Lakhta Center in Saint Petersburg is the tallest building in Russia
Lakhta Center in Saint Petersburg is the tallest building in Russia

The first skyscrapers in Russia were built during the Stalinist Era in the Soviet Union. These skyscrapers are known as the Seven Sisters, which were built in the Stalinist architectural style. The first skyscraper to be constructed in Russia was the Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building. Skyscrapers in Russia are among the tallest in Europe and the Eastern Hemisphere, the vast majority of them are located in the MIBC, in the nation's capital of Moscow, which is home to 7 out of the 10 tallest skyscrapers in Europe.

As of 2020, the Lakhta Center of Saint Petersburg is the tallest skyscraper in Russia and Europe with a height of 462 metres (1,516 ft). It is followed by four skyscrapers of the MIBC, Federation Tower Vostok (or "East"), OKO, Neva Tower 2, and Mercury City Tower in being the tallest buildings in both Russia and Europe.

Russia is currently going through a skyscraper construction boom; with multiple skyscrapers under construction and planned. It is the first European nation with over roughly 300 skyscrapers completed over 100 metres.[1]

The list does not include Ostankino Tower (540 m), the tallest free-standing structure in Russia and Europe. For this kind of buildings, see List of tallest structures built in the Soviet Union.

Tallest buildings

This lists ranks all topped out buildings in Russia that stand at least 150 metres (490 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes all architectural details as well as antenna spires.

Rank Name Image Location Height
m (ft)
Stories Year Notes
1 Lakhta Center
Das Lachta Zentr- Лахта Центр 2H1A5968WI.jpg
Saint Petersburg

59°59′13.7″N 30°10′37.3″E / 59.987139°N 30.177028°E / 59.987139; 30.177028

462 metres (1,516 ft) 87 2019 Reached in 2017, topped-out in 2018, completed in 2019. Lakhta Center overtook Vostok (East Tower) of the Federation Towers as the tallest building in the Russian Federation as well as the tallest building in Europe.[2][3][4]
2 Federation Towers (East Tower/Vostok)
Башня федерация 2018.jpg
Moscow

55°44′59.17″N 37°32′13.70″E / 55.7497694°N 37.5371389°E / 55.7497694; 37.5371389

01.0130 metres (430 ft)130 metres (430 ft)130 metres (430 ft)374 metres (1,227 ft) 95 2017 Completed in 2017, the Federation Tower overtook the OKO as the tallest building in the Russian Federation as well as the tallest building in Europe, until it was surpassed by the Lakhta Center in 2018. Composed of two towers, East Tower/Vostok (the tallest) and West Tower/Zapad.[5]
3 OKO (South Tower)
Oko towers1.jpg
Moscow

55°44′58.48″N 37°32′3.69″E / 55.7495778°N 37.5343583°E / 55.7495778; 37.5343583

01.0 354.1 metres (1,162 ft) 85 2015 Completed in 2015, the OKO is the third tallest building in the Russian Federation and the third-tallest building in Europe. It was formerly the tallest building in Russia and Europe. Composed of two towers: South Tower (the tallest) and North Tower.[5]
4 Neva Tower 2
Neva Towers3.jpg
Moscow

55°45′05″N 37°32′04″E / 55.75139°N 37.53444°E / 55.75139; 37.53444

01.0 345 metres (1,132 ft) 79 2020 Completed in 2020, the Neva Tower 2 is 345 meters (1,132 feet) tall, with 79 floors, and is the tallest residential building in Europe, and the fourth-tallest skyscraper in Europe.
5 Mercury City Tower
View from Imperia Tower Moscow 04-2014 img12.jpg
Moscow

55°45′2″N 37°32′22.6″E / 55.75056°N 37.539611°E / 55.75056; 37.539611

01.0354.1 metres (1,162 ft)354.1 metres (1,162 ft)354.1 metres (1,162 ft) 338.8 metres (1,112 ft) 75 2012 Completed in 2012, Mercury City Tower is the fourth tallest building in the Russian Federation as well as the fourth-tallest building in Europe. The distinctive shape and the blazing copper-orange facade help make the Mercury City Tower stand out of the rest in the MIBC. It was formerly the tallest building in Russia and Europe.[5]
6 Eurasia
Eurasia1-Moscow-city.jpg
Moscow

