Following is a list of multimedia franchises originating in games, toys, and merchandise.

In the following tables, the initial media through which the franchise characters or settings became known is shown in boldface. Only works of fiction are considered part of the series; a book or a documentary film about the franchise is not itself an installment in the franchise.

Franchises originating in video games

Including film and/or television works

Literature Comics Animated films Live action films Animated TV series Live action TV series Video games Other media
Ace Attorney


yes yes no Ace Attorney (2012) Ace Attorney (2016–2019) no Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney (2005)

several sequels and spin-offs

Stage play, soundtracks albums, drama CD, Figurines and various other merchandise
Alone In The Dark

(Atari SA, THQ Nordic)

no Life is a Hideous Thing (2002) no Alone In The Dark (2005)

Alone In The Dark II (2008)

no no Alone in the Dark (1992)

several other sequels and reboots

various merchandise
Animal Crossing


no yes Dōbutsu no Mori (2006) no no no Animal Crossing (2001)

numerous sequels and spin-offs

other merchandise
Angry Birds
(Rovio Entertainment)
yes yes The Angry Birds Movie (2016)
The Angry Birds Movie 2 (2019)
no Angry Birds Toons (2013–)
Piggy Tales (2014)
no Angry Birds (2009)
several sequels and spin-offs
theme parks, toys, food products
Assassin's Creed
(Ubisoft Montreal)
Assassin's Creed (book series)
various animated shorts Assassin's Creed: Lineage (2009) (short)
Assassin's Creed (2016)
no no Assassin's Creed (2007)
numerous sequels and spin-offs


no no Bayonetta: Bloody Fate (2013) no no no Bayonetta (2009)

Bayonetta 2 (2014)

Artbooks, Guidbooks, Soundtrack and other merchandise

(Hudson Soft


no Bomberman B-Daman Bakugaiden (1998–1999)

Bomberman Jetters (2002–2003)

no no Bomberman B-Daman Bakugaiden(1998–1999)

Bomberman Jetters (2002–2003)

no Bomberman (1983)

several sequels and spin offs

collectibles, toys, and numerous other merchandise

(2k Take-Two Interactive)

yes various no Borderlands (in production) no no Borderlands (2009)

various sequels and spin-offs

Soundtracks, Tabletop games, and various other merchandise
Call Of Duty


no various no Find Makarov: Operation Kingfish (2011) short movie no no Call of Duty (2003)

numerous sequels, series and spin-offs

Songs, Action Figures, card games and several other merchandise
no yes no no Castlevania (2017–2021) no Castlevania (1986)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
action figures, collectibles, pachinko games

(Square Enix)

no Dimensional Adventure Numa Monjar (1996) no no Dimensional Adventure Numa Monjar OVA (1996) no Chrono Trigger (1995)

Chrono Cross (1999)

Various Merchandise
Crash Bandicoot

(Naughty Dog, Activision)

no yes no no Crash Bandicoot: No Use Crying

Crash Bandicoot Monster Truck

Crash Bandicoot – Titan Idol Crash Bandicoot – Have Another (2007) web short series

no Crash Bandicoot (1996)

several other sequels and spin-offs

Action figures, toys, collectibles and various other merchandise
Dante's Inferno

(Visceral Games, Electronic Arts)

no yes Dante's Inferno: An Animated Epic (2010) no no no Dante's Inferno (2010)


yes various no no Night Warriors: Darkstalkers' Revenge (1997–1998)



no Darkstalkers: The Night Warriors (1994)

several sequels

Soundtracks, art books and other merchandise
Dead Rising


no yes no Zombrex: Dead Rising Sun (2010)

Dead Rising: Watchtower (2015)

Dead Rising: Endgame (2016)

no no Dead Rising (2006)

several sequels, spin-offs and re-leases

Figure actions, soundtracks and other merchandise
Dead Space
(Glen Schofield)
2 novels various Dead Space: Downfall (2008)
Dead Space: Aftermath (2011)
no no no Dead Space (2008)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
Devil May Cry
Devil May Cry novels Devil May Cry manga series
Devil May Cry comic book series
no no Devil May Cry: The Animated Series (2007) no Devil May Cry (2001)
several sequels
(id Software)
Doom novels Doom (1996) no Doom (2005)
Doom: Annihilation (2019)
no no Doom (1993)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
Doom: The Boardgame


no no no no Dota: Dragon's Blood (2021-present) no Dota 2 (2013)

