The list of shipwrecks in October 1861 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during October 1861.

1 October

List of shipwrecks: 1 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Flora  France The ship foundered in the North Sea. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Memel, Prussia to Dunkerque, Nord.[1]
Good Intent  United Kingdom The paddle tug collided with the paddle tug Harry Clasper ( United Kingdom) in the River Tyne and was beached in a sinking condition.[2]
Infernal  French Navy The frigate was destroyed by fire at Valparaiso, Chile.
Nereous  United Kingdom The storeship was severely damaged by fire at Valparaíso.[3]
Salem  United States The ship was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew were rescued by Mischief (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Guernsey). Salem was on a voyage from Quebec City, Province of Canada, British North America to Belfast, County Antrim, United Kingdom.[4] She was discovered off Guernsey, Channel Islands on 14 January 1862 and was taken in to by the steamship Nora Creina ( United Kingdom), but the tow had to be abandoned.[5]
Two unidentified schooners  United States Loaded with stone, the two schooners were sunk by a storm off the coast of North Carolina while en route to Hatteras Inlet, where they would have been scuttled as blockships.[6]

2 October

List of shipwrecks: 2 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Johanna
Stettin
The ship was abandoned in the North Sea. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Grangemouth, Stirlingshire, United Kingdom to Stettin.[7]
William Brown  United Kingdom The ship caught fire in the Atlantic Ocean and was abandoned with the loss of one life. Survivors were rescued by Hedwig Charlotta ( Sweden). William Brown was on a voyage from London to New Plymouth, New Zealand.[8]

3 October

List of shipwrecks: 3 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Emerald  United Kingdom The steamship was driven ashore at Waterloo, Lancashire. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Dublin. She was refloated and resumed her voyage.[9]
Forest Queen  United Kingdom The ship collided with Liffey ( United Kingdom) and foundered in the English Channel 30 nautical miles (56 km) off The Lizard, Cornwall. Her crew were rescued by Liffey.[9][10]
Reindeer  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The 4-ton schooner, bound for Galveston, Texas.with a cargo of salt, was captured and scuttled off San Luis Pass on the coast of Texas by the armed schooners USS Dart and USS Sam Houston (both  United States Navy).[11][12]

4 October

List of shipwrecks: 4 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Alice  United Kingdom The barque was driven ashore and wrecked on "Leon Island", Argentina. Her crew were rescued.[13]
Minerva  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Dartmouth, Devon. She was refloated and put back to Dartmouth.[14]
Nereid, and
Semaphore
 United Kingdom The brig Nereid ran into with the steamship Semaphore and sank in the Irish Sea 5 nautical miles (9.3 km) off the Calf of Man, Isle of Man. Her seven crew were rescued by Semaphore. She was on a voyage from Whitehaven, Cumberland to Cardiff, Glamorgan. Semaphore was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Belfast, County Antrim. She was severely damaged at the bows and was beached at Donaghadee, County Down. Her passengers were taken off by the tug Queen ( United Kingdom).[15]
Weardale  United Kingdom The brig was driven ashore on Skagen, Denmark. She was on a voyage from Arbroath, Forfarshire to Copenhagen, Denmark.[14][16][10] She was refloated on 6 October and taken in to Copenhagen.[17]

5 October

List of shipwrecks: 5 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Alice  United Kingdom The Mersey Flat collided with a tug and sank in the River Mersey with the loss of one of her two crew.[18]
Britannia  United Kingdom The steamship was driven ashore at Höganäs, Sweden. She was on a voyage from Hull, Yorkshire to Stettin. She was refloated the next day.[10]
General Havelock  United Kingdom The brig collided with the brig Ocean Wave ( United Kingdom) and sank 70 nautical miles (130 km) south east of the Isles of Scilly. Her fourteen crew were rescued by Ocean Wave. General Havelock was on a voyage from Newport, Monmouthshire to Málaga, Spain.[19][20]
Martha Mills  United Kingdom The barque was run down and sunk by the steamship Corinthian (flag unknown) 60 nautical miles (110 km) north west of Malta. Her crew were rescued by Corinthian. Martha Mills was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Constantinople, Ottoman Empire.[14][17]
New Hope  United Kingdom The smack was driven ashore and wrecked at Fishguard, Pembrokeshire. She was on a voyage from Port Madoc, Caernarfonshire to Newport, Monmouthshire.[10]
CSS Venus  Confederate States Navy American Civil War, Battle of Cockle Creek: The Confederate privateer, a schooner, was boarded and set afire in Chincoteague Inlet off the coast of Virginia near Cockle Creek by men from the armed screw steamer USS Louisiana ( United States Navy). Venus burned to the waterline.

