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The Indian Armed Forces is the overall unified military of the Republic of India encompassing the Indian Army, the Indian Air Force and the Indian Navy. The President of India serves as the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. With an estimated total active force of 1,325,000 personnel, maintains the world's second largest armed forces.

Army operations

This includes a list of Army operations, both old one as well as ongoing operations, as well as humanitarian military operations:

Old operations


Sr. No. Names of Operation Year Location Notes
1 Operation Polo 1948 Hyderabad Indian armed forces ended the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad and led to the incorporation of the princely state of Hyderabad in Southern India, into the Indian Union
2 Golden Temple Raid I 1955 Punjab To curb the Punjabi Suba Morcha.
3 Operation Vijay 1961 Goa, Daman & Diu The operation by the Military of India that led to the incorporation of Portuguese India (Goa, Daman, and Diu) into India
4 Operation Steeplechase 1971 Red Corridor Combined operation against Naxalites
5 Amalgamation of Sikkim Sikkim Indian Army disarmed and disbanded the Royal Guard of the Sikkimese King, after which Sikkim joined India as a State of India.
6 Operation Blue Star 1984 Punjab Carried out to remove religious leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and his followers from the buildings of the Harmandir Sahib complex in Amritsar, Punjab
7 Operation Woodrose 1984 Punjab
8 Operation Red Rose 1984 Punjab
9 Operation Shivalik 1985 Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh (mainly Terai Regions) To capture Sikh militant leaders outside the confines of the Punjab state. 1 Sikh militant captured and detained, 38 sympathizers detained.
10 Operation Black Thunder I 1986 Punjab Capture of the Golden Temple over suspected militants. No casualties on militant side, 2 civilians killed and 1 soldier killed.
11 Operation Pacification 1986 Punjab
12 Operation Mand 1986 Punjab To capture or kill Avatar Singh Bramha, a Sikh militant. 1 helicopter lost, no militant detained.
13 Operation Bluebird 1987 Manipur Indian retaliation operation to the 1987 attacks on the Assam Rifles' outpost
14 Golden Temple Raid II 1987 Punjab Rumor that militant Gurjit Singh was in the Golden Temple complex. Not found.
15 Operation Pawan 1987 Sri Lanka Operations by the Indian Peace Keeping Force to take control of Jaffna from the LTTE in late 1987 to enforce the disarmament of the LTTE as a part of the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord.Operation Viraat, which occurred in 1988, after Operation Pawan, was an anti-insurgency operation launched by the IPKF against the LTTE in April 1988 in Northern Sri Lanka
16 Operation Black Thunder II 1988 Punjab Capture of Golden Temple, 90+ militants surrendered, 2 soldiers killed, many militants escaped.
17 Operation Night Dominance 1990-1994 Punjab To control the landscape of Punjab at night.
18 Operation Rakshak I 1990 Punjab To curb Sikh militancy.
19 Operation Vadhi Pahar 1991 Punjab Indian Police and Army operation to kill militant member Seetal Singh Mattewal.
20 Operation Election 1992 Punjab To bring a secure election, did not succeed as militants boycotted election, data suggests only 21% of Punjab voted.
21 Golden Temple Raid III 1992 Punjab To stop commemoration of the assassins of General Shidhar Vaidya.
22 Operation Sarp Vinash 2003 Jammu and Kashmir An assault on the largest system of hideouts used by insurgents in Jammu and Kashmir in which over 60 militants were killed[1][2]
23 Operation Black Tornado 2008 Mumbai, Maharashtra Against the 2008 Mumbai Terror Attacks
24 Operation All Out 1990 for flushing out militants from specially Kashmir region of Jammu and Kashmir state of India.
25 2015 Indian counter-insurgency operation in Myanmar 2015 Myanmar Indian Army allegedly conducted hot pursuit of Naga terror outfit NSCN-Khaplang along the India-Myanmar border.
26 Operation Calm Down 2016 Jammu and Kashmir
27 Operation Randori Behak 2020 Jammu and Kashmir
28 Operation Devi Shakti 2021 Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Afghanistan To help fleeing Hindus and Sikhs from the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
29 Operation Ganga 2022 Ukraine To evacuate the Indian citizens amidst the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, who had crossed over to neighboring countries

Ongoing operations

Sr. No. Name of Operation Year Location Notes
1 Operation Rakshak II 1991-Present Jammu and Kashmir , Punjab To curb Sikh and Kashmiri Muslim Insurgencies.
2 Operation Goodwill 1998–present Jammu and Kashmir humanitarian tasks in J&K
3 Operation Good Samaritan Manipur / Nagaland humanitarian tasks in Manipur/Nagaland
4 Operation All Out Kashmir 2017 Jammu and Kashmir [3]

Navy operations

Air Operations

See also


  1. ^ Kumar, Devesh (2003-05-24). "Operation Sarp Vinash: Army clears Hill Kaka". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2018-07-15.
  2. ^ "Operation 'Sarp Vinash': Over 60 terrorists killed". Retrieved 2018-07-15.
  3. ^ Sandhu, Kamaljit (2017-11-20). "Indian Army's 'Operation All Out' in Kashmir killed 190 terrorists, but there is reason to worry". DailyO.