Artifact (2018) spin-off

Dota Underlords (2020) Spin-off

Dragon Age
4 novels various Dragon Age: Dawn of the Seeker (2012) no no Dragon Age: Redemption (2011) Dragon Age: Origins (2009)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
other media
Dragon Quest

(Square Enix)

various Dragon Quest: The Adventure of Dai (1989–1996) and various others Dragon Quest Saga – The Crest of Roto


Dragon Quest: Your Story (2019)

no Dragon Quest The Adventure of Dai (1991–1992)

Dragon Quest The Adventure of Dai (2020- )

no Dragon Quest (1986)

Numerous sequels and spin-offs

Yume wo Shinjite, several others merchandise
Far Cry


yes yes no Far Cry (2008)

Inside Eden's Gate (2018)

no The Far Cry Experience (2012) Far Cry (2004)

several sequels and spin-off

board game and others merchandise
Fatal Frame

(Koei Tecmo)

Fatal Frame: A Curse Affecting Only Girls (2014) Fatal Frame: Shadow Priestess (2014) no Gekijōban Zero (2014) no no Fatal Frame (2001)

others sequels and spin-offs

Zero4D attraction, pachinko games and others merchandise
Final Fantasy
(Hironobu Sakaguchi)
various various several no yes no Final Fantasy (1987)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
Fire Emblem


no various no no Two animated OVA no Fire Emblem: Shadow Dragon and the Blade of Light (1990)

Several others sequels and spin-offs

Amiibo Figures, Trade Card Games and Others Merchandise
Grand Theft Auto

(Rockstar Games, Take-Two Interactive)

no no Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas – The Introduction (2004) short film GTA 2 – The Movie (1999) no no Grand Theft Auto (1997)

numerous sequels and spin-offs

Soundtracks, guidebooks and others merchandise


no no no Half-Life Beyond Black Mesa (2011) no no Half-Life (1998)

Half-Life: Opposing Force (1999)

Half-Life: Blue Shift (2001)

Half-Life: Decay (2001)

expansion packs

Half-Life 2 (2004)

Half-Life 2: Episode One (2006)

Half-Life 2: Episode Two (2007)

expansion packs

Half-Life: Alyx (2020)

Soundtracks, guidebooks and others merchandise
19 novels various Halo Legends (2010) no no Halo 4: Forward Unto Dawn (2012)
upcoming series planned
Halo: Combat Evolved (2001)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
music, board game, action figures other media

(IO Interactive)

no no no Hitman (2007)

Hitman: Agent 47 (2015)

no no Hitman: Codename 47 (2000)

various others sequels and spin-off

action figures and others merchandise
Kemono Friends
(Kemono Friends Project, Mine Yoshizaki)
various guide books Kemono Friends: Welcome to Japari Park! (2015–2017)
Kemono Friends à la carte
Kemono Friends 2
no no Kemono Friends (2017)
Kemono Friends 2 (2019)
no Kemono Friends (2015–2016 mobile game)
various other mobile games, Nintendo Switch game, arcade game
Welcome to Japari Park (2018–present, net animation)
two stage musicals, various music CDs, audio plays, Weiß Schwarz TCG cards
Kingdom Hearts

(Square Enix)