6 October

List of shipwrecks: 6 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Peace  United Kingdom The lugger collided with the fishing vessel Johns ( United Kingdom) and sank in the North Sea. Her crew were rescued.[21]

7 October

List of shipwrecks: 7 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Brunette  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore at Indian Key, Florida, Confederate States of America. She was on a voyage from New York, United States to Matanzas, Cuba. She was refloated and taken in to Key West, Florida in a severely damaged condition.[17]
Cambridge  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Walmer Castle, Kent. She was on a voyage from Sunderland, County Durham to Portsmouth, Hampshire.[10]
Emily  United Kingdom The brigantine was driven ashore at Castletownbere, County Cork. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Cork to Miramichi, New Brunswick, British North America. She was refloated and taken in to Berehaven, County Cork in a severely damaged condition, with a broken back.[22]
Georgiana  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Walmer Castle. She was on a voyage from South Shields, County Durham to Waterford.[10]
Scotia  United Kingdom The schooner ran aground on the Stotfield Skerries, in the Moray Firth. She was refloated and resumed her voyage.[23]

8 October

List of shipwrecks: 8 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Alert  United States The barque sprang a leak and sank off Lundy Island, Devon, United Kingdom. All thirteen people on board were rescued by the pilot boat No. 33 ( United Kingdom). Alert was on a voyage from New York to a Mediterranean port.[24][17][25]
Clara  Netherlands The schooner capsized and sank in the Gulf of Venezuela with the loss of 28 of the 36 people on board. She was on a voyage from Maracaibo, Venezuela to Curaçao.[26]
Dolphin United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland British North America The ship was destroyed by fire at Halifax, Nova Scotia. Her crew were rescued.[27][28]
E. M. Ryland  United States The 267-ton sidewheel paddle steamer burned on the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri.[29]
Hector  Denmark The schooner ran aground on the Old Horse Rock, off the coast of Yorkshire, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Copenhagen to Hartlepool, County Durham, United Kingdom. She was refloated and taken in to Scarborough, Yorkshire.[22][23]
Patras  United Kingdom The steamship ran aground on the Bredegrunden. She was on a voyage from Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia to Antwerp, Belgium.[23]

9 October

List of shipwrecks: 9 October 1861
Ship Country Description
John Booth  United Kingdom The smack was driven ashore and wrecked at Bude, Cornwall. Both crew were rescued by rocket apparatus, but a Coastguardman was killed effecting the rescue. She was on a voyage from Porthcawl, Glamorgan to Bude.[30]
Vesta  United Kingdom The ship was drive ashore on Öland, Sweden. She was on a voyage from Cronstadt, Russia to Dunkerque, Nord, France.[17][24]

10 October

List of shipwrecks: 10 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Amazone  Prussia The barque was driven ashore and wrecked at Souter Point, Northumberland, United Kingdom. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Havre de Grâce, Seine-Inférieure, France to the River Tyne - This may be the unidentified Mecklenburg barque listed under 11 October, as she was in tow of a tug, which was reported wrecked.[23] Amazone was refloated on 18 October and taken in to Sunderland, County Durham, United Kingdom.[8]
Due Sorrelle  Italy The brig was driven ashore on the coast of Yorkshire, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Middlesbrough, Yorkshire to Genoa. She was refloated and resumed her voyage.[23]
Mariners  United Kingdom The brig ran aground on the Pickle Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Norfolk. She was on a voyage from South Shields, County Durham to Havre de Grâce, Seine-Inférieure, France.[23]
Meta Catharina  Denmark The schooner was driven ashore near Leba, Prussia. Her five crew survived. Meta Catharina was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, United Kingdom to Königsberg, Prussia. She subsequently sank.[22][23]
St. Michael  United Kingdom The sloop was driven ashore at Dingle, County Kerry. She was on a voyage from Tralee, County Kerry to "Catterwalla". She was refloated the next day and taken in to Dingle.[31]
Unnamed  United States The ship was wrecked at the mouth of the Danube near Sulina, Ottoman Empire. Eleven crew were rescued.[32]

11 October

List of shipwrecks: 11 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Amazone  Hamburg The barque ran aground on the Long Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Essex, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, United Kingdom to Shanghai, China.[23] She was refloated and towed in to the River Thames for repairs.[33]
Drie Gezusters  Netherlands The ship ran aground near Fredrikshavn, Denmark. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne to Rørvig, Denmark. She was refloated and taken in to Fredrikshavn in a severely leaky condition.[23]
Earl of Seafield  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Donmouth, Aberdeenshire. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Blyth, Northumberland to Aberdeen.[17]
Lord Raglan  United Kingdom The steamship was driven ashore at Hellevoetsluis, Zeeland, Netherlands. She was refloated on 14 October.[34][23]
Martha Washington  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was burned at Dumfries, Virginia, by launches from the armed screw steamers USS Rescue, USS Resolute, and USS Union and the armed tug USS Satellite (all  United States Navy).[35]
Paragon  United Kingdom The brig was driven ashore at Farther Point, in the Saint Lawrence River. She was on a voyage from Bridgwater, Somerset to Quebec City, Province of Canada, British North America. She was later refloated and resumed her voyage, arriving at Quebec City on 2 November.[36]
Robert Pow, and an
Unnamed barque
 United Kingdom
Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
The paddle tug Robert Pow was towing a barque. Both were driven ashore at Souter Point, Northumberland. Robert Pow's crew survived. Reported to have been wrecked, she was subsequently refloated, repaired and returned to service.[17][37][38][33]
USS South Wind  United States American Civil War, Union blockade: The schooner was scuttled as a blockship – part of the "Stone Fleet" – in Ocracoke Inlet off North Carolina.
Unidentified schooner  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Boat crews from the armed screw steamers USS Rescue and USS Union and the armed tug USS Resolute (all  United States Navy) captured and burned the schooner in Quantico Creek in Virginia.[11][39]

