The following is an incomplete list of known planetary nebulae.

Image Name Messier Catalogue[a] NGC[a] Other
designation[a]
Date
discovered[a]
Distance
(kly)
[a][b]
Apparent
magnitude
(visual)[a]
Constellation[a]
Glowing Eye Nebula
or Dandelion Puffball Nebula
NGC 6751 1863 6.5 11.9 Aquila
Turtle Nebula NGC 6210 1825 4.7 9.3 Hercules
Bow-Tie Nebula NGC 40 Caldwell 2 1788 3.5 11.4 Cepheus
Ghost of Jupiter NGC 3242 1785 1.4 8.6 Hydra
Blinking Planetary NGC 6826 Caldwell 15 2.0 8.8 Cygnus
Dumbbell Nebula M27 NGC 6853 1764 1.36 +0.16
−0.21
7.5 Vulpecula
Ring Nebula M57 NGC 6720 1779 2.3 +1.5
−0.7
9 Lyra
Eskimo Nebula or Clown-faced Nebula NGC 2392 1787 2.9
(approx.)
10.1 Gemini
Cat's Eye Nebula NGC 6543 1786 3.3 ± 0.9 9.8B Draco
Little Ghost Nebula NGC 6369 1800
(prior to)
9.9 Ophiuchus
Medusa Nebula Abell 21 1955 1.0
(approx.)
15.99 Gemini
Jewel Bug Nebula NGC 7027 1878 3.0
(approx.)
10 Cygnus
Helix Nebula NGC 7293 1824 0.68 +0.15
−0.08
7.6 Aquarius
Little Dumbbell Nebula M76 NGC 650, NGC 651 1780 3.4
(approx.)
10.1 Perseus
Owl Nebula M97 NGC 3587 1781 2.6
(approx.)
9.9 Ursa Major
Twin Jet Nebula or
Butterfly Nebula
M2-9 1947 2.1 14.7 Ophiuchus
Footprint Nebula M1-92 1946 15.0
(maximum)
11.7 Cygnus
NGC 7026 1873 5.6 10.0 Cygnus
Butterfly Nebula NGC 2346 1802 3.9
(approx.)
11.9 Monoceros
Abell 39 1955 6.8
(approx.)
13.7 Hercules
Jones-Emberson 1 / Headphone Nebula PK 164+31.1 1939 1.6
(approx.)
14.0 Lynx
Lemon Slice Nebula IC 3568 1918 4.5
(approx.)
12 Camelopardalis
Soap Bubble Nebula PN G75.5 1.7 2008 4
(approx.)
Cygnus
IC 289 1888 5.2
(approx.)
Cassiopeia
IC 2149 1906 3.6 10.6 Auriga
IC 4593 1907 12 10.84 Hercules
IC 4997 8 11 Sagitta
Skull Nebula NGC 246 1785 1.6 8 Cetus
NGC 6058 1787 13 Hercules
Oyster Nebula NGC 1501 1787 4.2 13 Camelopardalis
NGC 1514 1790 2.2 9.4 Taurus
NGC 7048 PK 088-01.1 1878 5.2
(approx.)
12.1 Cygnus
NGC 2022 1785 7
(approx.)
12.8 Orion
NGC 2371 1785 4.3 13 Gemini
Blue Racquetball / Turquoise Orb NGC 6572 1825 2.5 8.1 Ophiuchus
NGC 6781 1788 2.5 11.4 Aquila
NGC 6790 1882 11 10.5 Aquila
NGC 6881 1881 13.8 Cygnus
NGC 6884 1883 6.5 10.9 Cygnus
NGC 6891 1884 7.2 10.5 Delphinus
NGC 6886 1884 15.0 + 3.3 11.8 Sagitta
NGC 6742 Abell 50 1788 16.5 Draco
NGC 6894 PK 069-02.1 1784 4.2 12.3 Cygnus
Blue Flash Nebula NGC 6905 1784 7.5
(approx.)
10.9 Delphinus
NGC 6804 1791 12.5
(approx.)
11.2 Aquila
Fetus Nebula NGC 7008 1787 2.7 12 Cygnus
NGC 7354 1787 5.5 Cepheus
Blue Snowball Nebula NGC 7662 1784 8.6 Andromeda
NGC 6803 1882 12.5 11.1 Aquila
Abell 78 1966 13 Cygnus
Abell 31 1955 2 12.2 Cancer
Soccer Ball Nebula Kronberger 61 2011 13 18.4 Cygnus
IC 1454 1891 13.7
(approx.)
14 Cepheus
Abell 12 6.9 Orion
Hen 2-47 6.6 Carina
NGC 5844 1837 12.7 Triangulum Australe
Southern Crab Nebula Hen 2-104 1967 7 14.20 Centaurus
NGC 5979 1835 13
(approx.)
12.10 Triangulum Australe
Red Spider Nebula NGC 6537 1888
(prior to)
3.9
(approx.)
11.9 Sagittarius
NGC 6565 14 Sagittarius
Bug Nebula or Butterfly Nebula NGC 6302 Caldwell 69 1888
(prior to)
3.4 ± 0.5 7.1B Scorpius
Saturn Nebula NGC 7009 1782 3.0
(approx.)
8.0 Aquarius
Eight-burst Nebula or Southern Ring Nebula NGC 3132 1888
(prior to)
2.6
(approx.)
9.87 Vela
NGC 2438 1786 2.9
(approx.)
11.5 Puppis
NGC 2440 1790 3.6
(approx.)
9.3 Puppis