Light novels and various guide books Several manga Kingdom Hearts χ Back Cover (2017) no TV series in development for the Disney+ no Kingdom Hearts (2002)

various sequels

Toys, Figurines, clothes, jewelry, trade card game, soundtracks and various others merchandise
The King of Fighters
no various no The King of Fighters (film) (2010) The King of Fighters: Another Day (2005–2006)
The King of Fighters: Destiny (2017)
no The King of Fighters '94 (1994)
numerous sequels and spinoffs
CDs, collectible card game, pachinko games
(Masahiro Sakurai)
no Kirby of the Stars: The Story of Dedede Who Lives in Pupupu (manga 1995–2006)
Various (manga)
no no Kirby: Right Back at Ya! (2001–2003) no Kirby's Dream Land (1992)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
Kirby Café,
clothes, toys
League of Legends
(Riot Games)
yes various no no Arcane (2021) no League of Legends (2009)
several spin-offs
music, tabletop games, other media
The Legend of Zelda
(Shigeru Miyamoto, Takashi Tezuka)
various The Legend of Zelda (manga) no no The Legend of Zelda (1989) no The Legend of Zelda (1986)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
other media
(Shigeru Miyamoto)
Nintendo Gamebooks various Super Mario Bros.: The Great Mission to Rescue Princess Peach! (1986)

The Super Mario Bros. Movie (2023)

Super Mario Bros. (1993) several The Super Mario Bros. Super Show! Donkey Kong (1981)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
Music theme, electromechanical games, theme parks, and numerous others merchandise
Mass Effect Mass Effect: Revelation (2007)
several sequels
various Mass Effect: Paragon Lost (2012) no no no Mass Effect (2007)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
board games, action figures
Max Payne

(Rockstar Games, Take-Two Interactive)

no yes no Max Payne (2008) no no Max Payne (2001)

Max Payne 2: The Fall of Max Payne (2003)

Max Payne 3 (2012)

"Late Goodbye" song and others merchandise
Mega Man Mega Man 2 various no upcoming Mega Man (1994–1995)
MegaMan NT Warrior (2002–2003)
Mega Man Star Force (2006–2007)
no Mega Man (1987)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
Monster Hunter


no Monster Hunter Orage (2008–2009) Monster Hunter: Legends of the Guild (2021) Monster Hunter (2020) Monster Hunter Stories: Ride On (2016–2017) no Monster Hunter (2004)

numerous sequels and spin-offs

Monster Hunter Hunting Card and several others merchandise
Mortal Kombat
(Ed Boon, John Tobias)
yes Mortal Kombat (comics) Mortal Kombat Legends: Scorpion's Revenge (2020) Mortal Kombat (1995)
Mortal Kombat: Annihilation (1997)
Mortal Kombat (2021)
Mortal Kombat: Defenders of the Realm (1996) Mortal Kombat: Konquest (1998)
Mortal Kombat: Legacy (2011)
Mortal Kombat (1992)
numerous sequels
collectible card game, live show, action figures
no yes no no Pac-Man (TV series) (1982–1983) no Pac-Man (1980)
numerous sequels
collectible card game, live show, action figures


various various Persona 3 The Movie: #1 Spring of Birth (2013)

Persona 3 The Movie: #2 Midsummer Knight's Dream (2014)

Persona 3 The Movie: #3 Falling Down(2015)

Persona 3 The Movie: #4 Winter of Rebirth (2016)

Persona 4: The Animation -The Factor of Hope- (2012)

no Persona: Trinity Soul (2008)

Persona 4: The Animation (2011–2012)

Persona 4: The Golden Animation (2014)

Persona 5: The Animation (2018–2019)

no Revelations: Persona (1996)

several sequels and spin-offs

CD Dramas, Stage plays, Persona Stalker Club, Persona 3: The Weird Masquerade, musicals, action figures and numerous others merchandise
(Satoshi Tajiri)
yes Pokémon (manga) numerous Pokémon: Detective Pikachu (2019) Pokémon (anime) no Pokémon Red and Blue (1996)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
collectible card game, collectible miniatures game
Prince of Persia


yes yes no Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time (2010) no no Prince of Persia (1989)

several others sequels and spin-offs

Lego collectibles, and others merchandise
Ratchet & Clank
(Insomniac Games)
no Ratchet & Clank: Bang Bang Bang! Critical Danger of the Galaxy Legend (2004–2008)
Ratchet & Clank (comic) (2010–2011)
Ratchet & Clank (2016) no no no Ratchet & Clank (2002)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
various merchandise
(Michel Ancel, Ubisoft)
no yes no no Rayman: The Animated Series (1999–2000) no Rayman (1995)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
Red Dead

