There are a number of political parties registered to the Electoral Commission in Wales. Some of these parties have elected representation in the Senedd (Welsh Parliament; Welsh: Senedd Cymru) and/or in Westminster (UK Parliament) and some have elected representation in one or more of the 22 Welsh local authorities, while others have entirely no elected representation. This Wikipedia page lists all of the above and some relevant Welsh political parties that formerly existed but have since disbanded. The largest political parties typically reside[clarification needed] in either the House of Commons or the Senedd, the current largest party in Wales is Welsh Labour, followed closely by the Welsh Conservatives and Plaid Cymru.

House of Commons/Senedd

House of Commons

The Parliament of the United Kingdom is a legislative body in the United Kingdom and creates primary legislation.[1] There are two chambers within the Parliament of the United Kingdom: the House of Commons (the elected chamber) and the House of Lords. This article focuses on the House of Commons. Three parties have elected representatives in that house (MPs): Welsh Labour, Welsh Conservatives and Plaid Cymru. The constituencies are due to change for the 2024 general election.[2]

Senedd

The Senedd was formed under the Government of Wales Act 1998, by the Labour government, following a referendum in 1997. It was given greater powers under the 2011 Welsh devolution referendum. In 2021, four parties have elected representatives in the Senedd: Welsh Labour, Welsh Conservatives, Plaid Cymru and Welsh Liberal Democrats.

House of Commons/Senedd parties

Party Translation Leader Political position Ideology MSs MPs Local government Membership[a]
Welsh Labour[b] Welsh: Llafur Cymru
Mark Drakeford (cropped).jpg
Mark Drakeford Centre-left Social democracy
Democratic socialism
British unionism
Pro-Europeanism
30 / 60
22 / 40
524 / 1,254
25,000[3]
Welsh Conservatives Welsh: Ceidwadwyr Cymreig
Andrew R. T. Davies 2011 (cropped).jpg
Andrew RT Davies Centre-right Conservatism
Economic liberalism
British unionism
16 / 60
14 / 40
111 / 1,254
Unknown
Plaid Cymru English: Party of Wales
Adam Price 2016 (cropped).jpg
Adam Price Centre-left to left-wing Welsh nationalism
Welsh independence
Democratic socialism
Social democracy
Environmentalism
Regionalism
Civic nationalism
13 / 60
3 / 40
202 / 1,254
10,100[4]
Welsh Liberal Democrats Welsh: Democratiaid Rhyddfrydol Cymru
Jane Dodds, Brecon (2019) (cropped).jpg
Jane Dodds Centre to centre-left Liberalism
Social liberalism
British unionism
Pro-Europeanism
1 / 60
0 / 40
69 / 1,254
3,133[5]

Local government

Several parties in Wales have no national representation, but have elected representation at the local government level.

County councils

Party Translation Elected members of local government Political position Ideology
Wales Green Party[6] Welsh: Plaid Werdd Cymru 8[7][8] Left-wing Green politics
Progressivism
Pro-Europeanism
Llantwit First Independents Welsh: Annibynwyr Cyntaf Llantwit 4 (Vale of Glamorgan Council) N/A Localism
Newport Independents Party Welsh: Plaid Annibynwyr Casnewydd 3 (Newport City Council) N/A Localism
Uplands Party[9] Welsh: Plaid Uplands 4 (Swansea Council) N/A Localism
Propel 1 (Cardiff Council) None[10] Welsh nationalism
Welsh independence
Localism
Sovereignism
Anti-nuclearism
Gwlad English: Country 1 (Ceredigion County Council) Centre-right[11] Welsh nationalism
Welsh independence

Community and town councils

Party Translation Elected members of local government Political position Ideology
Gwlad English: Country 2 Centre-right[12] Welsh nationalism
Welsh independence