Spirograph Nebula IC 418 1888–1894 1.3
(approx.)
9.6 Lepus
IC 1295 1867 4.7
(approx.)
12.7 Scutum
IC 2448 1898 11
(approx.)
11.10 Carina
IC 4663 1901 11
(approx.)
Scorpius
Spare-Tyre Nebula IC 5148 1894 3
(approx.)
16.5 Grus
Retina Nebula IC 4406 1888–1907 2.0
(approx.)
Lupus
Stingray Nebula Hen 3-1357 1989 18
(approx.)
10.75 Ara
Spiral Planetary Nebula NGC 5189 1835 2.6
(approx.)
9.5 Musca
Mz 1 1922 3.4 ± 0.5 12.0 Norma
Ant Nebula Mz 3 1922 8.0
(approx.)
13.8 Norma
Shapley 1 PLN 329+2.1 1936 ~1 12.6 Norma
Engraved Hourglass Nebula MyCn 18 1996 8.0
(approx.)
13.0 Musca
NGC 3918 Blue Planetary 1834 4.9 8.5 Centaurus
NGC 6578 1882 5.5
(approx.)
13.5 Sagittarius
Fleming 1 G290.5+07.9
ESO 170-6
1888? 7.9 13.1 Centaurus
Southern Owl Nebula PN K 1-22
ESO 378-1
1971[1] 4.3[2] 17.4[3] Hydra
IC 4191 1907 11.6 Musca
IC 4634 1893 7.5 11.3 Ophiuchus
IC 4637 1901 7.8 12.5 Scorpius
Robin's Egg Nebula NGC 1360 1868 1.5
(approx.)
9.4 Fornax
Cleopatra's Eye NGC 1535 1785 6.5
(approx.)
10.5 Eridanus
NGC 2452 1847 12.20 Puppis
NGC 2899 1835 6.5 11.8 Vela
NGC 2792 1835 11.6 Vela
NGC 2818 1826 10.4 12.50 Pyxis
NGC 2867 1834 7.3 10 Carina
NGC 3211 1837 11.5 Carina
NGC 3195 1835 5.5
(approx.)
11.6 Chamaeleon
NGC 4361 1785 3
(approx.)
10.9 Corvus
NGC 5307 1836 10 11.2 Centaurus
NGC 5315 1883 7
(approx.)
9.8 Circinus
NGC 5882 1834 9.4 Lupus
NGC 6072 1837 3.1 14 Scorpius
NGC 6153 1883 4.4 Scorpius
Box Nebula NGC 6309 1876 11.5 Ophiuchus
NGC 6326 1826 11 12.2 Ara
NGC 6563 1826 11 Sagittarius
NGC 6629 1784 11.3 Sagittarius
Phantom Streak Nebula NGC 6741 1882 7 11 Aquila
Little Gem Nebula NGC 6818 1787 6 9.3 Sagittarius
Abell 36 1955 0.78 Virgo
Abell 70 1966 7.8–16[4] Aquila
The Box Nebula NGC 6445 1786 4.5 11.2 Sagittarius
Eye of Sauron Nebula M 1-42 10 Sagittarius
  1. ^ a b c d e f g Table entries are sourced from the individual articles, where available, for each nebula. Please see the linked article on the nebula for references.
  2. ^ Many distances are estimates (denoted by the approx. suffix), as true distances are difficult to infer for planetary nebulae. Please see main article, Planetary nebulae, for more details on distance estimates.

See also

References

  1. ^ Kohoutek, L. (1971). "New planetary nebula". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 13: 493. Bibcode:1971A&A....13..493K.
  2. ^ Jacob, R.; Schönberner, D.; Steffen, M. (2013). "The evolution of planetary nebulae". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 558: A78. arXiv:1307.6189. Bibcode:2013A&A...558A..78J. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201321532. ISSN 0004-6361.
  3. ^ Phillips, J. P. (2005). "The distances of highly evolved planetary nebulae". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 357 (2): 619–625. Bibcode:2005MNRAS.357..619P. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2005.08676.x. ISSN 0035-8711.
  4. ^ Miszalski, B.; Boffin, H. M. J.; Frew, D. J.; Acker, A.; Köppen, J.; Moffat, A. F. J.; Parker, Q. A. (2012). "A barium central star binary in the Type I diamond ring planetary nebula Abell 70". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 419 (1): 39–49. arXiv:1108.3957. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.419...39M. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19667.x.