This is a list of openly lesbian, gay, bisexual, or trans (LGBT) people who have been the head of government of a country or a subnational division such as a state, a province, or a territory. To date, there have been five openly LGBT people who have served as a national head of government, holding office in Iceland, Belgium, Luxembourg, Ireland, and Serbia.

National

  Denotes incumbent head of government
Name Image Country National population
(while in office)
Office Political party Mandate start Mandate end Term length Sexual orientation/
gender identity
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
 Iceland 315,556 (2011 census) Prime Minister of Iceland Social Democratic Alliance 1 February 2009 23 May 2013 4 years, 111 days Lesbian[1]
Elio Di Rupo
 Belgium 11,209,044 (2015) Prime Minister of Belgium Socialist Party 6 December 2011 11 October 2014 2 years, 309 days Gay[2]
Xavier Bettel
 Luxembourg 633,622 (2021 estimate) Prime Minister of Luxembourg Democratic Party 4 December 2013 Incumbent 8 years, 16 days Gay[3]
Leo Varadkar
 Ireland 4,761,865 (2016 census) Taoiseach
(Prime Minister)
Fine Gael 14 June 2017 27 June 2020 3 years, 13 days Gay[4]
Ana Brnabić
 Serbia 6,926,705 (2020 estimate) Prime Minister of Serbia Serbian Progressive Party 29 June 2017 Incumbent 4 years, 174 days Lesbian[5]

Sub-national

  Denotes incumbent head of sub-national government
Name Image Entity Country Office Mandate start Mandate end Term length Sexual orientation/
gender identity
Don Dunstan
 South Australia  Australia Premier 1 June 1967 17 April 1968 321 days Bisexual
2 June 1970 15 February 1979 8 years, 258 days
Jerónimo Saavedra[a]
 Canary Islands  Spain President 29 November 1982 4 July 1987 4 years, 217 days Gay
11 July 1991 2 April 1993 1 year, 265 days
Elio Di Rupo
 Wallonia  Belgium Minister-President 15 July 1999 4 April 2000 264 days Gay
6 October 2005 20 July 2007 1 year, 287 days
13 September 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 98 days
Patrick Guerriero
Insigne incognitum.svg Melrose, Massachusetts  United States Mayor January 1998 May 2001 3 years, 105 days Gay
Christopher Cabaldon
Insigne incognitum.svg West Sacramento, California  United States Mayor 1998 2020 22 years Gay
Jan Franssen
 South Holland  Netherlands King's Commissioner 3 May 2000 1 January 2014 13 years, 243 days Gay
Klaus Wowereit
 Berlin  Germany Governing Mayor 16 June 2001 11 December 2014 13 years, 178 days Gay
Ole von Beust
 Hamburg  Germany First Mayor 31 October 2001 25 August 2010 8 years, 283 days Gay
Jim McGreevey
 New Jersey  United States Governor 15 January 2002 15 November 2004 2 years, 305 days Gay
Nichi Vendola
 Apulia  Italy President 4 April 2005 1 June 2015 10 years, 58 days Gay
Clemens Cornielje
 Gelderland  Netherlands King's Commissioner 31 August 2005 6 February 2019 13 years, 159 days Gay
Lynne Brown
Western Cape  South Africa Premier 25 July 2008 6 May 2009 315 days Lesbian
Evan Low
Insigne incognitum.svg Campbell, California  United States Mayor 1 December 2009 1 December 2014 5 years, 0 days Gay
Allan Bell
 Isle of Man  United Kingdom Chief Minister 11 October 2011 4 October 2016 4 years, 359 days Gay
Pete Buttigieg
Insigne incognitum.svg South Bend  United States Mayor 1 January 2012 1 January 2020 8 years, 0 days Gay
Rosario Crocetta
 Sicily  Italy President 10 November 2012 18 November 2017 5 years, 8 days Gay
Kathleen Wynne
 Ontario  Canada Premier 11 February 2013 29 June 2018 5 years, 116 days Lesbian
Andrew Barr
 Australian Capital Territory  Australia Chief Minister 11 December 2014 Incumbent 7 years, 9 days Gay
Kate Brown
 Oregon  United States Governor 18 February 2015 Incumbent 6 years, 305 days Bisexual
Wade MacLauchlan
 Prince Edward Island  Canada Premier 23 February 2015 9 May 2019 4 years, 75 days Gay
Niluka Ekanayake
Central Province
 Sri Lanka Governor 17 March 2016 11 April 2018 2 years, 25 days Transgender woman
Sabaragamuwa Province
Governor 12 April 2018 31 December 2018 263 days
Arno Brok
 Friesland  Netherlands King's Commissioner 1 March 2017 Incumbent 4 years, 294 days Gay
Sjoerd Potters
Insigne incognitum.svg De Bilt  Netherlands Mayor 4 April 2017 Incumbent 4 years, 260 days Gay
Eduardo Leite[6]
 Rio Grande do Sul  Brazil Governor 1 January 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 353 days Gay
Fátima Bezerra
 Rio Grande do Norte  Brazil Governor 1 January 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 353 days Lesbian
Jared Polis
 Colorado  United States Governor 8 January 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 346 days Gay
Gustavo Melella
 Tierra del Fuego  Argentina Governor 17 December 2019 Incumbent 2 years, 3 days Gay
Claudia López Hernández
 Bogotá  Colombia Mayor 1 January 2020 Incumbent 1 year, 353 days Lesbian
Todd Gloria
Insigne incognitum.svg San Diego  United States Mayor 10 December 2020 Incumbent 1 year, 10 days Gay
Christopher Pappas
Insigne incognitum.svg uMngeni Local Municipality  South Africa Mayor 22 November 2021 Incumbent 28 days Gay
  1. ^ Publicly came out after retirement, although while being a senator.

