pa. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1829
Anderson Mitchell N.C. Apr. 26, 1842 Mar. 2, 1843
George Edward Mitchell Md. Nov. 30, 1823 Jun. 27, 1832
James Coffield Mitchell Tenn. Mar. 3, 1825 Mar. 2, 1829
Thomas Rothmaler Mitchell S.C. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 1, 1833
Robert Monell N.Y. Dec. 5, 1819 Feb. 20, 1831
John Montgomery Md. Oct. 25, 1807 Apr. 28, 1811
Thomas Montgomery Ky. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1823
John Moore La. Dec. 16, 1840 Mar. 2, 1853
Laban Theodore Moore Ky. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
Littleton Wilde Moore Tex. Mar. 3, 1887 Mar. 3, 1893
Sydenham Moore Ala. Mar. 3, 1857 Jan. 20, 1861
Thomas Moore S.C. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1817
Thomas Love Moore Va. Nov. 12, 1820 Mar. 2, 1823
Thomas Patrick Moore Ky. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1829
Charles Slaughter Morehead Ky. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1851
James Turner Morehead N.C. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
Daniel Morgan Va. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1799
James Bright Morgan Miss. Mar. 3, 1885 Mar. 2, 1891
Thomas Morris N.Y. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1803
Isaac Edward Morse La. Dec. 1, 1844 Mar. 2, 1851
Jeremiah Morton Va. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
Jonathan Ogden Moseley Conn. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1821
James Mott N.J. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1805
James Mullins Tenn. Mar. 3, 1867 Mar. 2, 1869
Gurdon Saltonstall Mumford N.Y. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1811
Charles Murphey Ga. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
John Murphy Ala. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
John L. Murray Ky. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1839
Benjamin Duke Nabers Miss. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
Raphael Neale Md. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1825
Hugh Nelson Va. Nov. 3, 1811 Jan. 13, 1823
John Nelson Md. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1823
Roger Nelson Md. Oct. 16, 1803 May. 13, 1810
Thomas Amos Rogers Nelson Tenn. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1863
Thomas Maduit Nelson Va. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1819
Wilson Nesbitt S.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Joseph Neville Va. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
Anthony New Va., Ky. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1823
Alexander Newman Va. Mar. 3, 1849 Sep. 7, 1849
Daniel Newnan Ga. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 1, 1833
Thomas Willoughby Newton Ark. Feb. 5, 1847 Mar. 2, 1847
Willoughby Newton Va. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
Silas Leslie Niblack Fla. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1873
John Nicholas Va. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1801
John Calhoun Nicholls Ga. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 3, 1885
John Nicholson N.Y. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
John Anthony Nicholson Del. Mar. 3, 1865 Mar. 2, 1869
Joseph Hopper Nicholson Md. Dec. 1, 1799 Feb. 28, 1806
Jason Niles Miss. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
Eugenius Aristides Nisbet Ga. Mar. 3, 1839 Oct. 11, 1841
John William Noell Mo. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 13, 1863
Elijah Hise Norton Mo. Mar. 3, 1861 Mar. 2, 1863
Abraham Nott S.C. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1801
William Thompson Nuckolls S.C. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 1, 1833
David Alexander Nunn Tenn. Mar. 3, 1867 Mar. 2, 1875
Michael Patrick O’Connor S.C. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 2, 1883
Alexander Ogle Pa. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Stephen Ormsby Ky. Nov. 3, 1811 Mar. 2, 1817
Alexander Dalrymple Orr Ky. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 2, 1797
James Lawrence Orr S.C. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1859
David Outlaw N.C. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1853
George Outlaw N.C. Dec. 5, 1824 Mar. 2, 1825
James Overstreet S.C. Dec. 5, 1819 May. 23, 1822
Walter Hampden Overton La. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1831
Allen Ferdinand Owen Ga. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
George Washington Owen Ala. Dec. 2, 1823 Mar. 2, 1829
James Owen N.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
George Welshman Owens Ga. Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1839
Bryan Young Owsley Ky. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
John Page Va. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1797
Robert Page Va. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1801
Robert Treat Paine N.C. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
Beriah Palmer N.Y. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1805
James Parker N.J. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1837
Josiah Parker Va. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1801
Richard Parker Va. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1851
Severn Eyre Parker Va. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1821
Josiah Patterson Tenn. Mar. 3, 1891 Mar. 2, 1897
Walter Patterson N.Y. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1823
John Mercer Patton Va. Dec. 5, 1830 Apr. 6, 1838
Levi Pawling Pa. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
William Winter Payne Ala. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1847
Joseph Pearson N.C. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1815
John Pegram Va. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Charles Pelham Ala. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
John Strother Pendleton Va. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1849
Alexander Gordon Penn La. Dec. 29, 1850 Mar. 2, 1853
John Perkins Jr. La. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
Thomas Johns Perry Md. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
Henry Persons Ga. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 2, 1881
George Peter Md. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1827
Ebenezer Pettigrew N.C. Mar. 3, 1835 Mar. 2, 1837
Balie Peyton Tenn. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1837
Samuel Oldham Peyton Ky. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1861
John Smith Phelps Mo. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1863
Oliver Phelps N.Y. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1805
John Finis Philips Mo. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1881
Elijah Conner Phister Ky. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 2, 1883
Andrew Pickens S.C. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
Francis Wilkinson Pickens S.C. Dec. 7, 1834 Mar. 2, 1843
Isaac Pierson N.J. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1831
Jeremiah Halsey Pierson N.Y. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1823
Timothy Pilsbury Tex. Mar. 29, 1846 Mar. 2, 1849
Henry Laurens Pinckney S.C. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1837
Thomas Pinckney S.C. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1801
James Pindall Va. Nov. 30, 1817 Jul. 25, 1820
Thomas Plater Md. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1805
Jonas Platt N.Y. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1801
Franklin E. Plummer Miss. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1835
Joel Roberts Poinsett S.C. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 6, 1825
James K. Polk Democratic Tennessee's 6th district (1833–1839),

9th district (1825–1833)

