Little Audrey
Little Audrey in a scene from "The Seapreme Court" (1953)
First appearanceNoveltoon Santa's Surprise (December 5, 1947)
Created bySeymour Kneitel
Bill Tytla (design)
Portrayed byMae Questel
Tiffany Taubman
Stephanie Lemelin
Tabitha St. Germain
In-universe information
AliasAudrey Smith
RelativesSuzie (cousin)
Pal (dog)
Patches (brother)

Little Audrey (full name: Audrey Smith) is a fictional character, appearing in early 20th century folklore[1] prior to starring in a series of Paramount Pictures' Famous Studios cartoons from 1947 to 1958.[2] She is considered a variation of the better-known Little Lulu, devised after Paramount decided not to renew the license on the comic strip character created by Marjorie Henderson Buell (a.k.a. "Marge"). Despite some superficial similarities between the two characters, the Famous animators were at pains to design Audrey in contrast to Lulu, adopting an entirely different color scheme and employing the stylistic conventions common to Famous Studios' later 1940s repertoire, as opposed to Buell's individualistic rendering of Little Lulu. Veteran animator Bill Tytla was the designer of Little Audrey, reportedly inspired by his daughter Tammy (who was also his inspiration for Famous' version of Little Lulu, on which he also worked and for which he directed several shorts).[3] The original voice of Little Lulu was performed by actress Cecil Roy (who also provided the voice of Casper the Friendly Ghost). Little Audrey was, instead, voiced by Mae Questel, who also voiced most of Paramount's other major female cartoon characters, including Betty Boop and Olive Oyl.


View of the Melbourne, Australia Skipping Girl Sign nicknamed Little Audrey where the jokes were very popular.
View of the Melbourne, Australia Skipping Girl Sign nicknamed Little Audrey where the jokes were very popular.

Prior to her adoption by Famous in 1947, Little Audrey had a long career in folklore as the butt of a series of mostly heartless jokes, some going as far back as the First World War.

In folklore and juvenile humor

According to B.A. Botkin's A Treasury of American Folktales:

Little Audrey is a folklore character about whom thousands of nonsensical short tales during the past five or six years — have been told. Sometimes Little Audrey parades as Little Emma or Little Gertrude, but she usually is recognizable by a catch phrase 'she just laughed and laughed'. The amusing incident is typically a catastrophe.[4]

One of the most famous goes like this:

One day, Li'l Audrey was playing with matches. Her mother told her she'd better stop before someone got hurt. But Li'l Audrey was awfully hard headed and kept playing with matches, and eventually she burned their house down.

"Oh, Li'l Audrey, you are sure gonna catch it when your father comes home!" said her mother.

But Li'l Audrey just laughed and laughed, because she knew her father had come home early to take a nap.

Pierre Berton, in The Dionne Years: A Thirties Melodrama (1978), offers this example of a Little Audrey joke as was in fashion around the time of the Dionne quintuplets' birth in 1934:

Little Audrey's mother asks her to buy some groceries at the Safeway, and she laughed and laughed because she knew there was no safe way.

Animated cartoons

Audrey first appeared in the Noveltoon Santa's Surprise (1947), where she was the most prominent member of a multicultural child cast working to clean Santa's workshop while he was asleep, and was briefly seen in the January 1948 Popeye cartoon Olive Oyl for President. Her first starring vehicle was the short Butterscotch and Soda, released on July 16, 1948. In common with many animated shorts of the period, childlike fantasy played an important role in Audrey's early cartoons, which often used dream sequences as the basis of the storylines. In this way, Audrey could attend a wedding in Cakeland (Tarts and Flowers, 1950), ride the clouds with Mother Goose (Goofy Goofy Gander, also 1950), or face an underwater tribunal of outraged catfish (The Seapreme Court, 1954). Slapstick humor crept into the series with the release of Surf Bored (1953), which pitted the precocious little girl against a hulking, but ultimately brainless, lifeguard. A total of 16 cartoons starring Audrey were produced for theatrical release, several of which were re-packaged for television from the late 1950s on.

She was the only character in the series to have her own theme song with vocals ("Little Audrey Says", by Winston Sharples and Buddy Kaye). Some other characters (and certain one-shots) in the series had their own themes, but were entirely instrumental. Two Noveltoons spin-offs, Casper the Friendly Ghost and Herman and Katnip, had their own vocal themes, but only after leaving the series.