(Rockstar Games, Take-Two Interactive)

no no Red Dead Redemption: The Man from Blackwater (2010) short film no no no Red Dead Revolver (2004)

Red Dead Redemption (2010)

Red Dead Redemption: Undead Nightmare expansion pack (2010)

Red Dead Redemption 2 (2018)

Red Dead Online (2019)

Guide Books, Soundtracks and others merchandise
Resident Evil
various various Resident Evil: Degeneration (2008)
Resident Evil: Damnation (2012)
Resident Evil film series no no Resident Evil (1996)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
various merchandise
Silent Hill
yes Silent Hill (comics) no Silent Hill (2006)
Silent Hill: Revelation (2012)
no no Silent Hill (1999)
numerous sequels
various merchandise
Sonic the Hedgehog yes various no Sonic the Hedgehog (2020) Sonic the Hedgehog 2 (2022) yes no Sonic the Hedgehog (1991)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
Star Ocean

(Square Enix)

no Star Ocean: The Second Story (1998–2001) no no Star Ocean: The Second Story (2001) no Star Ocean (1996)

several others sequels

various Merchandise
Street Fighter yes Street Fighter (1993)
Street Fighter (2003–2018, numerous manga)
yes Street Fighter (1994)
Street Fighter: The Legend of Chun-Li (2009)
yes Street Fighter: Assassin's Fist (2014–Present) Street Fighter (1987)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
card game
Tekken no Tekken Comic (manga) Tekken: The Motion Picture (1998)
Tekken: Blood Vengeance (2011)
Tekken (2010) no no Tekken (1994)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
The Last Of Us

(PlayStation Studios)

no The Last of Us: American Dreams (2013) no no no The Last Of Us (in production) The Last of Us (2013)

The Last of Us: Left Behind (2014)

The Last of Us Part II (2020)

Artbooks, guidebooks and various others merchandise
Tomb Raider various Tomb Raider (comics) no Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001)
Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life (2003)
Tomb Raider (2018)
Revisioned: Tomb Raider Animated Series (2007) no Tomb Raider (1996)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
amusement park rides, other media

(Nihon Falcom)

yes yes yes no yes no The Legend of Heroes: Trails in the Sky (2004)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
Manga, anime, audio dramas, stage play, soundtracks, drama CD, figurines and various other merchandise

(PlayStation Studios)

Uncharted: The Fourth Labyrinth (2011) Uncharted: Drake's Fortune (2007)

Uncharted: Eye of Indra (2009)

Uncharted (2011)

no Uncharted Live Action Fan Film (2018)

Uncharted (2022)

no no Uncharted: Drake's Fortune (2007)

several others sequels and spin-offs

Soundtracks and numerous others merchandise

(Monolith Soft)

no no no no Xenosaga: The Animation (2007–2008) no Xenogears (1998)

various others sequels and series

Amiibo Figures and others merchandise
Warcraft various various no Warcraft (2016) no no Warcraft: Orcs & Humans (1994)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
tabletop games
Wing Commander
(Origin Systems)
various no no Wing Commander (1999) Wing Commander Academy (1996) no Wing Commander (1990)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
collectible card game
Zone of the Enders

(Hideo KoJima, Konami)

no no Zone of the Enders: 2167 Idolo (2001) OVA no Z.O.E. Dolores, I (2001) no Zone of the Enders (2001)

Zone of the Enders: The Fist of Mars (2002) spin-off

Zone of the Enders: The 2nd Runner (2003)

various merchandise

Not including film and/or television works

Literature Comics Video games Other media
Alan Wake

(Remedy Entertainment, Microsoft Studios)

yes no Alan Wake (2010)

Alan Wake's American Nightmare (2012) expansion pack

soundtrack and others merchandise


no yes Banjo-Kazooie (1998)

numerous sequels and spin-offs

action figures, toys, and other merchandise

(DICE, Electronic Arts)

Battlefield 3: The Russian (2011)

Battlefield 4: Countdown to War(2013)

no Battlefield 1942 (2002)

several others sequels spin-offs and sub-serie

action figures and others merchandise

(Ken Levine, Take Two Interactive)

yes no Bioshock (2007)