Mar. 3, 1825 Mar. 2, 1839 56[32] Yes (1845–1849) Later elected president. Polk became the Democratic nominee for president in 1844 partially because of his tolerance of slavery, in contrast to Van Buren. As president, he generally supported the rights of slave owners. His will provided for the freeing of his slaves after the death of his wife, though the Emancipation Proclamation and the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution ended up freeing them long before her death in 1891.
William Hawkins Polk Tenn. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
Daniel Haymond Polsley W.Va. Mar. 3, 1867 Mar. 2, 1869
Patrick Hamilton Pope Ky. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
Gilchrist Porter Mo. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1857
Peter Buell Porter N.Y. May. 21, 1809 Jan. 22, 1816
Elisha Reynolds Potter R.I. Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1815
Alfred H. Powell Va. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1827
Cuthbert Powell Va. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
Leven Powell Va. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1801
Samuel Powell Tenn. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
Francis Preston Va. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1797
Jacob Alexander Preston Md. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
William Preston Ky. Dec. 5, 1852 Mar. 2, 1855
William Ballard Preston Va. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
Sterling Price Mo. Mar. 3, 1845 Aug. 11, 1846
Thomas Lawson Price Mo. Jan. 20, 1862 Mar. 2, 1863
Richard Clauselle Puryear N.C. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1857
James Minor Quarles Tenn. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
Tunstall Quarles Ky. Nov. 30, 1817 Jun. 14, 1820
John Anthony Quitman Miss. Mar. 3, 1855 Jul. 16, 1858
William Ramsey Pa. Dec. 2, 1827 Sep. 28, 1831
Alexander Randall Md. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
William Harrison Randall Ky. Mar. 3, 1863 Mar. 2, 1867
Thomas Mann Randolph Va. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1807
Morgan Rawls Ga. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
Kenneth Rayner N.C. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1845
William Brown Read Ky. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1875
Edwin Godwin Reade N.C. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
Charles Ready Tenn. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1859
David Addison Reese Ga. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
John William Reid Mo. Mar. 3, 1861 Aug. 2, 1861
Robert Raymond Reid Ga. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1823
James Hugh Relfe Mo. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1847
Abraham Rencher N.C. Dec. 20, 1830 Mar. 2, 1843
James B. Reynolds Tenn. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1825
John Reynolds Ill. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1843
John Rhea Tenn. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1823
James Barroll Ricaud Md. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1859
John McConnell Rice Ky. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1873
John Richards Pa. Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1797
John Peter Richardson S.C. Dec. 18, 1836 Mar. 2, 1839
John Smythe Richardson S.C. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 2, 1883
William Richardson Ala. Mar. 3, 1899 Mar. 30, 1914
Haywood Yancey Riddle Tenn. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1879
Robert Ridgway Va. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1871
Samuel Riker N.Y. Nov. 4, 1804 Mar. 2, 1809
Samuel Ringgold Md. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1821
Eleazar Wheelock Ripley La. Dec. 15, 1835 Mar. 1, 1839
Burwell Clark Ritter Ky. Mar. 3, 1865 Mar. 2, 1867
Thomas Rivers Tenn. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
Francis Everod Rives Va. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1841
John Roane Va. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1837
John Jones Roane Va. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 1, 1833
Robert Whyte Roberts Miss. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1847
Edward White Robertson La. Mar. 4, 1877 Aug. 1, 1887
George Robertson Ky. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
John Robertson Va. Dec. 7, 1834 Mar. 2, 1839
Thomas Bolling Robertson La. Nov. 3, 1811 Apr. 19, 1818
Thomas Robinson Jr. Del. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1841
William Rodman Pa. Nov. 3, 1811 Mar. 2, 1813
Anthony Astley Cooper Rogers Ark. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1871
James Rogers S.C. Mar. 3, 1835 Mar. 2, 1843
Sion Hart Rogers N.C. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1873
James Sidney Rollins Mo. Mar. 3, 1861 Mar. 3, 1865
James Dixon Roman Md. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
Robert Selden Rose N.Y. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1831
Lovell Harrison Rousseau Ky. Mar. 3, 1865 Mar. 2, 1867
Thomas Ruffin N.C. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1861
Edward Rumsey Ky. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1839
David Abel Russell N.Y. Mar. 3, 1835 Mar. 2, 1841
Albert Rust Ark. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1861
Robert Rutherford Va. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1797
John Rutledge Jr. S.C. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1803
Peter Sailly N.Y. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1807
Thomas Sammons N.Y. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1813
Green Berry Samuels Va. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1841
James T. Sandford Tenn. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
Thomas Sandford Ky. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1807
John Milton Sandidge La. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1859
Joshua Sands N.Y. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1827
John W.A. Sanford Ga. Dec. 6, 1835 Jul. 1, 1835
Romulus Mitchell Saunders N.C. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1845
John Savage N.Y. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1819
Lemuel Sawyer N.C. Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1829
Samuel Locke Sawyer Mo. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 2, 1881
Samuel Tredwell Sawyer N.C. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1839
Alfred Moore Scales N.C. Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 3, 1885
Abraham Henry Schenck N.Y. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
Gustave Schleicher Tex. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1879
William Schley Ga. Dec. 1, 1833 Jun. 30, 1835
Cornelius Corneliusen Schoonmaker N.Y. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 1, 1793
Martin Gerretsen Schuneman N.Y. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1807
Philip Jeremiah Schuyler N.Y. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
John Scott Mo. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1827
Tredwell Scudder N.Y. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
James Alexander Seddon Va. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1851
Joseph Eggleston Segar Va. Mar. 14, 1862 Mar. 2, 1863
Benedict Joseph Semmes Md. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 1, 1833
William Tandy Senter Tenn. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
Thomas Settle N.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
John Sevier N.C., Tenn. Mar. 3, 1789 Sep. 23, 1815
James Lindsay Seward Ga. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1859
George Sea Shanklin Ky. Mar. 3, 1865 Mar. 2, 1867
Solomon P. Sharp Ky. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1817
Henry Marchmore Shaw N.C. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1859
Daniel Sheffey Va. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1817
Charles Miller Shelley Ala. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 3, 1885
Charles Biddle Shepard N.C. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1841
William Biddle Shepard N.C. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1837
Augustine Henry Shepperd N.C. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1851
Upton Sheredine Md. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 1, 1793
William Crawford Sherrod Ala. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1871
Samuel Sherwood N.Y. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Samuel Burr Sherwood Conn. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Benjamin Glover Shields Ala. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
Zebulon Rudd Shipherd N.Y. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
Francis Edwin Shober N.C. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1873
Eli Sims Shorter Ala. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1859
Jacob Shower Md. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
Peter Silvester N.Y. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 1, 1793
Eldred Simkins S.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
William Emmett Simms Ky. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
Richard Franklin Simpson S.C. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1849
Alexander Dromgoole Sims S.C. Mar. 3, 1845 Nov. 15, 1848
Leonard Henly Sims Mo. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