12 October

List of shipwrecks: 12 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Der Fleiss  Prussia The brig ran aground and sank at Sunderland, County Durham, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from Sunderland to Stettin. She was refloated on 20 October.[23][40]
Elizabeth  United Kingdom The schooner sank off Belfast, County Antrim.[41]
Kate Seymour  United Kingdom The ship ran aground on the Goodwin Sands, Kent. She was on a voyage from London to Havre de Grâce, Seine-Inférieure, France. She was refloated.[42]
Lady Egida  United Kingdom The ship ran aground on the Pluckington Bank, in Liverpool Bay. She was refloated and taken in to Liverpool, Lancashire.[41]
Martha Grace  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Maryport, Cumberland to Dublin.[7]
Newport  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore and wrecked 2 nautical miles (3.7 km) south of Montrose, Forfarshire. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Aberdeen to Sunderland.[23]
USS Richmond  United States Navy American Civil War, Battle of the Head of Passes: The screw sloop-of-war ran aground on a sandbar on the Mississippi River in Louisiana below the Head of Passes after being rammed by the ram CSS Manassas ( Confederate States Navy) at the Head of Passes. She was refloated and returned to service.[11]
USS Vincennes  United States Navy American Civil War, Battle of the Head of Passes: The sloop-of-war was forced to run aground on a sandbar on the Mississippi River in Louisiana below Head of Passes by the ram CSS Manassas ( Confederate States Navy) at the Head of Passes. Her commanding officer ordered her magazine detonated to prevent her capture by Confederate forces, but her engineer, after lighting a fuse intended to detonate it, cut the burning fuse and threw it overboard. She was refloated later in the day and returned to service.[11]

13 October

List of shipwrecks: 13 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Comte Nesselrode  Italy The ship ran aground on the Stoney Binks, off the mouth of the Humber and was abandoned by her crew, some of whom were rescued by the steamship Albert ( France). Others got on to the Bull Float, from where they were rescued. Comte Nesselrode was on a voyage from Odessa to Hull, Yorkshire, United Kingdom. She floated off and came ashore at South Killingholme, Lincolnshire, United Kingdom. She was subsequently taken in to Hull.[23][43]
Gratitude  United Kingdom The schooner ran aground on the East Scar Rock, off the coast of Yorkshire. She was on a voyage from Great Yarmouth, Norfolk to Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland. She was refloated and taken in to Hartlepool, County Durham.[23]
London Packet  United Kingdom The brig sprang a leak and was beached at Grimsby, Lincolnshire. She was on a voyage from West Hartlepool, County Durham to Sandwich, Kent. She was refloated the next day and taken in to Grimsby.[8][43]
Venetia  United Kingdom The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Cardiff, Glamorgan to Trieste.[44]
Wave United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Guernsey The schooner was driven ashore and wrecked at Holyhead, Anglesey. Her crew survived.[45][46]

14 October

List of shipwrecks: 14 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Faust  Hamburg The ship was wrecked at Hong Kong, China with the loss of all but one of her crew.[47]
H. H. Chandler  United Kingdom The ship foundered in the South China Sea. Her crew were rescued by HMS Simoom ( Royal Navy).[48]
Mary Fleming  United Kingdom The ship ran aground off Escombreras, Spain. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland to Cartagena, Spain.[40]
Oliver Williams  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Bic, Province of Canada, British North America. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Quebec City, Province of Canada.[49]
Swan  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked in "Tongsang Harbour", China.[47]

15 October

List of shipwrecks: 15 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Jane and Isabella  United Kingdom The brig ran aground on the Holm Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Suffolk. She was on a voyage from Sunderland, County Durham to London.[23] She was refloated the next day and resumed her voyage.[40]
Siccardi  Italy The brig was run into by the steamship Fingal ( United Kingdom) and sank at Holyhead, Anglesey, United Kingdom. Her crew were rescued by Fingal.[50]
Thomas Watson  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union blockade: Bound from London to Wilmington, North Carolina, Confederate States of America with a cargo of salt, blankets, flannels, and other dry goods, the sailing ship ran aground on the coast of South Carolina on the northeastern side of Stono Reef. Her crew abandoned her. The screw frigate USS Roanoke ( United States Navy) captured her wreck, and Eby ( United States) burned her.[51][52]
W. H. Chandler  United Kingdom The barque foundered in the Formosa Channel. Her crew were rescued by HMS Simoom ( Royal Navy).[53]
Two unidentified schooners Unknown The two schooners were lost in a storm while tied up at a wharf in Galveston, Texas.[54]

16 October

List of shipwrecks: 16 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Gratitude  United Kingdom The barque was driven ashore and wrecked on Hogland, Russia. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Cronstadt, Russia to London.[8]
Marco Bozzario  United Kingdom The steamship foundered in the Mediterranean Sea 200 nautical miles (370 km) east of Malta. Her crew were rescued by Leif ( Norway). Marco Bozzario was on a voyage form Sulina, Ottoman Empire to Livorno, Italy.[55][56]
Rose  United Kingdom The barque sprang a leak and was beached at Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, Outer Hebrides.[40]
Water Nymph  United Kingdom The collier, a brig, collided with the steam collier Jarrow ( United Kingdom) in the River Thames and was beached at Gravesend, Kent.[40]
Unnamed  United Kingdom The schooner collided with Ravenshill ( United Kingdom) and sank off the Smalls Lighthouse with the loss of all hands.[8]

