The 100-meter tall Shwesandaw in Bagan— the country's tallest structure by architectural height for nearly nine centuries (c. 1057–1954) and tallest by pinnacle height at least until 1775
The 100-meter tall Shwesandaw in Bagan— the country's tallest structure by architectural height for nearly nine centuries (c. 1057–1954) and tallest by pinnacle height at least until 1775

This is a list of the tallest structures in Myanmar. The list has two main parts: one list for the tallest buildings above 90 m (295 ft), and another list for other tallest structures above 60 m (197 ft). The lists are based on publicly available data and may likely be incomplete as the information on structures and buildings in the country is poorly documented and/or not publicly available.

The vast majority of the country's recorded tallest structures have been Buddhist pagodas and statues. The country has had a 100 m (328 ft) tall pagoda since the 11th century in the Shwesandaw Pagoda in Bagan (Pagan). The 134 m (440 ft) Yeywa Dam in Kyaukse is currently the tallest structure in the country.

Tallest buildings

See List of tallest buildings in Myanmar.

Tallest structures except buildings, masts or towers

The following is a list of tallest known structures above 60 m (197 ft) in Myanmar, excluding buildings, guyed masts, or cellular towers, ranked by their pinnacle height.

Many of the structures on the list are Buddhist stupas (pagodas), temples, and statues. Many pagodas have been rebuilt many times throughout their history, often taller. Furthermore, Burmese pagodas are typically measured by their architectural height (nyandaw) without including the height of the hti spire. The htis are replaced periodically, and the new htis may change in size and height, thus altering the overall pinnacle height of their pagoda. Height estimates are given in italics.

The list may not be complete or up-to-date.

Rank Name Image Location Height:
m (ft)
Pinnacle height
m (ft)
Year Completed Type Notes References
1 Yeywa Dam
Kyaukse 134 m (440 ft) 134 m (440 ft) 2010 dam [1]
2 Lower Paunglaung Dam Pyinmana 131 m (430 ft) 131 m (430 ft) 2005 dam [2]
3 Laykyun Sekkya
Monywa 116 m (381 ft) 129.4 m (425 ft) 2008 statue 3rd tallest statue in the world
pinnacle height includes the 13.4 meter throne
[3]
4 Shwemawdaw Pagoda
Bago ? ? 14th century stupa Tallest pagoda in Myanmar since 1954 [4][5]
90 m (295 ft) ? 1796
114 m (374 ft) ? 1954
5 Shwedagon Pagoda
Yangon ? ? ? stupa 2500+ years old according to tradition
18 m (59 ft) ? 1362/63 [6]
40 m (131 ft) ? 1462 [6][7]
99 m (325 ft) ? 1775 [6][7]
112 m (367 ft) 1871 [6][7]
6 Uppatasanti Pagoda
Naypyidaw 98.7 m (324 ft) 111.7 m (366 ft) 2009 stupa Replica of the Shwedagon but 30 cm shorter; presumably, its hti is also of the same height as the Shwedagon's. [8]
7 Upper Paunglaung Dam Naypyidaw 103 m (338 ft) 103 m (338 ft) 2015 dam [2]
8 Goteik viaduct
Nawnghkio 102 m (335 ft) 102 m (335 ft) 1900 bridge Most of the viaduct's pillars destroyed during WWII. Rebuilt in 1951. [9]
1951
9 Shwesandaw Pagoda
Bagan 100 m (328 ft) ? 1057 stupa Tallest pagoda in Bagan [10]
10 Dapein I Dam Bhamo 83.5 m (274 ft) 83.5 m (274 ft) 2011 dam [11]
11 Statue of Gautama Buddha
Kyaikto 78 m (256 ft) ? 2019 statue [12]
12 Yangon Radar Station
Yangon 75 m (246 ft) 75 m (246 ft) 2016 radar tower 18 stories tall [13]
13 Thatbyinnyu Temple
Bagan 61.3 m (201 ft) 66 m (217 ft) 1150/51 temple Tallest temple in Bagan [14][15]
14 Htupayon Pagoda Sagaing ? ? 1454/55 stupa [note 1]
? ? 1605/06
49 m (161 ft) ? 1851/52
59 m (194 ft) 61.5 m (202 ft) 2016
15 Nan-Myint Tower Bagan 60 m (197 ft) 60 m (197 ft) 2005 Tower Observation tower for the Bagan Archeological Zone; consists of 13 levels/stories [16]

Timeline of tallest structures

By architectural height

This is a list of tallest known structures in Myanmar as measured by architectural height without including spires such as htis or antennas.