Otho Robards Singleton Miss. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1887
Charles Slade Ill. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
Amos Slaymaker Pa. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
William Ferguson Slemons Ark. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1881
Jesse Slocumb N.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Dec. 19, 1820
Arthur Smith Va. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1825
Ballard Smith Va. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1821
Bernard Smith N.J. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1821
James Strudwick Smith N.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
John Speed Smith Ky. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1823
O’Brien Smith S.C. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1807
William Smith Md. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1791
William Smith Va. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1827
William Smith Va. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1861
William Ephraim Smith Ga. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1881
William Jay Smith Tenn. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1871
William Loughton Smith S.C. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1799
William Nathan Harrell Smith N.C. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1861
William Russell Smith Ala. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1857
George Washington Smyth Tex. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1855
William Henry Sneed Tenn. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
John Fryall Snodgrass Va. Mar. 3, 1853 Jun. 4, 1854
Augustus Rhodes Sollers Md. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1855
Henry Southard N.J. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1821
Isaac Southard N.J. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 1, 1833
William Wright Southgate Ky. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1839
Richard Dobbs Spaight N.C. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1801
Richard Dobbs Spaight Jr. N.C. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
Thomas Spalding Ga. Dec. 1, 1805 Dec. 31, 1805
Thomas Speed Ky. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Thomas Ara Spence Md. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
Ambrose Spencer N.Y. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1831
John Canfield Spencer N.Y. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Richard Spencer Md. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1831
William Brainerd Spencer La. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 3, 1877
Michael Cresap Sprigg Md. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1831
Richard Sprigg Jr. Md. Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1803
Thomas Sprigg Md. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1797
Eli Thomas Stackhouse S.C. Mar. 3, 1891 Jun. 13, 1892
James Adams Stallworth Ala. Mar. 3, 1857 Jan. 20, 1861
Elisha David Standiford Ky. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
Richard Stanford N.C. May. 14, 1797 Apr. 8, 1816
Edward Stanly N.C. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1853
John Stanly N.C. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1811
Frederick Perry Stanton Tenn. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1855
Richard Henry Stanton Ky. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1855
John Steele N.C. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 1, 1793
John Nevett Steele Md. Jun. 8, 1834 Mar. 2, 1837
Walter Leak Steele N.C. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 2, 1881
Lewis Steenrod Va. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1845
Alexander Hamilton Stephens Ga. Oct. 1, 1843 Mar. 2, 1883
James Stephenson Va. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1825
Samuel Sterett Md. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 1, 1793
Andrew Stevenson Va. Dec. 2, 1821 Jun. 1, 1834
Charles Stewart Tex. Dec. 2, 1883 Mar. 3, 1893
James Stewart N.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
James Augustus Stewart Md. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1861
John David Stewart Ga. Mar. 3, 1887 Mar. 2, 1891
William Henry Stiles Ga. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
John Truman Stoddert Md. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
William Brickly Stokes Tenn. Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1871
Frederick Stone Md. Mar. 3, 1867 Mar. 2, 1871
James W. Stone Ky. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1853
Michael Jenifer Stone Md. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1791
William Stone Tenn. Sep. 13, 1837 Mar. 2, 1839
Randall S. Street N.Y. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1821
George French Strother Va. Nov. 30, 1817 Feb. 9, 1820
James French Strother Va. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
William Francis Strudwick N.C. Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1797
Alexander Hugh Holmes Stuart Va. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
Archibald Stuart Va. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1839
Philip Stuart Md. Nov. 3, 1811 Mar. 2, 1819
Jonathan Sturges Conn. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 1, 1793
George William Summers Va. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1845
Thomas De Lage Sumter S.C. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1843
Thomas Swann Md. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1879
John Swanwick Pa. Dec. 6, 1795 Jul. 31, 1798
Peter Swart N.Y. Oct. 26, 1807 Mar. 2, 1809
Jacob Swoope Va. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
Samuel Franklin Swope Ky. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
Silas Talbot N.Y. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
Albert Gallatin Talbott Ky. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1859
Benjamin Taliaferro Ga. Dec. 1, 1799 Dec. 31, 1801
John Taliaferro Va. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1843
Benjamin Tallmadge Conn. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1817
Magnus Tate Va. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
Absalom Tatom N.C. Dec. 6, 1795 May. 31, 1796
Edward Fenwick Tattnall Ga. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1827
Micah Taul Ky. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
John W. Taylor N.Y. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 1, 1833
Miles Taylor La. Mar. 3, 1855 Feb. 4, 1861
Nathaniel Green Taylor Tenn. Mar. 29, 1854 Mar. 2, 1867
Robert Taylor Va. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1827
William Taylor Va. Mar. 3, 1843 Jan. 16, 1846
William Penn Taylor Va. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
Thomas Telfair Ga. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1817
William Temple Del. Mar. 3, 1863 May. 27, 1863
James C. Terrell Ga. Dec. 6, 1835 Jul. 7, 1835
William Terrell Ga. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
William Terry Va. Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 3, 1877
Bannon Goforth Thibodeaux La. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1849
Christopher Yancy Thomas Va. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
David Thomas N.Y. Dec. 6, 1801 Apr. 30, 1808
Francis Thomas Md. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1869
Isaac Thomas Tenn. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
James Houston Thomas Tenn. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1861
John Chew Thomas Md. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1801
Philemon Thomas La. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1835
Phillip Francis Thomas Md. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 3, 1877
William Poindexter Thomasson Ky. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1847
Jacob Thompson Miss. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1851
John Thompson N.Y. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1811
Philip Thompson Ky. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
Philip Rootes Thompson Va. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1807
Robert Augustine Thompson Va. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1849
Waddy Thompson Jr. S.C. Sep. 9, 1835 Mar. 2, 1841
Wiley Thompson Ga. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 1, 1833
James Webb Throckmorton Tex. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1887
John Wooleston Tibbatts Ky. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1847
Nelson Tift Ga. Jul. 24, 1868 Mar. 2, 1869
George Dionysius Tillman S.C. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 3, 1893
Lewis Tillman Tenn. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1871
Caleb Tompkins N.Y. Mar. 3, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
Christopher Tompkins Ky. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1835
George Washington Bonaparte Towns Ga. Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1847
George Townsend N.Y. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1819
William Marshall Tredway Va. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
Thomas Tredwell N.Y. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 2, 1795
James Trezvant Va. Dec. 6, 1825 Mar. 2, 1831
Abram Trigg Va. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1809
