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This article discusses notable unsolved problems in linguistics.

Some of the issues below are commonly recognized as unsolved problems; i.e., it is generally agreed that no solution is known. Others may be described as controversies; i.e., although there is no common agreement about the answer, there are established schools of thought that believe they have a correct answer.

Concepts

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Philosophy of language

Main article: Index of philosophy of language articles

Historical linguistics and the evolution of language

The evolution of language

Language classification

Psycholinguistics

Main article: Psycholinguistics § Issues and areas of research

Sociolinguistics

Main article: Sociolinguistics

Computational linguistics

Main article: Computational linguistics

Lexicology and lexicography

Main articles: Lexicology and lexicography

Translation

Other

References

  1. ^ Givon, Talmy; Bertram F. Malle (2002). The Evolution of Language Out of Pre-language. John Benjamins. ISBN 1-58811-237-3.
  2. ^ Deacon, Terrence (1997). The Symbolic Species: The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain. W.W. Norton. ISBN 0-571-17396-9.
  3. ^ MacNeilage, Peter, 2008. The Origin of Speech. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ Botha, R. and C. Knight (eds) 2009. The Cradle of Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ Dor, D., C. Knight & J. Lewis (eds), 2014. The Social Origins of Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  6. ^ Harald Hammarström; Robert Forkel; Martin Haspelmath (2019). "Glottolog 4.0: Unclassifiable". Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Retrieved 2019-11-24.
  7. ^ Lyle Campbell, ed. (2018). Language Isolates. Routledge Language Family Series. London and New York: Routledge. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-138-82105-7.
  8. ^ Perfors, Amy (2002). "Simulated Evolution of Language: A Review of the Field". Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation. 5 (2): 4.
  9. ^ Suzuki, Toshitaka N.; Wheatcroft, David; Griesser, Michael (2018). "Call combinations in birds and the evolution of compositional syntax". PLOS Biology. 16 (8): e2006532. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.2006532. PMC 6093598. PMID 30110321.
  10. ^ Milroy, James; Milroy, Leslie (1992). "Speaker-innovation and linguistic change". Linguistic Variation and Change: On the Historical Sociolinguistics of English: 164–205.
  11. ^ Robert Spence, "A Functional Approach to Translation Studies. New systemic linguistic challenges in empirically informed didactics", 2004, ISBN 3-89825-777-0, thesis. A pdf file Archived 2006-05-06 at the Wayback Machine