The list of shipwrecks in January 1865 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during January 1865.

1 January

List of shipwrecks: 1 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Des Moines City  United States The 122-ton sternwheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Arkansas River in Arkansas.[1]
Margaret  United Kingdom The lighter sank at Greenock, Renfrewshire. She was refloated on 11 January.[2]
USS San Jacinto  United States Navy The screw frigate struck a reef at No Name Cay off Great Abaco Island, Bahamas and filled with water. Her crew were rescued. Efforts to salvage her failed.[3][4]
Three Daisies  United Kingdom The steamship was driven ashore and wrecked near Troon, Ayrshire. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Whitehaven, Cumberland to Hartlepool, County Durham,[5] or Liverpool, Lancashire.[6]
Waterloo  United Kingdom The barque was driven ashore at South Shields, County Durham. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to South Sheilds. She was refloated and taken in to South Shields.[7]
Zuma  United Kingdom The ship struck a sunken rock off Jersey and was holed. She was taken in to Saint Helier the next day.[8]

2 January

List of shipwrecks: 2 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Andrew Wilson  United Kingdom The schooner struck the Carr Rock, in the North Sea off the coast of Fife and was abandoned by her crew. She was later boarded by some fishermen and take in tow by the tug Hercules ( United Kingdom) but sank at the mouth of the River Tay with the loss of one life.[9]
Annie United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Guernsey The ship struck rocks off Chausey, Manche, France. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland to Granville, Manche. She was refloated the next day and taken in to Gorey, Jersey, Channel Islands in a severely leaky condition.[10][11]
Celia  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner, a blockade runner carrying a cargo of turpentine, was shelled, then boarded by a landing party from the gunboat USS Nipsic ( United States Navy) and burned at Murrell's Inlet on the coast of South Carolina.[12]
Cricket  United Kingdom The sloop was driven ashore at St. Ubes, Portugal. She was on a voyage from Cork to Lisbon, Portugal.[13]
Deerfoot  United Kingdom The ship was crushed by ice and sunk at Narva, Russia. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Cronstadt, Russia to London.[10]
Elizabeth  Russia The brig was driven ashore near "Ostergarnsholm", Sweden. Her crew were rescued.[5][14]
Idomeina  Italy The barque struck the Whitby Rock. She was on a voyage from South Shields, County Durham, United Kingdom to Ancona, Papal States. She was towed in the River Tyne by the steamship Pilot ( United Kingdom).[15][10]
London  United Kingdom The steamship departed from Gothenburg, Sweden for London. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands.[16]
Pourvoyeur  France The lugger sank in the Atlantic Ocean (49°25′N 4°57′W / 49.417°N 4.950°W / 49.417; -4.950). Her crew were rescued by the barque Herbert ( United Kingdom). Purvoyeur was on a voyage from Bordeaux, Gironde to Gloucester, United Kingdom.[17][18]
Rambler  United Kingdom The sloop was abandoned in the Bristol Channel. Her three crew survived. She was driven ashore at Breaksea Point, Glamorgan. Rambler was on a voyage from Newport, Monmouthshire to Clonakilty, County Cork. She had become a wreck by 16 January.[19][20]

3 January

List of shipwrecks: 3 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Amphion  United Kingdom The steamship was driven ashore at Sheringham, Norfolk. She was on a voyage from Sunderland, County Durham to London. She was refloated the next day.[8]
Clayton  United Kingdom The ship ran aground on the Goodwin Sands, Kent. She was on a voyage from Havre de Grâce, Seine-Inférieure, France to South Shields, County Durham. She was refloated and put in to Ramsgate, Kent.[8]
John Bull  United Kingdom The barque foundered 3 nautical miles (5.6 km) off the mouth of the Rio Grande with the loss of two of her crew.[21][22]
Lady Milton  United Kingdom The ship departed from the "Waux River" for Queenstown, County Cork. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands.[23]
Pasha  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Peterhead, Aberdeenshire. Her crew were rescued.[15][8]
Plantaganet  United Kingdom The brig was wrecked on the Portsal Rocks, off the coast of Finistère, France. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Sunderland, County Durham to Bordeaux, Gironde, France.[15][10]
Stevens  United Kingdom The sloop was beached at East Wemyss, Fife. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Methil, Fife to Bo'ness, Lothian.[2]
Surprise United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland New Zealand The schooner became stranded on a sandspit at the mouth of the Whanganui River while carrying goods from Manukau.[24]
Wright  United States The steamship ran aground and was wrecked at Greytown, Nicaragua.[25]

4 January

List of shipwrecks: 4 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Amphion  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Sheringham, Norfolk.[15]
Anhambaí  Imperial Brazilian Navy Paraguayan War: The gunboat ran aground at Corumbá and was captured by the Paraguayans.[26]
Ann Perry  United States Carrying a cargo of lumber and potatoes, the 348-ton bark ran aground on the coast of California a few miles south of Cliff House with the loss of three lives.[27]
HMS Cadmus  Royal Navy The Pearl-class corvette ran aground at Chatham, Kent. She was refloated.[28]
Iona  United Kingdom The schooner capsized in the Atlantic Ocean with the loss of two of her six crew. Survivors were rescued by the schooner Judah Cappe ( Netherlands). Iona was on a voyage from Portland, Maine, United States to Puerto Rico.[29]
Knickerbocker  United States The 858-ton sidewheel paddle steamer ran aground on the coast of Virginia in the Chesapeake Bay between Fleet′s Point and Smith′s Point. She was still aground on 15 February when she was captured and burned by Confederate forces.[30]
Rattlesnake  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: While trying to run the Union blockade and enter Charleston Harbor at Charleston, South Carolina, the 529-gross register ton screw steamer was forced aground on the coast of South Carolina just east of Breach Inlet by the armed schooner USS Potomska and the gunboat USS Wamsutta (both  United States Navy). She was burned and abandoned.[31]
Sceptre United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland British North America The schooner foundered off Padre Island, Texas, Confederate States of America.[29]
Vesper  United Kingdom The fishing smack foundered. Her crew were rescued by the brig Tyne ( United Kingdom).[32]

5 January

List of shipwrecks: 5 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Calliance  United Kingdom The full-rigged ship was driven onto a reef and wrecked at Camden Harbour, Western Australia.[33]
Camilla  United Kingdom The ship ran aground at Nassau, Bahamas. She was on a voyage from Newport, Monmouthshire to Nassau. She was refloated on 7 January.[34]
Canterbury United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland New Zealand The ship was driven ashore in Palliser Bay. She had been refloated and repaired by 15 July.[35]
Christian  United Kingdom The schooner departed from North Shields, Northumberland for Perth. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all four crew.[32]
Contest  United Kingdom The ship struck the Haisborough Sands, in the North Sea off the coast of Norfolk and sank. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from São Miguel Island, Azores to Hull, Yorkshire.[2]
Elizabeth  United Kingdom The schooner was wrecked on the Burbo Bank, in Liverpool Bay with the loss of all hands.[36][37] She was on a voyage from Dublin to Liverpool, Lancashire.[38]
Lloyd's  United Kingdom The ship departed from a French port for Portsmouth, Hampshire. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands.[39]
Lochee  United Kingdom The full-rigged ship was destroyed by fire 20 nautical miles (37 km) off Point de Galle, Ceylon with the loss of two of the 45 people on board. Survivors were rescued by the brigantine Soon Hong ( Hamburg). Lochee was on a voyage from Dundee, Forfarshire to Calcutta, India.[40]
Lord Adolphus  United Kingdom The schooner sprang a leak and foundered in the North Sea with the loss of a crew member. Survivors were rescued by a Norwegian vessel.[41][42]
Loochee  United Kingdom The ship was destroyed by fire off Galle, Ceylon with the loss of two lives. She was on a voyage from Dundee, Forfarshire to Calcutta, India.[43][34]
Orontes  United Kingdom The ship was sighted off Gibraltar whilst on a voyage from Odessa, Russia to a British port. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands.[44]
Pleiades  United Kingdom The full-rigged ship was driven onto the Devil's Bank, in the River Mersey. She was on a voyage from Liverpool to Callao, Peru. She was refloated with the assistance of three tugs.[37]
Robert McWilliams  United Kingdom The brig was driven ashore on Skagen, Denmark. Four crew were reported missing, the rest were rescued by a lifeboat. She was on a voyage from Vyborg, Grand Duchy of Finland to London. She subsequently became a wreck.[8][32]
Wilken  United Kingdom The ship departed from Speymouth, Moray for Sunderland, County Durham. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands.[45]

