This is a list of explorers, trappers, guides, and other frontiersmen of the North American frontier, known as "Mountain Men", from 1807 to 1849.


Name DOB-DOD Years Active Native Country Comments
Albert, John 1806–1899 1834–1847  United States  
Ashley, Bill 1778–1838 1822–1828  United States  
Baker, Jim 1818–1898 1839–1873  United States  
Barclay, Alex 1810–1855 1838–1855 Barclay was a British-born frontiersman of the American West. After working in St. Louis as a bookkeeper and clerk, he worked at Bent's Old Fort. He then ventured westward where he was a trapper, hunter, and trader.[1]
Beckwourth, Jim 1798–1866 1824–1866  United States  
Bent, Charles 1799–1847 1828–1846  United States  
Bent, Bill 1809–1869 1826–1869  United States  
Biggs,Thomas 1812–1855 1835–1855  United States  
Boone, Daniel 1734–1820 1750–1820  United States His mountain man exploits made him one of the first folk heroes of the United States.
Beaver, Black 1806–1880  United States  
Bridger, Jim 1804–1881 1822–1868  United States  [2]
Bissonet dit Bijou, Joseph 1778–1836 1812–1836  France  [3]
Bissonette, Joseph 1818–1894      
Bonneville, Benjamin 1796–1878 1832–1835  France Washington Irving wrote about him, making him famous in his lifetime. The Bonneville Salt Flats are named after him.
Brown, Kootenay 1839–1916 1862–1910  Ireland  
Richard Campbell 1824-  United States Led first trapper party (from Taos) to sell beaver pelts in California, 1827[4]
Campbell, Robert 1804–1879 1825–1835  Ireland  
Carson, Kit 1809–1868 1825–1868  United States Carson became a frontier legend in his own lifetime through news articles and dime novels.
Charbonneau, Jean 1805–1866 1829–1866  United States  
Clyman, James 1792–1880 1823–1848  United States  
Coulter, John 1774–1813 1803–1810  United States During the winter of 1807–1808, he explored the area that is now Yellowstone and the Tetons. He is widely considered to be the first mountain man.[5]
Craig, Bill 1807–1869  United States  
Crockett, Davy 1786-1836  United States American folk hero, frontiersman, soldier, and politician. He is commonly referred to in popular culture by the epithet "King of the Wild Frontier".
Culbertson, Alexander 1809–1879 1829–1858, 1868-1878  
Drips, Andrew 1789–1860  
Drouillard, George 1774–1810 1804–1810  United States  
Ebbert, George 1810–1890 1823–1836  United States  
Estes, Joel 1806-1875 1833-1875  United States Founder of Estes Park Colorado, a frontiersman, hunter, fur trader, explorer, gold prospector, and mountain man.

[6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]

Ferris, Warren 1810–1873  United States  
Finlay, Jocko 1768–1828 1806–1828  Canada  
Fallon, LeGros d. 1848 1826–1848  United States Real name: William O. Fallon
Fitzpatrick, Thomas "Broken Hand" 1799–1854  Ireland  
Fraeb, Henry d. 1841 1829–1841  
Fontenelle, Lucien 1800–1840 1819–1840  
Garcia, Andrew  United States  
Glass, Hugh 1780–1833 1800–1833  
Godin, Antoine 1805–1836 1817–1836  Canada  
Goodyear, Miles 1817–1849 1836–1847  United States  
Graham, Isaac 1800–1863 1830–1840  United States  
Greenwood, Caleb 1763–1850 1810–1834  United States  
Hamilton, Bill 1822–1908  
Harris, Moses 1800–1849  United States He is also known as Black Harris, and to a lesser extent Black Squire and Major Harris.
Helm, Boone 1828–1864 1850–1864  United States  
Henry, Andy 1775–1832 1809–1824  United States  
Jackson, David 1788-1837 1822-1832  United States  
Janis, Antoine 1822–1890 1836–1858  
Kinman, Seth 1815–1888 1849–1864  United States  
Kirker, James 1793–1852 1822–1849  Ireland  
Leonard, Zenas 1809–1857 1831–1857  United States  
Leroux, Antoine 1803-1861 1822-1861  United States  
Johnson, Liver-Eating 1824–1900  United States Real name: John Jeremiah Garrison Johnston
Lilly, Bill 1856–1936  United States  
Lisa, Manuel 1772–1820 1789–1820  
Lupton, Lancaster 1807–1885 1835–1844  United States  
Medina, Mariano 1812–1878    United States Born in Taos, New Mexico, Medina settled in the Big Thompson Valley in 1858, establishing Fort Namaqua and the Namaqua settlement, now within Loveland, Colorado. He operated a trading post, stage station, and toll bridge.[2]
Meek, Joe 1810–1875 1828–1850  United States  
Meek, Stephen 1805–1889 1827–1889  United States  
Moore, Bear 1850–1924 Real name: James Moore  United States [18]
Newell, Doc 1807–1869 1829–1869  
Nidever, George 1802–1883 1830–1853  United States  
Ogden, Pete 1794–1854 1809–1847  Canada  
Pattie, James Ohio 1804–1851? 1824–1830  United States  
Perkins, “Moccasin Bill” 1825–1904 1860–1904  United States William Henry Perkins (Not to be confused with Buffalo Bill. Not to be confused with Moccasin Bill, Cunning Serpent of Ojibwah")
Provost, Etienne 1785-1850 1822-1830  Canada  [19]
Rose, Edward 1780-1833 1807-1833  United States  
Russell, Osborne 1814–1892 1834–1845  United States  [20]
Paxton, George 1821–1848  United Kingdom  
Sage, Rufus 1817–1893 1841–1844  United States  
Smith, Jedediah 1799–1831 1822–1831  United States  
Smith, Blackfoot 1810–18??     Real name: John Smith
Smith, Pegleg 1801–1866  United States  
Straw, Nat 1857–1941   [21]
Stevens, Montague 1859–1953  United Kingdom  [18]
St. Vrain, Ceran 1802–1870  United States  
Sublette, Milton 1801–1837 1823–1835  United States  
Sublette, Bill 1799–1845 1823–1832  United States  
Tevanitagon, Pierre ?–1828 1822–1828  Canada An Iroquois from Quebec
Tobin, Tom 1823–1904 1837–1878  United States  
Trask, Elbridge 1815–1863 1835–1852  United States  
Turner, John 1807 1847  United States Turner survived three Native American massacres, one in 1827 on the Colorado River with the Jedediah Smith expedition, one in 1828 with Smith on the Umpquah River, and one in 1835 on the Rogue River. He later used his survival skills to lead the second round of the Donner Party rescue effort.  
Vasquez, Lou 1798–1868 1723–1858   [2]
Walker, Joe 1798–1876 1832–1863  United States  
Weaver, Pauline 1797–1867 1830–1867  United States His given name Powell was changed to the more-familiar to Spanish speakers Paulino, which in turn was changed to Pauline by English speakers
Weber, John 1779–1859 1822–1840  Germany  
Wetzel, Lewis 1752-1808 1786-1791  United States  
Williams, Old Bill 1787–1849 1812–1849  United States  
Wooten, Dick 1816–1893  United States  
Wyeth, Nathaniel 1802–1856 1832–1837  United States  
Yount, Harry 1839–1924 1866–1924  United States  