55°44′57″N 37°32′05″E / 55.74917°N 37.53472°E / 55.74917; 37.53472

01.0 308.9 metres (1,013 ft) 72 2013 Completed in 2013, Eurasia Tower is the fifth tallest building in the Russian Federation and the seventh-tallest building in Europe.[5]
7 Neva Tower 1
Neva Towers3.jpg
Moscow

55°45′05″N 37°32′04″E / 55.75139°N 37.53444°E / 55.75139; 37.53444

01.0 302 metres (991 ft) 79 2019
8 City of Capitals (Moscow Tower)
City Of Capitals 20th October 2012.JPG
Moscow

55°44′50″N 37°32′20″E / 55.74722°N 37.53889°E / 55.74722; 37.53889

01.0308.9 metres (1,013 ft)

301.6 metres (990 ft)

76 2009 The sixth-tallest building in the Russian Federation and the seventh-tallest building in Europe. It is composed of two towers, each representing a capital of Russia, Moscow Tower (the tallest) and St. Petersburg Tower. It was formerly the tallest building in Russia and Europe.[5]
9 Naberezhnaya Tower
Nabereshnaya Tower2016.jpg
Moscow

55°44′48″N 37°32′13″E / 55.74667°N 37.53694°E / 55.74667; 37.53694

02.0

268.4 metres (881 ft)

61 2007 It was formerly the tallest building in Russia and Europe. Composed of three towers: A, B, and C (the tallest).
10 Triumph Palace
Triumph Palace.jpg
Moscow

55°47′54″N 37°31′15″E / 55.79833°N 37.52083°E / 55.79833; 37.52083

02.0 264.1 metres (866 ft) 52 2006
11 City of Capitals (Saint Petersburg Tower)
City Of Capitals 20th October 2012.JPG
Moscow 02.0 257 metres (843 ft) 65 2009
12 OKO (North Tower)
Oko towers1.jpg
Moscow 254 metres (833 ft) 49 2014
13 Evolution Tower
Moscow International Business Center A 02.jpg
Moscow 246 metres (807 ft) 55 2014
14 Federation Tower (West Tower/Zapad)
Башня федерация 2018.jpg
Moscow 02.0 242.2 metres (795 ft) 62 2008
15 Main Building of Moscow State University
Moscow — Main building of Moscow State University.jpg
Moscow 02.0 240 metres (790 ft) 36 1953
16 Imperia Tower
Moscow International Business Center A 06.jpg
Moscow 02.0239 metres (784 ft) 60 2010
17 House on Mosfilmovskaya
Mosfilmsvyusotka.jpg
Moscow 02.0 213 metres (699 ft) 54 2010
18 Iset Tower
Iset Tower.jpg
Yekaterinburg 02.0 212.8 metres (698 ft)[6] 52 2016
19 Hotel Ukraina
Hotel Ukraina - Moskau.JPG
Moscow 02.0 198 metres (650 ft) 34 1957
20 Tricolor Tower A Moscow 02.0198 metres (650 ft)198 metres (650 ft)198 metres (650 ft)194 metres (636 ft) 56 2014
21 Tricolor Tower B Moscow 192 metres (630 ft) 58
22 Continental House Moscow 191 metres (627 ft) 48 2011
23 Vysotsky
Высоцкий лето 2014.jpg
Yekaterinburg 02.0188.3 metres (618 ft) 53 2011
24 Vorobyovy Gory (Sparrow Hills Tower II)
Sparrow Hills-residential complex.jpg
Moscow 02.0188.2 metres (617 ft) 49 2004
25 Алые паруса (Scarlet sails) Moscow 02.0179 metres (587 ft) 48 2003
26= Edelweiss
Edelweiss, Moscow.jpg
Moscow 02.0176 metres (577 ft) 43 2003
26= Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building
Lubyanka CDM view from Panoramic view point 05-2015 img12.jpg
Moscow 02.0176 metres (577 ft) 32 1952 The first skyscraper to be constructed in Russia.
27= Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs building in Moscow, Russian Federation.jpg
Moscow 02.0172 metres (564 ft) 27 1953
28= Nordstar Tower
Бизнес-центр Nordstar Tower.jpg
Moscow 02.0172 metres (564 ft) 42 2009
30 Mirax Plaza (Tower B)
Mirax Plaza.jpg
Moscow 02.0167 metres (548 ft) 41 2010
31 Swissôtel Krasnye Holmy
Krasnye holmy3.jpg
Moscow 02.0165 metres (541 ft) 34 2005
32 WellHouse on Leninskiy Moscow 02.0162 metres (531 ft) 46 2009
33 Kudrinskaya Square Building
Stalinian architecture in Moscow (Kudrinskaya Square Building)-2.JPG
Moscow 02.0160 metres (520 ft) 41 (22) 1954
34= Sparrow Hills Tower I
Sparrow Hills-residential complex.jpg
Moscow 02.0155 metres (509 ft) 44 2004
34= Sparrow Hills Tower III
Sparrow Hills-residential complex.jpg
Moscow 02.0155 metres (509 ft) 44 2004
34= Avenue 77
Avenue 77.jpg
Moscow 155 metres (509 ft) 45 2009
37= Gazprom building
Gazprom Headquarters.jpg
Moscow 02.0150.9 metres (495 ft) 35 1994
38= Sverdlovsk Yekaterinburg 150.9 metres (495 ft) 37 2015