6 January

List of shipwrecks: 6 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Betsey  United Kingdom The ship sank at Bernard's Wharf. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from "Port Dundrum" to Fleetwood, Lancashire.[37]
Canton  Hamburg The schooner was lost in the South China Sea with the loss of all but one of her crew and 549 of the 550 coolies on board. She was on a voyage from Swatow, China to Singapore, Straits Settlements.[46][47]
Edwards  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore and wrecked at Mazagan, Morocco.[48]
Piedmont  United States The 448-ton screw steamer was destroyed by fire 6 nautical miles (11 km) off the off the Cape Elizabeth Lights, Maine with the loss of four of her crew. She was on a voyage from Portland, Maine to New York.[27][49][50]
Salclodin  Portugal The schooner-rigged steamship was wrecked on the Burbo Bank, in Liverpool Bay.[51]
Sydenham  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked at Bombay, India. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Kurrachee to Bombay.[43][34]

7 January

List of shipwrecks: 7 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Apollo  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. She was on a voyage from North Shields, Northumberland to the River Thames.[8]
Jeune Sophie  France The ship ran aground on the Bœufs. She was declared a total loss.[34]
John and Jane  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked on the North Garr Sand, at the mouth of the River Tees with the loss of both crew. She was on a voyage from Middlesbrough, Yorkshire to Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland.[52][53]
Marie  Norway The brig was abandoned in the North Sea. Her crew were rescued by the steamship Leopard ( Hamburg).[13]
Waterwitch  United Kingdom The smack was abandoned in the Dogger Bank with the loss of a crew member.[54]

8 January

List of shipwrecks: 8 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Kassine Flag unknown The ship was driven ashore and wrecked on "Ludroog", one of the Wadden Islands.[55]
Melville  United States The steamship foundered with the loss of about 80 lives. She was on a voyage from New York to Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, Confederate States of America.[56][57]
Valeria  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked on "Kadour Island", in the Sea of Marmara.[32] She was on a voyage from Malta to Constantinople, Ottoman Empire.[58]

9 January

List of shipwrecks: 9 January 1865
Ship Country Description
George and Emily  United Kingdom The barque ran aground on the Cross Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Norfolk. She was on a voyage from North Shields, Northumberland to Alexandria, Egypt. She was refloated and put back to North Shields in a leaky condition.[32]

10 January

List of shipwrecks: 10 January 1865
Ship Country Description
HMS Aurora  Royal Navy The Imperieuse-class frigate was driven ashore near Cherbourg, Seine-Inférieure, France.[55]
Bridgwater  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Sandy Hook, New Jersey, United States.[50]
Diligent  United States The 140-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a snag and sank in the Mississippi River upstream from Helena, Arkansas.[59]
Hoffnung Flag unknown The ship ran aground on the Newcombe Sand, in the North Sea of the coast of Suffolk, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, United Kingdom to Seville, Spain.[55] She was refloated the next day and taken in to Lowestoft, Suffolk.[32]
Lady Shelburne  United Kingdom The brig foundered off Filfla, Malta. Her crew survived. She was on a voyage from Brăila, Ottoman Empire to a British port.[60][61]
Mary  United Kingdom The brig was driven ashore at Buenos Aires, Argentina. She was refloated on 18 January.[62]

11 January

List of shipwrecks: 11 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Friends  United Kingdom The sloop ran aground and sank at Eyemouth, Berwickshire.[13]
Happy Family  United Kingdom The brig was driven ashore at Lowestoft, Suffolk.[55]
Regina  United Kingdom The steamship was run down and sunk off Southend-on-Sea, Essex by the steamship Carbon ( United Kingdom). Her crew survived. Regina was on a voyage from the Mediterranean to London.[63][64]

12 January

List of shipwrecks: 12 January 1865
Ship Country Description
CSS Columbia  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The ironclad ram struck rocks or a sunken wreck, grounded, and broke her back at Charleston, South Carolina, near Fort Moultrie. Confederate efforts to refloat her failed. Union forces captured her on 18 February and refloated her on 26 April.[65]
Geelong  United Kingdom The ship struck a sunken wreck at Buenos Aires, Argentina and was beached.[66] She was on a voyage from Buenos Aires to Batavia, Netherlands East Indies.[67] She was declared a total loss.[68]
Jefferson Davis  United States The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean with the loss of six of her 28 crew. Survivors were rescued by Chattillon ( United Kingdom).[34]
Pauline  United Kingdom The ship ran aground on the Shipwash Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Suffolk. She was on a voyage from South Shields, County Durham to Oporto, Portugal. She floated off and sank with the loss of a crew member.[54]
Rapid United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland British North America The ship was driven ashore in the Gut of Canso. She was on a voyage from Pugwash, Nova Scotia to a British port. She was refloated and resumed her voyage.[69]
Thomas  United Kingdom The schooner struck rocks in the Farne Islands, Northumberland and was damaged. She was on a voyage from Arbroath, Forfarshire to the River Tyne. She put in to Warkworth, Northumberland in a leaky condition.[13]
Wasp  United States During a voyage in California from Freeport to San Francisco with a cargo of brick and cobble, the sloop struck a snag and sank in Steamboat Slough.[70]

