This is a list of kings of Bithynia, an ancient kingdom in northwestern Anatolia.

Before Zipoetes I of Bithynia assumed the Greek title of Basileus ("king") in 297 BCE,[1] the positions of him and his predecessors are variously described as "prince",[2] "chieftain",[1] "ruler",[3] and "king".[4] One of the primary sources for the monarchs of Bithynia is About Hericlea (Ancient Greek: Περί Ηρακλείας, romanizedPeri Herakleias) of Memnon of Heraclea.[3]

List

[edit]

The coinage of these kings show their regal portraits, which tend to be engraved in an extremely accomplished Hellenistic style.[6]

Family tree of kings of Bithynia

[edit]
Boteiras
Bas
king of Bithynia
c. 376–326 BC
Zipoetes I
king of Bithynia
c. 326–276 BC
Nicomedes I
king of Bithynia
c. 276–255 BC
Zipoetes II
king of Bithynia
c. 279–276 BC
Ziaelas
king of Bithynia
c. 254–228 BC
Philip V
king of Macedonia
Apama III
Antigonids
Prusias I the Lame
king of Bithynia
c. 228–182 BC
daughter
Antiochus Hierax
Seleucids
Apame IVPrusias II the Hunter
king of Bithynia
c. 182–149 BC
Nicomedes II Epiphanes
king of Bithynia
c. 149–127 BC
Apama
∞ Dyegilos
son of Cotys IV of Thrace
Nyssa of Cappadocia
daughter of
Ariarathes VI of Cappadocia
Nicomedes III Euergetes
king of Bithynia
c. 127–94 BC
Laodice
daughter of
Mithridates V of Pontus
Nicomedes IV Philopator
king of Bithynia
c. 94–74 BC
Socrates Chrestus
usurper
Nyssa of Bithynia

See also

[edit]

Notes

[edit]
  1. ^ ἐβασίλευσε ebasileuse. The verb βασιλεύω basiléō comes from the noun βασιλεύς basileús ("king"), and means "to be king" or "to reign as king".
  2. ^ κρατήσας δὲ τῆς ἀρχῆς kratesas de tes arkhes.

References

[edit]
  1. ^ a b c Williams 1990, p. 10.
  2. ^ The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge: Bassantin - Bloemaart, Volume 4 Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge Knight, 1835 p. 470
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Smith 2004, Chapters 1–21.
  4. ^ a b Olmstead 2022, p. 344.
  5. ^ a b c d Slavova, Mirena (2015). "The Thracian Diphthong /oi/ Revisited". Studia classica Serdicensia: 144–145. Retrieved 14 March 2023.
  6. ^ Asia Minor Coins - regal Bithynian coins

Bibliography

[edit]