John Johns Trigg Va. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1805
David Trimble Ky. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1827
John Trimble Tenn. Mar. 3, 1867 Mar. 2, 1869
Lawrence Strother Trimble Ky. Mar. 3, 1865 Mar. 2, 1871
Philip Triplett Ky. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1843
Robert Pleasant Trippe Ga. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1859
Samuel Wilds Trotti S.C. Dec. 16, 1842 Mar. 2, 1843
Andrew Alkire Trumbo Ky. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
George Tucker Va. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1825
Henry St. George Tucker Va. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1819
John Randolph Tucker Va. Mar. 4, 1875 Mar. 2, 1887
Starling Tucker S.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1831
Thomas Tudor Tucker S.C. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 1, 1793
Tilghman Mayfield Tucker Miss. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1845
Daniel Turner N.C. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1829
Oscar Turner Ky. Mar. 17, 1879 Mar. 3, 1885
Thomas Turner Ky. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 2, 1881
Selah Tuthill N.Y. Dec. 2, 1821 Sep. 6, 1821
Jacob Tyson N.Y. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
Daniel Udree Pa. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1825
John William Henderson Underwood Ga. Mar. 3, 1859 Jan. 22, 1861
Charles Horace Upton Va. May. 22, 1861 Feb. 26, 1862
James Isaac Van Alen N.Y. Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1809
John Evert Van Alen N.Y. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1799
Robert Brank Vance N.C. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
Robert Brank Vance N.C. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 3, 1885
Philip Van Cortlandt N.Y. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1809
Pierre Van Cortlandt Jr. N.Y. Nov. 3, 1811 Mar. 2, 1813
Peter Van Gaasbeck N.Y. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
Archibald Van Horne Md. Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1811
John Peter Van Ness N.Y. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1803
Jeremiah Van Rensselaer N.Y. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1791
Killian Killian Van Rensselaer N.Y. Dec. 1, 1801 Mar. 2, 1811
Solomon Van Vechten Van Rensselaer N.Y. Dec. 5, 1819 Jan. 13, 1822
Stephen Van Rensselaer N.Y. Mar. 11, 1822 Mar. 2, 1829
Thomas Van Swearingen Va. Dec. 5, 1819 Aug. 18, 1822
William William Van Wyck N.Y. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1825
Abraham Watkins Venable N.C. Mar. 3, 1847 Mar. 2, 1853
Daniel Crommelin Verplanck N.Y. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1809
Jeremiah Wadsworth Conn. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1795
William Henry Wadsworth Ky. Mar. 3, 1861 Mar. 2, 1887
Benjamin Walker N.Y. Dec. 1, 1801 Mar. 2, 1803
David Walker Ky. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1821
Felix Walker N.C. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1823
Francis Walker Va. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
James Alexander Walker Va. Mar. 3, 1895 Mar. 3, 1899
Percy Walker Ala. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
Alexander Stuart Wallace S.C. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 3, 1877
Daniel Wallace S.C. Jun. 11, 1848 Mar. 2, 1853
Andrew Harrison Ward Ky. Dec. 2, 1866 Mar. 2, 1867
Jonathan Ward N.Y. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
William Thomas Ward Ky. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1853
Henry Ridgely Warfield Md. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1825
Hiram Warner Ga. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
Richard Warner Tenn. Mar. 3, 1881 Mar. 3, 1885
Edward Allen Warren Ark. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1859
Lott Warren Ga. Mar. 3, 1839 Mar. 2, 1843
George Corbin Washington Md. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1837
William Henry Washington N.C. Mar. 3, 1841 Mar. 2, 1843
Albert Galiton Watkins Tenn. Mar. 3, 1849 Mar. 2, 1859
Anthony Wayne Ga. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 20, 1792
Isaac Wayne Pa. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
James Moore Wayne Ga. Dec. 6, 1829 Jan. 12, 1835
Robert Weakley Tenn. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
John Crompton Weems Md. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1829
Rensselaer Westerlo N.Y. Nov. 30, 1817 Mar. 2, 1819
Alexander White Va. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 1, 1793
Alexander White Ala. Mar. 3, 1851 Mar. 2, 1875
Bartow White N.Y. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1827
David White Ky. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
Edward Douglass White La. Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1843
Francis White Va. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
John White Ky. Dec. 6, 1835 Mar. 2, 1845
Thomas Whitehead Va. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
John Whitehill Pa. Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1807
Robert Whitehill Pa. Dec. 1, 1805 Apr. 7, 1813
Richard Henry Whiteley Ga. Dec. 21, 1870 Mar. 2, 1875
George Washington Whitmore Tex. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1871
Eliphalet Wickes N.Y. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1807
Charles Anderson Wickliffe Ky. Nov. 30, 1823 Mar. 2, 1863
Richard Henry Wilde Ga. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1835
James Whitney Wilkin N.Y. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1819
Benjamin Williams N.C. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1795
Christopher Harris Williams Tenn. Mar. 3, 1837 Mar. 2, 1853
David Rogerson Williams S.C. Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1813
James Wray Williams Md. Mar. 3, 1841 Dec. 1, 1842
Jared Williams Va. Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1825
John Williams N.Y. Dec. 6, 1795 Mar. 2, 1799
Marmaduke Williams N.C. Nov. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1809
Robert Williams N.C. May. 14, 1797 Mar. 2, 1803
Asa Hoxie Willie Tex. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
Francis Willis Ga. Oct. 23, 1791 Mar. 1, 1793
Edgar Campbell Wilson Va. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
Ephraim King Wilson Md. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1831
John Wilson S.C. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1827
Nathan Wilson N.Y. Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1809
Thomas Wilson Pa. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1817
Boyd Winchester Ky. Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1873
Richard Winn S.C. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1813
Warren Winslow N.C. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1861
Joseph Winston N.C. Dec. 1, 1793 Mar. 2, 1807
Elisha I. Winter N.Y. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
George Douglas Wise Va. Mar. 3, 1881 Mar. 3, 1895
Henry Alexander Wise Va. Dec. 8, 1833 Feb. 11, 1844
Robert Witherspoon S.C. May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
John Jacob Wood N.Y. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1829
Henry Woods Pa. Dec. 1, 1799 Mar. 2, 1803
Samuel Hughes Woodson Mo. Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1861
Samuel Hughes Woodson Ky. Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1823
Joseph Addison Woodward S.C. Mar. 3, 1843 Mar. 2, 1853
Thomas Jefferson Word Miss. May. 29, 1838 Mar. 2, 1839
John Tolley Hood Worthington Md. Dec. 4, 1831 Mar. 2, 1841 29+ people
Thomas Contee Worthington Md. Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1827
Augustus Romaldus Wright Ga. Mar. 3, 1857 Mar. 2, 1859
Daniel Boone Wright Miss. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1857
John Vines Wright Tenn. Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1861
Henry Wynkoop Pa. Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1791
Thomas Wynns N.C. Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1807
Bartlett Yancey N.C. May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1817
Joel Yancey Ky. Dec. 2, 1827 Mar. 2, 1831
William Lowndes Yancey Ala. Dec. 1, 1844 Aug. 31, 1846
John Barentse Yates N.Y. Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1817
George Helm Yeaman Ky. Nov. 30, 1862 Mar. 3, 1865
Archibald Yell Ark. Jul. 31, 1836 Jun. 30, 1846
Bryan Rust Young Ky. Mar. 3, 1845 Mar. 2, 1847
John Duncan Young Ky. Mar. 3, 1873 Mar. 2, 1875
John Smith Young La. Mar. 4, 1877 Mar. 2, 1879
Pierce Manning Butler Young Ga. Jul. 24, 1868 Mar. 2, 1875
William Singleton Young Ky. Dec. 4, 1825 Sep. 19, 1827
Felix Kirk Zollicoffer Tenn. Mar. 3, 1853 Mar. 2, 1859
Thomas Day Singleton S.C. Dec. 1, 1833 Mar. 2, 1835
John Adair Democratic-Republican Kentucky's 7th district November 7, 1805 March 1, 1833
Stephen Adams Democratic Mississippi's at-large district March 3, 1845 March 2, 1857
William S. Archer Democratic-Republican Virginia's 17th district, Virginia's 3rd district January 17, 1820 March 2, 1847
Robert Woodward Barnwell Democratic South Carolina's 2nd district June 4, 1850 December 8, 1850 128+ Yes
Theodorus Bailey Anti-Administration,
Democratic-Republican
New York's 5th district March 4, 1793 March 3, 1803
John S. Barbour Jr. Democratic Virginia's 8th district March 3, 1881 March 3, 1887
William Taylor Barry Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

