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This article lists political parties in Hungary. Since the Revolutions of 1989, Hungary has a multi-party system. Currently, the political landscape of Hungary is dominated by the Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance, which has a supermajority, while the largest party of the opposition is the Democratic Coalition.

Active parties

Parties represented in the National Assembly or the European Parliament

Name Abbr. Leader Ideology MPs MEPs Political position EP group
Fidesz–KDNP
Fidesz 2015.svg
Fidesz - Hungarian Civic Alliance,
Fidesz - Magyar Polgári Szövetség
Fidesz Viktor Orbán National conservatism,
Christian democracy,
Soft Euroscepticism
117 / 199
12 / 21
Right-wing NI
Christian Democratic People's Party,
Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt
KDNP Zsolt Semjén Christian democracy,
Social conservatism
18 / 199
1 / 21
Right-wing EPP
United for Hungary
Logo of the Democratic Coalition (Hungary).svg
Democratic Coalition,
Demokratikus Koalíció
DK Ferenc Gyurcsány Social liberalism,
European federalism,
Pro-Europeanism
15 / 199
4 / 21
Centre-left S&D
Logo of the Momentum Movement.svg
Momentum Movement,
Momentum Mozgalom
Momentum Anna Donáth Liberalism
10 / 199
2 / 21
Centre RE
Jobbik.svg
Movement for a Better Hungary,
Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom
Jobbik Péter Jakab Hungarian nationalism,
Conservatism
10 / 199
1 / 21
Centre-right to right-wing NI
Flag of the Hungarian Socialist Party.svg
Hungarian Socialist Party,
Magyar Szocialista Párt
MSZP Bertalan Tóth,
Ágnes Kunhalmi
Social democracy,
Pro-Europeanism
10 / 199
1 / 21
Centre-left S&D
Logo of the Dialogue for Hungary.svg
Dialogue for Hungary,
Párbeszéd Magyarországért
Párbeszéd Gergely Karácsony,
Tímea Szabó
Green politics,
Feminism
6 / 199
0 / 21
Centre-left Greens/EFA
Lehet Más a Politika logó.svg
LMP – Hungary's Green Party,
LMP – Magyarország Zöld Pártja
LMP Máté Kanász-Nagy,
Erzsébet Schmuck
Green politics,
Syncretic politics
5 / 199
0 / 21
Centre-left Greens/EFA
Without coalition
MiHazank.jpg
Our Homeland Movement,
Mi Hazánk Mozgalom
Mi Hazánk László Toroczkai Hungarian irredentism,
Hard Euroscepticism
6 / 199
0 / 21
Far-right none
Ethnic advocacy organizations present in parliament
Das Wappen der Ungarndeutschen.png
National Self-Government of Germans in Hungary,
Magyarországi Németek Országos Önkormányzata
MNOÖ Ibolya Hock-Englender German-Hungarian interests
1 / 199
0 / 21
Centre-right none