For Little Audrey, the pre-October 1950 cartoons were sold to television distributor U.M. & M. TV Corporation in 1956, while the post-October 1950 cartoons would be sold to Harvey Comics, when they acquired the rights to the character in 1959. Today, they are the property of DreamWorks Animation, a subsidiary of NBCUniversal, and distributed by Universal Television. Meanwhile, Olive Oyl for President would become property of Warner Bros. (via Turner Entertainment Co.).

Audrey is one of the three main characters in the Netflix and DreamWorks Animation's original series Harvey Street Kids, which was re-titled Harvey Girls Forever! in its second season. Little Audrey has been modernized, as her classic outfit has been replaced by more contemporary clothing. She also has brown hair, which is more akin to the comics, as opposed to having red hair, like in the theatrical shorts. Unlike her comic-book counterpart, Audrey is tomboy-ish and energetic. She is voiced by Stephanie Lemelin.[5][6] Some of her companions from the comics; Melvin Wisenheimer, Tiny, and Lucretia also appeared in Harvey Girls Forever!

The Famous/Harvey character

Little Audrey's last name is Smith.[7][8]

Little Audrey has reddish brown hair with ribbons making three pigtails (two low and one high). She wears a little dress with puffed sleeves, white ankle socks, and black Mary Jane shoes. In the short subjects, the dress and ribbons are blue, but by the time of her Harvey Comics runs, they are red. In Harvey Street Kids, she wears a pink shirt with jeans.

The comic "Little Audrey & Melvin and Cousin Suzie's Dance Party" (issue unknown) reveals that Audrey has a cousin named Suzie, who has a friend named Bubu. The first several issues of the comic book also reveals she has a brother nicknamed "Patches".

In other media

While the jokes remained popular well into the 1980s, the Famous/Harvey character had an entirely different career:

Little Audrey was going to have a cameo in Who Framed Roger Rabbit, but rights to the character could not be obtained in time.

Comic strip

Animation historian Jerry Beck notes that Famous Studios' animator Steve Muffatti drew a short-lived "Little Audrey" comic strip for magazines in 1951, which were syndicated by King Features. These strips were also reprinted in 1952-55 by Harvey Comics.[9]

Comic books

Little Audrey and Patches, as depicted in the St. John Publications series (1948-1952).
Little Audrey and Patches, as depicted in the St. John Publications series (1948-1952).

Little Audrey was never as successful as Famous' best-known creation, Casper the Friendly Ghost, but the character had considerable success in printed form. The first Little Audrey comic book series was St. John Publications from April 1948 to May 1952. Featuring stories which depended more on situation comedy than on fantasy, the comics featured artwork done in a style approximating the original Famous character designs (most of them by Steve Muffati). The series met with moderate success on the newsstand, running for approximately 24 issues until Little Audrey was licensed by Harvey Comics in 1952.

Initially, Harvey's comic-book version closely followed its animated template, but the character was redesigned during the mid-1950s to conform more closely to the company's in-house style. The general storyline was simultaneously overhauled to provide Audrey with supporting characters such as Melvin Wisenheimer, her prankish arch-enemy/frenemy, and Tiny, a young African American boy. Domestic comedy gradually took over the scripts, as Audrey was shown in conflict with parents, teachers, and other authority figures.

Harvey purchased the rights to all of Famous' original properties - Little Audrey included - in 1958, also acquiring the rights to the post-1950 Audrey cartoons. It was during this time that the "definitive" Audrey came into being, taking on the signature red dress and appearance most often associated with the character. By 1960, Little Audrey was the best known of Harvey's female characters due to her multi-media presence (comic books, television/theatrical animation and - briefly - newspaper strips), although her popularity was later eclipsed by the company's other female characters, Little Dot, Wendy the Good Little Witch and Little Lotta.

Later comic series were titled Playful Little Audrey (the name under which the character had been trademarked in 1961) and Little Audrey & Melvin. In the latter, Audrey and Melvin become less antagonistic and Audrey demonstrates affections for and jealousy towards him, much like Little Lulu had done with Tubby Tompkins.