Bioshock 2 (2010)

BioShock Infinite (2013)

soundtrack, action figures, board games, clothes and others merchandise

(From Software)

no various Bloodborne (2015) Card game, board game and other merchandise


no yes Contra (1985)

Several others sequels and spin-offs

various merchandise

(Crytek, Electronic Arts)

Crysis Legion (2011)

Crysis Escalation (2013)

yes Crysis (2007)

Crysis Warhead (2008) expansion pack

Crysis 2 (2011)

Crysis 3 (2013)

Board game, action figures and others merchandise

(Vigil Games,Gunfire Games)

no yes Darksiders (2010)

Darksiders II (2012)

Darksiders III (2018)

Darksiders Genesis (2019) Spin-off

Action Figures and others merchandise
Dead Island


yes yes Dead Island (2011)

Dead Island Riptide (2013) expansion pack

Escape Dead Island (2014) spin-off

various merchandise


yes yes Destiny (2014)

several expansion and one sequel

Artbooks, Guidebooks, Soundtracks, Cooksbook, and various others merchandise
Deus Ex

(Square Enix)

Deus Ex: Icarus Effect (2011)

Deus Ex: Fallen Angel (2013)

Deus Ex: Black Light (2016)

Deus Ex: Hard Line (2016)

Deus Ex: Human Revolution (2011)

Deus Ex: Children's Crusade (2016)

Deus Ex: The Dawning Darkness (2016)

Deus Ex (2000)

Deus Ex: Invisible War (2003)

Deus Ex: Human Revolution (2011)

Deus Ex: Mankind Divided (2016)

Art Books, Guide Books and others merchandises
Diablo various various Diablo (1996)
Diablo II (2000)
Diablo III (2012)

(Arkane Studios,Bethesda Sofworks)

various no Dishonored (2012)

Dishonored 2 (2016)

Dishonored: Death of the Outsider (2017) expansion pack

Tabletop role-playing game and others merchandise

(Square Enix)

various light novels and books various manga Drakengard (2003)

numerous sequels and spin-offs

CD drama, soundtracks, musical band, stage play and others merchandise
Duke Nukem

(3D Realms)

no Duke Nukem: Glorious Bastard (2011) Duke Nukem (1991)

several others sequels and spin-offs

Action Figures, toys and others merchandise
The Elder Scroll

(Bethesda Game Studio)

The Infernal City (2009)

Lord of Souls (2011)

and several others

no The Elder Scrolls: Arena (1994)

and numerous others sequels, spin-offs and expansions

board games, tabletop role-playing games and several others mercahndises
The Evil Within


yes yes The Evil Within (2014)

The Evil Within 2 (2017)

various merchandise

(Microsoft Studios)

Fable: The Balverine Order (2010)

several others

no Fable (2004)

several sequels and spin-offs

Music, soundtrack and others merchandise


no yes Fallout (1997)

several others sequels and spin-offs

tabletop wargame, board games and others merchandise
Five Nights at Freddy's
(Scott Cawthon)
various trilogy graphic novels based on novels trilogy Five Nights at Freddy's (2014)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
Gears of War Gears of War: Aspho Fields (2008)
several sequels
Gears of War (comics) Gears of War (2006)
Gears of War 2 (2008)
Gears of War 3 (2011)
Gears of War: Judgment (2013)
board game
God of War yes yes God of War (2005)
several sequels and side games
Guild Wars

(ArenaNet, NCSoft)

various no Guild Wars (2005)

Several expansion packs and one sequel

Artbooks, Guidebooks, soundtracks and numerous others merchandise
Horizon Zero Dawn

(PlayStation Studios)

no various Horizon Zero Dawn (2017)

Horizon Forbidden West (2022)

Action figures, soundtrack and others merchandise

(PlayStation Studios)

yes no Ico (2001)

Shadow Of The Colossus (2005)

The Last Guardian (2016)

Soundtrack, Artbook, Guidebook and various merchandise

(PlayStation Studios)

no yes Infamous (2009)

Infamous 2 (2011)