Parties not represented in the National Assembly or the European Parliament

Name Abbr. Leader Ideology Political position
PolgariValasz.jpg
Civic Response,
Polgári Válasz
PV János Bencsik Conservatism Centre-right to right-wing
ReforMers,
ReforMerek
ReforMerek Andrea Varga-Damm Christian democracy,
Conservative liberalism
Centre-right to right-wing
Yes Solidarity for Hungary Movement,
Igen Szolidaritás Magyarországért Mozgalom
ISZOMM Andrea Huszti Anti-capitalism,
Kádárism,
Democratic socialism
Centre-left to left-wing
Magyar Liberális Párt logo.svg
Hungarian Liberal Party,
Magyar Liberális Párt
Liberálisok Anett Bősz Liberalism,
Pro-Europeanism
Centre to centre-right
Új Kezdet logo.jpg
New Start,
Új Kezdet
ÚK Krisztina Hohn Third way,
Liberal conservatism
Centre-right
Huxit Party,
Huxit Párt
VP János Volner National conservatism,
Euroscepticism
Right-wing
FKgP.png
Independent Smallholders' Party,
Független Kisgazdapárt
FKgP Károly Balogh Social conservatism
Agrarianism
National conservatism
Right-wing
Hungarian Workers' Party,
Magyar Munkáspárt
Munkáspárt Gyula Thürmer Marxism-Leninism
Kádárism
Euroscepticism
Far-left
Social Democratic Party of Hungary,
Magyarországi Szociáldemokrata Párt
MSZDP László Andráska Social democracy Centre-left to left-wing
Magyar Kétfarkú Kutyapárt logó.svg
Hungarian Two Tailed Dog Party,
Magyar Kétfarkú Kutyapárt
MKKP Gergely Kovács Joke party
Absurdism
Satire
Centre
Flag of the Democratic Community of Welfare and Freedom.svg
Democratic Community of Welfare and Freedom,
Jólét és Szabadság Demokrata Közösség
JESZ László Sass Liberal conservatism
Christian democracy
Centre-right
No image.png
Workers' Party of Hungary 2006,
Magyarországi Munkáspárt 2006
Európai Baloldal Attila Vajnai Marxism
Eurocommunism
Left-wing
Motherland Party,
A Haza Pártja
HP Árpád Kásler Social conservatism
Soft Euroscepticism
Centre
A Polgári Konzervatív Párt (PKP) logója..png
Civic Conservative Party,
Polgári Konzervatív Párt
PKP Peter Béndek Liberal conservatism
Economic liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Right-wing
Táncsics – Radical Left Party,
Táncsics – Radikális Balpárt
Táncsics Democratic socialism Left-wing
Civil Movement,
Civil Mozgalom
CM Mária Seres(hu) Third Way Centre-right
ÚVNP logo.png
New World People's Party,
Új Világ Néppárt
CVN József Pálinkás Liberal conservatism
Economic liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Centre-right
Hungarian Environmentalists' Party,
Magyar Környezetvédők Pártja
ZÖLDEK Zoltán Medveczki Green conservatism Right-wing
National Self-Government of Bulgarians,

Bolgár Országos Önkormányzat

BOÖ Muszev Dancso Bulgarian Minority Interests Centre to centre-right

Historical parties

Before the Hungarian Revolution of 1848

List of political parties in Hungary before the Hungarian Revolution of 1848
English name Hungarian name Active Ideology
Centralists Centralisták (1843-1849) Centralism
Classical liberalism
Conservative Party Konzervatív Párt (1846-1849) Conservatism
Liberal conservatism
Opposition Party Ellenzéki Párt (1847-1849) Classical liberalism
National liberalism
Peace Party Békepárt (1848-1849) Peace with Austria

Between the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 and the Ausgleich (1867)

After the Revolution of 1848 three different political directions were created - '47ers, '48ers and '49ers.

List of political parties in Hungary between the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 and the Ausgleich (1867)
English name Hungarian name Active Ideology
Address Party Felirati párt (1861-1865) Ideology of the '48ers
National liberalism
Resolution Party Határozati párt (1861) Ideology of the '49ers
Radical liberalism
Left Centre Balközép (1865-1875) Ideology of the '48ers (before the Ausgleich (1867))
Ideology of the '49ers (after the Ausgleich (1867))

During the time of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867-1918)