During her most successful period, Audrey starred in at least four of her own titles and was a back-up feature in Richie Rich, Casper, and Little Dot. The character lasted until 1976, when an industry-wide distribution slump brought an end to most of Harvey's line and most children's comics in general. Since that time, the character has undergone several revivals and made scattered television and video appearances, most notably in The Richie Rich Show (1996) and Baby Huey's Great Easter Adventure (1998).

Famous Studios filmography

All cartoons listed are entries in the series unless otherwise noted. Credited directors for each short are noted.

# Title Directed by Story by Animated by Scenics by Original release date
1"Santa's Surprise"Seymour KneitelLarz BourneMyron Waldman and Wm. B. PattengillRobert LittleDecember 5, 1947 (1947-12-05)
As Santa delivers presents to Audrey (an all-American girl who lived in Manhattan, New York City) and other children from different countries (a Dutch boy, a Chinese boy, an African boy, a Russian boy, a Hawaiian girl and a Spanish girl), they slip into his sleigh to repay him by cleaning up his house (in this story, poor Santa lives a hermit-like existence, without wife or elves to help him maintain his household). The kids escape in Santa's sleigh just as he awakes on Christmas morn to find a spotless house and a note that reads, "Don't forget us next year!"
2"Olive Oyl for President"I. SparberJoe Stultz and Larry RileyTom Johnson and John GentilellaTom FordJanuary 30, 1948 (1948-01-30)
Audrey appears briefly in a sequence where she is seen pushing a baby carriage while licking a gigantic ice cream cone nestled inside of it.
3"Butterscotch and Soda"Seymour KneitelLarz Bourne and Bill TurnerAl Eugster, Bill Hudson, and Irving SpectorRobert OwenJuly 16, 1948 (1948-07-16)
Audrey is confined to her room by her family's maid for wanting to eat candy instead of a nutritionally balanced lunch. She then dreams about going to a candy land (such as the spoof of The Lost Weekend), feasting on every scrumptious confection imaginable, and getting sick to her stomach while candy monsters narrate her painful plight in a swing song, admonishing her for the pig she has made of herself, which eventually puts her off sweets.
4"The Lost Dream"Bill TytlaSteve Muffatti, Bill Turner, and Larz BourneGeorge Germanetti and Harvey PattersonShane MillerMarch 18, 1949 (1949-03-18)
Audrey has dreams about how dreams are made and cannot resist the temptation to open the Black Door.
5"Song of the Birds"Bill TytlaBill Turner and Larry RileyGeorge Germanetti and Steve MuffattiRobert LittleNovember 18, 1949 (1949-11-18)
Audrey is enjoying her air rifle until she shoots down a baby bird and is filled with remorse, then she sees that it survived. The other birds, however, do not believe that she is sincere about her reformation (even after she destroys the rifle) until the baby bird proves it.
6"Tarts and Flowers"Bill TytlaBill Turner and Larry RileyGeorge Germanetti and Steve MuffattiRobert LittleMay 26, 1950 (1950-05-26)
While waiting for her cookies to bake, Audrey dreams about a marriage between the Gingerbread Man and the Angel Food Cake that is about to be terminated by the Devil's Food Cake.
7"Goofy Goofy Gander"Bill TytlaI. KleinGeorge Germanetti and Steve MuffattiAnton LoebAugust 18, 1950 (1950-08-18)
When Audrey is sitting in the corner for not paying attention in school, unlike the other kids in the class; she magically shrinks, then Audrey dreams that Mother Goose Land is about to be threatened by a couple of comic book crooks.
8"Hold the Lion Please"I. SparberI. KleinSteve Muffatti and George GermanettiRobert OwenAugust 27, 1951 (1951-08-27)
Audrey really wants a pet, but she cannot afford one. At the zoo, she tries to get a baby kangaroo and seal, but their mothers will not let her. Audrey then befriends a lion, who scares away the townspeople.
9"Audrey the Rainmaker"I. SparberI. KleinSteve Muffatti and Bill HudsonTom FordOctober 26, 1951 (1951-10-26)
Audrey is so annoyed by the rain, she wishes so strongly it would "never rain again" that her wish is granted. Months later, a drought hits the continent hard as a result of her wish and the flowers in her garden are dying. A living drop of water takes her to the Land of the Rainmaker to ask the Rainmaker's forgiveness and to let it rain again.
10"Law and Audrey"I. SparberI. KleinSteve Muffatti and Morey RedenTom FordMay 23, 1952 (1952-05-23)
Audrey plays baseball with Pal, but she hurts and angers a policeman several times so that he chases her, but Audrey rescues him from drowning in a pond.
11"The Case of the Cockeyed Canary"Seymour KneitelI. KleinSteve Muffatti and Morey RedenRobert CannavaleDecember 19, 1952 (1952-12-19)
Audrey dreams that she is a detective (complete with deerstalker hat) on the case of the murdered Cock Robin. She chases the suspect: a cuckoo bird (a caricature of Harpo Marx). Mary Canary confesses that she only shot Robin with a Cupid arrow.
12"Surf Bored"I. SparberLarz BourneSteve Muffatti and Morey RedenRobert CannavaleJuly 17, 1953 (1953-07-17)
Audrey takes Pal to the beach, regardless that dogs are not allowed. As Audrey tries to incessantly keep Pal, she has to rescue the life guard from a giant octopus.
13"The Seapreme Court"Seymour KneitelLarz BourneTom Golden and Morey RedenRobert Owen29 January 1954 (29 January 1954)
Audrey falls asleep on a small grass-field island; while fishing, she goes to the sea bed and is tried as a criminal in a fish court of law for the murder of fishes with a fishing hook. When she is sentenced to the eel-lectric chair (a chair made from electric eels), she tries to escape and finds that the events were only a dream.
14"Dizzy Dishes"I. SparberI. KleinTom Golden and Bill HudsonAnton Loeb4 February 1954 (4 February 1954)
While using her contraption to wash dishes for her, Audrey dreams about aliens with the power to disintegrate. Only Audrey, with her superweapons, can stop them.
15"Little Audrey Riding Hood"Seymour KneitelLarz BourneTom Golden and Morey RedenRobert CannavaleOctober 14, 1955 (1955-10-14)
Audrey is sent to take a cake to Grandma. At Grandma's house, a burglar is robbing the place and hides in the bed from Audrey. Once uncovered, the burglar chases Audrey until Grandma comes to her rescue.
16"Fishing Tackler"I. SparberI. KleinTom Golden and Bill HudsonJohn ZagoMarch 29, 1957 (1957-03-29)
Audrey and her dog Pal try to spend a peaceful day fishing, while avoiding the mean old truant officer.
17"Dawg Gawn"Seymour KneitelCarl MeyerTom Johnson and Nick TafuriRobert OwenDecember 12, 1958 (1958-12-12)
Pal so much wants to go to school with Audrey, but she shoos him away. Audrey then has to rescue Pal from a sadistic dogcatcher.