13 January

List of shipwrecks: 13 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Billy  United Kingdom The brig was wrecked off Southwold, Suffolk, England, with the loss of all six crew.[71]
Brazilie Packet
Grand Duchy of Oldenburg
The brig parted her cables when anchored near the Brisons, off Cornwall, United Kingdom and went on the rocks at Progo Cove, Cape Cornwall. Her crew were either lost, or rescued by Mercutio Santos (Flag unknown). She was on her way from the Rio Grande to Falmouth, Cornwall carrying hides and horns.[72][73]
Charlotte  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and wrecked on the Isle of May, Fife. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Crail, Fife to Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland.[74]
Christiana  United Kingdom The schooner was driven into the barque Florence Bragington ( United Kingdom) and sank at Plymouth, Devon.[73] She was on a voyage from Morwellham Quay, Devon to Swansea, Glamorgan.[75]
Effort  United Kingdom The schooner collided with Ocean Bride ( United Kingdom) and sank off Orfordness, Suffolk. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from South Shields, County Durham to London.[73][32]
Henrietta  United Kingdom The sloop hit Barrel Point while attempting to cross Hayle Bar, in St Ives Bay, Cornwall, England, with the loss of all three crew and the pilot.[72][75]
Ilma  Russia The barque was driven ashore and wrecked at Merlimont, Pas-de-Calais, France with the loss of nine of her eleven crew. She was on a voyage from Antwerp, Belgium to Almería, Spain.[76]
Powerful  United Kingdom The East Indiaman foundered off Guernsey, Channel Islands with the loss of all hands. She was on a voyage from Calcutta, India to London.[76]
Premier  United Kingdom The barque was driven ashore and wrecked in White Bay, County Cork. She was on a voyage from Iquique, Chile to Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland.[77] She was refloated on 28 January and towed in to Queenstown, County Cork.[78]
Providential  United Kingdom The ship ran aground on the Herd Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of County Durham. She was on a voyage from Dieppe, Seine-Inférieure, France to North Shields, Northumberland. She was refloated the next day and taken in to North Shields.[32]
Westmoreland  United Kingdom The ship ran aground on the Longnose Rock, off Kingsgate, Kent. She was on a voyage from Grimsby, Lincolnshire to Havre de Grâce, Seine-Inférieure. She was refloated on 15 January and taken in to Ramsgate, Kent.[50]
Young America  United States The 179- or 350-ton sidewheel paddle steamer struck a snag, broke in two, and sank in the Feather River 8 miles (13 km) below Marysville, California.[70]

14 January

For the abandoning and setting afire of Phryne on this date, see the entry for 10 December 1864.
List of shipwrecks: 14 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Amélie  France The sloop was wrecked near Fécamp, Seine-Inférieure. Her crew were rescued by the steam cutter Averne ( France).[79]
Argo  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Maltreath, Anglesey. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Cette, Hérault, France.[80]
Artillery  United Kingdom The horse boat sank at Plymouth, Devon.[81]
Azua  France The barque was wrecked at Saint Thomas, Virgin Islands. She was on a voyage from Cartagena, United States of Colombia to Gonaïves, Haiti.[82]
Ceres  United Kingdom While carrying roof slate to Hayle, Cornwall, England, the brigantine broke her moorings while in Boscastle, Cornwall, and ran up the beach during hurricane-force winds. She was badly damaged on the next tide and became a wreck.[72] Her crew survived.[83]
Champion  United Kingdom The barque foundered off Haiti. Her crew were rescued.[84] She was on a voyage from Saint-Marc, Haiti to Falmouth, Cornwall.[85]
Cygnet  United Kingdom The ship was driven out to sea crewless from Exmouth, Devon.[75] She came ashore at Platte Saline Bay, Alderney, Channel Islands and was wrecked.[67]
Elgin  United Kingdom The full-rigged ship was driven ashore at Plymouth.[81]
Elizabeth Jane  United Kingdom The schooner parted her moorings and was driven out of Newquay harbour and onto Towan Beach, north Cornwall, England.[72]
Fear Not  United Kingdom The ship was lost in the South China Sea.[86]
Fœderis Arca Flag unknown The schooner was driven ashore at Swansea, Glamorgan, United Kingdom.[54]
Frieden  Norway The ship was wrecked on Île Melon, in the Glénan Islands, Finistère, France with the loss of three of her eight crew.[79]
Gabrielle  France The galiot was driven ashore on Île Melon. Her crew survived.[79] She was on a voyage from an English port to Bordeaux, Gironde.[83]
HMS Geyser  Royal Navy The Driver-class sloop was driven against the quayside at Plymouth.[87]
Henry Holman  United Kingdom The schooner was run ashore at Penmanarch, Anglesey. Her eight crew were rescued. A crew member of the Holyhead Lifeboat was lost going to her assistance. Henry Holman was on a voyage from Liverpool to Bermuda.[76]
Hero  United Kingdom The ship struck the Brake Sand. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland to Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France. She put in to Ramsgate, Kent in a leaky condition.[73]
Jane  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore at Mablethorpe, Lincolnshire. She was on a voyage from Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France to King's Lynn, Norfolk.[54]
Lelia  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: The 640-gross registered ton sidewheel paddle steamer sprang a leak and sank in heavy seas in Liverpool Bay off the Great Orme, Caernarfonshire, near the North West lightship (
Trinity House) was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Nassau, Bahamas or Bermuda. 46 lives were lost, the 12 survivors reaching the lightship. They could only be taken to safety two days later.[88][89][90][91]
Lizzie  United Kingdom The schooner sank off the coast of Finistère with the loss of all hands.[83]
Ocean  United Kingdom The schooner sank off Langstone, Hampshire with the loss of two of her five crew. Survivors were rescued by a cutter from Fort Cumberland. She was on a voyage from Charlestown, Cornwall to Sunderland, County Durham.[81][87]
Prince Imperial  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore in Saint Ouens Bay, Jersey, Channel Islands. She was on a voyage from Havre de Grâce, Seine-Inférieure, France to Cardiff, Glamorgan. She was declared a total loss,[80][67] but was refloated on 29 January and towed in to Saint Helier by the steamships Ariel and Fuon (Both  France).[92]
Rambler  United Kingdom The smack collided with a Dutch schooner and another vessel off Portishead, Somerset and capsized. She came ashore at Clevedon, Somerset and was wrecked. She was on a voyage from Gloucester to Savannah, Georgia, Confederate States of America.[80] f[67]
Samuel  United Kingdom The ship was abendoned in the English Channel off Beachy Head, Sussex. She was on a voyage from Exmouth, Devon to Hartlepool, County Durham.[83]
Snipe  United Kingdom The brig ran aground on the Shipwash Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Suffolk and sank.[73] Her crew were rescued by Jane Howard ( United Kingdom).[32]
Swansea  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and wrecked in Ballydonaghan Bay.[19]
HMS Terrible  Royal Navy The frigate ran aground at Sheerness, Kent.[87][93]
Thomas  United Kingdom The schooner was wrecked on the Dogger Bank, in the Irish Sea. All six people on board were rescued by the Rosslare Lifeboat.[94]
True Blue  United Kingdom The brig was wrecked at "Chatillon", near Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France with the loss of seven of her nine crew. She was on a voyage from Monastagem, Algeria to London.[79][76]