List of political parties in Hungary during the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867-1918)
English name Hungarian name Active Ideology
Principled Left Centre Elvhű Balközép (1873-1874) '48 ideology
Far-Left Szélsőbal (1861-1874) '49 ideology (before the Ausgleich (1867))
'67 ideology (after the Ausgleich (1867)))
Deák Party Deák Párt (1865-1875) '48 ideology (before the Ausgleich (1867))
'67 ideology (after the Ausgleich (1867))
Liberal Party Liberális Párt / Szabadelvű Párt (1875-1906) classical liberalism
'67 ideology
Independence Party Függetlenségi Párt (1874-1884) '48 ideology
Independence Party of 1848 Negyvennyolcas Függetlenségi Párt (1874–1884) '48 ideology
National Antisemitic Party Országos Antiszemita Párt (1883-1892) Antisemitism
Party of Independence and '48 Függetlenségi és 48-as Párt (1884–1945) Classical liberalism
'48 ideology
MSZDP Magyar Szociáldemokrata Párt (1890-?) Social democracy
Catholic People's Party Katolikus Néppárt (1894-1918) Christian socialism
National Constitution Party Országos Alkotmánypárt (1905–1918) Classical liberalism
'67 ideology
National Party of Work Nemzeti Munkapárt (1910-1918) Classical liberalism
'67 ideology
Radical Civic Party Polgári Radikális Párt (1914-1919) Civic radicalism
48-er Constitution Party 48-as Alkotmánypárt (1918) '48 ideology
Classical liberalism
Independent Socialist Party Független Szocialista Párt (1897-1905) Socialism
Agrarian socialism

During the First Hungarian Republic (1918-1919, 1919-1920)

Name Abbr. Active Ideology Political position
Logo of the Hungarian Communist Party.svg
Hungarian Communist Party
Magyar Kommunista Párt
MKP (1918-1948) Marxism
Communism
Far-left

During the Kingdom of Hungary (1920-1945)

English name Hungarian name Active Ideology
Christian National Party Keresztény Nemzeti Párt (1919-1920) Legitimism
Christian conservatism
National conservatism
Christian Social and Economic Party Keresztény Szociális és Gazdasági Párt (1919-1920) Social conservatism
Christian democracy
Christian Socialist Party Keresztényszocialista Párt (1920-?) Christian socialism
National Democratic Party Nemzeti Demokrata Párt (1920-?) Liberalism
Civic Freedom Party Polgári Szabadságpárt (1921-1944) Liberalism
'48 Smallholders Party 48-as Kisgazda Párt (1922-?) Agrarianism
National conservatism
Alliance of Christian Unity Keresztény Egység Tábora (1922-?) Christian democracy
Christian National Agricultural Workers' and Civic Party Keresztény Nemzeti Földmíves és Polgári Párt (1922-?) Agrarianism
Christian democracy
Christian Agricultural Workers and Craftsmen Party Keresztény Földmíves és Iparos Párt (1922-?) Agrarianism
Christian democracy
Christian Women's League Keresztény Női Tábor (1918-1922) Christian democracy
Christian feminism
Christian National Economic Party Keresztény Nemzeti Gazdasági Párt (1925-1926) Christian democracy
Royalism
Christian Economic and Social Party Keresztény Gazdasági és Szociális Párt (1926-1937) Christian democracy
Christian Opposition Keresztény Ellenzék (1922-1939) Christian democracy
Hungarian National Socialist Party Magyar Nemzeti Szocialista Párt (1920s-1944) Nazism
Anti-semitism
Hungarian Turanism
Unity Party Egységes Párt (1922-1944) Szeged Idea
Agrarian Party Agrár Párt (1926-?) Agrarianism
National conservatism
Christian National Opposition Party Keresztény Nemzeti Ellenzéki Párt (1931-?) Christian democracy
National conservatism
United Opposition Egyesült Ellenzék (1931-?)
Christian Economic Opposition Party Keresztény Gazdasági Ellenzéki Párt (1931-?) Christian democracy
United Hungarian National Socialist Party Egyesült Magyar Nemzeti Szocialista Párt (1933-1940) National socialism
National Legitimist Party Nemzeti Legitimista Néppárt (1935-1937) Christian democracy
Arrow Cross Party Nyilaskeresztes Párt (1935-1945) Hungarian Turanism
Fascism
Nazism
Christian National Front Keresztény Nemzeti Front (1935-?) Christian democracy
Reform Generation Reformnemzedék (1935-?)
Christian National Socialist Front Keresztény Nemzeti Szocialista Front (1937-1940) National socialism

During the Second Hungarian Republic (1946-1949)