17 October

List of shipwrecks: 17 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Change  United Kingdom The barque was wrecked on the Portneuf Shoal, in the Saint Lawrence River. She was on a voyage from Hartlepool, County Durham to Quebec City, Province of Canada, British North America.[49]
Florence  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked on the Portneuf Shoal. She was on a voyage from Glasgow, Renfrewshire to Quebec City.[49]
Harvest Queen  United Kingdom The ship ran aground in the River Mersey. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Genoa, Italy.[7]
Loncomilla  Chile The ship was wrecked at Constitución.[57]

18 October

List of shipwrecks: 18 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Frolic  United States American Civil War: After being driven out to sea and losing all of her sails overnight, the tender ran aground at Southwest Pass at the mouth of the Mississippi River on the coast of Louisiana. She was stripped and burned by the gunboat USS South Carolina ( United States Navy) to prevent her capture by Confederate forces.[58]
Hector  United Kingdom The brig ran aground on the Middelgrunden. She was on a voyage from Whitby, Yorkshire to Dantzic. She was refloated the next day.[40]
John Miller  United Kingdom The ship foundered off the Welsh coast. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Dublin to Hull, Yorkshire and Antwerp, Belgium.[59][60]
Josephina  Sweden The galeas was driven ashore and wrecked near Halmstad. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, United Kingdom to Lysekil.[61]

19 October

List of shipwrecks: 19 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Brigadier  United Kingdom The steamship struck the quayside at Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland and was severely damaged, sinking at the bow. She was on a voyage from Hamburg to Newcastle upon Tyne.[62]
Maria Hardy  United Kingdom The brig capsized at a port near Brest, Finistère, France.[21]
Pearl  United Kingdom The ship was lost near Augusta, Sicily, Italy with the loss of all but two of her crew. She was on a voyage from Messina to Catania, Sicily.[63]

20 October

List of shipwrecks: 20 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Bee  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore on Damsay, Orkney Islands. She was refloated the next day.[60]

21 October

List of shipwrecks: 21 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Galioteer  United Kingdom The ship sprang a leak and foundered in the North Sea off Spurn Point, Yorkshire. Her crew were rescued by Pearl ( United Kingdom). Galioteer was on a voyage from Sunderland, County Durham to Lowestoft, Suffolk.[64]
Lady Jane United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland British North America The schooner struck a sunken wreck and was beached at Crole's Head, Nova Scotia. She was on a voyage from Cape Breton Island to Halifax, Nova Scotia.[28]

22 October

List of shipwrecks: 22 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Comte Derlon  France The steamship struck the Barges Rocks and was abandoned by her passengers and crew, who were rescued by a coaster. She was on a voyage from Nantes, Loire-Inférieure to Bordeaux, Gironde. She capsized on 24 October 4 nautical miles (7.4 km) north west of Les Sables d'Olonne, Vendée.[55][63]
Earl of Derby  United Kingdom The wasterlogged ship ran aground in Loch Indaal. She was on a voyage from Greenock, Renfrewshire to Quebec City, Province of Canada, British North America.[63] She was refloated on 30 October and towed in to Greenock.[65]
Fanny  United Kingdom The barque was destroyed by fire in the South Atlantic (2°54′S 26°30′W / 2.900°S 26.500°W / -2.900; -26.500). Her crew were rescued by the barque Ascendant ( United Kingdom). Fanny was on a voyage from Swansea, Glamorgan to Valparaíso, Chile.[4][66]
Galatea  United Kingdom The ship foundered off Spurn Point, Yorkshire. Her crew survived.[50] She was on a voyage from Sunderland, County Durham to Lowestoft, Suffolk.[21]
Hilda  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and wrecked near Nordmaling, Sweden with the loss of two of her crew.[67]
John Libau  United States The ship was wrecked in the Strait of Belle Isle. Her five crew survived.[4]

23 October

List of shipwrecks: 23 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Adelaide  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked at Messina, Sicily, Italy.[49]
Norichael  Greece The brig was wrecked at Messina.[49]
Nuova Immaculata  Italy The ship was wrecked at Messina.[49]
Popplewell  United Kingdom The schooner was abandoned in the Irish Sea off Lambay Island, County Dublin. Her crew were rescued by Monita (Flag unknown). Popplewell was on a voyage from Chester, Cheshire to Newry, County Antrim.[55][49]
CSS Tuscarora  Confederate States Navy The sidewheel gunboat caught fire and was run ashore on the bank of the Mississippi River near Herbert's Plantation, 15 miles (24 km) below Memphis, Tennessee. Her ammunition magazine exploded seven minutes later, destroying her and setting the plantation′s slave quarters on fire. Her crew were rescued.[68]

