Yoga schools are as diverse as the meanings of the bracket term yoga. Within the major branches of yoga such as haṭha, lāya, rāja, jñāna, and bhakti there are many different schools and lineages, both extant and defunct. Since the late 19th century, a great number of distinct new styles of "Yoga" have been introduced by individual teachers. Some schools and traditions are occasionally referred to as yoga or yogic for their similar practices, despite having no foundation in the Indian tradition; these include Shin Shin Tōitsu-dō, and Daoyin.

Modern Hinduism and Neo-Hindu revival

The term "Yoga" has been used for various philosophies and concepts in the context of Hindu revivalism and Neo-Hindu religious and philosophical movements.

Styles of yoga as exercise

Further information: Yoga as exercise

India and other Asian countries are home to thousands of yoga schools founded over the last century to teach yoga as exercise, which unlike all earlier forms consists in large part of asanas. Below are some and their style of yoga.

Eclectic styles

Several eclectic styles, some with Western audiences, are partially based on Hatha yoga:

Yoga in other religious traditions

With the widespread reception of the concept of "Yoga" in the west, the term has also been transferred to similar systems of meditation and exercise which are not of Indian origin, mostly without global reach:


  1. ^ Nargish, Sunavala (5 February 2015). "World's oldest yoga centre still going strong". The Times of India.
  2. ^ "Agni Yoga". Archived from the original on 23 October 2018.
  3. ^ "When Being a Yogi Had an Exotic Air". The New York Times. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  4. ^ O'Connor, June (2005). "Aurobindo Ghose". In Jones, Lindsey (ed.). MacMillan Encyclopedia of Religions. Macmillan Publishers. p. 634.
  5. ^ "H. H. Sri Swami Sivananda Saraswati". Divine Life Society. 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Bihar School of Yoga". Archived from the original on 2015-07-21.
  7. ^ "Ananda Marga". Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  8. ^ Rooney, Ben (6 February 2008). "Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, guru to Beatles, dies". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  9. ^ Syman, Stefanie (2010). The Subtle Body: The Story of Yoga in America. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. pp. 268-279. ISBN 978-0-374-23676-2.
  10. ^ "Our Teaching Legacy". Himalayan Institute. 15 September 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  11. ^ "Swami Muktananda". SYDA Foundation. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  12. ^ Jones, Lindsey, ed. (2005). "Sahaja Yoga". Encyclopedia of Religion (2nd ed.). Detroit: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-02-865997-8.
  13. ^ "Sri Sri Ravi Shankar". The Indian Express. 22 November 2018. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  14. ^ "The Ashram Mount Eliza: Swami Shankarananda - Meditation and Yoga". The Ashram Mount Eliza. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  15. ^ Walters, J. (1967). Ananda yoga for higher awareness. Nevada City, California: Crystal Clarity Publishers. ISBN 978-1-56589-078-7. OCLC 41846560.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h Anon (13 November 2012). "Which Yoga is Right for You?". Yoga Journal. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  17. ^ Mishra, Dipak (29 July 2015). "City of yoga remembers biggest fan". Telegraph India. Archived from the original on August 8, 2015.
  18. ^ "Teacher Spotlight: Paulie Zink The founding master of Yin yoga". Conference Connection. Yoga Journal. March 2009. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  19. ^ "Iconic Bay Area Yoga Teacher Dies / Yoga Buzz / Yoga Blog / Yoga Journal". 2 March 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  20. ^ "The most powerful Indians in 2009: 80–84". Indian Express. 9 March 2009. Archived from the original on 28 January 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  21. ^ "Power Yoga". Yoga Journal. Retrieved 28 April 2019. The original Power Yoga was developed and founded by Beryl Bender Birch, but is now a term used to describe many vigorous vinyasa styles.
  22. ^ Pizer, Anne. "Power Yoga". Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  23. ^ Swartz, Mimi (21 July 2010). "The Yoga Mogul". The New York Times.