This is a list of metro systems which were built under the Soviet Union and kept on working in the post-Soviet states.

There were 13 metro systems in 7 of the 15 Soviet republics just before the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. A 14th metro system, the Dnipro Metro, started construction in 1982, but due to financial difficulties was not opened until 1995. Other than in Dnipro, the only metro systems built in the post-Soviet states after 1991 are Kazan Metro in Russia (2005) and Almaty Metro in Kazakhstan (2011). Additionally the Volgograd Metrotram and Kryvyi Rih Metrotram are two metrotram systems with elements of metro, opened in 1984 and 1986 respectively.

List

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This list is sortable. Click on the icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order.

City Republic Name Year opened Year of last expansion Stations Lines System length Ridership (millions)
Moscow  Russian SFSR Moscow Metro[1] 1935 2023 258[2] 17 460.5 km (286.1 mi)[2] 2378.3 (2016)[R 1]
Leningrad
(Now Saint Petersburg)
 Russian SFSR Leningrad Metro 1955 2019 71[3] 5 118.6 km (73.7 mi)[3] 740.4 (2016)[R 1]
Kyiv  Ukrainian SSR Kyiv Metro 1960 2013 52[4] 3 67.6 km (42.0 mi)[4] 484.6 (2016)[R 1][R 2]
Tbilisi  Georgian SSR Tbilisi Metro 1966[5] 2017[6] 23[7] 2 27.1 km (16.8 mi)[7] 105.4 (2016)[R 1]
Baku  Azerbaijan SSR Baku Metro 1967[8] 2022 27[8] 3 40.3 km (25.0 mi)[8] 217.5 (2016)[R 1]
Kharkiv  Ukrainian SSR Kharkiv Metro 1975 2016 30[4] 3 38.1 km (23.7 mi)[4] 231.1 (2016)[R 1][R 3]
Tashkent  Uzbek SSR Tashkent Metro 1977 2023[Nb 1] 43[4] 4 59.5 km (37.0 mi)[4] 53.5 (2016)[R 1]
Yerevan  Armenian SSR Yerevan Metro 1981[9] 1996[10] 10[9] 1 13.4 km (8.3 mi)[9] 15.4 (2016)[R 1]
Minsk  Byelorussian SSR Minsk Metro 1984[11] 2020 33[12] 3 40.8 km (25.4 mi)[12] 291.0 (2016)[R 1]
Gorky
(Now Nizhny Novgorod)
 Russian SFSR Gorky Metro 1985 2018[13] 16[3] 2 21.6 km (13.4 mi)[3] 30.4 (2016)[R 1]
Novosibirsk  Russian SFSR Novosibirsk Metro 1986 2010[14] 13[3] 2 15.9 km (9.9 mi)[3] 79.0 (2016)[R 1]
Kuybyshev
(Now Samara)
 Russian SFSR Kuybyshev Metro 1987[15] 2015[16] 13[16] 1 12.7 km (7.9 mi)[15][16] 15.6 (2016)[R 1]
Sverdlovsk
(Now Yekaterinburg)
 Russian SFSR Sverdlovsk Metro 1991 2012[17] 9[3] 1 12.7 km (7.9 mi)[3] 49.2 (2016)[R 1]

Notes

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  1. ^ The Yunusobod Line was opened in 2001.

References

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  1. ^ Московский метрополитен [Moscow Metro] (in Russian). Moskovsky Metropoliten. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  2. ^ a b "О метрополитене" [About the metro] (in Russian). Moskovsky Metropoliten. Archived from the original on 29 November 2017. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h МЕТРОПОЛИТЕНЫ РОССИИ за 9 месяцев 2013год [METROS of Russia for 9 months of 2013]. Новосибирский метрополитен (in Russian). Novosibirsk metro. 2013. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e f content
  5. ^ "Tbilisi Transport Company". Tbilisi Transport Company. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  6. ^ New Metro Station University Opens in Tbilisi, Gugunishvili, Nino. "New Metro Station University Opens in Tbilisi Today". Georgiatoday.ge. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Annual Report 2012" (PDF). Tbilisi Transport Company. pp. 24–27. Archived from the original (pdf) on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
  8. ^ a b c "Baku Metro – History". Bakı Metropoliteni. Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  9. ^ a b c "Yerevan authorities negotiating new metro line projects with banks". ArmeniaNow.com. 27 March 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  10. ^ Charbakh, Schwandl, Robert. "Yerevan". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  11. ^ История развития метрополитена [History of the metro]. Государственное предприятие "Минский Метрополитен" [State Enterprise "Minsk Metro"]. 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  12. ^ a b Метро сегодня [Metro today] (in Russian). Государственное предприятие "Минский Метрополитен" [State Enterprise "Minsk Metro"]. 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  13. ^ Gorkovskaya, Schwandl, Robert. "Nizhniy Novgorod". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  14. ^ Extension of Dzerzhinskaya Line, Schwandl, Robert. "Novosibirsk". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  15. ^ a b "1-ая линия метрополитена [Показать справочную информацию]" [First subway line [Show background information]] (in Russian). Самарский метрополитен [Samara Metro]. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  16. ^ a b c "Фоторепортаж: От станции "Российской" до "Алабинской" на метро около трех минут". Pro Gorod Samara (in Russian). 26 December 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  17. ^ Chkalovskaya, Schwandl, Robert. "Yekaterinburg". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Основные технико-эксплуатационные характеристики метрополитенов за 2016 год" [Main technical and operational specifications for Subways in Year 2016] (pdf) (in Russian). Международная Ассоциация "Метро" [International Association of Metros]. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  2. ^ Відправлення (перевезення) вантажів за видами транспорту (in Ukrainian). Kyiv.ukrstat.gov.ua. Retrieved on 1 October 2015.
  3. ^ Пасажирські перевезення (щомісячна інформація). Kh.ukrstat.gov.ua. Retrieved on 23 September 2015.