This is a list of wars and armed conflicts fought by the Kingdom of Spain, its predecessor states or in Spanish territory.

Medieval

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Byzantine conquest of Visigothic Baetica
(551–555)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg
Visigothic Kingdom
Simple Labarum2.svg
Byzantine Empire
Byzantine victory
Visigothic conquest of Spania
(570–624)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg
Visigothic Kingdom
Simple Labarum2.svg
Byzantine Empire
Visigothic victory
Visigothic conquest of Córdoba
(572)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg
Visigothic Kingdom
Simple Labarum2.svg
Byzantine Empire
Visigothic victory
Visigothic conquest of Sabaria
(573)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg
Visigothic Kingdom
Sappi Visigothic victory
Visigothic conquest of Cantabria
(574)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg
Visigothic Kingdom
Cantabri Visigothic victory
Second Visigothic–Suevic War
(575–577)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg
Visigothic Kingdom
Reino suevo.svg
Kingdom of the Suebi
Visigothic victory
Visigothic–Vasconic War
(581)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg
Visigothic Kingdom
Vascones Visigothic victory
Third Visigothic–Suevic War
(585–586)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg
Visigothic Kingdom
Reino suevo.svg
Kingdom of the Suebi
Visigothic victory
Umayyad conquest of Hispania
(711–718)
Reino de los visigodos-en.svg
Visigothic Kingdom
Umayyad Flag.svg
Umayyad Caliphate
Umayyad victory
Battle of Covadonga
(722)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg
Kingdom of Asturias
Umayyad Flag.svg
Umayyad Caliphate
Asturian victory
Battle of Montecubeiro
(774)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg
Kingdom of Asturias
Galician rebels Asturian victory
Battle of the Burbia River
(791)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg
Kingdom of Asturias
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Defeat
Battle of Lutos
(794)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg
Kingdom of Asturias
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Asturian victory
Battle of Las Babias
(795)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg
Kingdom of Asturias
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Defeat
Viking raid on Galicia
(844)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg
Kingdom of Asturias
Raven Banner.svg
Norwegian Vikings
Asturian victory
Battle of Guadalacete
(852)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg
Kingdom of Asturias
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg
Kingdom of Pamplona
Toledo rebels
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Defeat
Battle of the Morcuera
(865)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg
Kingdom of Asturias
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Defeat
Battle of Polvoraria
(878)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg
Kingdom of Asturias
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Asturian victory
First Battle of Cellorigo
(882)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg
Kingdom of Asturias
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Asturian victory
Second Battle of Cellorigo
(883)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg
Kingdom of Asturias
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Asturian victory
Day of Zamora
(901)
Emblema del Reino de Asturias.svg
Kingdom of Asturias
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Asturian victory
Battle of San Esteban de Gormaz
(917)
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Leonese victory
Battle of Alhandic
(939)
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Defeat
Battle of Simancas
(939)
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Leonese victory
Battle of Rueda
(981)
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Banner of arms kingdom of Castile.svg
County of Castile
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg
Kingdom of Navarre
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Defeat
Battle of Cervera
(1000)
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Banner of arms kingdom of Castile.svg
County of Castile
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg
Kingdom of Pamplona
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Defeat
Battle of Calatañazor
(1002)
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Banner of arms kingdom of Castile.svg
County of Castile
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg
Kingdom of Pamplona
Allah.svg
Emirate of Córdoba
Christian victory
Battle of Graus
(1063)
Royal Arms of Castille (1214-15th Century).svg
Kingdom of Castile
Allah.svg
Taifa of Zaragoza
Cross of Íñigo Arista Arms.svg
Kingdom of Aragon
Castilian–Zaragozan victory
Crusade of Barbastro
(1064)
Cross of Íñigo Arista Arms.svg
Kingdom of Aragon
Urgel.svg
County of Urgell
Arms of Aquitaine and Guyenne.svg
Duchy of Aquitaine
CoA Pontifical States 02.svg
Papal States
Allah.svg
Emirate of Lārida
Christian victory
Battle of Paterna
(1065)
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Allah.svg
Taifa of Valencia
Leonese victory
War of the Three Sanchos
(1065–67)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png
Kingdom of Castile
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg
Kingdom of Navarre
Royal Banner of Aragón.svg
Kingdom of Aragon
Castilian victory
  • Castile annexes La Bureba, Montes de Oca and Pancorbo
Battle of Llantada
(1068)
  • Part of the Castilian–Leonese war
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png
Kingdom of Castile
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Castilian victory
Battle of Golpejera
(1072)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png
Kingdom of Castile
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Castilian victory
Battle of Piedra Pisada
(1084)
Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Christian Aragon
Allah.svg
Muslim Zaragoza
Defeat
Siege of Toledo[1]
(1084–85)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png
Kingdom of Castile
Allah.svg
Taifa of Toledo
Castilian victory
Battle of Sagrajas
(1086)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png
Kingdom of Castile
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Kingdom of Aragon
Almoravids Defeat
Siege of Toledo (1090)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png
Kingdom of Castile
Almoravides flag.jpg
Almoravids
Castilian victory
Siege of Valencia [ca][1]
(1092–1094)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png
Kingdom of Castile
Allah.svg
Taifa of Valencia
Almoravides flag.jpg
Almoravids
Castilian victory
Battle of Bairén
(1097)
Kingdom of Aragon
Valencia under Cid's rule
Kingdom of Castile
Almoravid dynasty Aragonese/Castilian/Valencian victory
Battle of Consuegra
(1097)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png
Kingdom of Castile
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Almoravid dynasty Defeat
Battle of Uclés
(1108)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png
Kingdom of Castile
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Almoravid dynasty Defeat
1113–1115 Balearic Islands expedition
Pisa-Stemma.svg
Republic of Pisa
Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Catalan counties
Blason Provence ancien.svg
County of Provence
Torre Merlata del Giudicato di Torres.svg
Giudicato of Torres