Others

Politicians who were closeted while in office and never officially came out or were outed only after their deaths or retirement include:

See also

References

  1. ^ Gunnarsson, Valur (30 January 2009). "Iceland to elect world's first openly gay PM". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  2. ^ Vander Taelen, Luckas (10 December 2011). "Can Belgium's new prime minister keep living the dream?". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  3. ^ Gayle, Damien (15 May 2015). "Luxembourg's prime minister first EU leader to marry same-sex partner". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  4. ^ Dunne, Seán (2 June 2017). "Varadkar set to be 'first openly gay Irish PM', say world headlines". The Irish Times. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Srbija ima novu vladu. Ana Brnabić postala premijerka. (Serbia has a new government. Ana Brnabić becomes prime minister". Dirketno.hr. 29 June 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Eduardo Leite, governador do RS, fala sobre homossexualidade em entrevista a Bial: 'Eu sou gay. E tenho orgulho disso'". G1 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  7. ^ Blanning, T. C. W. (2016). Frederick the Great: King of Prussia. New York. ISBN 978-1-4000-6812-8. OCLC 918986371.
  8. ^ "Koning Willem II gechanteerd wegens homoseksualiteit".
  9. ^ Hermans, Dorine and Hooghiemstra, Daniela: Voor de troon wordt men niet ongestrafd geboren, ooggetuigen van de koningen van Nederland 1830–1890, ISBN 978-90-351-3114-9, 2007.
  10. ^ Warren Kinsella, "Not everyone loves a parade". Toronto Sun, June 26, 2011.
  11. ^ "Definitely out now". Perceptions, September 14, 1994.
  12. ^ Richard Starr, Richard Hatfield: The Seventeen Year Saga. Goodread Biography, 1988. ISBN 0887801536.
  13. ^ Politician Pays Price For Life On The Edge, Chicago Tribune
  14. ^ "Gay politicians come out of the closet and into the cabinet". The Globe and Mail, November 13, 2009.
  15. ^ Mark Steyn (17 November 2003). "Zimbabwe's Banana left legacy of disgrace". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2016.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  16. ^ Essays in Honor of Bernth Lindfors, Volume 2, Barbara Harlow, Africa World Press, 2002, page 210
  17. ^ Zim's presidential rape scandal, Mail and Guardian, 28 February 1997
  18. ^ Taylor, Rebecca. 'They say that power corrupts – and it does'. The Guardian. 23 January 2002.
  19. ^ McNeil Jr, Donald G. (27 November 1998). "Zimbabwe's Ex-President Convicted of Sodomy". The New York Times (Archives). Retrieved 8 July 2007.