Democratic (1828–1835)

Kentucky's 5th district March 21, 1809 March 3, 1811
James Asheton Bayard Sr. Federalist Delaware's At-large district March 4, 1797 March 3, 1803
James Burnie Beck Democratic Kentucky's 7th district March 3, 1867 March 3, 1875
John Bell Democratic-Republican (1817–1825)

Jacksonian (1825–1835) Whig (1835–1854) American (1854–1860) Constitutional Union (1860–1861)

Tennessee's 7th district December 2, 1827 1841
Thomas Hart Benton Democratic-Republican, Jacksonian, Democratic Missouri August 9, 1821 March 2, 1855
William Wyatt Bibb Democratic-Republican Georgia December 1, 1805 November 8, 1816
Asa Biggs Democratic North Carolina March 3, 1845 May 4, 1858
Francis Preston Blair Jr. Democratic (before 1848, 1866–75)

Free Soil (1848–54) Republican (1854–66)

Missouri's 1st district March 3, 1857 March 2, 1873
Timothy Bloodworth Democratic-Republican North Carolina's 3rd district March 3, 1789 March 2, 1801
John Branch Democratic-Republican (before 1825)

Jacksonian (1825–1837) Democratic (1837–1863)

North Carolina's 2nd district March 3, 1823 March 1, 1833
John Cabell Breckinridge Democratic Kentucky's 8th district March 3, 1851 December 3, 1861
Richard Brent Democratic-Republican Virginia's 17th district December 6, 1795 December 29, 1814
Albert Gallatin Brown Democratic Mississippi's 4th district March 3, 1839 January 13, 1861
John Brown Democratic-Republican Virginia's 2nd district March 3, 1789 March 2, 1805 Also served in the Senate
John C. Calhoun Democratic-Republican (before 1828)

Democratic (1828, 1839–1850) Nullifier (1828–1839)

South Carolina's 6th district November 3, 1811 March 30, 1850
John Snyder Carlile Unionist Virginia's 11th district March 3, 1855 March 2, 1865
Christopher Grant Champlin Federalist Rhode Island's at-large district May 14, 1797 Oct 1, 1811
William Charles Cole Claiborne Democratic-Republican Tennessee's at-large district May 14, 1797 March 3, 1801
Henry Clay Democratic-Republican (1797–1825)

National Republican (1825–1833) Whig (1833–1852)

Kentucky's 5th district, 2nd district, 3rd district Dec 28, 1806 March 6, 1825
Thomas Clayton FederalistWhig Delaware's First At-large district Dec 3, 1815 March 4, 1817
Thomas Willis Cobb Democratic-Republican Georgia's at-large district Nov 30, 1817 March 3, 1821
Alfred Holt Colquitt Democratic Georgia's 2nd district Mar 3, 1853 March 3, 1855
Walter Terry Colquitt Democratic Georgia's at-large district Mar 3, 1839 March 3, 1843
John Condit Democratic-Republican New Jersey's at-large district Dec 1, 1799 Nov 3, 1819
John Jordan Crittenden Democratic-Republican (before 1825)

National Republican (1825–1830) Whig (1830–1856) American (1856–1859) Constitutional Union (1859–1861) Unionist (1861–1863)

Kentucky's 8th district March 4, 1861 Mar 2, 1863
Alfred Cuthbert Democratic Georgia's at-large district May 23, 1813 March 3, 1827
Garrett Davis Whig, Unionist, Democrat Kentucky's 12th district Mar. 3, 1839 March 3, 1843
Jefferson Davis Democratic Mississippi's at-large district (Seat D) Mar. 3, 1845 October 28, 1846
William Crosby Dawson States' Rights Party, Whig Georgia's At-large district Dec. 6, 1835 November 13, 1841
Stephen Arnold Douglas Democratic Illinois's 5th district Mar. 3, 1843 March 3, 1847
Franklin Harper Elmore Democratic South Carolina's 4th district Dec. 9, 1836 March 3, 1839
John Wayles Eppes Democratic-Republican Virginia's 14th district Oct. 16, 1803 Dec. 3, 1819
George Evans National Republican,

Whig

Maine's 4th district Dec. 6, 1829 Mar. 2, 1847
John Forsyth Democratic-Republican (before 1825)

Democratic (1825–1841)