CoA Pontifical States 02.svg
Papal States
Allah.svg
Taifa of Majorca
Almoravides flag.jpg
Almoravids
Christian victory
Battle of Cutanda
(1120)
Cross of Íñigo Arista Arms.svg
Kingdom of Aragon
Arms of Aquitaine and Guyenne.svg
Duchy of Aquitaine
Almoravid dynasty Christian victory
Battle of São Mamede
(1128)
  • Kingdom of León civil war
Royal Banner of León.svg
Kingdom of León
PortugueseFlag1095.svg
County of Portugal
Defeat
Secession of the County of Portugal which becomes a kingdom
Siege of Oreja
(1139)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.png
Kingdom of Castile
Escudoreinogaliza.svg
Kingdom of Galicia
Leon banner.svg
Kingdom of León
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Toledo.svg
Kingdom of Toledo (Christians)
Almoravides flag.jpg
Almoravids (Muslims)
Christian victory
Second Crusade
(1147–50)
Arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.svg
Kingdom of Jerusalem
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg
Kingdom of France
Shield and Coat of Arms of the Holy Roman Emperor (c.1200-c.1300).svg
Holy Roman Empire
PortugueseFlag1143.svg
Kingdom of Portugal
Royal Arms of Castille (1214-15th Century).svg
Kingdom of Castile
Historic Arms of Barcelona.svg
County of Barcelona
Coat of Arms and Shield of León (1230-1284).svg
Kingdom of León
Flag of Palaeologus Emperor - Libro del conosçimiento de todos los rregnos.svg
Byzantine Empire
Royal Arms of England (1154-1189).svg
Kingdom of England
Seljuq Sultanate
Emirate of Zengids
Abbasid Caliphate
Fatimid Caliphate
Almoravids
Status quo ante bellum
  • Decisive Seljuk Turks victory in Anatolia
  • Decisive Crusader victories in Iberia
Battle of Alarcos
(1195)
Kingdom of Castile Arms.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Cross Santiago.svg
Order of Santiago
Ordem Avis.svg
Order of Évora
Flag of Almohad Dynasty.svg
Almohad Caliphate
Defeat
Siege of Al-Dāmūs
(1210)
Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Crown of Aragon
Flag of the Order of St. John (various).svg
Knights Hospitaller
Cross of the Knights Templar.svg
Knights Templar
Flag of Morocco (1147-1269).svg
Almohad Caliphate
Christian victory
Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa
(1212)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Royal Banner of Aragón.svg
Crown of Aragon
PortugueseFlag1185.svg
Kingdom of Portugal
Bandera de Reino de Navarra.svg
Kingdom of Navarre
Cross of Saint James.svg
Order of Santiago
Badge of the Order of Calatrava.svg
Order of Calatrava
Cross of the Knights Templar.svg
Knights Templar
Kingdom of France French volunteers
Banner of arms kingdom of Leon.svg
Leonese volunteers
Flag of Almohad Dynasty.svg
Almohad Caliphate
Christian victory
  • 100,000 Muslims killed[2]
  • 25–30 Christians killed[2]
Battle of Muret
(1213)
Royal arms of Aragon (Crowned).svg
Crown of Aragon
Blason Languedoc.svg
County of Toulouse
Armoiries Comminges.png
County of Comminges
Blason du comté de Foix.svg
County of Foix
ArmoiriesTrencavel.svg
Viscounty of Carcassonne
Cross-Pattee-alternate red.svg
Crusaders
Arms of the Kingdom of France (Ancien).svg
Kingdom of France
French-Crusader victory
Conquest of Majorca
(1228–31)
Aragonese Flag
Crown of Aragon
Flag of Marseille.svg
Marseille
Fr narbona.png
Narbonne
Flag of Genoa.svg
Republic of Genoa
Cross Templar.svg
Knights Templar
Malteserkreuz.svg
Order of Malta
Flag of Almohad Dynasty.svg
Almohad Caliphate territory of Majorca
Aragonese victory
Siege of Burriana
(1233)
Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Crown of Aragon
Flag of the Order of St. John (various).svg
Knights Hospitaller
Cross of the Knights Templar.svg
Knights Templar
Bandera de Albarracín.svg
Senyoria d'Albarrasí
Allah.svg
Taifa of Valencia
Aragonese victory
Siege of Córdoba (1236)
Estandarte del Reino de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Moors Castilian victory
Battle of the Puig
(1237)
Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Crown of Aragon
Allah.svg
Taifa of Valencia
Aragonese victory
  • Conquest of Valencia
Siege of Jaén (1245–1246)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Cross Santiago.svg
Order of Santiago
Flag of Almohad Dynasty.svg
Taifa of Jayyān (جيان)
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg
Emirate of Granada
Castilian victory
Siege of Seville
(1247–48)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Cross Santiago.svg
Order of Santiago
Cross of the Knights Templar.svg
Knights Templar
Flag of the Order of St. John (various).svg
Knights Hospitaller
Badge of the Order of Calatrava.svg
Order of Calatrava
Flag of Almohad Dynasty.svg
Almohad Caliphate
Allah.svg
Taifa of Niebla
Castilian victory
Siege of Albarracín (1284)
  • Part of the War of the Castilian Succession (1284–90)
Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Kingdom of Aragón
House of Lara COA.svg
House of Lara
Bandera de Albarracín.svg
Señorío de Albarracín
Aragonese victory
Battle of Écija (1275)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Flag of Morocco (1258-1659).svg
Sultanate of Morocco
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg
Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Battle of Algeciras (1278)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Emblema OrdendSantaMariadEspaña.svg
Order of Santa María de España
Flag of Morocco (1258-1659).svg
Sultanate of Morocco
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg
Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Siege of Algeciras (1278–1279)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Emblema OrdendSantaMariadEspaña.svg
Order of Santa María de España
Flag of Morocco (1258-1659).svg
Sultanate of Morocco
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg
Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Battle of Moclín (1280)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Emblema OrdendSantaMariadEspaña.svg
Order of Santa María de España
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg
Emirate of Granada
Defeat
War of the Sicilian Vespers
(1282–1302)
Royal arms of Aragon (Crowned).svg
Crown of Aragon
Arms of the Aragonese Kings of Sicily.svg
Kingdom of Trinacria
 Byzantine Empire
Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg
Kingdom of Naples
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg
Kingdom of France
C o a Martino IV.svg
Papal States
Aragonese victory
Battle of Malta
(1283)
Royal arms of Aragon (Crowned).svg
Crown of Aragon
Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg
Kingdom of Naples
Aragonese victory
Battle of the Gulf of Naples
(1284)
Kingdom of Aragon flag
Crown of Aragon
Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg
Kingdom of Naples
Aragonese victory
Aragonese Crusade
(1284–85)
Royal arms of Aragon (Crowned).svg
Crown of Aragon
C o a Martino IV.svg
Papal States
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg
Kingdom of France
Royal Coat of Arms of Navarre (1234 1259-1284).svg
Kingdom of Navarre
Arms of Jean dAnjou.svg
Kingdom of Naples
Arms of the Monarchs of Majorca and the Balearic Islands (14th-20th Centuries).svg
Kingdom of Majorca
House of Lara COA.svg
Lordship of Albarracín
Armoiries Gênes.svg
Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Battle of Les Formigues
(1285)
Arms of the Aragonese Kings of Sicily.svg
Kingdom of Sicily
Royal arms of Aragon (Crowned).svg
Crown of Aragon
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg
France
CoA civ ITA milano.png
Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Battle of the Col de Panissars
(1285)
Kingdom of Aragon flag
Crown of Aragon
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg
Kingdom of France
Aragonese victory
Battle of the Counts
(1287)
Kingdom of Aragon flag
Crown of Aragon
Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg
Kingdom of Naples
Emblem of the Papacy SE.svg
Papal States
Aragonese victory
Battle of Iznalloz
(1295)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Badge of the Order of Calatrava.svg
Order of Calatrava
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenada (1013-1492).svg
Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Battle of Cape Orlando
(1299)
Kingdom of Aragon flag
Crown of Aragon
Arms of the Aragonese Kings of Sicily.svg
Kingdom of Sicily
Aragonese victory
Battle of Ponza (1300)
Kingdom of Aragon flag
Crown of Aragon
Arms of Charles II dAnjou.svg
Kingdom of Naples
Supported by:
CoA civ ITA milano.png
Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Siege of Algeciras (1309–10)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Cross Santiago.svg
Order of Santiago
Badge of the Order of Calatrava.svg
Order of Calatrava
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg
Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Second Siege of Gibraltar
(1315)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenada (1013-1492).svg
Emirate of Granada
Castilian victory
Battle of Picotin
(1316)
Royal Coat and Shield of Majorca c.1276-14th Century.svg
Kingdom of Majorca
Armoiries Achaïe.svg
Principality of Achaea
Catalan victory
Battle of Manolada
(1316)
Royal Coat and Shield of Majorca c.1276-14th Century.svg
Kingdom of Majorca
Armoiries Louis de Bourgogne.svg
Burgundians
Defeat
Aragonese conquest of Sardinia
(1323–26)
Estandarte de la Corona de Aragon.svg
Crown of Aragon
Flag of the Giudicato of Arborea.svg
Giudicato of Arborea
Flag of the Republic of Pisa.svg
Republic of Pisa
Flag of Genoa.svg
Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Siege of Villa di Chiesa
(1323–24)
Aragonese Flag
Crown of Aragon
Albero Eradicato del Giudicato di Arborea.svg
Giudicato of Arborea
Shield of the Republic of Pisa.svg
Republic of Pisa
Aragonese victory
Battle of Lucocisterna
(1324)
Aragonese Flag
Crown of Aragon
Shield of the Republic of Pisa.svg
Republic of Pisa
Aragonese victory
Battle of Teba
(1330)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenada (1013-1492).svg
Emirate of Granada
Castilian victory
Genoese–Catalan War
(1330–36)
Armoiries Aragon Sicile.svg
Crown of Aragon
CoA civ ITA milano.png
Republic of Genoa
Status quo ante bellum
Luso-Castillian War
(1336–37)
Coat of Arms of Henry III of Castile (1390-1406).svg
Crown of Castile
PortugueseFlag1248.svg
Kingdom of Portugal
Castilian victory
English Channel naval campaign
(1338–39)
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg
Kingdom of France
CoA civ ITA milano.png
Genoese mercenaries
Coat of Arms of Henry III of Castile (1390-1406).svg
Castilian mercenaries
Royal Arms of England.svg
Kingdom of England
Arms of Flanders.svg
County of Flanders
Indecisive
Battle of Río Salado
(1340)
Estandarte de la Corona de Castilla.png
Crown of Castile
PortugueseFlag1248.svg
Kingdom of Portugal
Marinid emblem of Morocco.svg
Marinid Empire
Royal Standard of Nasrid Dynasty Kingdom of Grenade.svg
Emirate of Granada
Portuguese-Castilian victory
Battle of Estepona
(1342)
Siñal d
Crown of Aragon
Flag of Morocco (1258-1659).svg
Marinid dynasty
Aragonese victory
Siege of Algeciras (1342–1344)
Estandarte de la Corona de Castilla.png
Kingdom of Castile
Flag of Genoa.svg
Republic of Genoa
Royal arms of Aragon (Crowned).svg
Kingdom of Aragon
PortugueseFlag1248.svg
Kingdom of Portugal
Navarre Arms.svg
Kingdom of Navarre
Cross-Pattee-red.svg
European crusaders
Marinid emblem.png
Sultanate of Morocco
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg
Emirate of Granada
Castilian victory
Battle of Llucmajor
(1349)
Aragonese Flag
Crown of Aragon
Royal Coat and Shield of Majorca c.1276-14th Century.svg
Kingdom of Majorca
Aragonese victory
  • Annexation of the Kingdom of Majorca
Battle of Winchelsea
(1350)
Coat of Arms of Henry III of Castile (1390-1406).svg
Kingdom of Castile
Royal Arms of England (1340-1367).svg
Kingdom of England
Defeat
Siege of Alghero
(1354)
Aragonese Flag
Republic of Venice
Aragonese Flag
Crown of Aragon
CoA civ ITA milano.png
Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
War of the Two Peters
(1356–75)
Escudo de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Crown of Castile
With the support of:
Royal Arms of England (1340-1367).svg
Kingdom of England
CoA civ ITA milano.png
Republic of Genoa
PortugueseFlag1248.svg
Kingdom of Portugal
Blason Royaume Navarre.svg
Kingdom of Navarre
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenada (1013-1492).svg
Kingdom of Granada
Royal arms of Aragon (Crowned).svg
Crown of Aragon
With the support of:
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (15th Century).svg
Henry of Trastámara
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg
Kingdom of France
Indecisive
  • Overthrowing of Peter I of Castile
Battle of Linuesa
(1361)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Bandera de la provincia de Jaén.svg
Kingdom of Jaén
Badge of the Order of Calatrava.svg
Order of Calatrava
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg
Emirate of Granada
Castilian victory
Battle of Guadix
(1362)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Bandera de la provincia de Jaén.svg
Kingdom of Jaén
Badge of the Order of Calatrava.svg
Order of Calatrava
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg
Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Castilian Civil War
(1366–69)
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg
Forces of Pedro of Castile
Royal Arms of England.svg
Kingdom of England
Blason Royaume Navarre.svg
Kingdom of Navarre
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenada (1013-1492).svg
Kingdom of Granada
Arms of Henry II of Castile before his accession.svg
Forces of Henry of Trastámara
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg
Kingdom of France
Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Crown of Aragon
Victory for Henry of Trastámara
Siege of León
(1368)
Coat of Arms of Henry III of Castile (1390-1406).svg
Crown of Castile – Henry's side
Coat of Arms of Henry III of Castile (1390-1406).svg
Crown of Castile – Pedro's side
Victory for Henry of Trastámara
Battle of Montiel
(1369)
Coat of Arms of Henry III of Castile (1390-1406).svg
Castilians
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenada (1013-1492).svg
Granada
Coat of Arms of Henry III of Castile (1390-1406).svg
Castilians
Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg
France
Franco-Castilian victory
Siege of Algeciras (1369)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg
Emirate of Granada
Defeat
Battle of La Rochelle
(1372)
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg
Crown of Castile
Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svg
Kingdom of England
Castilian victory
Third Fernandine War
(1381–82)
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg
Crown of Castile
PortugueseFlag1385.svg
Kingdom of Portugal
Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svg
Kingdom of England
Castilian victory
1383–1385 Portuguese interregnum
(1383–1385)
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg
Crown of Castile