  1. ^ "Groundbreaker: Alexander Barclay". The World Journal. October 15, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Mariano Medina, Colorado Mountain Man, by Zethyl Gates (Paperback 093347251X), web:PS–1X.
  3. ^ Hafen, LeRoy R. "Joseph Bissonet dit Bijou". The Mountain Men and the Fur Trade of the Far West. Vol. 9. Glendale, California: A. H. Clark Co., 1965.
  4. ^ Utley, R. M. (1997). A life wild and perilous: Mountain men and the paths to the Pacific. New York: Henry Holt and Co.
  5. ^ Zimmerman, Emily. "John Colter 1773?–1813". The Mountain Men: Pathfinders of the West 1810–1860. American Studies at the University of Virginia. Archived from the original on September 11, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2007.
  6. ^ Cassell, Colleen Estes (August 1999). The Golden Pioneer Biography of Joel Estes.
  7. ^ Hafen, Leroy. Colorado and its People.
  8. ^ Hafen, Leroy. The Mountain Men and The Fur Trade Of the Far West.
  9. ^ Hafen, Leroy. Pikes Peak Gold Rush Guidebooks of 1859.
  10. ^ Hiatt Family History (Sidney, IA, Carter printing Co., 1960)
  11. ^ Cook, Marshalll Colorado Early Days, a manuscript written in the early 1880s presented by his daughter, Mrs H.A. Clingenpeel, Johnstown Co., September 1932, p.132
  12. ^ Wright, Dunham. A winter in Estes Park with Senator Tellor, The Trail, July 1920
  13. ^ Estes Milton. "Memoirs of Estes Park" The Colorado Magazine, Vol XVI #4, July 1939 Estes
  14. ^ Estes, Milton. A biographical paragraph, from Rocky mountain News, File no. 101-03, Historical Notes, (U.S. Dept. of Interior, News Service.
  15. ^ Estes, Francis Marion. "First White Man in Estes Park" Rocky Mountain News, September 13, 1909.
  16. ^ Busch, Mel. Estes Park's First Born Arrived in 6th Year of local settlement, Trail Gazette, Wednesday, February 22, 1984.
  17. ^ Arapahoe, Jefferson County, Colorado[circular reference]
  18. ^ a b Salmon, Dutch. Mountain Men of the Gila Archived 2012-09-23 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2012–09–25
  19. ^ Nichols, Jeffery D., Fellow Trappers called Etienne Provost Man Of The Mountains. History Blazer, Aug 1995;Leroy R. Hafen, "Etienne Provost, Mountain Man and Utah Pioneer," Utah Historical Quarterly 36 (1968); Jack B. Tykal, Etienne Provost: Man of the Mountains (Liberty, Utah: Eagle's View Publishing Company, 1989)
  20. ^ Haines, Aubrey L., ed. Osborne Russell's Journal of a Trapper. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1965. ISBN 0803251661
  21. ^ Davis, Carolyn O'Bagy. Mogollon Mountain Man Nat Straw: Grizzly Hunter and Trapper. Tucson: Sanpete Publications, 2003.

Joel Estes Colorado Territory Exploration 1833-1834

MEMOIRS OF ESTES PARK Mountain life as penciled by One of Joel's sons, Milton Estes

Further reading