24 October

List of shipwrecks: 24 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Ancient Mariner  United Kingdom The ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Rosier, Maine, United States with the loss of fifteen of her eighteen crew. She was on a voyage from Montreal, Province of Canada, British North America to London.[69]
Ant  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore in Sandown Bay. She was on a voyage from Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham to Falmouth, Cornwall. She was refloated on 3 November with assistance from HMS Echo ( Royal Navy) but sank.[70]
Minerva  United Kingdom The ship sprang a leak and foundered in the English Channel 10 nautical miles (19 km) off the Isle of Wight. Her crew were rescued by John ( United Kingdom). Minerva was on a voyage from Guernsey, Channel Islands to London.[71]
Prince of the Seas  United Kingdom The clipper was destroyed by fire at Melbourne, Victoria.[72][73]
Rebecca  United Kingdom The brig was driven ashore and wrecked at Tenedos, Ottoman Empire. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Sulina, Ottoman Empire to a British port.[55][74]
Rose  United Kingdom The brig ran aground on the Whiting Sand, in the North Sea off the coast of Suffolk. She was on a voyage from Hartlepool, County Durham to Shoreham-by-Sea, Sussex. She was later refloated and resumed her voyage, arriving on 27 October.[75]

25 October

List of shipwrecks: 25 October 1861
Ship Country Description
E. Z.  United States The ship ran aground on the Blackwater Bank, in Liverpool Bay. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire, United Kingdom to New York. She was later refloated and resumed her voyage, but consequently put in to Queenstown, County Cork, United Kingdom in a leaky condition.[76][32]

26 October

List of shipwrecks: 26 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Amulet United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Guernsey The ship was driven ashore and wrecked at Patras, Greece.[63]
Ernestina  United Kingdom The ship put in to Hyères, Var, France on fire. She was on a voyage from Hull, Yorkshire to Genoa, Italy.[70]
Guiseppina Flag unknown The ship was driven ashore near Lagos, Portugal. She was on a voyage from "Giogo" to the Clyde.[66]
Nero  France The ship was driven ashore east of the Teignmouth Lighthouse, Devon, United Kingdom. She was refloated and taken in to Teignmouth.[65]

27 October

List of shipwrecks: 27 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Gauntlet  United Kingdom The brig was wrecked on the Lemon and Ore Sand, in the North Sea. Her crew go on board the Lemon Lightship (
Trinity House), from where they were rescued on 29 October by the lugger Samaritan ( United Kingdom). Gauntlet was on a voyage from South Shields, County Durham to Havre de Grâce, Seine-Inférieure, France.[75]
George and Sarah  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Whitstable, Kent. She was on a voyage from London to Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France.[49] She was refloated on 30 October and taken in to The Swale.[65]
Hillborough  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Waterford. She was on a voyage from Saint John, New Brunswick, British North America to Waterford.[63]

28 October

List of shipwrecks: 28 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Benochie  United Kingdom The brig was lost in the Danube at "Manda", Ottoman Empire with the loss of six of the eleven people on board. She was on a voyage from Sulina, Ottoman Empire to Faversham, Kent.[55]
Gitana  Spain The ship was wrecked in the Bahamas. She was on a voyage from Havana, Cuba to Havre de Grâce, Seine-Inférieure, France.[77]
Hector  United Kingdom The Mersey Flat ran aground off the Point of Ayr, Cheshire.[49]
Kingfisher  United Kingdom The ship was lost on this day. She was on a voyage from the River Tyne to Lowestoft, Suffolk.[75]
Magdalen  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked on the Skerweather Sands, in the Bristol Channel.[65]
HMS Monkey  Royal Navy The tug was run into by a brig and severely damaged at Woolwich, Kent. She was taken in to Woolwich Dockyard for repairs.[56]
William Thompson  United Kingdom The ship sprang a leak and was abandoned in the North Sea. 30 nautical miles (56 km) east by north half north of Flamborough Head, Yorkshire. Her crew were rescued by Wrights ( United Kingdom). William Thompson was on a voyage from Sunderland, County Durham to Hamburg.[65]
Three unidentified vessels  Confederate States of America American Civil War, Union blockade: Personnel in boats from the armed screw steamer USS Louisiana ( United States Navy) boarded and burned three Confederate vessels in Chincoteague Inlet off Virginia.[11]
Anglo-American  United States The schooner was wrecked on the east side of Tomales Point at Tomales Bay on the coast of California. The crew got ashore safely but the vessel was a total loss.[78]

29 October

List of shipwrecks: 29 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Ariel  Norway The ship was driven ashore near Calais, France.[49]
Carolina  United Kingdom The barque was driven ashore at Buenos Aires, Argentina.[79]
Carolina  Argentina The schooner was wrecked at Buenos Aires when the steamship Mississippi ( United States) ran into her.[79]
Diana  Argentina The schooner was damaged at Buenos Aires when the steamship Mississippi ( United States) ran into her.[79]
Dolores  Argentina The schooner ran aground at Buenos Aires.[79]
Dolores  Argentina The pilot boat was driven ashore at Buenos Aires.[79]
Foreman United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Jersey The barque was driven ashore and wrecked in the Magdalen Islands, Nova Scotia, British North America. She was on a voyage from London to Montreal, Province of Canada, British North America.[80]
George W. Coffee  Confederate States of America American Civil War: The 177-ton sidewheel ferry sank at Mount Pleasant, South Carolina, perhaps due to sabotage by Union sympathizers. She later was refloated.[81]
Henrich Arens  Hamburg The brig was driven ashore at Buenos Aires.[79]
Mariquita  Argentina The pilot boat was driven ashore at Buenos Aires.[79]
Mississippi  United States The steamship was driven ashore at Buenos Aires.[79]
Rayo  Argentina The schooner ran aground at Buenos Aires.[79]
Rayo  Argentina The pilot boat was driven ashore at Buenos Aires.[79]
Tomasito  Argentina The pilot boat was driven ashore at Buenos Aires.[79]