Council control

Council Control Web Total LAB PC CON LD GP Other Vacant
Blaenau Gwent IND IND URL 42 13 29[w 1]
Bridgend NOC LAB min URL 54 25 2 8 18[w 2] 1
Caerphilly LAB maj URL 73 49 18 6[w 3]
Cardiff LAB maj URL 75 38 21 11 5[w 4]
Carmarthenshire NOC PC+IND URL 74 17 38 19[w 5]
Ceredigion NOC PC+IND URL 42 20 8 14[w 6]
Conwy NOC CON+IND URL 59 8 10[w 7] 14 4 23[w 8]
Denbighshire NOC CON+PC+IND URL 47 11 10 15 11[w 9]
Flintshire NOC LAB min URL 70 34 6 6[w 10] 24[w 11]
Gwynedd PC maj URL 75 1 40 1 35[w 12]
Isle of Anglesey NOC PC+IND URL 30 2 14 1 13[w 13]
Merthyr Tydfil IND maj URL 33 15[w 14] 18[w 15]
Monmouthshire CON maj URL 43 10 25 3 5[w 16]
Neath Port Talbot LAB maj URL 64 39 15 1 9[w 17]
Newport LAB maj URL 50 31 12 2 5[w 18]
Pembrokeshire IND IND+LAB+LD+PC URL 60 7 6 11 1 35[w 19]
Powys NOC IND+CON URL 73 8[w 20] 3 17 14[w 21] 31[w 22]
Rhondda Cynon Taf LAB maj URL 75 47 17 3 8[w 23]
Swansea LAB maj URL 72 48 9 7 8[w 24]
Torfaen LAB maj URL 44 27 4 13[w 25]
Vale of Glamorgan NOC LAB+IND URL 47 13 4 14 16[w 26]
Wrexham NOC IND+CON URL 52 12 4 8 2 26[w 27]
Total 1,254 455 201 167 61 369 1

Parties with no elected representation

Notable registered parties

Party Translation Political position Ideology
Abolish the Welsh Assembly Party Welsh: Plaid Diddymu Cynulliad Cymru Single-issue Welsh Parliament abolition
Anti-devolution
No More Lockdowns Welsh: Dim Mwy O Gloi Lawr N/A Anti-lockdown
Reform UK Welsh: Diwygio DU Right-wing Right-wing populism
Euroscepticism
Social Democratic Party Syncretic Social democracy
Social conservatism
Communitarianism
Euroscepticism
Socialist Party Wales[13] Welsh: Plaid Sosialaidd Cymru[13] Far-left[14] Revolutionary socialism
Trotskyism
Marxism
The Cynon Valley Party Welsh: Parti Cwm Cynon N/A Localism
Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition (TUSC) Left-wing[15][16] to far-left[17] Socialism
Trade unionism
UK Independence Party Welsh: Plaid Annibyniaeth y DU Right-wing to far-right Euroscepticism
Right-wing populism
National conservatism
Economic liberalism
British nationalism
Welsh Christian Party Welsh: Plaid Gristnogol Cymru Right-wing[18] Christian right
Social conservatism
British unionism
Euroscepticism
Communist Party of Britain Far-left[19] Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Women's Equality Party Welsh: Plaid Cydraddoldeb Merched Feminism
Pro-Europeanism