15 January

List of shipwrecks: 15 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Askalon  United Kingdom The steamship was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean (46°58′N 25°03′W / 46.967°N 25.050°W / 46.967; -25.050). All on board were rescued by the barque Almonde ( Denmark). Askalon was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Port-au-Prince, Haiti.[95][82][96]
Cygnet  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and wrecked on Alderney, Channel Islands.[80]
Ellen Sophia  United Kingdom The brig struck rocks and sank off Dingle Head, County Cork with the loss of all hands. She was on a voyage from Demerara, British Guiana to Liverpool, Lancashire.[74][97]
Juanito  Spain The brig lost her way while carrying sugar and molasses from Cárdenas, Cuba to Greenock, Scotland, and struck the rocks at Duckpool, Cornwall, United Kingdom with the loss of one of her eleven crew. Survivors were rescued by rocket apparatus.[72][98][99]
Liverpool No. 1 Lifeboat  United Kingdom
Illustration of the capsizing of the Liverpool No. 1 Lifeboat on its way to rescue the crew of Lelia, from the Illustrated London News.
Illustration of the capsizing of the Liverpool No. 1 Lifeboat on its way to rescue the crew of Lelia, from the Illustrated London News.
The lifeboat capsized in heavy seas in Liverpool Bay en route for the North West lightship ( United Kingdom) in tow of the tug Blazer ( United Kingdom) to recover the survivors of the sinking of the paddle steamer Lelia ( United Kingdom) the previous day. Seven of the lifeboat′s eleven crew members drowned, the survivors being rescued by the tug.[89][90]
Lotus  United States Bound from New York City to Port Royal, South Carolina, carrying a shipment by the Adams Express Company, a cargo of sutler's stores, four passengers, and a crew of five, the schooner ran ashore on the coast of South Carolina at North Shore Beach near Winyah Bay. While the sidewheel gunboat USS Sebago ( United States Navy) was trying to help refloat her, Lotus was driven farther onto the beach, stranding her.[100]
North Heath  United Kingdom American Civil War: The 541-gross register ton sidewheel paddle steamer, damaged while entering port at Wilmington, North Carolina, in October 1864, was scuttled as a blockship in North Carolina′s Cape Fear River near either Fort Lee or Fort Strong.[101]
USS Patapsco  United States Navy American Civil War: The monitor struck a mine at Charleston, South Carolina, and sank with the loss of 62 lives almost 800 yards (732 meters) east of Fort Sumter at 32°45′55″N 79°53′29″W / 32.765252°N 79.891281°W / 32.765252; -79.891281 (USS Patapsco (1862)).[102]
Rosine  United Kingdom The ship departed from Vigo, Spain for Sunderland, County Durham. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands.[103]
Wilmington  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The incomplete ironclad was burned prior to launching at Wilmington, North Carolina, to prevent her capture by Union forces.[104]

16 January

List of shipwrecks: 16 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Albert Jurss  Russia The ship was damaged by fire in De Castries Bay. She was subsequently repaired.[105]
Colieton  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Brielle, South Holland, Netherlands. She was refloated on 21 January with the assistance of a tug.[50]
Euphemia Anderson  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked at Capbreton, Landes, France with the loss of all but three of her crew.[106]
Ganges  United Kingdom The brig was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew were rescued by Sacramento ( United States). Ganges was on a voyage from Cádiz, Spain to Boston, Massachusetts, United States.[107]
Napoleon  United Kingdom The schooner ran aground on the Herd Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of County Durham. She was on a voyage from Antwerp, Belgium to North Shields, Northumberland. She was refloated the next day.[32]
Welcome Hill  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore on Walney Island, Lancashire. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Newry, County Antrim.[66]

17 January

List of shipwrecks: 17 January 1865
Ship Country Description
America  United Kingdom The brig was abandoned in the North Sea off Ostend, West Flanders, Belgium.[108] Her crew were rescued by a steamship.[109]
Beatrice  United Kingdom The steamship foundered in the Bay of Biscay. Her crew were rescued by the barque Jean Bart ( France). Beatrice was on a voyage from Cardiff, Glamorgan to Bordeaux, Gironde, France.[110][111]
Cape Fear  Confederate States of America American Civil War: Confederate forces scuttled the screw transport in the Cape Fear River near Smithfield, North Carolina, to prevent her capture by Union forces.[112]
Chippewa  United States American Civil War: The steamer grounded on the south shore of the Arkansas River at Ivey's Ford, 14 miles (22.5 km) above Clarksville, Arkansas. Confederate forces captured her and her crew and passengers, removed her cargo, and burned her.[1]
Clarence  United Kingdom The ship sprang a leak and sank off The Skerries, off the coast of Anglesey. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Ardrossan, Ayrshire to Dublin.[74]
Columbian  United Kingdom The 1,100-ton West India and Pacific Steamship Company iron screw steamer was blown onto rocks and wrecked by a hurricane off Ouessant, Finistère, France with the loss of 31 of the 34 people on board. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to the West Indies.[113][80]
Crusader  United Kingdom The steamship ran aground at Port-au-Prince, Haiti. She was on a voyage from Port-au-Prince to Liverpool. She was refloated.[85]
Edith  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and damaged at Ballyferris, County Down. She was on a voyage from the Clyde to Padstow, Cornwall.[109] She was refloated and taken in to Donaghadee.[108]
Justus  Netherlands The ship was driven ashore in the Wester Ems. She was on a voyage from an English port to Groningen. She was refloated on 21 January and taken in to Emden, Kingdom of Hanover.[67][114]
Pelteway  Confederate States of America American Civil War: Confederate forces scuttled the steamer in the Cape Fear River at Smithfield, to prevent her capture by Union forces.[115]
Sir John Franklin  United Kingdom During a voyage from Baltimore, Maryland, to San Francisco, California, with a cargo of lumber, dry goods, pianos, and distilled spirits, the 999-ton full-rigged ship hit rocks on the coast of California halfway between Pigeon Point and Point Año Nuevo and sank with the loss of 13 lives. There were three survivors.[116]
Steadfast  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Mostaganem, Algeria.[117][50]
Suzanne  United Kingdom The ship was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean (47°29′N 51°33′W / 47.483°N 51.550°W / 47.483; -51.550). Her fourteen crew were rescued by the barque Olrikken ( Norway). Suzanne was on a voyage from Cartagena, Spain to South Shields, County Durham.[117][50][118]
Wanderer  United Kingdom The ship ran aground on the Shipwash Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Suffolk. She was refloated with the assistance of two smack and resumed her voyage.[109]

18 January

List of shipwrecks: 18 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Calliope  Norway The barque sprang a leak and was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Odessa, Russia to Falmouth, Cornwall, United Kingdom.[117][50][119]
Lavinia  Confederate States of America The steamship caught fire at Havana, Cuba and may have been scuttled.[120]
Margaret  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked 3 nautical miles (5.6 km) south of Girvan, Renfrewshire. Her crew were rescued She was on a voyage from Ardrossan, Ayrshire to Runcorn, Cheshire.[74]
Margaret  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked at Cosswell Point, County Antrim with the loss of all hands.[74]
Rangoon  United Kingdom The steamship suffered an onboard explosion and fire with the loss of two lives. She was on a voyage from Bombay, India to Suez, Egypt.[121]
Reaper  United Kingdom The ship ran aground on the Longsand, in the North Sea off the coast of Essex. She was on a voyage from South Shields, County Durham to "Vienna". She was refloated and resumed her voyage.[67]
Sonderberg
Trieste
The barque ran aground on the Cannon Rock. She was on a voyage from Troon, Ayrshire, United Kingdom to Odessa, Russia. She was refloated the next day and was assisted in to Belfast, County Antrim, United Kingdom.[67]
Thomas and Margaret  United Kingdom The brig was run down and sunk off Sheerness, Kent by Lady Berridale ( United Kingdom) with the loss of one of her six crew.[74][32]

19 January

List of shipwrecks: 19 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Annie Scott  United Kingdom The ship was severely damaged at Constantinople, Ottoman Empire when an Ottoman transport ship was driven into her during a gale.[108]
Countess of Malmesbury  United Kingdom The ship foundered in the English Channel 8 nautical miles (15 km) off St. Alban's Head, Dorset. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Rochester, Kent to Brest, Finistère, France.[83]
Sardina  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at "Locknoll Point", Wigtownshire.[83]
Windsor  United Kingdom The sloop was driven ashore and wrecked at "Pontasnal", Finistère, France.[109]