30 October

List of shipwrecks: 30 October 1861
Ship Country Description
Cordella  United States The ship was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew survived. Shew as on a voyage from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Queenstown, County Cork, United Kingdom.[82][80]
Daniel Towbridge  United States American Civil War: The 200-ton packet schooner was burned in the Atlantic Ocean northeast of Dominica at either 16°40′N 58°16′W / 16.667°N 58.267°W / 16.667; -58.267 (Daniel Trowbridge) or 17°54′N 56°03′W / 17.900°N 56.050°W / 17.900; -56.050 (Daniel Trowbridge) by the merchant raider CSS Sumter ( Confederate States Navy). Sumter had captured Daniel Trowbridge, carrying a cargo of fresh provisions from New Haven, Connecticut, to Demerara, British Guiana, on 27 October.[83][84]
General de Pimodan  France The ship was wrecked on the Palister Reef.[49]
Hebe  Sweden The brig ran aground on the Lemon Sand, in the English Channel. She was on a voyage from Gävle to the Cape of Good Hope, Cape Colony. She was refloated and put in to Cowes, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom.[65]
Jean Parmentier  France The ship struck a reef off the coast of Brazil and was damaged. She was on a voyage from Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, United Kingdom to Pernambuco, Brazil. She was refloated.[85]
Keystone State  United States Carrying a cargo of crockery, farm implements, glassware, and hardware and US$3,000 to US$9,000 in gold in a safe, the 1,354-ton sidewheel paddle steamer sank in Lake Huron northeast of Port Austin in the Thumb region of Michigan near Saginaw Bay at 44°04′N 83°00′W / 44.067°N 83.000°W / 44.067; -83.000 (Keystone State).[86]
Lady Katherine Barham  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore at Margate, Kent. She was on a voyage from London to Jamaica.[87][32]
Mary Ann  United Kingdom The brig was sighted off Flamborough Head, Yorkshire whilst on a voyage from the River Wear to Littlehampton, Sussex. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands.[85]
Savanac  United States The ship was damaged by fire at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[4]
Unidentified barges  Confederate States of America American Civil War: Confederate forces filled the barges with rocks and scuttled them as blockships in the Cumberland River in Tennessee near Fort Donelson.[88]

31 October

List of shipwrecks: 31 October 1861
Ship Country Description
El Jeide Flag unknown The ship was driven ashore at "Pulloheeny", County Sligo, United Kingdom.[70]
Morning Star United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland British North America The schooner was destroyed by fire at Mahone Bay, Nova Scotia.[89]
Peerless  United States American Civil War: Carrying a cargo of stores and cattle for use by Union forces in the upcoming Battle of Port Royal, the 690-ton steam transport sank in the North Atlantic Ocean off the coast of North Carolina near Cape Hatteras. Her crew were rescued by the sloop-of-war USS Mohican ( United States Navy).[90]
Salinas  United States The screw steamer was swamped at the mouth of the Salinas River on the coast of California and run aground. She later was refloated.[91]
William IV  United Kingdom The schooner collided with Jane ( United Kingdom) and sank at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from South Shields, County Durham to Lowestoft, Suffolk.[92][32][75]
Xanthe United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Jersey The ship departed from Le Vivier-sur-Mer, Ille-et-Vilaine for Swansea, Glamorgan. Presumed foundered off Jersey with the loss of all hands, a quantity of apples which washed up were thought to be part of her cargo.[77]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date in October 1861
Ship Country Description
Agnes  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked in a typhoon at Formosa on 14 or 18 October.[93]
Belle  United Kingdom The brig was wrecked at Barbadoes with the loss of five of her crew.[94]
Bourdon  France The steamship was lost on or before 22 October.[59]
Coquette  United Kingdom The ship was damaged by ice at Archangelsk, Russia.[70]
Ellen  United Kingdom The barque was wrecked off Struy's Point, Cape Colony. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Colombo, Ceylon to London.[95][96]
Giorgio  Greece The brig was driven ashore and wrecked at Fort Ricasoli, Malta with the loss of eight of her eleven crew. She was on a voyage from Alexandria, Egypt to Malta.[97]
John King  United Kingdom The ship was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean. Her crew were rescued. She was on a voyage from Liverpool, Lancashire to Dalhousie, New Brunswick, British North America.[44]
Kim Po Sing Thailand Siam The barque foundered.[49]
Lady Lovat  United Kingdom The ship was driven ashore and severely damaged at Cromarty. She was on a voyage from Inverness to Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland. She was refloated on 8 October and towed back to Inverness.[23]
Lunaria  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked at Port Elizabeth.[95][92][32][96]
Marie  France The ship ran aground on the Haisborough Sands, in the North Sea off the coast of Norfolk, United Kingdom. She was on a voyage from sunderland, County Durham to Storå, Norway. She was refloated and assisted in to Harwich, Essex, United Kingdom.[2]
Natalie United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland British Cape Colony The steamship was wrecked at the mouth of the Umkomazi River.[95]
Normandie  United States The ship ran aground at Havre de Grâce, Seine-Inférieure, France and broke her back. She was refloated a few days later.[98]
Pacific  United Kingdom The ship was wrecked in a typhoon at Formosa on 14 or 18 October.[93]
Pepin I  France The steamship was lost on or before 22 October.[59]
Pepin IV  France The steamship was lost on or before 22 October.[59]
Pilot Fish  United Kingdom The ship departed from Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire in late October. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands.[99]
St. Olaf  Norway The steamship was driven ashore at Christiania. She was on a voyage from Hamburg to Christiania.[100]
St. Petersburg  Russia The ship was driven ashore on Farø, Denmark. She was on a voyage from Cronstadt to Hull, Yorkshire, United Kingdom. She was refloated and resumed her voyage.[59]
Therese United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Cape Colony The schooner was wrecked at Port Elizabeth.[95][92]
Thomas Watson  United Kingdom American Civil War, Union Blockade: The ship was captured by USS Flag ( United States Navy) at Charleston, South Carolina, Confederate States of America before 23 October. She was on a voyage from Liverpool to Charleston. She was run ashore and burnt.[70]
Zelie  France The barque ran aground at North Shields, Northumberland. She was refloated but drove on to the Herd Sand. Zelie was subsequently towed in to the River Tyne in a leaky condition.[2]