Infamous: Festival of Blood (2011) expansion pack

Infamous Second Son (2014)

Infamous First Light (2014) expansion pack

various merchandise
Just Cause

(Square Enix)

no yes Just Cause (2006)

Just Cause 2 (2010)

Just Cause 3 (2015)

Just Cause 4 (2018)

various merchandise

(PlayStation Studios)

yes yes Killzone (2004)

Killzone: Liberation (2006) spin-off

Killzone 2 (2009)

Killzone 3 (2011)

Killzone: Mercenary (2013) spin-off

Killzone Shadow Fall (2013)

various merchandise
Left 4 Dead


no The Sacrifice (2010) Left 4 Dead (2008)

Left 4 Dead 2 (2009)

songs, figure action, music and others merchandise
Legacy Of Kain

(Square Enix Europe)

no yes Blood Omen: Legacy of Kain (1996)

several others sequels and spin offs

Life Is Stranger

(Square Enix)

yes yes Life Is Stranger (2015)

others sequels and sin-offs

Metal Gear
(Hideo Kojima)
yes several Metal Gear (1987)
numerous sequels and spin-offs
other media


no various Metroid (1986)

numerous sequels

Soundtracks and others merchandise


yes yes Onimusha Warlords (2001)

various sequels and spin-off

Guide books, soundtracks and others merchandise


no Portal 2: Lab Rat (2011) Portal (2007)

Portal 2 (2011)

Board game, T-shirt, collectibles and others merchandise

(Id Software)

no yes Quake (1998)

several others sequels and spin-offs

Guide books and others merchandise
Sekiro:Shadows Die Twice

(From Software)

no Sekiro Side Story: Hanbei the Undying (2020) Sekiro: Shadows Die Twice (2019) Guide Books and various merchandise

(Bandai Namco Entertainment)

yes yes Soul Edge (1995)

numerous sequels and spin-off

Action figure, collectible cards, and various others merchandise


no various Splatoon (2015)

Splatoon 2 (2017)

Splatoon 2: Octo Expansion(2018)

Amiibo Figures, Music and others merchandise
StarCraft yes yes StarCraft (1998 and later expansions)
StarCraft II (2010 and later expansions)
tabletop games


yes yes Suikoden (1995)

several others sequels and spin-off

guide books and various merchandise
Star Fox


no various Star Fox (1993)

numerous sequels

Amiibo Figures, Web video and others merchandise

(Square Enix Europe)

no yes Thief: The Dark Project (1998)

Thief II: The Metal Age (2000)

Thief: Deadly Shadows (2004)

Thief (2014)

Watch Dogs


yes yes Watch Dogs (2014)

Watch Dogs 2 (2016)

Watch Dogs: Legion (2020)


(Id Software)

no yes Wolfenstein 3D (1992)

numerous sequels spin-offs and reboots

guide books and others merchandise


yes no Zork (1977)

numerous sequels

interactive gamebooks

Franchises originating in board games, card games, tabletop games and role-playing games

Literature Comics Animated films Live action films Animated TV series Live action TV series Video games Other media
(Jordan Weisman, L. Ross Babcock III)
List of BattleTech novels yes no no BattleTech: The Animated Series (1994) no yes Classic BattleTech wargame
several other table-top games
Car Wars
(Steve Jackson Games)
3 novels yes no no no no Autoduel Car Wars table-top game
other table-top games

(Mike Pondsmith)