Georgia's 2nd district March 4, 1827 November 7, 1827
Jesse Franklin Democratic-Republican North Carolina's 3rd district March 4, 1795 March 3, 1797
Randall Lee Gibson Democratic Louisiana's 1st district Mar. 4, 1875 March 3, 1883
William Branch Giles Democratic-Republican Virginia's 9th district Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1815
James Stephen Green Democratic Missouri's 3rd district Mar. 3, 1847 March 3, 1851
Felix Grundy Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

Democratic (1825–1840)

Tennessee's 3rd district, Tennessee's 5th district Nov. 3, 1811 July 19, 1814
William McKendree Gwin Democratic Mississippi's at-large district Mar. 3, 1841 March 3, 1843
James Henry Hammond Nullifier (Before 1839)

Democratic (1842–1864)

South Carolina's 4th district Mar. 3, 1835 February 26, 1836
Alexander Contee Hanson Federalist Maryland's 3rd district May. 23, 1813 December 20, 1816
William Henry Harrison Ohio's 1st district October 8, 1816 March 3, 1819 11 No (1841) Harrison inherited several slaves. As the first governor of the Indiana Territory, he unsuccessfully lobbied Congress to legalize slavery in Indiana.
Robert Goodloe Harper Federalist South Carolina's 5th district February 9, 1795 March 3, 1801
Isham Green Harris Democratic Tennessee's 9th district Mar. 4, 1849 March 3, 1853
Benjamin Harvey Hill Democratic, Whig (Before 1855), American (1855–1859),

Constitutional Union (1859–1861)

Georgia's 9th district Mar. 4, 1875 March 4, 1877
Joshua Hill American Party, Republican Georgia's 7th district Mar. 3, 1857 January 23, 1861
James Hillhouse Federalist Connecticut's at-large district March 4, 1791 December 5, 1796
William Hindman Federalist Maryland's 2nd district, Maryland's 7th district January 30, 1793 March 3, 1799
David Holmes Jacksonian, Democratic-Republican Virginia's 2nd district, Virginia's 4th district March 4, 1797 March 3, 1809
George Smith Houston Democratic Alabama's at-large district, Alabama's 5th district Mar. 3, 1841 January 21, 1861
Samuel Houston Democratic-Republican (before 1830)

Democratic (1846–1854) Know Nothing (1855–1856) Independent (after 1856)

Tennessee's 7th district Nov. 30, 1823 March 3, 1827
Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter Whig (Before 1844)

Democratic (1844–1887)

Virginia's 9th district, Virginia's 8th district Mar. 3, 1837 March 3, 1847
Eppa Hunton Democratic Virginia's 8th district Mar. 3, 1873 March 4, 1881
Alfred Iverson Sr. Democratic Georgia's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1847 March 3, 1849
Andrew Jackson Tennessee's at-large district Oct. 6, 1796 September 26, 1797 200 Yes (1829–1837) Later elected president. Jackson owned many slaves. One controversy during his presidency was his reaction to anti-slavery tracts. During his campaign for the presidency, he faced criticism for being a slave trader. He did not free his slaves in his will.
Andrew Johnson Democratic (c. 1839–1864, 1868–1875), National Union (1864–1868) Tennessee's 1st district Mar. 3, 1843 March 3, 1853 9 No (1865–1869) Later elected president. Johnson owned a few slaves and was supportive of James K. Polk's slavery policies. As military governor of Tennessee, he convinced Abraham Lincoln to exempt that area from the Emancipation Proclamation. Johnson went on to free all his personal slaves on August 8, 1863. On October 24, 1864, Johnson officially freed all slaves in Tennessee.
Henry Johnson Democratic-Republican, National Republican, Whig Louisiana's 1st district December 1, 1834 March 3, 1839
Richard Mentor Johnson Democratic-Republican (before 1828)

Democratic (after 1828)

Kentucky's 4th district, 3rd district, 5th district, 13th district Mar. 3, 1807 Mar. 2, 1837
Robert Ward Johnson Democratic Arkansas's At-large district Mar. 3, 1847 March 3, 1853
Josiah Stoddard Johnston Democratic-Republican Louisiana's at-large district Dec. 2, 1821 March 3, 1823
Joseph Kent Whig Maryland's 2nd district Nov. 3, 1811 Nov. 23, 1837
John Leeds Kerr Whig Maryland's 7th district Dec. 4, 1825 March 3, 1833
William Rufus de Vane King Democratic-Republican (before 1828), Democratic North Carolina's 5th district Mar. 3, 1811 November 4, 1816 ~500 Yes Later became vice president. King developed a large cotton plantation based on slave labor, calling the property "Chestnut Hill". Moving from North Carolina, King and his relatives formed one of Alabama's largest slaveholding families, collectively owning as many as 500 people. King staked a pro-slavery position in Congress.
Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar Democratic Mississippi's 1st district Mar. 3, 1857 March 3, 1877
Dixon Hall Lewis Democratic Alabama's 3rd district, Alabama's 4th district, Alabama's at-large district Dec. 6, 1829 April 22, 1844
Edward Livingston Democratic-Republican (before 1825)

Jacksonian (1825–1836)

New York's 2nd district Dec. 6, 1795 March 3, 1801
Louisiana's 1st district March 4, 1823 March 3, 1829
Edward Lloyd Democratic-Republican, Jacksonian Maryland's 7th district December 3, 1806 March 3, 1809
Wilson Lumpkin Democratic Georgia's at-large district March 4, 1815 March 3, 1817
Samuel Maclay Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania's 6th district Dec. 6, 1795 Jan. 3, 1809
Nathaniel Macon Anti-Administration (Before 1792)

Democratic-Republican (1792–1828)

North Carolina's 2nd, 5th, and 6th districts Oct. 23, 1791 Nov. 13, 1828
Francis Malbone Federalist Rhode Island's At-large district Dec. 1, 1793 Jun. 3, 1809
Willie Person Mangum Democratic (Before 1834)

Whig (1834–1852) American (1856–1861)

North Carolina's 8th district Nov. 30, 1823 March 18, 1826
James Murray Mason Democratic Virginia's 15th district Mar. 3, 1837 Jul. 10, 1861
James Bennett McCreary Democratic Kentucky's 8th district Mar. 3, 1885 Mar. 2, 1909
George McDuffie Democratic South Carolina's 6th district, South Carolina's 5th district Dec. 2, 1821 1834
John McKinley Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

Democratic (1828–1852)