Supported by:

Arms of France (France Moderne).svg
Kingdom of France
Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Crown of Aragon

PortugueseFlag1385.svg
Kingdom of Portugal

Supported by:

Royal Arms of England (1340-1367).svg
Kingdom of England

Defeat
  • Consolidation of Portuguese independence
Battle of Collejares
(1406)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Crown of Castile
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg
Emirate of Granada
Castilian victory
Battle of Sanluri
(1409)
Estandarte de la Corona de Aragon.png
Crown of Aragon
Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg
Kingdom of Sicily
Flag of the Giudicato of Arborea.svg
Giudicato of Arborea
Flag of Genoa.svg
Republic of Genoa
Aragonese victory
Conquest of the Canary Islands
(1402–96)
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg
Crown of Castile
Guanches Castilian victory
Battle of La Rochelle (1419)
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg
Crown of Castile
Royal Arms of England (1399-1603).svg
Kingdom of England
Hanseatic League
Castilian victory
Castilian–Aragonese War
(1429–30)
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg
Crown of Castile
Royal Banner of Aragón.svg
Crown of Aragon
Castilian victory
Battle of La Higueruela
(1431)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Standard of Grenade after Cresques Atlas s XIV.svg
Nasrid dynasty
Castilian victory
Navarrese Civil War
(1451–55)
Armoiries Foix-Béarn-Bigorre.svg
Forces of Charles IV of Navarre
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg
Crown of Castile
Armas Navarra-Evreux-Aragón-Trastamara.svg
Forces of John II of Aragon
Royal Banner of Aragón.svg
Crown of Aragon
Armoiries Foix-Béarn-Bigorre.svg
County of Foix
Victory for John II of Aragon
Battle of Los Alporchones
(1452)
Bandera de la Corona de Castilla.svg
Kingdom of Castile
Banner of the Castilian Realm of Murcia.svg
Kingdom of Murcia
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenada (1013-1492).svg
Emirate of Granada
Castilian victory
Enrique IV war of Granada
(1455–58)
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg
Crown of Castile
COA of Nasrid dynasty kingdom of Grenada (1013-1492).svg
Emirate of Granada
Inconclusive
Catalan Civil War
(1462–72)
Royal arms of Aragon (Crowned).svg
Principality of Catalonia
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (1284-1390).svg
Crown of Castile
PortugueseFlag1385.svg
Kingdom of Portugal
Armas Navarra-Evreux-Aragón-Trastamara.svg
Forces of John II of Aragon
Arms of France (France Moderne).svg
Kingdom of France
Victory for John II of Aragon
War of the Castilian Succession
(1475–79)
Arms of the Crown of Castile (15th Century).svg
Isabella Supporters
Arms Aragon-Sicily (Template).svg
Crown of Aragon
Arms of the Crown of Castile (15th Century).svg
Juana Supporters
Arms of Afonso V of Portugal (as claimant King of Castile).svg
Kingdom of Portugal
Arms of France (France Moderne).svg
Kingdom of France
Peace Treaty
Battle of Guinea
(1478)
Blason Castille Léon.svg
Crown of Castile
PortugueseFlag1475.png
Kingdom of Portugal
Defeat
Granada War
(1482–92)
Coat of Arms of Queen Isabella of Castile (1492-1504).svg
Castile–Aragon Union
Spanish Military Orders Badges.svg
Military Orders
Cross-Pattee-red.svg
European crusaders
Royal Standard of Nasrid Dynasty Kingdom of Grenade.svg
Emirate of Granada
Victory
  • Granada annexed by Castile