List of Cyberpunk Novels Cyberpunk 2077: Trauma Team (2020) no no Cyberpunk: Edgerunners no Cyberpunk 2077 (2020) Cyberpunk tabletop role-playing game, Netrunner, Cyberpunk the CCG, CyberGeneration, The Arasaka Brainworm, Greenwar and various others role-playing and board games
Dungeons & Dragons
(Gary Gygax)
Dungeons & Dragons (novels) Dungeons & Dragons (comics) Dragonlance: Dragons of Autumn Twilight (2008) Dungeons & Dragons (2000)
two sequels
Dungeons & Dragons: Honor Among Thieves (2023)
Dungeons & Dragons (1983–1985) no List of Dungeons & Dragons video games Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game
board games
(Greg Stafford)
yes yes no no no no King of Dragon Pass White Bear and Red Moon
Magic: The Gathering
(Richard Garfield)
several several no no no no several Magic: The Gathering trading card game
Mutant Chronicles
(Target Games)
3 novels yes no Mutant Chronicles (2008) no no Doom Troopers (1995) Mutant Chronicles role-playing game
several table-top games
(FASA Corporation)
several no no no no no several Shadowrun role-playing game
several table-top games
Warhammer (Games Workshop) List of Warhammer Fantasy novels
List of Warhammer 40,000 novels
Warhammer Fantasy comics
Warhammer 40,000 comics
Ultramarines: A Warhammer 40,000 Movie (2010) no no no Warhammer video games Warhammer Fantasy Battle miniature wargame
several other table-top games
World of Darkness (White Wolf Publishing) several yes no no no Kindred: The Embraced (1996) yes Vampire: The Masquerade role-playing game
several other table-top games

Franchises originating in toys, attractions and other media

Literature Comics Animated films Live action films Animated TV series Live action TV series Video games Toys, attractions and other media
Alvin and the Chipmunks
(Ross Bagdasarian)
no yes The Chipmunk Adventure (1987)
Alvin and the Chipmunks Meet Frankenstein (1999)
Alvin and the Chipmunks Meet the Wolfman (2000)
several TV specials
Little Alvin and the Mini-Munks (2004)
Alvin and the Chipmunks (2007)
Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel (2009)
Alvin and the Chipmunks: Chipwrecked (2011)
Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Road Chip (2015)
The Alvin Show (1961–1962)
Alvin and the Chipmunks (1983–1990)
ALVINNN!!! and the Chipmunks (2010)
no yes The Chipmunk Song (Christmas Don't Be Late) (1958); Alvin and the Chipmunks discography
live stage show
The Amory Wars
(Claudio Sanchez)
Year of the Black Rainbow (2010) several no upcoming no no yes Albums by Coheed and Cambria
American Girl
(Pleasant Rowland)
numerous no no several no no several American Girl dolls
(Ruth Handler)
numerous yes numerous direct to video Barbie (2023) Barbie: Life in the Dreamhouse (2012–) no several Barbie fashion dolls
BanG Dream!
BanG_Dream! Star Beat (2016) several BanG Dream! Film Live (2019)
BanG Dream! Episode of Roselia (2021)
no BanG Dream! (2017–2020)
BanG Dream! Girls Band Party! Pico (2018–2020)
no BanG Dream! Girls Band Party! (2017) Live Concerts, Albums and various merchandise
(Carter Bryant)
several no several direct to video Bratz: The Movie (2007) Bratz (2005–2006) Bratz Design Academy (2008) several Bratz fashion dolls
Captain Sabertooth
(Terje Formoe)
numerous several yes The Dream of Captain Sabertooth's Kingdom and several others no yes several Captain Sabertooth Stage plays
Care Bears
(Elena Kucharik, Linda Denham)
several yes several no several no several Care Bears greeting cards
various merchandise
Digimon Adventure Light Novel (2001) several 9 no 6 no several Virtual pet
Card game
G.I. Joe
no G.I. Joe (comics) G.I. Joe: The Movie (1987) G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra (2009)
G.I. Joe: Retaliation (2013)
Various productions, beginning with G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero (1985–1987) no List of G.I. Joe video games List of G.I. Joe action figure series
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
(Douglas Adams)
5 original novels (1979–1992)
And Another Thing... (2006)
yes no The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (2005) no The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (1981) several The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy radio series (1978–1980)
stage play
(The Lego Group)
several no The Lego Movie franchise; direct-to-video films no no no several Lego building blocks; Legoland theme park
Lone Ranger
(George W. Trendle or Fran Striker)
The Lone Ranger (1936), and numerous others various| no The Lone Ranger (1938 film serial); The Lone Ranger (1966–1968) The Lone Ranger (1949–1957); numerous others The Lone Ranger (1991) The Lone Ranger (1933 radio show)
(Tyler Perry)
Don't Make a Black Woman Take Off Her Earrings (2006) no Madea's Tough Love numerous no House of Payne no I Can Do Bad All by Myself (1999)
Numerous other stage plays
My Little Pony
yes yes My Little Pony: The Movie (1986)
Various direct-to-video films produced in 2000s
My Little Pony: Equestria Girls (2013) and two sequels
My Little Pony: The Movie (2017)
no My Little Pony (1984 TV special)
My Little Pony: Escape from Catrina (1985 TV special)
My Little Pony (1986, part of My Little Pony 'n Friends anthology series)
My Little Pony Tales (1992)
My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic (2010)
no yes My Little Pony (toy line)
The Odd Couple
(Neil Simon)
no no no The Odd Couple (1968)
The Odd Couple II (1998)
The Oddball Couple (1975–1977) The Odd Couple (1970–1975)
The New Odd Couple (1982–1983)
The Odd Couple (2015)
no The Odd Couple (1965 stage play)
yes Patlabor: The Movie (1989)
Patlabor 2: The Movie (1993)
WXIII: Patlabor the Movie 3 (2002)
The Next Generation Patlabor: Shuto Kessen (2015) Patlabor on Television (1989−1990) The Next Generation: Patlabor (2014–2015) yes Patlabor: Early Days (1988–1989 OVA)
Patlabor: The New Files (1990–1992 OVA)
Patlabor Concert Tour '92: Project Tokyo
soundtracks, toys, model kits
Pirates of the Caribbean[2]
(The Walt Disney Company)
Pirates of the Caribbean: Jack Sparrow (12 books)
Pirates of the Caribbean: Legends of the Brethren Court (5 books)
Pirates of the Caribbean: The Price of Freedom
no no Pirates of the Caribbean (film series) (2003–2017) no no List of Pirates of the Caribbean video games Disney theme park ride, beginning in 1967
Strawberry Shortcake
(Muriel Fahrion)
yes yes several no several no List of Strawberry Shortcake video games Strawberry Shortcake greeting cards
various merchandise
(Hasbro, based on two existing toy lines created by Takara)
List of Transformers books Transformers (comics) The Transformers: The Movie (1986) Transformers (film series) (2007–) The Transformers (1982–1987); various series no List of Transformers video games Transformers (toy line)