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4256). Liverpool. 2 October 1861.
  2. ^ a b c "Marine Intelligence". Newcastle Courant (9745). Newcastle upon Tyne. 4 October 1861.
  3. ^ "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11626). London. 14 November 1861. p. 7.
  4. ^ a b c d "Ship News". The Times (24095). London. 20 November 1861. col F, p. 9.
  5. ^ "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11682). London. 18 January 1862. p. 8.
  6. ^ Gaines, p. 133.
  7. ^ a b c "Ship News". The Times (24067). London. 18 October 1861. col E, p. 10.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11605). London. 21 October 1861. p. 7.
  9. ^ a b "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4261). Liverpool. 8 October 1861.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11594). London. 8 October 1861. p. 7.
  11. ^ a b c d e usnlp.org Navy Chronology of the Civil War, July-December 1861
  12. ^ Gaines, p. 171.
  13. ^ "Loss of the Barque Alice, of Hull". Morning Post (27519). London. 1 March 1862. p. 8.
  14. ^ a b c "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11593). London. 7 October 1861. p. 7.
  15. ^ "Serious Collision in the Channel". The Times (24057). London. 7 October 1861. col F, p. 10.
  16. ^ "Dundee Shipping". Dundee Courier (2545). Dundee. 8 October 1861.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11598). London. 12 October 1861. p. 7.
  18. ^ "Accident on the River". Liverpool Mercury (4260). Liverpool. 7 October 1861.
  19. ^ "The East India and China Mails". The Times (24080). London. 2 November 1861. col A, p. 9.
  20. ^ "Dreadful Collision at Sea". Bristol Mercury (3734). Bristol. 12 October 1861.
  21. ^ a b c "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11608). London. 24 October 1861. p. 7.
  22. ^ a b c "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11597). London. 11 October 1861. p. 7.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Shipping Intelligence". Hull Packet (4005). Hull. 18 October 1861.
  24. ^ a b "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4265). Liverpool. 12 October 1861.
  25. ^ "Shipwreck in the Bristol Channel". The Penny Illustrated Paper. 1 (2). London. 19 October 1861. p. 19.
  26. ^ "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11654). London. 17 December 1861. p. 7.
  27. ^ "Ship News". The Times (24089). London. 13 November 1861. col F, p. 11.
  28. ^ a b "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11625). London. 13 November 1861. p. 7.
  29. ^ Gaines, p. 94.
  30. ^ "Distressing Accident at Bude, Cornwall". The Penny Illustrated Paper. 1 (2). London. 19 October 1861. p. 19.
  31. ^ "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11604). London. 19 October 1861. p. 7.
  32. ^ a b c d e "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11616). London. 2 November 1861. p. 7.
  33. ^ a b "Marine Intelligence". Newcastle Courant (9747). Newcastle upon Tyne. 18 October 1861.
  34. ^ "Ship News". The Times (24068). London. 19 October 1861. col A, p. 9.
  35. ^ Gaines, p. 184.
  36. ^ "Marine Intelligence". Newcastle Courant (9753). Newcastle upon Tyne. 29 November 1861.
  37. ^ "Miscellaneous News". Preston Chronicle (2577). Preston. 16 October 1861.
  38. ^ "Robert Pow". Tyne Tugs. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  39. ^ Gaines, p. 192.
  40. ^ a b c d e f "Marine Intelligence". Newcastle Courant (9748). Newcastle upon Tyne. 25 October 1861.
  41. ^ a b "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4267). Liverpool. 15 October 1861.
  42. ^ "Ship News". The Times (24063). London. 14 October 1861. col C, p. 9.
  43. ^ a b "Marine Intelligence". Hull Packet (4006). Hull. 24 October 1861.
  44. ^ a b "Ship News". The Times (24088). London. 12 November 1861. col D, p. 10.
  45. ^ "Wreck at Holyhead". The Standard (11601). London. 16 October 1861. p. 3.
  46. ^ "Mercantile Marine". Southampton Herald. 39 (1990). Southampton. 16 October 1861. p. 2.
  47. ^ a b "Ship News". The Times (24103). London. 29 November 1861. col F, p. 8.
  48. ^ "H.M.S. Simoom in a Monsoon in the South China Sea". Morning Post (27466). London. 28 December 1861. p. 6.
  49. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4280). Liverpool. 30 October 1861.
  50. ^ a b "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4275). Liverpool. 24 October 1861.