Alabama's 2nd district Nov. 26, 1826 March 3, 1835
Louis McLane Federalist (before 1825)

Jacksonian (1825–1837) Democratic (1837–1857)

Delaware's at-large district Nov. 30, 1817 Apr. 15, 1829
John Jones McRae Democratic Mississippi's 5th district December 7, 1858 Jan. 11, 1861
Thomas Metcalfe National RepublicanWhig Kentucky's 2nd district and 4th district Dec. 5, 1819 June 1, 1828
John Milledge Democratic-Republican Georgia's 1st district, at-large district Oct. 23, 1791 May 1802
Stephen Decatur Miller Nullifier South Carolina's 9th district Dec. 3, 1815 March 3, 1819
Roger Quarles Mills Democratic Texas: At-large (1873–75)

4th district (1875–83) 9th district (1883–92)

Mar. 3, 1873 March 29, 1892
Samuel Latham Mitchill Democratic-Republican New York's 2nd district, 3rd district Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1813
Andrew Moore Democratic-Republican Virginia's 3rd district, 2nd district, 5th district Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1809
Gabriel Moore Democratic-Republican, Jacksonian, National Republican Alabama's at-large district, 1st district Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1837
John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg Democratic-Republican Pennsylvania's at-large district, 4th district Mar. 3, 1789 Jun. 29, 1801
Wilson Cary Nicholas Democratic-Republican Virginia's 21st district Dec. 4, 1799 Nov. 26, 1809
Thomas Manson Norwood Democratic Georgia's 1st district Nov. 13, 1871 Mar. 3, 1889
James Alfred Pearce Whig, Democrat Maryland's 2nd district Dec. 6, 1835 Dec. 19, 1862
Isaac Samuels Pennybacker Democratic Virginia's 16th district Mar. 3, 1837 Jan. 11, 1847
Israel Pickens Democratic North Carolina's 11th district, 12th district Nov. 3, 1811 Nov. 26, 1826
Charles Pinckney Federalist, Democratic-Republican South Carolina's 1st district Dec. 5, 1798 Mar. 2, 1821
William Pinkney Democratic-Republican Maryland's 3rd district, 5th district Oct. 23, 1791 April 18, 1816
James Pleasants Democratic-Republican Virginia's 16th district, 17th district Nov. 3, 1811 Dec. 14, 1822
George Poindexter Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

Jacksonian (1825–1832) National Republican (1832–1834) Democratic (1834–1853)

Mississippi's at-large district Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1835
John Pope Democratic-Republican (as Senator)

Democratic (as Governor) Whig/Independent (as Representative)

Kentucky's 7th district March 4, 1837 March 3, 1843
Luke Pryor Democratic Alabama's 8th district Jan. 6, 1880 Mar. 3, 1885
James Lawrence Pugh Democratic Alabama's 2nd district Mar. 3, 1859 January 21, 1861
John Randolph Democratic-Republican Virginia's 5th district, 16th district, 7th district, 15th district Dec. 1, 1799 March 3, 1813
John Henninger Reagan Democratic Texas's 1st district, 2nd district Mar. 3, 1857 March 3, 1887
Philip Reed Democratic-Republican Maryland March 4, 1817 Mar. 2, 1823
David Settle Reid Democratic North Carolina's 3rd district Mar. 3, 1843 March 4, 1847
Robert Barnwell Rhett Democratic South Carolina's 2nd district (1837–43),

7th district (1843–49)

Mar. 3, 1837 March 3, 1849
George Read Riddle Democratic Delaware's First At-large district Mar. 3, 1851 March 4, 1855
Henry Moore Ridgely Federalist Party, Jacksonian Delaware's First At-large district Nov. 3, 1811 March 4, 1815
William Henry Roane Democratic-Republican, Democratic Virginia's 12th district Dec. 3, 1815 March 3, 1817
Daniel Rodney Federalist Delaware's Second At-large district Dec. 1, 1822 Jan. 11, 1827
John Rowan Democratic-Republican, Jacksonian Kentucky's 3rd district Oct. 25, 1807 March 3, 1809
James Schureman Federalist New Jersey's At-large district Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1815
Theodore Sedgwick Federalist (1795-1813)

Pro-Administration (before 1795)

Massachusetts's 4th district (1789–93),

2nd district (1793–95), 1st district (1795–96)

Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1801
James Sheafe Federalist New Hampshire's At-large district (Seat 1) Dec. 6, 1799 March 3, 1801
Jesse Speight Democratic North Carolina's 4th district Dec. 6, 1829 March 3, 1837
John Selby Spence Whig Maryland's 8th district Nov. 30, 1823 March 3, 1833
John White Stevenson Democratic Kentucky's 10th district Mar. 3, 1857 March 4, 1861
Richard Stockton Federalist New Jersey's 2nd district March 4, 1813 Mar. 2, 1815
David Stone Democratic-Republican North Carolina's 8th district Dec. 1, 1799 March 3, 1801
Thomas Sumter Democratic-Republican South Carolina's 4th district Mar. 3, 1789 December 15, 1801
John Taylor Democratic-Republican South Carolina's 4th district Oct. 25, 1807 December 30, 1810
Littleton Waller Tazewell Anti-Administration (Before 1792)

Democratic-Republican (1792–1825) Jacksonian (1825–1828) Democratic (1828–1860)

Virginia's 13th district Dec. 1, 1799 March 3, 1801
John Burton Thompson Whig, Know Nothing Kentucky's 5th district Dec. 6, 1840 March 3, 1851
Gideon Tomlinson Toleration (1817-1827)

Democratic-Republican (1827-1828) National Republican (1828-1834) Whig (1834-1854)

Connecticut's at-large district Dec. 5, 1819 March 3, 1827
Robert Augustus Toombs Whig (Before 1851)

Constitutional Union (1851–1853) Democratic (1853–1885)

Georgia's 8th district Mar. 3, 1845 March 3, 1853
George Michael Troup Democratic-Republican, Democratic Georgia's At-large district Oct. 25, 1807 March 3, 1815
Hopkins Lacy Turney Democratic Tennessee's 5th district Sep. 2, 1837 March 3, 1843
John Tyler Virginia's 23rd district Oct. 31, 1816 March 3, 1821 29 Yes (1841–1845) Later elected president. Tyler never freed any of his slaves and consistently supported the slaveholder's rights and the expansion of slavery during his time in political office.
Joseph Rogers Underwood Whig Kentucky's 3rd district Dec. 6, 1835 March 3, 1843
Zebulon Baird Vance Whig/American (pre-Civil War)