See also


  1. ^ Roger Parry, The Ascent of Media: From Gilgamesh to Google Via Gutenberg (2011), p. 317, ISBN 1857885708: "Along with associated feature films, comic books, and character merchandise, Mario has become a hugely valuable global multimedia franchise".
  2. ^ a b Harry J. Brown, Videogames and Education (2008), p. 41, ISBN 0765629496:

    In one of the most celebrated ventures in media convergence, Larry and Andy Wachowski, creators of The Matrix trilogy, produced the game Enter the Matrix (2003) simultaneously with the last two films of the trilogy, shooting scenes for the game on the movie's sets with the movie s actors, and releasing the game on the same day as The Matrix: Reloaded. Likewise, on September 21, 2004, Lucasfilm jointly released a new DVD box set of the original Star Wars trilogy with Star Wars: Battlefront, a combat game in which players can reenact battles from all six Star Wars films. In 2005, Peter Jackson likewise produced his blockbuster film King Kong (2005) in tandem with a successful King Kong game designed by Michael Ancel and published by Ubisoft. In the last several years, numerous licensed videogame adaptations of major summer and holiday blockbusters were released a few days before or a few days after their respective films, including: all three Star Wars films (1999–2005); all five Harry Potter films (2001–2008); all three Spider-Man films (2002–2007); Hulk (2002); The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002); The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003); The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (2005); Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest (2006); Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End (2007); and Transformers (2007). These multimedia franchises have made it more difficult to distinguish the production of films and videogames as separate enterprises.

  3. ^ Marc DiPaolo, War, Politics and Superheroes: Ethics and Propaganda in Comics and Film (2011), p. 39, ISBN 0786485795: "The multimedia franchise is bolstered by the imaginations of the Transformers fans that imbue the flimsy material with their own potent fantasies of family cars and household devices turning into robots".