  51. ^ Gaines, p. 156.
  52. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4284). Liverpool. 4 November 1861.
  53. ^ "Naval and Military Intelligence". The Times (24179). London. 26 February 1862. col F, p. 9.
  54. ^ Gaines, p. 173.
  55. ^ a b c d e "Ship News". The Times (24076). London. 29 October 1861. col E, p. 10.
  56. ^ a b "Naval and Military". Daily News (4826). London. 29 October 1861.
  57. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4306). Liverpool. 29 November 1861.
  58. ^ Gaines, p. 65.
  59. ^ a b c d e "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4274). Liverpool. 23 October 1861.
  60. ^ a b "Shipping Intelligenece". Hull Packet (4007). Hull. 1 November 1861.
  61. ^ "Marine Intelligence". Newcastle Courant (9755). Newcastle upon Tyne. 13 December 1861.
  62. ^ "Accident to a Steamer". Morning Chronicle (29574). Newcastle upon Tyne. 22 October 1861.
  63. ^ a b c d e "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4278). Liverpool. 28 October 1861.
  64. ^ "Local Intelligence". Hull Packet (4006). Hull. 25 October 1861.
  65. ^ a b c d e f "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11615). London. 1 November 1861. p. 7.
  66. ^ a b "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11642). London. 3 December 1861. p. 7.
  67. ^ "Ship News". The Times (24082). London. 5 November 1861. col D, p. 10.
  68. ^ Gaines, p. 104.
  69. ^ "Ship News". The Times (24100). London. 26 November 1861. col F, p. 6.
  70. ^ a b c d e "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11619). London. 6 November 1861. p. 7.
  71. ^ "Ship News". The Times (24073). London. 25 October 1861. col E, p. 10.
  72. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". The Standard (11672). London. 7 January 1862. p. 7.
  73. ^ "Dundee Shipping". Dundee Courier (2625). Dundee. 9 January 1862.
  74. ^ "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard. London. November 1861.
  75. ^ a b c d "Marine Intelligence". Newcastle Courant (9750). Newcastle upon Tyne. 8 November 1861.
  76. ^ "Alleged Misconduct of a Ship Captain". Glasgow Herald (6805). Glasgow. 2 November 1861.
  77. ^ a b "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11635). London. 25 November 1861. p. 7.
  78. ^ Gaines, p. 25.
  79. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "South America". The Times (24123). London. 23 December 1861. col F, p. 6.
  80. ^ a b "Mercantile Ship News". The Standard (11648). London. 10 December 1861. p. 7.
  81. ^ Gaines, p. 146.
  82. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4315). Liverpool. 10 December 1861.
  83. ^ Ahoy - Mac's Web Log "Marauders of the Sea, Confederate Merchant Raiders During the American Civil War: CSS Sumter. 1861-1862. Captain Raphael Semmes"
  84. ^ Gaines, p. 13.
  85. ^ a b "Marine Intelligence". Newcastle Courant (9752). Newcastle upon Tyne. 22 November 1861.
  86. ^ Gaines, p. 56.
  87. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4281). Liverpool. 31 October 1861.
  88. ^ Gaines, p. 163.
  89. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4291). Liverpool. 12 November 1861.
  90. ^ Gaines, p. 126.
  91. ^ Gaines, p. 30.
  92. ^ a b c "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4283). Liverpool. 2 November 1861.
  93. ^ a b "The Calcutta, China and Australian Mails". Morning Chronicle (29621). London. 16 December 1861.
  94. ^ "The West India Mail". Daily News (4813). London. 14 October 1861.
  95. ^ a b c d "The Cape of Good Hope". Daily News (4829). London. 1 November 1861.
  96. ^ a b "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4285). Liverpool. 5 November 1861.
  97. ^ "The Mediterranean". Daily News (4821). London. 23 October 1861.
  98. ^ "Mercantile Marine". Southampton Herald. 39 (1992). Southampton. 2 November 1861. p. 2.
  99. ^ "Loss of the "Pilot Fish"". North Wales Chronicle (1806). Bangor. 30 November 1861.
  100. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". Liverpool Mercury (4257). Liverpool. 3 October 1861.

Bibliography

Ship events in 1861
Ship launches: 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866
Ship commissionings: 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866
Ship decommissionings: 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866
Shipwrecks: 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866