Name Abbr. Active Ideology Political position
Logo of the Civic Democratic Party (Hungary).svg
Civic Democratic Party
Polgári Demokrata Párt
PDP (1944-1949) Liberalism
National liberalism
Centre-right
No image.png
Hungarian Radical Party
Magyar Radikális Párt
MRP (1945-1949
1989-1998)
Social liberalism
Anti-communism
Left-wing
No image.png
Hungarian Freedom Party
Magyar Szabadság Párt
Szabadság párt (1946-1947
1956
1989-1999)
National conservatism
Anti-Communism
Right-wing
Hungarian Independence Party logo, 1947.svg
Hungarian Independence Party
Magyar Függetlenségi Párt
MFP (1947
1956
1989-1990)
National conservatism
Anti-Communism
Right-wing
No image.png
Independent Hungarian Democratic Party
Független Magyar Demokrata Párt
FMDP (1947-1949
1989-2011)v
Liberalism Centre
No image.png
Christian Women's League
Keresztény Női Tábor
KNT (1947-1949) Christian democracy
Christian feminism
Centre-right

During the Hungarian People's Republic (1949-1989)

Name Abbr. Active Ideology Political position
Logo of the Hungarian Working People
Hungarian Working People's Party
Magyar Dolgozók Pártja
MDP (1948-1956) Marxism
Stalinism
Communism
Far-left
Logo of the Hungarian Socialist Workers
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
Magyar Szocialista Munkáspárt
MSZMP (1956-1989) Kádárism
Marxism
Leninism
Far-left

During the Third Republic (since 1989)

Name Abbr. Active Ideology Political position
Green Party of Hungary
Magyarországi Zöld Párt
MZP (1989–2011) Green conservatism Right-wing
No image.png
Democratic Coalition Party
Demokrata Koalíció Párt
DKP (1990-2001) Christian socialism Centre-left
No image.png
Democratic Party
Demokrata Párt
DEMP (1993-1994) Democratic liberalism Centre
Green Alternative
Zöld Alternatíva
ZA (1993–2000) Green politics Centre-left
Insignia Hungary Political Party MIÉP.svg
Hungarian Justice and Life Party
Magyar Igazság és Élet Pártja
MIÉP (1993-2021) Hungarian nationalism
National conservatism
Hard Euroscepticism
Right-wing to far-right
MDF logo.gif
Hungarian Democratic Forum
Magyar Demokrata Fórum
MDF (1987-2011) Conservatism Centre-right
Insignia Hungary Political Party SZDSZ.svg
Alliance of Free Democrats
Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége
SZDSZ (1988-2013) Social liberalism
Economic Liberalism
Centre
No image.png
Holy Crown Society
Szent Korona Társaság
SZKT (1989-1990)
as Party
Monarchism Right-wing
MDNP logo.jpg
Hungarian Democratic People's Party
Magyar Demokrata Néppárt
MDNP (1996-2006) Conservatism
Christian democracy
Centre-right
No image.png
Humanist Party
Humanista Párt
HP (1993-2003-2012) Anti-globalization
Neohumanism
Centre-left
Alliance of Green Democrats
Zöld Demokraták Szövetsége
ZDSZ (2000–2009) Green politics Centre-left
4K! – Fourth Republic!
4K! - Negyedik Köztársaság
4K! (2012-2016) Social Democracy
Left-wing Nationalism
Left-wing
Unity Party
Összefogás Párt
ÖP (2009–2018) Centrism
Third Way
Centre-right
Green Left
Zöld Baloldal
ZB (2009–2018) Eco-socialism Left-wing
Együtt 2018 logo.svg
Together (Hungary)
Együtt - A korszakváltók pártja
Együtt (2013–2018) Social Democracy
Social Liberalism
Centre
MoMa Logo.svg
Modern Hungary Movement
Modern Magyarország Mozgalom
MoMa (2013–2019) Liberal conservatism
Pro-Europeanism
Centre-right
Logo standard.gif
People's Front
Népi Front Párt
Népi Front (2012–2021)
as Party
Marxism-Leninism
Kádárism
Far-left

See also

References