Catholic Monarchy

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Italian War of 1494–1498
(1494–1498)
League of Venice:

 Papal States
 Republic of Venice
 Kingdom of Naples
Kingdoms of Spain
Duchy of Milan
 Holy Roman Empire
 Republic of Florence
Duchy of Mantua
 Kingdom of England (from 1496)

 Kingdom of France Victory
  • Forced French retreat
Spanish conquest of Haiti[6]
(1494–1509)
 Crown of Castile Taínos Victory
Conquest of Melilla
(1497)
Castile and Aragon
Marinid emblem of Morocco.svg
Wattasid dynasty
Victory
Rebellion of the Alpujarras (1499–1501)
Coat of Arms of Queen Isabella of Castile (1492-1504).svg
Castile–Aragon Union
Banner of the Kingdom of Granada.svg
Muslims of Granada
Victory
  • Rebellion defeated
  • Mass forced conversions of all Muslims in Granada
Second Ottoman–Venetian War
(1499–1503)
 Republic of Venice
Castile and Aragon
 Ottoman Empire Victory
Second Italian War
(1499–1501)
Victory,
Third Italian War
(1502–1504)
Castile and Aragon  Kingdom of France Victory
Spanish crusade[7]
(1505–10)
 Crown of Castile
Royal Banner of Aragón.svg
Crown of Aragon
Dz tlem2.png
Kingdom of Tlemcen
Hafsid dynasty
Victory
War of the League of Cambrai
(1508–16)
1508–10:
 Venice
1510–11:
 Papal States
 Venice
1511–13:
Holy League:
 Papal States
 Venice
Arms of Ferdinand II of Aragon (1513-1516).svg
Spain
 Holy Roman Empire
 England
Old Swiss Confederacy Swiss mercenaries
1513–16:
 Papal States
Arms of Ferdinand II of Aragon (1513-1516).svg
Spain
 Holy Roman Empire
 England
Flag of the Duchy of Milan (1450).svg
Duchy of Milan
Old Swiss Confederacy Swiss mercenaries
1508–10:
League of Cambrai:
 Papal States
 France
 Holy Roman Empire
Arms of Ferdinand II of Aragon (1513-1516).svg
Spain
Coat of arms of the House of Este (1471).svg
Duchy of Ferrara
1510–11:
 France
Coat of arms of the House of Este (1471).svg
Duchy of Ferrara
1511–13:
 France
Coat of arms of the House of Este (1471).svg
Duchy of Ferrara
1513–16:
 Venice
 France
 Scotland
Coat of arms of the House of Este (1471).svg
Duchy of Ferrara
Defeat
Spanish conquest of Puerto Rico[6]
(1508–1511)
 Crown of Castile Taínos Victory
Spanish conquest of Cuba[6]
(1511–13)
 Crown of Castile Taínos Victory
Taíno rebellion of 1511
(1511–13)
 Crown of Castile Taínos of Boriken and allies from The Antilles Victory

Habsburg Spain

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Siege of Tlemcen
(1518)
 Spain
Dz tlem2.png
Kingdom of Tlemcen
Ottoman Empire Regency of Algiers Victory
Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
(1519–21)
Spain Spanish conquistadores
Tlaxcala
 Aztec Empire Victory
  • Aztec empire is annexed to Spanish Empire
Revolt of the Brotherhoods
(1519–23)
Charles V Arms-personal.svg
Empire of Charles V
Germanies Royalist victory
Revolt of the Comuneros
(1520–21)
Charles V Arms-personal.svg
Empire of Charles V
Castilian rebels Royalist victory
Italian War of 1521–1526
(1521–1526)
Spain Spain

 Holy Roman Empire
 England
 Papal States

 France

 Republic of Venice

Victory
Spanish conquest of Chiapas
(1523–1695)
 Spain Zoque people

Chiapaneca people Independent Maya, including:

Victory
Spanish conquest of Yucatán
(1523–1547)
 Spain Mayan tribes Victory
Spanish conquest of El Salvador
(1524–1539)
 Spain

including Indian auxiliaries

Indigenous peoples of El Salvador, including: Victory
Spanish conquest of Guatemala
(1524–1667)
 Spain Independent indigenous kingdoms and city-states Victory
War of the League of Cognac
(1526–30)
Spain Spain

 Holy Roman Empire
 Republic of Genoa

 France

 Papal States
 Republic of Venice

FlorenceCoA.svg
Republic of Florence
 Kingdom of England
Flag of the Duchy of Milan (1450).svg
Duchy of Milan

Victory
Ottoman–Habsburg wars
(1526–1791)
Familienwappen Habsburg-Stroehl.jpg
Habsburg Dynasty:

 Holy Roman Empire

 Spanish Empire
Non-Habsburg allies:
Moldavia

Coat of arms of Transylvania.svg
Transylvania
 Wallachia
Flag of Oryol ship (variant).svg
Tsardom of Russia
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg
Cossack Hetmanate (Muscovite and Polish vassals)
Holy League Allies:
Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svg
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Mantua Flag 1575-1707 (new).svg
Duchy of Mantua
 Republic of Venice
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John

 Ottoman Empire

Vassals:

Victory

End of Ottoman expansion

Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire
(1531–72)
Spain Spanish conquistadores
Indian auxiliaries
 Inca Empire
 Neo-Inca State
Victory
Italian War of 1536–1538
(1536–1538)
 Holy Roman Empire
 Spain
 Kingdom of France
 Ottoman Empire
Defeat
Arauco War
(16th century–17th or 18th century)
Spain Spanish Empire Mapuche, Huilliche and Pehuenche tribes Defeat
  • Spanish Empire renounces the domination of the territories south of the Biobío River and recognizes the independence of the Mapuche tribes of the place.
  • «La Frontera» appears, as a border area between the Captaincy General of Chile and the territory of the Mapuche tribes.
  • Successive peace parliaments between the Spanish Empire and the Mapuche tribes during the conflict.
Third Ottoman–Venetian War
(1537–40)
Holy League:
 Republic of Venice
 Spain
 Republic of Genoa
 Papal States
 Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of Sicily
Kingdom of Sicily
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Knights of Malta
 Ottoman Empire
 France (until 1538)
Defeat
Spanish conquest of the Muisca
(1537–1540)
 Spain Guecha warriors Victory
Spanish expedition to North America
(1539–1543)
 Spain Northern Utina
Coosa chiefdom
Tuskaloosa
Chickasaw
Defeat
Mixtón War
(1540–42)
 Spain Caxcanes Victory
Tiguex War
(1540–41)
 Spain Tiwa Indians Victory
Italian War of 1542–1546
(1542–1546)
Spain Spain

 Holy Roman Empire

 Kingdom of England

 France

 Ottoman Empire

Armoiries Guillaume de Clèves-less fancy.svg
Jülich-Cleves-Berg

Inconclusive
Schmalkaldic War
(1546–47)
Charles V Arms-personal.svg
Empire of Charles V:

 Duchy of Saxony

Coat of arms of Hungary.svg
Kingdom of Hungary
Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
Kingdom of Bohemia and other Lands of the Bohemian Crown

Schmalkaldic League:

 Electorate of Saxony
Hesse Hesse
Electorate of the Palatinate

Bremen Wappen(Mittel).svg
Bremen
DEU Luebeck COA.svg
Lübeck
Brunswick-Lüneburg Arms.svg
Brunswick-Lüneburg
Other German territories

Victory
Chichimeca War
(1550–90)
 Spain
  • Indian allies
Chichimeca (Zacateco, Guachichil, Guamare, Pame) Defeat
Italian War of 1551–1559
(1551–1559)
 Kingdom of France

Republic of Siena
 Ottoman Empire

Victory
French Wars of Religion
(1562–98)
Catholics:
Emblem of the Papacy SE.svg
Catholic League
Spain Spain
 Duchy of Savoy
Protestants:
Croix huguenote.svg
Huguenots
 England
Inconclusive
  • Uneasy truce
  • The Edict of Nantes granted the Huguenots substantial rights in certain areas
  • Paris and other defined territories were declared to be permanently Catholic
  • Failure of France's enemies to weaken France and to gain territories
Spanish conquest of the Philippines
(1565–1575)
Spain Spain Rajahnate of Maynila
Macabebe
Rajahnate of Tondo
Rahjanate of Cebu
Victory
Philippine revolts against Spain
(1567–1872)
 Spain
Flag of Bohol Province, Philippines.svg
Dagohoy rebel group
other Filipino rebel groups
 British supporters
Victory
  • Most revolts failed
Eighty Years' War
(1568–1648)

Western Europe

European Waters

Americas

East Indies

Spain Spanish Empire
 Holy Roman Empire
 United Provinces
 England
Arms of Nassau.svg
Nassau
 France
Defeat
Morisco Revolt
(1568–1571)
 Spain Morisco rebels Victory
Fourth Ottoman–Venetian War
(1570–1573)
Holy League:
 Republic of Venice
Spain Spain
 Papal States
 Kingdom of Naples
 Republic of Genoa
Bandiera del Regno di Sicilia 4.svg
Kingdom of Sicily
Tuscany Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Coat of arms of Federico and Guidobaldo da Montefeltro.svg
Duchy of Urbino
 Duchy of Savoy
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Knights of Malta
Ottoman Empire Defeat
  • Cyprus under Ottoman rule
Second Desmond Rebellion
(1579–1583)
Saint Patrick
FitzGeralds of Desmond
 Spain
 Papal States
allied Irish clans
 Kingdom of England
 Kingdom of Ireland
allied Irish clans
Defeat
War of the Portuguese Succession
(1580–1583)
Spain Spain
Portugal Portugal loyal to Philip of Spain
Portugal Portugal loyal to Prior of Crato
 France
 England
 United Provinces
Victory
1582 Cagayan battles Spain Spain Wokou (Japanese, Chinese, and Korean pirates) Victory
Castilian War (1578) Spanish Empire
Bruneians who defected to Spain
Bruneian Empire Status quo ante bellum
Cologne War
(1583–88)
Black cross on a white background
Ernst of Bavaria Prince-Elector, Cologne, 1583–1612
House of Wittelsbach
Free Imperial City of Cologne
Philip of Spain, and for him:
House of Farnese
House of Isenburg-Grenzau
House of Mansfeld (main line)
House of Berlaymont-Flyon
and others
Black cross on white background
Gebhard, Truchsess von Waldburg, Prince-Elector, Cologne 1578–1588
House of Neuenahr-Alpen
House of Waldburg
House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken

House of Nassau
House of Solms-Braunfels and others

Victory
Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604) Spain Spanish Empire

Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John

 Kingdom of England
 United Provinces
Indecisive
Cambodian–Spanish War
(1593–97)
Spanish Empire
Flag of Cambodia (pre-1863).svg
Cambodia, Muslim Malay merchants and Muslim Cham merchants
Defeat
Spanish–Moro conflict
(1500s–1900)
Spanish Empire Sultanate of Sulu
Sultanate of Maguindanao
Confederation of sultanates in Lanao
Failure to conquer the Moros
Irish Nine Years' War
(1594–1603)
O
Alliance of Irish clans
Spain Spain
Scottish Gaelic mercenaries
 Kingdom of England
 Kingdom of Ireland
Defeat
Franco-Spanish War (1595–1598) Spain Spanish Empire Kingdom of France Kingdom of France
Croix huguenote.svg
Huguenots
 Kingdom of England
Defeat
Acoma War
(1598–99)
 Crown of Castile Acoma Victory
Navajo Wars
(1600–1866)
 Crown of Castile
(1600–1716)
 Spain
(1716–1821)
 Mexico
(1821–1848)
 United States
(1849–1866)
Navajo United States victory
Acaxee Rebellion
(1601–1603)
Spain Spanish Empire Acaxee Indians Victory
Dutch–Portuguese War
(1602–63)
Portugal Kingdom of Portugal
Supported by:
 Crown of Castile
(until 1640)
 Kingdom of Cochin
Potiguara Tupis
 Dutch Republic
Supported by:
 Kingdom of England
(until 1640)
Johor Johor Sultanate
Kingdom of Kandy
Kingdom of Kongo
Kingdom of Ndongo
Rio Grande Tupis
Nhandui Tarairiu Tribe
Victory
War of the Jülich Succession
(1609–1614)
1610:
Supporting Emperor Rudolf:
 Holy Roman Empire
Straatsburg-Bistum.PNG
Principality of Strasbourg
Prince-Bishopric of Liège