The list may not be complete or up-to-date.

Name Image Location Height:
m (ft)
Pinnacle height
m (ft)
Years as tallest Notes References
Shwesandaw Pagoda
Bagan 100 m (328 ft) ? c. 1057–1954 Tallest pagoda in Bagan [10]
Shwemawdaw Pagoda
Bago 114 m (374 ft) ? 1954–2005 Tallest pagoda in Myanmar [4]
Lower Paunglaung Dam Pyinmana 131 m (430 ft) 131 m (430 ft) 2005–2010 [2]
Yeywa Dam
Kyaukse 134 m (440 ft) 134 m (440 ft) 2010–present [1]

By pinnacle height

This is a list of tallest known structures in Myanmar as measured by pinnacle height.

The list may not be complete or up-to-date.

Name Image Location Height:
m (ft)
Pinnacle height
m (ft)
Years as tallest Notes References
Shwesandaw Pagoda
Bagan 100 m (328 ft) ? c. 1057–1775 or 1871 Tallest pagoda in Bagan [10]
Shwedagon Pagoda
Yangon 99 m (325 ft) 112 m (367 ft) 1775 or 1871–1954 [6][7]
Shwemawdaw Pagoda
Bago 114 m (374 ft) ? 1954–2005 Tallest pagoda in Myanmar [4]
Lower Paunglaung Dam Pyinmana 131 m (430 ft) 131 m (430 ft) 2005–2010 [2]
Yeywa Dam
Kyaukse 134 m (440 ft) 134 m (440 ft) 2010–present [1]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ (MNA 2016) gives the height as 202 feet (61.5m) but (Moore, Win Maung 2016: 168–169) says the pagoda's height was raised by 10 meters from the original height of 49 meters, meaning the new height is now 59 meters (193.5 feet). The 61.5 meter height is likely inclusive of the hti (umbrella or spire).

References

  1. ^ a b c "Yeywa Dam". Burma Rivers Network. 18 August 2008. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  2. ^ a b c d "Upper and Lower Paunglaung Dams". Burma Rivers Network. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  3. ^ Foer et al 2019: 170
  4. ^ a b c Zaw Winn (2008-04-28). "Shwemawdaw Pagoda welcomes in the New Year". The Myanmar Times. 21 (416). Archived from the original on 2011-11-08. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  5. ^ Timothy Tye. "Shwemawdaw Pagoda, Bago". Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  6. ^ a b c d e UNESCO 2018
  7. ^ a b c d Langmead, Garnault 2001: 307
  8. ^ "Naypyidaw's Version of Shwedagon Pagoda Nears Completion". The Irrawaddy. 2009-03-06.
  9. ^ "Nawnghkio & Gokteik Viaduct". Global New Light of Myanmar. 28 August 2018. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  10. ^ a b c "Shwesandaw Pagoda – A "GUARDIAN" OF ANCIENT BAGAN". 2019-06-13. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  11. ^ "Dapein Dams". Burma Rivers Network. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  12. ^ "Construction of Gigantic Sitting Buddha Statue Nearly Complete". Myanmar Digital News. 2019-01-14.
  13. ^ Matsui, Motokazu (2016-08-07). "Japan-built weather radar a new landmark in Yangon". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 2020-04-17.
  14. ^ Ishizawa, Yoshiaki; Yasushi Kōno (1989). Study on Pagan. Sophia: Institute for Asian Cultures. p. 239.
  15. ^ "Bagan". Union of Myanmar Travel Association. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  16. ^ "Nan-Myint Tower". Retrieved 2020-04-26.

Bibliography