A view at Kintrishi National Park

The South Caucasian nation of Georgia is home to several protected areas, which receive protection because of their environmental, cultural or similar value. The oldest of these – now known as the Lagodekhi Protected Areas – dates back to 1912, when Georgia was part of the Russian Empire.

The total area of Georgia’s protected terrestrial territories is 6,501 km2 (2,510 sq mi), which amounts to approximately 9.29% of the country’s territory. In addition 153 km2 (59 sq mi) of marine area protected, or 0.67% of the country’s territorial waters. The are a total of 89 protected areas, including 14 Strict Nature Reserves, 12 National Parks, 20 Managed Nature Reserves, 40 Natural Monuments, 2 Ramsar sites and 1 Protected Landscape.[1][2] Strict nature reserves comprise 140,672 ha, while national parks cover 276,724 ha.[3] The total number of visitors to Georgia's protected areas was just under 1.2 million in 2019.[4]

Strict Nature Reserves

Name Region Municipality Established Coordinates Area IUCN category
Leaf20090129.jpg
Kakheti Akhmeta Municipality 2003 42°05′15″N 45°23′55″E / 42.08750°N 45.39861°E / 42.08750; 45.39861 15.16 km² Ia
Batsara National Reserve 5.jpg
Kakheti Akhmeta Municipality 2003 42°14′41″N 45°15′06″E / 42.24472°N 45.25167°E / 42.24472; 45.25167 55.48 km² Ia
აფხაზეთი (კურორტი ბიჭვინთა).jpg
Abkhazia Gagra District and Gudauta District 1965 43°10′27″N 40°25′32″E / 43.17417°N 40.42556°E / 43.17417; 40.42556 75.33 km² Ia
Borjomi Nature Reserve.jpg
Samtskhe-Javakheti Borjomi Municipality 1929 41°49′39.1″N 43°16′01″E / 41.827528°N 43.26694°E / 41.827528; 43.26694 237.5 km² Ia
Tskhemovani Bridge.JPG
Adjara Kobuleti Municipality 1959 41°44′57″N 42°02′04″E / 41.74917°N 42.03444°E / 41.74917; 42.03444 55.86 km² Ia
Kobuleti Nature Reserve.jpg
Adjara Kobuleti Municipality 1998 41°51′47″N 41°48′09″E / 41.86306°N 41.80250°E / 41.86306; 41.80250 5.7 km² Ia
Ninoskhevi waterfall 10.jpg
Kakheti Lagodekhi Municipality 1912 41°54′00″N 46°20′00″E / 41.90000°N 46.33333°E / 41.90000; 46.33333 356.98 km² Ia
Liachvskiy nature reserve.png
Shida Kartli Akhalgori Municipality 1977 42°23′05″N 44°15′04″E / 42.38472°N 44.25111°E / 42.38472; 44.25111 120.22 km² Ia
Reitter-Abel Holzarten T097.jpg
Kakheti Sagarejo Municipality 1935 41°46′07″N 45°22′38″E / 41.76861°N 45.37722°E / 41.76861; 45.37722 18.41 km² Ia
Road to Pskhu.jpg
Abkhazia Sukhumi District 1941 43°20′44″N 41°00′29″E / 43.34556°N 41.00806°E / 43.34556; 41.00806 733.48 km² Ia
რიწის ტბა.jpg
Abkhazia Gudauta District 1930 43°29′24″N 40°37′04″E / 43.49000°N 40.61778°E / 43.49000; 40.61778 311.0 km² Ia
Sataplia. Dinosaur
Kakheti Akhmeta Municipality 1935 42°18′58.2″N 42°40′21.6″E / 42.316167°N 42.672667°E / 42.316167; 42.672667 6.04 km² Ia
Tushethi.jpg
Kakheti Akhmeta Municipality 2003 42°22′53.6″N 45°36′46.2″E / 42.381556°N 45.612833°E / 42.381556; 45.612833 231.51 km² Ia
მიჯნისყურე, ვაშლოვანი.jpg
Kakheti Dedoplistsqaro Municipality 1935 41°09′17.5″N 46°32′49.6″E / 41.154861°N 46.547111°E / 41.154861; 46.547111 176.12 km² Ia

National parks

Main article: National parks of Georgia

Managed Reserves

Natural Monuments

Main article: List of natural monuments of Georgia

Ramsar sites

Protected Landscapes

Planned protected areas

See also

References

  1. ^ Georgia, Europe. UNEP-WCMC (2018). Protected Area Profile for Georgia from the World Database of Protected Areas, November 2018. Protected Planet
  2. ^ Law of Georgia. Creation and Management of Natural Monuments. 20 ноября 2013 года.
  3. ^ National Parks. Agency of Protected Areas of Georgia. Retrieved on January 11, 2014
  4. ^ Statistics'. Agency of Protected Areas of Georgia. Retrieved on January 11, 2014
  5. ^ "The forgotten wetlands of eastern Georgia « Rewilding Foundation". 2020-03-18. Archived from the original on 2020-03-18. Retrieved 2021-08-29.
  6. ^ Planned Protected Areas Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine. Agency of Protected Areas of Georgia. Retrieved on January 7, 2010
  7. ^ 41°45′28.786″N 44°16′9.131″E / 41.75799611°N 44.26920306°E / 41.75799611; 44.26920306 Trialeti Planned National Park near Inner Kartli, Kaspi Municipality in Shida Kartli region.