20 January

List of shipwrecks: 20 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Darien  United Kingdom The steamship ran aground on Taylor's Bank, in Liverpool Bay. She was on a voyage from Bermuda to Liverpool, Lancashire. She was refloated and taken in to Liverpool.[108][109]
John Randolph  Confederate States of America The transport was wrecked on Sullivan's Island at the entrance to Charleston Harbor off Charleston, South Carolina.[122]
Louisa Ann  United Kingdom The ship struck a sunken rock off Portland Bill, Dorset. She was on a voyage from Poole, Dorset to Runcorn, Cheshire. She put in to Weymouth, Dorset in a leaky condition.[83]
Marmora  United Kingdom The barque ran aground on the Shipwash Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Suffolk. She was on a voyage from London to Dundee, Forfarshire. She was refloated with the assistance of two smacks and resumed her voyage.[83]
Wilhelmina Egberdina  Netherlands The ship sprang a leak and sank in the English Channel 6 nautical miles (11 km) south of Brighton, Sussex, United Kingdom. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Galaţi, Ottoman Empire to Amsterdam, North Holland.[83]

21 January

List of shipwrecks: 21 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Brancepath  United Kingdom The steamship ran aground 2 nautical miles (3.7 km) north of Bridlington, Yorkshire. She was refloated and resumed her voyage.[50]
Granite City  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The steamer, a blockade runner perhaps renamed Three Marys, was chased ashore off Velasco, Texas, by the screw steamer USS Penguin ( United States Navy) and broke up.[104][123]
James  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore at Ballyferris, County Down. She was on a voyage from Troon, Ayrshire to Dublin. She was refloated.[124]
Liseon United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland British North America The schooner was driven ashore at Campobello, New Brunswick. She was on a voyage from Windsor, Nova Scotia to New York. She was later refloated.[125]
HMS Lyra  Royal Navy The Swallow-class sloop was driven ashore. She was refloated, repaired and returned to service.[126]
Surprise  United Kingdom The tug collided with the steamship Sofia ( United Kingdom) and sank in the River Mersey. Her crew were rescued.[124]
Unnamed  United Kingdom The full-rigged ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean (36°18′N 46°10′W / 36.300°N 46.167°W / 36.300; -46.167) with the loss of all hands.[127]

22 January

List of shipwrecks: 22 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Delphina  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Carrying a cargo of cotton, the schooner was forced aground and destroyed on the Calcasieu River near Calcasieu Pass in Louisiana by a cutter and a launch from the gunboat USS Chocura ( United States Navy).[128]
Glenara  United Kingdom The barque departed from Alexandria, Egypt for Hull, Yorkshire. Believed subsequently driven ashore on the coast of Africa and plundered by the local inhabitants before floating off. She was towed in to Malta by HMS Magicienne ( Royal Navy) in early March.[129]

23 January

List of shipwrecks: 23 January 1865
Ship Country Description
CSS Drewry  Confederate States Navy
The wreck of a Confederate gunboat on the James River in 1865, believed to be that of CSS Drewry.
The wreck of a Confederate gunboat on the James River in 1865, believed to be that of CSS Drewry.
American Civil War, Battle of Trent's Reach: The gunboat ran aground on the James River in Virginia 400 yards (366 meters) downriver from obstructions at Trent's Reach and 1,500 yards (1,372 meters) above Battery Parsons. On 24 January, two 100-pound (45-kg) shells fired by the 1st Connecticut Heavy Artillery Regiment at Fort McPherson then struck her, one of them passing through her magazine. Her crew abandoned ship, and all but two reached safety before her magazine exploded, wrecking her and enveloping her in flames.[130][131]
Henry  Netherlands The ship ran aground on the Goodwin Sands, Kent, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Rotterdam, South Holland to New York, United States. She was refloated and resumed her voyage.[106]
Lady Jocelyn  United Kingdom The steamship was driven ashore and damaged 10 nautical miles (19 km) north of Madras, India. She was refloated the next day with assistance from Euphrates ( United Kingdom).[132][69]
Maria  Belgium The tjalk was sunk at Antwerp in a collision with Sophia Frances ( Belgium).[114]
Maynards  United Kingdom The ship collided with HMS Cadmus ( Royal Navy) and was severely damaged. She was towed in to Plymouth, Devon by HMS Cadmus.[50]

24 January

List of shipwrecks: 24 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Cloda  United Kingdom The steamship ran aground and broke in two 3 nautical miles (5.6 km) north of Huacho, Peru. All on board were rescued. She was on a voyage from Callao, Peru to Guayaquil, Ecuador.[133][134][29][135]
Mount's Bay  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Honfleur, Calvados, France. Her crew were rescued.[119] She was refloated on 2 February and taken in to Honfleur for repairs.[136]
CSS Scorpion  Confederate States Navy American Civil War, Battle of Trent's Reach: The torpedo boat was run aground on the James River in Virginia and was abandoned. A United States Navy launch crew captured and refloated her on 27 January.[104]

25 January

List of shipwrecks: 25 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Agaphea  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and wrecked near Newcastle, County Dublin. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Cardiff, Glamorgan to Dublin.[114][96]
Armenian  United Kingdom The Elder, Dempster & Co cargo ship ran onto the Arklow Bank in the Irish Sea off the coast of County Wicklow and was wrecked with the loss of four lives. Survivors were rescued by the steamship Montague ( United Kingdom). Four crew of the Arklow Lightship (
Trinity House) were lost attempting a rescue. Armenian was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Madeira, Teneriffe, Canary Islands and the west coast of Africa.[137][138]
Isabella  United Kingdom The ship collided with the brig Ellen ( United Kingdom) and ran aground on the Barber Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Norfolk. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland to Fécamp, Seine-Inférieure, France. She was refloated and put in to Great Yarmouth, Norfolk in a leaky condition.[58]
Niagara  United Kingdom The ship ran aground on the Burbo Bank, in Liverpool Bay. She was on a voyage from Liverpool to Havre de Grâce, Seine-Inférieure, France.[139]
Seahorse  United Kingdom The ship ran aground in the Hooghly River. She was refloated and resumed her voyage.[140]
Vincenzi Vicaro  Italy The ship struck a rock at Ilfracombe, Devon, United Kingdom and was holed. SHe was on a voyage from Genoa to Cardiff, Glamorgan, United Kingdom.[114]
Wave  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and wrecked between Horsey and Sea Palling, Norfolk. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Seaham, County Durham to London.[58][82]

26 January

List of shipwrecks: 26 January 1865
Ship Country Description
USS Dai Ching  United States Navy American Civil War: The gunboat ran aground on the Combahee River in South Carolina while under fire by a Confederate artillery battery. She was shelled for seven hours, taking 30 hits, and nine members of her crew were wounded. The tug USS Clover ( United States Navy) attempted to tow her off, but the tow line parted. After her last gun was knocked out, Dai Ching was burned by her crew to prevent her capture by Confederate forces. Her crew escaped aboard Clover except for five men captured by the Confederates.[104][141]
Francis & Ann United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Jersey The schooner struck the Helwick Shoal, in the Bristol Channel and was abandoned by her crew, who reached the Helwick Lightship (
Trinity House), from where they were rescued. Francis and Ann came ashore at Overton, Glamorgan.[142] She was on a voyage from Palermo, Sicily, Italy to Bristol, Gloucestershire.[143]
CSS Hornet  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The torpedo boat sank with the loss of at least one life after colliding with the steamer CSS William Allison ( Confederate States Navy) on the James River in Virginia.[104][144][145]
Macduff  United Kingdom The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean. She was on a voyage from Cardiff, Glamorgan to Pará, Brazil.[146]
Sphere  United Kingdom The ship was severely damaged at Havre de Grâce, Seine-Inférieure, France when Adelaide ( United Kingdom) drove into her. She was consequently beached.[147]
Union  United Kingdom The ship was abandoned. She was on a voyage from Youghal, County Cork to Kenmore. She was taken in to Crookhaven, County Cork in a derelict condtiion.[82]