1613–1614:
Supporting Wolfgang William:
Spain Spain

DEU Neuburg an der Donau COA.svg
Palatinate-Neuburg
Catholic League (Germany).svg
Catholic League

1610:
Opposed to Emperor Rudolph:
Margraviate of Brandenburg
DEU Neuburg an der Donau COA.svg
Palatinate-Neuburg
 United Provinces
 Kingdom of France
 England
Protestant Union

1613–1614:
Supporting John Sigismund:
Margraviate of Brandenburg
 United Provinces
 England
Protestant Union

Victory
Conquest of La Mamora
(1614)
 Spain
Flag of Morocco (1258-1659).svg
Saadi dynasty
Victory
Tepehuán Revolt
(1616–1620)
Spain Spanish Empire Tepehuánes Victory
Thirty Years' War
(1618–48)
1618–1625
 Holy Roman Empire
Catholic League
Spain Spanish Empire
 Saxony
1625–1629
 Holy Roman Empire
Catholic League
1630–1635
 Holy Roman Empire
Catholic League
Spain Spanish Empire
1635–1648
 Holy Roman Empire
Spain Spanish Empire
1618–1625
Bohemia Bohemia
Electorate of the Palatinate
Transylvania
 United Provinces
 England
Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
1625–1629
Denmark Denmark–Norway
 United Provinces
 England
1630–1635
Sweden Sweden
 Saxony
Brandenburg-Prussia
1635–1648
 France
Sweden Sweden
Inconclusive
Spanish conquest of Petén
(1618–1697)
 Spain Independent Maya, including: Victory
Valtellina War
(1620–26)
 Papal States
 Holy Roman Empire
Spain Spain
 France
Wappen Grauer Bund1.svg
Wappen Gotteshausbund.svg
Wappen Zehngerichtebund2.svg
The Three Leagues
 Venice
 Savoy
Defeat
First Genoese–Savoyard War
(1625)
 Spain
 Republic of Genoa
 Kingdom of France
 Duchy of Savoy
Victory
Anglo-Spanish War (1625–30) Spain Spain  England
 United Provinces
Victory[13]
Spanish expedition to Formosa
(1626)
Spain Spanish East Indies Kingdom of Middag Victory
  • Spanish establishment in Formosa
War of the Mantuan Succession
(1628–31)
Supporting the Duke of Guastalla:
 Holy Roman Empire
Spain Spain
 Duchy of Savoy
Supporting the Duke of Nevers:
 France
Defeat
  • Duke of Nevers recognized as ruler of Mantua
Franco-Spanish War (1635–59) Spain Spanish Empire  France
 Duchy of Savoy
Ducado de Modena (antes de 1830).svg
Duchy of Modena (1647–1649 and 1655–1659)
 Duchy of Parma (1635–1637)
 Commonwealth of England (from 1657)
Flag of Catalonia.svg
Principality of Catalonia (from 1640)
Defeat
Piedmontese Civil War
(1639–42)
 Spain
Armoiries Savoie-Carignan 1656.svg
Prince Thomas faction
 France
Duchy of Savoy Regency faction
Stalemate
Catalan Revolt
(1640–59)
 Spain  Principality of Catalonia
 France
Victory
Portuguese Restoration War
(1640–68)
Spain Castile and Aragon Portugal Kingdom of Portugal
Supported by:
 France
(1641–59)[14]
 Kingdom of England
(after 1662)
Defeat
Neapolitan Revolt
(1647–48)
 Spain Neapolitan Republic
 France
Victory
  • Revolt crushed
Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)  Spain  Commonwealth of England Defeat
War of Devolution
(1667–68)
Spain Spanish Empire

Triple Alliance:
 Dutch Republic
 Kingdom of England
Sweden Swedish Empire
 France Defeat
Spanish–Chamorro Wars
(1670–99)
Spain Spanish Empire Chamorros Victory
Franco-Dutch War
(1672–78)
 Dutch Republic
 Holy Roman Empire
 Spain
Denmark Denmark–Norway
Wappen Mark Brandenburg.png
Electorate of Brandenburg
 France
 England
 Sweden
Flag of the Prince-Bishopric of Münster.svg
Bishopric of Münster
Black St George
Archbishopric of Cologne
Defeat
Second Genoese–Savoyard War
(1672–73)
 Republic of Genoa
Supported by:
 Spain
 Duchy of Savoy Victory
Pueblo Revolt
(1680)
Spain Spanish Empire Puebloans Defeat
  • Expulsion of Spanish settlers
War of the Reunions
(1683–1684)
Spain Spanish Empire
 Holy Roman Empire
 Republic of Genoa
 France Defeat
Nine Years' War
(1688–97)
Grand Alliance:
 Dutch Republic
 England
 Holy Roman Empire
 Spain
 Piedmont-Savoy
 Sweden (until 1691)
 Scotland
 France
Jacobite Standard.jpg
Irish and Scottish Jacobites
Indecisive
Sieges of Ceuta (1694–1727)  Spain
Estandarte Real de Felipe V.svg
Bourbons (1704–1713)
 Morocco
Supported by:
 England (from 1707)
Victory

Bourbon Spain

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Casualties
War of the Spanish Succession
(1701–14)
 Holy Roman Empire: Political victory for Spain loyal to Philip
Military victory for Spain loyal to Charles
Queen Anne's War
(1702–1713)
 France