Tallest buildings proposed, approved, or under construction

Under Construction

Rank Name Image Location Height
m (ft)
Stories Construction Begins Planned Construction End Notes Reference
1 vertical street saint petersburg 1,209 metres (3,967 ft) 341 2026 2033 vision (89)
2 One Tower Moscow 442 metres (1,450 ft) 108 2019 2024 [7]
3 Akhmat Tower Grozny 435 metres (1,427 ft) 102 2016 construction on hold [7]
4 Grand Tower Moscow 283 metres (928 ft) 62 2013 2022 [7]
5 ICity Moscow 256 metres (840 ft) 59 2020 2023
6 MFK Crocus City Krasnogorsk 216.8 metres (711 ft) 51 2014 [7]

Timeline of tallest buildings

This is a list of the history of the tallest buildings in Russia; it includes buildings that once held the title of tallest building in Russia.

Name Image Location Years as tallest Height

meters (ft)

Stories Reference
Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral
Saint Peter and Paul Cathedral in Saint Petersburg main facade.jpg
Saint Petersburg 1733–1952 122.5 -
Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building
Lubyanka CDM view from Panoramic view point 05-2015 img12.jpg
Moscow 1952–1953 02.0176 metres (577 ft) 32
Main Building of Moscow State University
Moscow State University crop.jpg
Moscow 1953–2006 02.0 240 metres (790 ft) 36
Triumph Palace
Triumph Palace.jpg
Moscow 2006–2007 02.0 264.1 metres (866 ft) 52
Naberezhnaya Tower
Naberezhnaya Tower 2014.jpg
Moscow 2007–2009 02.0 268.4 metres (881 ft) 61
City of Capitals (Moscow Tower)
City of Capitals 2014.jpg
Moscow 2009–2012 01.0308.9 metres (1,013 ft)306.6 metres (1,006 ft) 76
Mercury City Tower
View from Imperia Tower Moscow 04-2014 img12.jpg
Moscow 2012–2015 01.0354.1 metres (1,162 ft)354.1 metres (1,162 ft)354.1 metres (1,162 ft) 338.8 metres (1,112 ft) 75
OKO (South Tower)
OKO Towers 2016.jpg
Moscow 2015–2016 01.0 354.1 metres (1,162 ft) 85
Federation Tower
Federation-Tower-February.jpg
Moscow 2016–2018 374 metres (1,227 ft) 95
Lakhta Center
Saint Petersburg Lakhta center 06.jpg
Saint Petersburg 2018–present 462 metres (1,516 ft) 87

See also

References

  1. ^ "Russia Buildings". The Skyscraper Center. Retrieved November 4, 2020.
  2. ^ "European altitude record broken". lakhta.center. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  3. ^ "Russian skyscraper 'becomes Europe's tallest building'". euronews. 2017-10-06. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  4. ^ Лахта Центр (2018-01-29), Lakhta Center reached the design height, archived from the original on 2021-12-15, retrieved 2018-06-17
  5. ^ a b c d e "Tallest Buildings In Europe". WorldAtlas. Retrieved 2017-05-22.
  6. ^ Schematic of Iset Tower
  7. ^ a b c d "Russia—The Skyscraper Center". skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 2017-05-22.
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (February 2011)