Note 1: These cartoons were rebroadcast as part of The Harveytoons Show (a.k.a. Casper and Friends), which aired in Canada on the now-defunct network Teletoon Retro.
Note 2: The first two cartoons (Santa's Surprise and Olive Oyl for President) are, respectively, part of the Noveltoons series for the first, and the Popeye the Sailor series instead for the second.
Note 3: The cartoon Song of the Birds is a remake of the homonym Max Fleischer Color Classic cartoon The Song of the Birds, which was released on March 1, 1935.


  1. ^ "Little Audrey Laughs and Laughs". Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  2. ^ Lenburg, Jeff (1999). The Encyclopedia of Animated Cartoons. Checkmark Books. pp. 98–99. ISBN 0-8160-3831-7. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  3. ^ Cartoon Brew article "Facebook Fun" (Dated: April 5, 2010) - containing the original 1946 model sheet of Little Audrey by Bill Tytla.
  4. ^ Botkin, B.A. (Random House, 1944).
  5. ^ Ramos, Dino-Ray (12 December 2017). "Netflix And DreamWorks Animation TV Reveal Six New Series Including 'Trolls', 'She-Ra'". Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  6. ^ Darwish, Meaghan (June 1, 2018). "'Grey's Anatomy' & 'The Middle' Stars Lend Voices to Netflix's 'Harvey Street Kids' (VIDEO)". TV Insider.
  7. ^ "The ETC Sitter," Playful Little Audrey #75 (April 1968)
  8. ^ "Little Audrey & Melvin and The Secret of Silent Island" (issue unknown), where Audrey's friend Lucretia (visiting her uncle Bruce Bagley) refers to Audrey's mother as "Mrs. Smith".
  9. ^ "Paramount/Famous Studios Original Titles, Cartoon Research website. Accessed December 12, 2011.