27 January

List of shipwrecks: 27 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Annie de Saint Jean de Luz  France The ship was wrecked at Pernambuco, Brazil. she was on a voyage from Havre de Grâce, Seine-Inférieure to Pernambuco.[148]
Eclipse  United States The 223-ton sternwheel paddle steamer exploded on the Tennessee River near Johnsonville, Tennessee, killing 140 people and injuring 78.[149][150]
Frances Harriet Mills United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland British North America The ship ran aground at Yarmouth, Nova Scotia and was severely damaged. She was on a voyage from Saint John, New Brunswick to Halifax, Nova Scotia.[148]
Henrietta  Netherlands The schooner was wrecked at Cap La Hougue, Manche, France. She was on a voyage from Amsterdam, North Holland to Venezuela.[151]
Kate Carnie  United Kingdom The full-rigged ship ran aground at Rangoon, Burma. She was on a voyage from Rangoon to Singapore, Straits Settlements. She was refloated and resumed her voyage.[140]
Robin Hood  United Kingdom The pilot cutter was sunk in a collision in the Bristol Channel off Ilfracombe, Devon. Her crew were rescued. The wreck came ashore at Langland, Glamorgan.[142]
Scotia  United Kingdom The brig collided with the steamship Merlin ( United Kingdom) at Saint John's, Newfoundland, British North America and was wrecked. She was on a voyage from Brigus, Newfoundland to Lisbon, Portugal.[152]
Tres Hermanos  Ecuador The ship ran aground on the Goodwin Sands, Kent, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Hamburg to Guayaquil. She was refloated with the assistance of a lifeboat and a tug and taken in to Ramsgate, Kent, where she sank.[153]

28 January

List of shipwrecks: 28 January 1865
Ship Country Description
City of Benares  United Kingdom The ship caught fire at Calcutta, India and was scuttled.[132] She was a total loss.[154]
Lord Maidstone  United Kingdom The barque was abandoned and set afire in the Atlantic Ocean 75 nautical miles (139 km) off Queenstown, County Cork. Her crew were rescued by Bombay Packet ( United Kingdom). Lord Maidstone was on a voyage from Troon, Ayrshire to Málaga, Spain.[96]
Monad  United Kingdom The ship ran aground at Pernambuco, Brazil. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Pernambuco.[148]
Pierre  Kingdom of Italy The ship was abandoned off Cape Finisterre, Spain. She was on a voyage from Genoa, Italy to Cardiff, Glamorgan, United Kingdom.[43][34]
Wanderer  United Kingdom The ship ran aground and sank off Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Gothenburg, Sweden to London.[153]

29 January

List of shipwrecks: 29 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Anna Felicia  France The schooner was driven ashore and wrecked on Guernsey, Channel Islands. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Bordeaux, Gironde to Rouen, Seine-Inférieure.[143][92]
Barbara Innes  United Kingdom The schooner was abandoned in the North Sea off the Isle of May. Her crew survived. She was on a voyage from Ipswich, Suffolk to Portgordon, Moray.[155]
Bee  United Kingdom The schooner collided with a collier schooner off the Middle Lightship (
Trinity House) and was abandoned by her crew. She was on a voyage from Montrose, Forfarshire to London. Bee was subsequently taken in to Brightlingsea, Essex.[156][92][157]
Britannia  United Kingdom The smack ran aground on the Gimblet Rock. She was refloated and beached at Abererch, Caernarfonshire.[152]
Choice  United Kingdom The ship struck the Governor Rock and was damaged. She was on a voyage from Odessa, Russia to Falmouth, Cornwall. She was taken in to Falmouth, where she sank.[153]
Cyclops  Denmark The ship was driven ashore on Skagen. She was on a voyage from Odense to Grimsby, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom.[153]
Glimpse  United Kingdom The ship ran aground on the Tongue Sand. She was on a voyage from London to the Canary Islands. She was refloated and put in to Brixham, Devon in a leaky condition.[147]
Josephine  United Kingdom The schooner was run into by a brig and sank in the English Channel off St Albans Head, Dorset. Her crew were rescued by the brig Hubertus ( United Kingdom). Josephine was on a voyage from Rouen, Seine-Inférieure, France to Grangemouth, Stirlingshire.[151]
Marquis of Anglesey  United Kingdom The smack was driven ashore and wrecked at Pwllheli, Caernarfonshire with the loss of all four people on board. She was on a voyage from Pwllheli to Abersoch.[158]
Martha Brader  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore in St. Catherine's Bay, Jersey, Channel Islands. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Ardrossan, Ayrshire to Saint-Malo, Ille-et-Vilaine, France.[156][96] She was refloated on 31 January and taken in to Jersey for repairs.[7]
Minero Judste  Mexico The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Clonakilty, County Cork, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Matamoras to Liverpool, Lancashire, United Kingdom.[7]
Thomas  United Kingdom The schooner was driven into Ryde Pier, Isle of Wight. Both were damaged.[92]
Vulcan  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Belhaven, Lothian. Her four crew were rescued by the Coast Guard using rocket apparatus. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland to Aberdeen.[151]
Willie Ridley  United Kingdom The brig was abandoned off the coast of Cornwall. Her eight crew were rescued by the Plymouth Lifeboat. She was on a voyage from Plymouth, Devon to Newport, Monmouthshire. She was later reboareded.[92][94]