Defunct parties

See also

Notes

  1. ^ 29 Independents including 1 ex-Plaid Cymru
  2. ^ 14 Independents
  3. ^ 6 Independents
  4. ^ 1 Independent, 4 Propel
  5. ^ 19 Independents
  6. ^ 14 Independents including 1 ex-Labour
  7. ^ 1 ex-Independent
  8. ^ 23 Independents including 1 ex-Plaid, 2 ex-Conservative
  9. ^ 11 Independents
  10. ^ Includes 1 Independent who sits with the Lib Dems Group
  11. ^ 24 Independents
  12. ^ 27 independents, 6 Llais Gwynedd, and 2 Propel
  13. ^ 13 Independents including 1 ex-Lib Dem
  14. ^ 1 ex-Independent
  15. ^ 18 Independents
  16. ^ 5 Independents
  17. ^ 8 Independents, 1 Propel (ex-Plaid),
  18. ^ 5 Independents
  19. ^ 13 Independents, 22 non-aligned
  20. ^ 1 ex-Conservative
  21. ^ 1 ex-Conservative
  22. ^ 30 Independents, 1 Abolish The Welsh Assembly Party
  23. ^ 7 Independents including 1 ex-Lib Dem, 1 Cynon Valley Party
  24. ^ 7 Independents, 1 non-aligned
  25. ^ 13 Independents
  26. ^ 15dependents
  27. ^ 25 Independents, 1 non-aligned
  1. ^ Political parties are under no legal obligation to publish membership statistics and there is no uniformly recognised definition of membership.
  2. ^ Some candidates stand as Labour and Co-operative joint candidates due to an electoral alliance with the Co-operative Party.

References

  1. ^ "Understanding legislation". Legislation.gov.uk.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "Major changes to cut number of Welsh MPs published". BBC News. 8 September 2021.((cite news)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ Davies, Daniel (9 November 2018). "Welsh Labour leadership: Do people know the candidates?". BBC News Online.
  4. ^ "Plaid Cymru see 25% membership boost following Adam Price's leadership victory". Nation.Cymru. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Jane Dodds is new Welsh Liberal Democrat leader". BBC News. 3 November 2017.
  6. ^ "View registration - The Electoral Commission". search.electoralcommission.org.uk. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  7. ^ "Wales Local Elections 2022". BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  8. ^ Mosalski, Ruth; Youle, Richard; O'Neill, Ryan (6 May 2022). "The Green Party gets its first councillors in Cardiff as it grows its representatives across Wales". WalesOnline. Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  9. ^ "View registration - The Electoral Commission". search.electoralcommission.org.uk.
  10. ^ "Independent AM Neil McEvoy to launch new Welsh National Party". ITV News. 10 February 2020. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  11. ^ "Gwlad Gwlad standing in four seats where Plaid Cymru have withdrawn 'to offer people a pro-independence vote'". Nation.Cymru. 15 November 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  12. ^ "Gwlad Gwlad standing in four seats where Plaid Cymru have withdrawn 'to offer people a pro-independence vote'". Nation.Cymru. 15 November 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  13. ^ a b "Socialist Party Wales – Socialism In Wales". Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  14. ^ WalesOnline (11 August 2003). "New Welsh Socialist dawn?". WalesOnline. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  15. ^ Waugh, Paul (20 September 2019). "Harriet Harman Urged To Pull Out Of Commons Speaker Race By Local Labour Party". Huffpost. Retrieved 7 April 2020. The motion by Nick Wrack, who was readmitted to Labour after standing against Harman for the left-wing TUSC party four years ago, cites the precedent of Tories warning they would stand a candidate against John Bercow if he stayed on.
  16. ^ Prest, Victoria (18 April 2015). "Trade Union and Socialist Party (TUSC) to contest eight seats in York council elections". The Press. Retrieved 7 April 2020. The left-wing party Trade Union and Socialist Party (TUSC) is fielding eight would-be councillors for seats on City of York Council, as well as a parliamentary candidate in York Central.
  17. ^ Cohen, Tamara (2 June 2017). "Can far-left fringe parties make a difference to Labour's election push?". Sky News. Retrieved 7 April 2020. Britain's largest far-left party, the Trade Union Socialist Coalition (TUSC), founded by the late Bob Crow, is standing no candidates this year.
  18. ^ "Former Llan'dod mayor stands for Christian Party in General Election". County Times. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
  19. ^ Barberis, Peter; McHugh, John; Tyldesley, Mike (2000). "Far Left". Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organizations: Parties, Groups and Movements of the 20th Century. London: A&C Black. p. 145. ISBN 0826458149.
  20. ^ People First - Gwerin Gyntaf (De-registered 03/11/16), The Electoral Commission. Retrieved 2018-09-23.