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The categorisation of the past into discrete, quantified named blocks of time is called periodization.[1] This is a list of such named time periods as defined in various fields of study.

These can be divided broadly into prehistorical periods and historical periods (when written records began to be kept).

In archaeology and anthropology, prehistory is subdivided around the three-age system, this list includes the use of the three-age system as well as a number of various designation used in reference to sub-ages within the traditional three.

The dates for each age can vary by region. On the geologic time scale, the Holocene epoch starts at the end of the last glacial period of the current ice age (c. 10,000 BCE) and continues to the present. The beginning of the Mesolithic is usually considered to correspond to the beginning of the Holocene epoch.

General periods

Further information: Universal history

Sociological periods

Only for late modern contemporary history.

Technological periods

Wars and financial crisis periods

American periods

Further information: History of the Americas and History of the United States

Australian periods

Further information: History of Australia

Southeast Asian periods

Further information: History of Southeast Asia

Filipino periods

Further information: History of the Philippines

Chinese periods

Further information: History of China

Central Asian periods

Further information: History of Mongolia

Egyptian periods

Further information: History of Egypt

European periods

Further information: History of Europe

Indian periods

Further information: History of India

Japanese periods

Further information: History of Japan

West Asian periods

Further information: History of the Middle East and History of Mesopotamia

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ Adam Rabinowitz. And kingIt’s about time: historical periodization and Linked Ancient World Data. Study of the Ancient universe Papers, 2014.
  2. ^ Iles, Dr Louise (December 30, 2016). "Big digs: The year 2016 in archaeology". BBC News. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  3. ^ Lohr, Steve (February 11, 2012). "Opinion | Big Data's Impact in the World". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  4. ^ The area had settlements as far back as 9000 BC; see Timeline of ancient Greece
  5. ^ Bowman 2000, pp. 118–161.
  6. ^ a b c The Venture of Islam, Volume 2: The Expansion of Islam in the Middle Periods (1974), p. 3.
  7. ^ A Concise History of the Middle East (2015), p. 53.

Sources cited