Hong Kong has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power by controlling the Legislative Council. The Chief Executive is elected by an indirectly elected Election Committee and is nonpartisan as restricted by the Chief Executive Election Ordinance, but has to rely on political parties in the legislature for support, effectively having a coalition government.

Hong Kong has no legislation for political parties, and thus has no legal definition for what a political party is. Most political parties and political groups registered either as limited companies or societies.

In Hong Kong there are two main political ideological blocs, which presents to pro-democracy camp (include localists) and pro-Beijing camp.

Present parties

The list includes also political groups, trade unions, professional associations and pressure groups in Hong Kong that have been active in elections but are not considered parties.

Parties and groups in the Legislative and District Councils

As of 6 May 2021, there are total number of 43 political groupings represented in the Legislative and District Councils:[1]

Party Ideology Leader Affiliation Founded Representation 2016 vote
share
Legislative
Council
(2016)
District
Councils
(2019)
Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB)
民主建港協進聯盟
Chinese nationalism,
Conservatism
Starry Lee Pro-Beijing 1992 361,617 (16.7%)
Business and Professionals Alliance for Hong Kong (BPA)
香港經濟民生聯盟
Conservatism,
Economic liberalism
Lo Wai-kwok Pro-Beijing 2012 49,745 (2.3%)
Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (FTU)
香港工會聯合會
Chinese nationalism,
Conservative socialism
Ng Chau-pei Pro-Beijing 1948 169,854 (7.8%)
Liberal Party (LP)
自由黨
Conservatism,
Economic liberalism
Felix Chung Pro-Beijing 1993 21,500 (1.0%)
New Territories Association of Societies (NTAS)
新界社團聯會
Chinese nationalism,
Conservatism
Leung Che-cheung Pro-Beijing 1985
(part of DAB)
N/A
New People's Party (NPP)
新民黨
Conservatism
Regina Ip Pro-Beijing 2011 167,589 (7.7%)
New Territories Heung Yee Kuk (HYK)
新界鄉議局
Traditional conservatism
Kenneth Lau Pro-Beijing 1926 N/A
Civic Passion
熱血公民
Localism,
Nativism,
Populism
Cheng Chung-tai Localist 2012 122,140 (5.6%)
Roundtable
實政圓桌
Conservatism
Michael Tien Pro-Beijing 2017 N/A
Federation of Hong Kong and Kowloon Labour Unions (FLU)
港九勞工社團聯會
Conservatism
Lam Chun-sing Pro-Beijing 1984 N/A
New Century Forum (NCF)
新世紀論壇
Conservatism
Ma Fung-kwok Pro-Beijing 1999 N/A
Democratic Party (DP)
民主黨
Social liberalism
Lo Kin-hei Pro-democracy 1994 199,876 (9.2%)
Civic Party (CP)
公民黨
Constitutionalism,
Social liberalism
Vacant Pro-democracy 2006 207,855 (9.6%)
Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood (ADPL)
香港民主民生協進會
Liberalism,
Social democracy
Sze Tak-loy Pro-democracy 1986 33,255 (1.5%)
Neo Democrats
新民主同盟
Liberalism,
Localism
Yam Kai-bong,
Chow Yuen-wai,
Lui Man-kwong
Pro-democracy 2010 31,595 (1.5%)
Community Sha Tin
沙田區政
Liberalism
Ting Tsz-yuen Pro-democracy 2017 N/A
Labour Party
工黨
Environmentalism,
Social democracy
Kwok Wing-kin Pro-democracy 2011 101,860 (4.7%)
Concern Group for Tseung Kwan O People's Livelihood (CGPLTKO)
將軍澳民生關注組
Liberalism
Vacant Pro-democracy 2000 N/A
Community March
社區前進
Liberalism
Ben Lam Pro-democracy 2017 N/A
Community Alliance
區政聯盟
Liberalism
Vacant Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
Tuen Mun Community Network (TMCN)
屯門社區網絡
Liberalism,
Localism
Gary Poon Pro-democracy,
Localist
2015 N/A
Tin Shui Wai Connection
天水連線
Liberalism,
Localism
N/A Pro-democracy,
Localist
2019 N/A
Federation of Public Housing Estates (FPHE)
公屋聯會
Conservatism
Hau Shui-pui Pro-Beijing 1985 N/A
Sai Kung Commons
西貢鄉民
Liberalism
N/A Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre (NWSC)
街坊工友服務處
Liberalism,
Social democracy
Lo Ngai-yin Pro-democracy 1985 20,974 (1.0%)
League of Social Democrats (LSD)
社會民主連線
Social democracy
Raphael Wong Pro-democracy 2006 56,670 (2.6%)
Democratic Alliance
民主陣線
Liberalism
Johnny Mak Pro-democracy,
Pro-Taiwan
2003 N/A
Tai Po Democratic Alliance
大埔民主聯盟
Liberalism
N/A Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
Deliberation Tsuen Wan
荃民議政
Liberalism,
Localism
N/A Pro-democracy,
Localist
2019 N/A
Tseung Kwan O Pioneers
將軍澳青年力量
Liberalism,
Localism
Chan Wai-lit Pro-democracy,
Localist
2016 N/A
Tseung Kwan O Shining
將向天晴
Liberalism
N/A Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
People Power (PP)
人民力量
Direct democracy,
Populism,
Radical democracy
Vacant Pro-democracy 2011 99,349 (4.6%)
Kowloon East Community
東九龍社區關注組
Localism
Chan Chak-to Pro-democracy,
Localist
2014 12,854 (0.6%)
Empowering Hong Kong
匯政衞言
Liberalism,
Localism
Ho Kwok-ho Pro-democracy,
Localist
2019 N/A
Tsing Yi People
青衣島民
Liberalism
Wong Pit-man Pro-democracy 2017 N/A
Lung Mun Concern Group
龍門關注組
Liberalism
Tsang Kam-wing Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
Cheung Sha Wan West Front
長沙灣西社區陣線
Liberalism
Wong Kit-long Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
Shau Kei Wan East Future
灣東願景
Liberalism
Kwok Chi-chung Pro-democracy 2019 N/A
Tsuen Wan Community Network (TWCN)
荃灣社區網絡
Liberalism,
Localism
Lam Shek-tim Pro-democracy,
Localist
2015 N/A
Tin Shui Wai Livelihood Progression Union
天水圍地區民生促進會
Liberalism,
Localism
Lee Wai-fung Pro-democracy,
Localist
2019 N/A

Other parties and groups

Other parties and groups without any representation that have participated in the elections include:

Pro-democracy camp

Pro-Beijing camp

Localist groups

Umbrella organisations

Others

Regional organisations, communal pressure groups and Kaifong associations

Electoral coalitions

Defunct

See also

References

  1. ^ "List of Political Affiliations of LegCo Members and DC Members" (PDF). District Councils of Hong Kong.