Conservative Party of NC (c. 1862–1872) Democratic (1872–1894)

North Carolina's 8th district Dec. 6, 1858 March 3, 1861
Nicholas Van Dyke Federalist Delaware's At-large district Oct. 25, 1807 March 4, 1811
Abraham Bedford Venable Democratic-Republican, Anti-Administration Virginia's 6th district, 7th district Oct. 23, 1791 Jun. 6, 1804
John Vining Federalist Delaware's At-large district Mar. 3, 1789 March 3, 1793
Jesse Wharton Democratic-Republican Tennessee's 3rd district Oct. 25, 1807 March 3, 1809
Washington Curran Whitthorne Democratic Tennessee's 6th district, 7th district Mar. 3, 1871 Mar. 2, 1891
Ephraim King Wilson II Democratic Maryland's 1st district Mar. 3, 1873 March 3, 1875

Delegates

Delelgate Party Territory Term Start Term End Approximate number
of slaves held[3]
While in office? Notes
James Patton Anderson Democratic Washington Territory Mar. 3, 1855 Mar. 2, 1857
James Woodson Bates Arkansas Territory Dec. 5, 1819 Mar. 2, 1821
Shadrack Bond Democratic-Republican Illinois Territory Nov. 3, 1811 Aug. 1, 1813
Richard Keith Call Whig Florida Territory Dec. 4, 1823 Mar. 2, 1825
José Francisco Chaves Republican New Mexico Territory Mar. 3, 1865 Mar. 2, 1871
Daniel Clark Louisiana Territory Dec. 1, 1805 Mar. 2, 1809
Rufus Easton Missouri Territory May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1817
Thomas Marston Greene Democratic-Republican Mississippi Territory Dec. 6, 1801 Mar. 2, 1803
Joseph Marion Hernández Florida Territory Dec. 2, 1821 Mar. 2, 1823
William Henry Hooper Democratic Utah Territory Mar. 3, 1859 Mar. 2, 1873
William Lattimore Democratic-Republican Mississippi Territory Oct. 16, 1803 Mar. 2, 1817
Stephen Friel Nuckolls Democratic Wyoming Territory Mar. 3, 1869 Mar. 2, 1871
Nathaniel Pope Democratic-Republican Illinois Territory Dec. 3, 1815 Mar. 2, 1819
Julien de Lallande Poydras Louisiana Territory May. 21, 1809 Mar. 2, 1811
Benjamin Stephenson Democratic Republican Illinois Territory May. 23, 1813 Mar. 2, 1817
Joseph M. White Florida Territory Dec. 4, 1825 Mar. 2, 1837
Henry Dodge Democratic Wisconsin Territory March 4, 1841 March 3, 1845
William Henry Harrison Northwest Territory Mar. 3, 1799 May 14, 1800 11 No (1841) Later elected president. Harrison inherited several slaves. As the first governor of the Indiana Territory, he unsuccessfully lobbied Congress to legalize slavery in Indiana.
George Wallace Jones Democratic, Jacksonian Michigan Territory Mar. 3, 1835 June 15, 1836 (disputed)
Wisconsin Territory December 5, 1836 January 3, 1839
Joseph Lane Democratic Oregon Territory Mar. 3, 1851 February 14, 1859
George Poindexter Democratic-Republican (Before 1825)

Jacksonian (1825–1832) National Republican (1832–1834) Democratic (1834–1853)

Mississippi Territory Oct. 25, 1807 Mar. 2, 1835
Jesse Burgess Thomas National RepublicanDemocratic-Republican Indiana Territory Oct. 25, 1807 March 3, 1809
David Levy Yulee Democratic Florida Territory Mar. 3, 1841 March 3, 1845

Other national legislators

Delelgate Party Office State Term Start Term End Approximate number
of slaves held[3]
While in office? Notes
William Blount Democratic-Republican Delegate to the Continental Congress North Carolina 1782 1783
Pierce Butler Federalist, Democratic-Republican Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation South Carolina May 25, 1787 September 17, 1787
Benjamin Hawkins Pro-Administration (1789–1791), Anti-Administration (1791–1795) Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation North Carolina 1781 1787
Ralph Izard Pro-Administration Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation South Carolina November 4, 1782 November 1, 1783
Richard Henry Lee Anti-Administration Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation Virginia November 1, 1784 October 30, 1787
James Monroe Democratic-Republican Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation Virginia November 3, 1783 November 7, 1786 75 Yes (1817–1825) Later elected president. Like Thomas Jefferson, Monroe condemned the institution of slavery as evil and advocated its gradual end, but still owned many slaves throughout his entire adult life, freeing only one of them in his final days. As President, he oversaw the Missouri Compromise, which admitted Missouri to the Union as a slave state in exchange for admitting Maine as a free state and banning slavery above the parallel 36°30′ north. Monroe supported sending freed slaves to the new country of Liberia; its capital, Monrovia, is named after him. See James Monroe for more details.
Robert Morris Federalist Delegate to the

Second Continental Congress

Pennsylvania Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1795
Charles Pinckney Federalist, Democratic-Republican Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation South Carolina November 1, 1784 October 30, 1787
George Read Federalist Delegate to the Continental Congress Delaware August 2, 1774 December 17, 1777
James Madison Democratic-Republican Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation Virginia Mar. 3, 1789 Mar. 2, 1797 100+ Yes (1809–1817) Later elected President. Madison occasionally condemned the institution of slavery and opposed the international slave trade, but he also vehemently opposed any attempts to restrict its domestic expansion. Madison did not free his slaves during his lifetime or in his will. Paul Jennings, one of Madison's slaves, served him during his presidency and later published the first memoir of life in the White House.
Thomas Jefferson Democratic-Republican Delegate to the Continental Congress Virginia June 20, 1775 September 26, 1776 600+ Yes (1801–1809) Most historians believe Jefferson fathered multiple slave children with the enslaved woman Sally Hemings, the likely half-sister of his late wife Martha Wayles Skelton. Despite being a lifelong slave owner, Jefferson routinely condemned the institution of slavery, attempted to restrict its expansion, and advocated gradual emancipation. As President, he oversaw the abolition of the international slave trade. See Thomas Jefferson and slavery for more details.
Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation November 3, 1783 May 7, 1784
Robert Barnwell Pro-Administration Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation South Carolina November 3, 1788 March 2, 1789
Theodorick Bland Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation Virginia Mar. 3, 1789 May. 31, 1790

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