34 films, all from different countries, were submitted for the 64th Academy Awards in the category Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. The five nominated films (highlighted in bold) came from Czechoslovakia, Hong Kong, Iceland, Sweden and the eventual winner, Mediterraneo, from Italy.[1] Hong Kong and Iceland received their first-ever nominations, while Czechoslovakia received its final nomination as a unified state.

Germany caused controversy when it took the unusual step not to submit any film to the competition. Europa, Europa by Agnieszka Holland was one of the pre-selection favorites to win the award. Although the film was made in German and about Germany, the country's National Film Board said that because they considered the film to be a majority-French production, and because the director was Polish, they did not consider it qualified to represent Germany. This is the only time since 1977 that Germany failed to be represented.[2] Other countries notable by their absence included Brazil, Egypt, Finland, Greece and Romania.

In spite of a rule requiring films to be in the language of the submitting country, AMPAS decided to accept a submission from the United Kingdom that was mostly in Russian, marking the UK's first-ever participation in the competition.

AMPAS acknowledged that they had received four submissions from new Eastern European republics, Armenia, Croatia, Macedonia and Slovenia, which had each declared independence in mid-to-late 1991. Since none of the countries had yet been recognized internationally, the films were disqualified and not screened, although representatives from their parent states- the USSR and Yugoslavia- were allowed to compete. AMPAS did not announce the titles, but based on the small size of these republic's film industries at the time it appears certain that Macedonia chose Stole Popov's Tetoviranje, the most celebrated Yugoslavian film of 1991, and that Croatia, Slovenia and Armenia likely chose family drama Fragments, black comedy The Cartier Operation and surreal religious drama The Voice in the Wilderness respectively.[3]


Submitting country Film title used in nomination Original title Language(s) Director(s) Result
 Algeria Cheb Cheb French, Arabic Rachid Bouchareb Not nominated
 Argentina The Tombs Las tumbas Spanish Javier Torre Not nominated
 Austria I Love Vienna I Love Vienna German, Persian Houchang Allahyari Not nominated
 Belgium Toto the Hero Toto le héros French Jaco Van Dormael Not nominated
 Bulgaria The Well Кладенецът Bulgarian Docho Bodzhakov Not nominated
 Canada A Bullet in the Head A Bullet in the Head Invented Attila Bertalan Not nominated
 Chile La Frontera La Frontera Spanish Ricardo Larraín Not nominated
 China The Spring Festival 过年 Mandarin Chinese Huang Jianzhong Not nominated
 Colombia Confessing to Laura Confesión a Laura Spanish Jaime Osorio Gómez Not nominated
 Cuba Hello Hemingway Hello Hemingway Spanish Fernando Perez Not nominated
 Czechoslovakia The Elementary School Obecná skola Czech Jan Svěrák Nominated
 Denmark The Great Day on the Beach Den store badedag Danish Stellan Olsson Not nominated
 France Van Gogh Van Gogh French Maurice Pialat Not nominated
 Hong Kong Raise the Red Lantern 大紅燈籠高高掛 Mandarin Chinese Zhang Yimou Nominated
 Hungary Brats Félálom Hungarian János Rózsa Not nominated
 Iceland Children of Nature Börn náttúrunnar Icelandic Friðrik Þór Friðriksson Nominated
 India Henna हिना Hindi, Urdu Randhir Kapoor Not nominated
 Israel Beyond the Sea מעבר לים Hebrew Jacob Goldwasser Not nominated
 Italy Mediterraneo Mediterraneo Italian Greek Gabriele Salvatores Won Academy Award
 Japan Rhapsody in August 八月の狂詩曲 Japanese Akira Kurosawa Not nominated
 Mexico Homework La Tarea Spanish Jaime Humberto Hermosillo Not nominated
 Netherlands Eline Vere Eline Vere Dutch Harry Kümel Not nominated
 Norway Frida – Straight from the Heart Frida - med hjertet i hånden Norwegian Berit Nesheim Not nominated
 Peru Alias 'La Gringa' Alias 'La Gringa' Spanish Alberto Durant Not nominated
 Poland The Double Life of Véronique Podwójne życie Weroniki (La double vie de Véronique) Polish, French Krzysztof Kieślowski Not nominated
 Portugal O Sangue O Sangue Portuguese Pedro Costa Not nominated
 Soviet Union Get Thee Out Изыди! Russian Dmitriy Astrakhan Not nominated
 Spain High Heels Tacones lejanos Spanish Pedro Almodóvar Not nominated
 Sweden The Ox Oxen Swedish Sven Nykvist Nominated
  Switzerland Der Berg Der Berg German Markus Imhoof Not nominated
 Taiwan A Brighter Summer Day 牯嶺街少年殺人事件 Mandarin Chinese Edward Yang Not nominated
 United Kingdom Lost in Siberia Затерянный в Сибири Russian Alexander Mitta Not nominated
 Venezuela Jericho Jericó Spanish Luis Alberto Lamata Not nominated
 Yugoslavia The Original of the Forgery Original falsifikata Serbian Dragan Kresoja Not nominated


  1. ^ "The 64th Academy Awards (1992) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  2. ^ "The Talk of Hollywood; 'Europa' Surfaces In Oscar Angling". NY Times. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  3. ^ "Daily News of Los Angeles (CA), December 6, 1991". Daily News of Los Angeles. Retrieved 13 September 2015.