Spain Spain

 Wabanaki Confederacy
 Caughnawaga Mohawk
 Choctaw
 Timucua
 Apalachee
 Natchez

 England (before 1707)[17]

 Great Britain (after 1707)[17]

 Muscogee (Creek)
 Chickasaw
 Yamasee

Defeat
Comanche Wars
(1700s)
Spain Spanish Empire Comanche Defeat
Apache Wars
(1700s)
Spain Spanish Empire Apache Defeat
Huilliche rebellion
(1712)
Spain Spanish Empire Huilliches of Chiloé Victory
  • Key encomenderos killed
  • Suppression of the rebellion
  • Encomienda mildened
Seventh Ottoman–Venetian War
(1714–18)
 Republic of Venice
Habsburg Monarchy Austria (from 1716)
 Portugal
 Order of Malta
 Papal States
 Spain[18]
Flag of Himara.JPG
Himariotes
 Ottoman Empire Defeat
War of the Quadruple Alliance
(1718–20)
 Spain  Great Britain
 France
 Holy Roman Empire
 Dutch Republic
 Savoy
Defeat 4,350 killed or wounded[19]
Anglo-Spanish War (1727–29)  Spain  Great Britain Indecisive 20,000 killed (both sides)[20]
Spanish-Algerian War
(1732)
Spain Spain
Flag of Ottoman Algiers.svg
Deylik of Algiers
Victory 30 dead
War of the Polish Succession
(1733–38)
Poland loyal to Stanisław I

 France
 Spain
 Kingdom of Sardinia
 Duchy of Parma

Poland loyal to Augustus III

 Russian Empire
 Habsburg Empire of Austria
 Saxony
 Kingdom of Prussia

Victory 3,000 killed or wounded[21]
Spanish–Portuguese War (1735–37) Spain Spanish Empire Portugal Portuguese Empire
Flag of the Princes of Brazil.svg
Brazilian colonial forces
Defeat
War of Jenkins' Ear
(1739–48)
Spain Spanish Empire  Great Britain Victory
War of the Austrian Succession
(1740–48)
 France
 Prussia
Spain Spain
Bavaria Bavaria (1741–45)
 Saxony (1741–42)
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily and Naples
 Republic of Genoa (1745–48)
Sweden Sweden (1741–43)
 Kingdom of Sardinia (1741–42)
 Habsburg Monarchy
 Great Britain
Province of Hanover Hanover
 Dutch Republic
 Saxony (1743–45)
 Kingdom of Sardinia (1742–48)
 Russia (1741–43, 1748)
Victory 3,000 killed or wounded[23]
Pima Revolt
(1751)
Spain Spanish Empire Pima Indians Victory
Action of 28 November 1751
(1751)
 Spain
Flag of Ottoman Algiers.svg
Deylik of Algiers
Victory
Seven Years' War
(1756–63)
Defeat 3,000 killed or wounded[24]
Anglo-Spanish War (1762–63) Spain Spain
 France
 Great Britain
Portugal
Filipino rebels
Defeat
  • Spain cedes Florida to Britain in exchange for return of Havana.
  • Spain received Louisiana from France.
Siege of Melilla (1774)  Spain
Flag of Morocco (1666–1915).svg
Morocco
Supported by:
 Great Britain
Victory 600
Spanish expeditions against Algiers
(1775, 1783, 1784)
 Spain
Tuscany Tuscany

Flag of the Order of St. John (various).svg
Hospitaller Malta

Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg
Two Sicilies

Portugal

 Ottoman Empire Defeat 500 dead (1775)
26 dead (1783)
53 dead (1784)
Spanish–Portuguese War (1776–77) Spain Spanish Empire Portugal Portuguese Empire Victory
Anglo-Spanish War (1779–83)

Europe & Atlantic

Louisiana and the Gulf Coast

Central America

West Indies

Spain Spain  Great Britain Victory 5,000 killed or died of disease
Rebellion of Túpac Amaru II
(1780–83)
Spain Spain
Banner of Tupaq Qatari.svg
Aymara and Quechua rebels
Spain Spanish rebels, mostly peasants, including creoles, mestizos and blacks
Victory 100,000 Indians and 10,000–40,000 non-Indians[25][26]
Hispano-Moroccan War (1790–1791) Spain Spain Sultanate of Morocco Victory
Haitian Revolution
(1791–1804)
1791–1793
Ex-slaves
French royalists
Spain Spanish Empire (from 1793)

1793–1798
French royalists
 Great Britain
Spain Spanish Empire (until 1795)

1798–1801
France Louverture Loyalists
1802–1804
Ex-slaves
United Kingdom

1791–1793
Slave owners
France Kingdom of France (until 1792)
France French Republic
1793–1798
France French Republic

1798–1801
France Rigaud Loyalists
France French Republic

Defeat
War of the First Coalition
(1792–97)
First Coalition:

 Holy Roman Empire

 Great Britain
Kingdom of France Army of Condé
Spain Spain (until 1795)
 Dutch Republic (until 1795)
 Portugal
 Sardinia (until 1796)
 Naples
Other Italian states

Victory
War of the Pyrenees
(1793–95)
 Spain
 Portugal
Kingdom of France French Émigrés
 France Defeat
Anglo-Spanish War (1796–1808)

Atlantic

Mediterranean

Americas

 Spain  Great Britain Inconclusive 7,000 killed or wounded (1796–1802)[21]
War of the Second Coalition
(1798–1802)
 France
 Spain
POL COA Ciołek.svg
Polish Legions
Denmark Denmark–Norway
French client republics:
Second Coalition:

 Holy Roman Empire

 Great Britain (until 1801)
 United Kingdom (from 1801)
 Russia (until 1799)
 Portugal
 Naples
Tuscany Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Sovereign Military Order of Malta Order of Saint John (1798)
Malta (1798–1800)
 Ottoman Empire
Kingdom of France French Royalists


 United States
(Quasi-War) (until 1800)

Victory
War of the Oranges
(1801)
 France
 Spain