30 January

List of shipwrecks: 30 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Anne and Margaret  United Kingdom The ship sank off Great Orme, Caernarfonshire. Her crew were rescued.[143]
Assaye  United Kingdom The East Indiaman was driven ashore and wrecked near Galley Head, County Cork with the loss of her captain. She was on a voyage from Bombay, India to Liverpool, Lancashire.[159][153][160]
Certes  Malta The ship was wrecked near Ardmore, County Waterford, United Kingdom with the loss of six of her sixteen crew. Survivors were rescued by the Ardmore Lifeboat ant the Coast Guard.[161][162]
Clontarf  United Kingdom The ship ran aground off Winterton-on-Sea, Norfolk. She was on a voyage from Sunderland, County Durham to Alexandria, Egypt. She was refloated and put in to Great Yarmouth, Norfolk in a leay condiotion, her crew refusing to proceed.[153]
Danish Beauty  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore west of Dover, Kent. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Hamburg to Cardiff, Glamorgan.[153]
Dekar  United Kingdom The schooner ran aground at Felixtowe, Suffolk. She was on a voyage from Hull, Yorkshire to Portland, Dorset.[147][92]
Dom Pedro  Portugal The steamship was damaged by fire at Liverpool.[153][147]
Hants  United Kingdom The brig was driven ashore at Ballycotton, County Cork. She was on a voyage from Odessa, Russia to Cork.[143][161]
Harmony  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore at Glenarm, County Antrim.[15]
Jane and Agnes United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Isle of Man The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Douglas. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Laxey to Saltney, Cheshire.[163]
John Venner  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked in the Hooghly River. Her captain died the next day.[164][165] She was on a voyage from Calcutta, India to Colombo, Ceylon.[154]
Lady Hobart  United Kingdom The full-rigged ship was driven ashore on Ireland's Eye, County Dublin. Her 22 crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Liverpool to Bermuda.[153][166]
Louise  Prussia The brig was driven ashore and wrecked at Seaton, Cornwall, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Santos, Brazil to Falmouth, Cornwall.[143][147]
Margaret  United Kingdom The sloop was abandoned in the Irish Sea. Her crew were rescued by the pilot boat No. 9 ( United Kingdom).[153][78]
Marion  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Tara Point, County Antrim. She was on a voyage from Genoa, Italy to Ardrossan, Ayrshire. She was refloated on 23 February and taken in tow for Ardrossan.[143][92]
Mary and Jane  United Kingdom The schooner ran aground and sank in the River Wear.[167] She was refloated on 8 February.[168]
Milla Flag unknown The ship foundered off Guernsey, Channel Islands.[155]
Newland  United Kingdom The schooner was abandoned off Point Lynas, Anglesey. Her crew were rescued by the pilot boat No. 9 ( United Kingdom). Newland was taken in to Amlwch in a sinking condition.[143][78][92]
Osier  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore at Carrickfergus, County Antrim.[15]
Panope  United Kingdom The brigantine was wrecked at the Hook Lighthouse, County Wexford with the loss of a crew member. She was on a voyage from Brazil to Liverpool.[153][82]
Rebecca  France The ship ran aground in the Rio Grande. She was on a voyage from Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône to the Rio Grande.[169]
Sara  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore on Spiekeroog, Kingdom of Hanover. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Ipswich, Suffolk to Geestemunde.[153][147]
Sextus  Malta The barque was wrecked in Ardmore Bay with the loss of eight of her seventeen crew. She was on a voyage from Sulina, Ottoman Empire to Queenstown, County Cork, United Kingdom.[153][161]
Theodore  France The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Swansea, Glamorgan, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Saint-Malo, Ille-et-Villaine to Swansea.[153]
Trefew  United Kingdom The ship sank off Great Orme. Her crew were rescued.[143][92]
Zenith  United Kingdom The brig ran aground and sank in the River Wear. She was refloated the next day.[167]

31 January

List of shipwrecks: 31 January 1865
Ship Country Description
Catana  United Kingdom The brig struck a rock in the Bahamas and became severely leaky. She was on a voyage from Cardiff, Glamorgan to Nassau, Bahamas and Havana, Cuba.[29]
Dublin  United Kingdom The schooner was wrecked in Dundrum Bay. Her four crew were rescued by the Dundrum Bay Lifeboat.[170]
Gleaner  United Kingdom The brig was driven ashore at Blyth, Northumberland. She was on a voyage from Calais, France to Blyth.[7][171]
Great Northern  United Kingdom The steamship ran aground at Hartlepool, County Durham. She was on a voyage from Middlesbrough, Yorkshire to London. She was refloated.[171]
Huntley  United Kingdom The ship ran aground on the Red Sand. She was refloated and beached at Sheerness, Kent in a sinking condition.[119]
Inconstant  United Kingdom The brig was driven ashore at Blyth. She was on a voyage from Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France to Blyth.[172][171]
Julia  United Kingdom The brig was wrecked on the Silver Key Bank. Her crew were rescued by the steamship Catalina ( Spain). Julia was on a voyage from Newport, Monmouthshire to Port-au-Prince, Haiti.[173][174]
Lady Hobart  United Kingdom The ship sank off Malahide, County Dublin. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Bermuda.[143]
Macedonia  United Kingdom The brig ran aground at Sunderland, County Durham. She was refloated.[167][171]
Marlesminde  Denmark The schooner was driven ashore in the Mariager Fjord. Her crew were rescued.[16]
Mary Jane  United Kingdom The schooner ran aground at Sunderland. She was refloated on 7 February.[171]
Numero Quatro Spain Cuba The ship was driven ashore at Clonakilty, County Cork, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Matamoros, Mexico to Liverpool.[119][175]
Stirlingshire  United Kingdom The barque was abandoned off the Tuskar Rock with the loss of seven of her fifteen crew. She was on a voyage from Demerara, British Guiana to London. The derelict came ashore in South Bay, County Wexford in a waterlogged condition.[156][176] She was refloated on 31 January and taken in to Waterford.[136]
Victorine Maria  France The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Arbroath, Forfarshire, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Blyth to Caen, Calvados.[7][171]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date in January 1865
Ship Country Description
Adelaide Bell  United States The ship was destroyed by fire in the Chincha Islands, Peru before 6 January.[80]
Africa  United Kingdom The brig was driven ashore at Dundalk, County Louth. She was later refloated and towed to Belfast, County Antrim for repairs.[108]
Alectia Flag unknown The steamship ran aground at Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands before 16 January.[177][67]
Ariadne  United Kingdom The full-rigged ship ran aground in the Marabout Channel and was beached.[66]
British Queen  United Kingdom The ship ran aground off Flamborough Head, Yorkshire. She was on a voyage from Carboneras, Spain to South Shields, County Durham. She was refloated and taken in tow by a tug as she was in a leaky condition.[66][67]
Catherine MacIvor  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore near Oban, Argyllshire.[60]
Chief  United Kingdom The brig ran aground near Provincetown, Massachusetts, United States. She was on a voyage from Havana, Cuba to Boston, Massachusetts.[178]
Dahome  France The steamship foundered in the Mediterranean Sea. She was on a voyage from Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône to Alexandria, Egypt.[179][108]
Dunlop  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Pera, Ottoman Empire. She was on a voyage from Constanţa, Ottoman Empire to Falmouth, Cornwall. She was refloated.[8]
Edmund Kay  United Kingdom The ship ran aground at Alexandria. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland to Alexandria. She was refloated with the assistance of two steamships and taken in to Alexandria.[32]
Ellen and Mary  United Kingdom The ship struck the Crow Rock and was abandoned.[180]
Emma  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at St. Ives, Cornwall.[180]
CSS Equator  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The gunboat was burned on the Cape Fear River in North Carolina to prevent her capture by Union forces.[181][182]
Flash  United States The schooner was driven ashore near "Fronter Tobasco" before 19 January.[7]
Governor Elias  United Kingdom The ship was wrecke near "Avona" before 10 January.[2]
Istamboul  United Kingdom The brig foundered in the Atlantic Ocean (45°20′N 6°36′W / 45.333°N 6.600°W / 45.333; -6.600) before 23 January. Her crew were rescued by the barque Zetus ( United Kingdom). Istamboul was on a voyage from Constanţa to Falmouth.[117][50][118]
Jenny Jones  United Kingdom The ship was abandoned in the Bay of Biscay. Her crew were rescued by Hackmatack ( United Kingdom) and another vessel.[18]
Johnston Castle  India The steamship was wrecked off the Sindhudurg Fort, Malvan.[183][184]
King of Italy  United Kingdom The ship foundered in the English Channel off the coast of Côtes-du-Nord, France.[7]
Maid of Kent United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland New Zealand The 40-ton schooner left Napier, New Zealand, for Kaipara Harbour in January, and was not sighted again. A section of her stern was washed up on the west coast of Northland near Maunganui Bluff several months later.[24]
Marie Elizabeth
Duchy of Holstein
The ship was driven ashore on Læsø, Denmark before 18 January. She was on a voyage from Neustadt in Holstein to an English port. She was refloated and taken in to Fredrikshavn, Denmark.[66]
Mary Ann Curry  United Kingdom The barque was driven ashore at Cape Carabournou, Ottoman Empire before 17 January. She was on a voyage from Thessaloniki, Greece to a British port. She was refloated and put back to Thessaloniki.[58]
Monarch  United Kingdom The tug sank at Portsmouth, Hampshire. She was refloated on 19 January and beached.[109]
Odd Fellow  United States The 70-ton sidewheel paddle steamer was sunk by ice on the Mississippi River at Columbus, Kentucky, on either 1 or 6 January.[185]
Poictiers  United Kingdom The barque was abandoned off Cape Horn, Chile before 27 January. Seven crew were rescued by Nankin ( France). Poictiers was on a voyage from Cardiff, Glamorgan to Callao, Peru.[78]
R. E. Lee  Mexico The ship was wrecked at the mouth of the Rio Grande before 9 January with the loss of twelve of her crew. Survivors were rescued by the barque Castellina ( France).[50]
Rotterdam  Netherlands The steamship ran aground at Rotterdam before 16 January. She was refloated.[177]
Sainte Anne  France The ship was wrecked on the Noord Hinder sandbank, in the North Sea. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from the River Tyne to Antwerp, Belgium.[8]
Saline  United States The 176-ton sternwheel paddle steamer was stranded on Clark's Bar.[186]
Sarah Ellen  United Kingdom The schooner foundered in the Bristol Channel off Porlock, Somerset. She was on a voyage from Bridgwater, Somerset to Cork.[117]
Scanderby  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore in the Belfast Lough before 19 January. She was refloated.[66]
Taneley  France The ship collided with the steamship Mozambique ( France) and sank. She was on a voyage from Madagascar to Réunion.[60]
Vibilia  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked at "Palurna".[117]
Victoria  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Newport, Monmouthshire.[38]
CSS Wasp  Confederate States Navy American Civil War: The torpedo boat was sunk by Union artillery fire after running aground in the waters of Virginia.[187]
William  United Kingdom The ship foundered in Bridgwater Bay.[66]
William and Jane  United Kingdom The ship ran aground on the Gunfleet Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Essex. She was on a voyage from Hartlepool, County Durham to London. She subsequently became a wreck.[8]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Gaines, p. 9.
  2. ^ a b c d "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (12614). London. 12 January 1865. p. 7.
  3. ^ Gaines, p. 19.
  4. ^ "Wreck of the San Jacinto". The Times (25100). London. 4 February 1865. col A, p. 12.
  5. ^ a b "Ship News". The Times (25072). London. 3 January 1865. col F, p. 9.
  6. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (5281). Liverpool. 3 January 1865.
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  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Marine Intelligence". Newcastle Courant (9916). Newcastle upon Tyne. 13 January 1865.
  9. ^ "Loss of a Schooner at the Mouth of the River". Dundee Courier (3510). Dundee. 5 January 1865.
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  12. ^ Gaines, p. 143.
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  14. ^ "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (12606). London. 3 January 1865. p. 7.
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  19. ^ a b "Ship News". The Times (25085). London. 18 January 1865. col C, p. 11.
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  21. ^ "America". The Times (25099). London. 31 January 1865. col A-B, p. 10.
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  23. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (5414). Liverpool. 7 June 1865.
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  25. ^ "Shipping Intelligence Caledonian Mercury" (23625). Edinburgh. 7 March 1865.
  26. ^ "Foreign and Colonial". Leeds Mercury (8395). Leeds. 8 March 1865.
  27. ^ a b Gaines, p. 25.
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  30. ^ Gaines, p. 79.
  31. ^ Gaines, p. 154.
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  35. ^ "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (12859). London. 25 October 1865. p. 7.
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  39. ^ "Local Intelligence". Hampshire Intelligence (3409). Portsmouth. 4 February 1865.
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  41. ^ "Correspondence". Liverpool Mercury (5289). Liverpool. 12 January 1865.
  42. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Aberdeen Journal (6106). Aberdeen. 18 January 1865.
  43. ^ a b c "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (5311). Liverpool. 7 February 1865.
  44. ^ "Marine Intelligence". Newcastle Courant (9929). Newcastle upon Tyne. 14 April 1865.
  45. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Aberdeen Journal (6118). Aberdeen. 12 April 1865.
  46. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Dundee Courier (3605). Dundee. 25 February 1865.
  47. ^ "Latest News". Aberdeen Journal (6112). Aberdeen. 1 March 1865.
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  51. ^ "Shipping News". Dundee Courier (3512). Dundee. 7 January 1865.
  52. ^ "Shipwreck and Loss of Life". The Times (25078). London. 10 January 1865. col F, p. 6.
  53. ^ "Ship News". The Times (25079). London. 11 January 1865. col F, p. 12.
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  55. ^ a b c d "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (12615). London. 13 January 1865. p. 7.
  56. ^ "America". The Times (25095). London. 30 January 1865. col D-E, p. 9.
  57. ^ "Later from America". Morning Post (28431) (Third ed.). London. 28 January 1865. p. 5.
  58. ^ a b c d "Shipping Intelligence". Caledonian Mercury (23582). Edinburgh. 30 January 1865.
  59. ^ Gaines, p. 93.
  60. ^ a b c "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (5288). Liverpool. 11 January 1865.
  61. ^ "Malta". Morning Post (28425). London. 21 January 1865. p. 6.
  62. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (5336). Liverpool. 8 March 1865.
  63. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (5290). Liverpool. 13 January 1865.
  64. ^ "The Great Gale". Southampton Herald. 42 (2160). Southampon. 21 January 1865. p. 8.
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  77. ^ "Greenock". Glasgow Herald (7808). Glasgow. 16 January 1865.
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  80. ^ a b c d e f "Ship News". The Times (25087). London. 20 January 1865. col F, p. 11.
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  83. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (12623). London. 23 January 1865. p. 7.
  84. ^ "Local News". Dundee Courier (3595). Dundee. 14 February 1865.
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  86. ^ "Ship News". The Times (25143). London. 27 March 1865. col F, p. 11.
  87. ^ a b c "The Recent Gale". Belfast News-Letter (32953). Belfast. 18 January 1865.
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  91. ^ "Foundering of the Steamer Lelia". Liverpool Mercury (5293). British Newspaper Archive (subscription). 17 January 1865. p. 3. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
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  93. ^ "Naval and Military Intelligence". Morning Post (28435). London. 2 February 1865. p. 5.
  94. ^ a b "Royal National Lifeboat Institution". Morning Post (28436). London. 3 February 1865. p. 8.
  95. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Glasgow Herald (7824). Glasgow. 3 February 1865.
  96. ^ a b c d "Shipping Intelligence". Glasgow Herald (7825). Glasgow. 4 February 1865.
  97. ^ "Wreck of the Brig Ellen Sophia". Belfast News-Letter (32953). Belfast. 18 January 1865.
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  107. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (5313). Liverpool. 9 February 1865.
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  175. ^ "Law Courts - Yesterday". Freeman's Journal. Dublin. 21 February 1865.
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Bibliography

Ship events in 1865
Ship launches: 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870
Ship commissionings: 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870
Ship decommissionings: 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870
Shipwrecks: 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870