.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Japanese. (September 2018) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Japanese article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 3,700 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Japanese Wikipedia article at [[:ja:Live2D]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|ja|Live2D)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

Live2D is an animation technique used to animate static images—usually anime-style characters—that involves separating an image into parts and animating each part accordingly, without the need of frame-by-frame animation or a 3D model.[1][2][3][4][5][6] This enables characters to move using 2.5D movement while maintaining the original illustration.

There is a common misconception that Live2D refers to the software used to create Live2D animation.[7][8] Due to the popularity of Live2D Cubism, people often equate Live2D (the animation technique) with Live2D Cubism (the software). However, Live2D is an animation technique, not the software used to create Live2D animation. There are other software options used to create Live2D animation, such as Inochi2D or E-mote (which used in Tokyo School Life).[9]

Live2D models consist of layered parts saved as a Photoshop file (.psd format). Layers are separately moved to show the whole animation and expression of the character, such as tilting the head. Parts can be as simple as face, hair, and body, or they can be detailed to eyebrows, eyelashes, and even effects like glinting metal.

The number of layers depends on how you wish the Live2D character to move and how three-dimensional you wish the result to appear, with a simplified model having 50 layers and large complex projects reaching 750 layers. There is no limit to how detailed you can be, with some even modelling the sides of the teeth for full effect.[10] Unlike a 3D model there isn't a traditional skeleton, but instead the flat layers are warped and rotated.

Live2D can be used with real-time motion capture to track movements such as head movements, eye movements, and perform lip syncing for real-time applications such as vtubing. The downside of the technology is that there is little capability for 360° rotation of complex objects and body tracking.

Live2D has been used in a wide variety of video games, visual novels, virtual YouTuber channels, and other media. Well-known examples of Live2D media and software include FaceRig,[11][12] VTube Studio, VTuber Legend,[13] Nekopara,[14] Azur Lane,[15] and virtual YouTubers (as popularized by Hololive, Nijisanji,[16] and VShojo).



Live2D was first introduced in 2008 to resolve the need for interactive media.[17] Since then, the technology has also changed how games enhance user experience through lively characters and expressions.[18]

In 2009, Cybernoids Co. Ltd. (now Live2D Ltd.) released their very first Live2D application, Live2D Vector.[19] The application transforms vector graphics to make flat character images achieve three-dimensional head turning and moving effects. Although such characters can only perform limited activities, they perform much better than static pictures or slideshows. Users can also customize their moving character by adjusting parameters through software or collecting materials such as images of different angles of a character. Of course, vector graphics still have many limitations. Although the occupied capacity resources are reduced, the rendering of complex images consumes a lot of CPU and RAM. Also, while it can be difficult to work with more traditional art styles such as oil painting or gouache styles, VTuber creators have been experimenting with these styles with success.[20]

The first application of the Live2D technique is HibikiDokei released by sandwichproject (株式会社レジストプランニング), an alarm app released in 2010. The alarm app has a girl character named "Hibiki" who talks and moves.[21]

In 2011, Live2D adopted PSP game Ore no Imōto ga Konna ni Kawaii Wake ga Nai Portable released by NAMCO BANDAI Games Inc became the first game the O.I.U system derived from Live2D technology was applied in a game, where the character moves and changes positions and expression while talking to the player.[22] Characters moved expressively on the screen and seamlessly like an anime, which surprised players and triggered the popularity of Live2D.[23]


For Virtual YouTubers (VTubers), Live2D can protect their identity. Privacy is a very crucial thing, especially in this era of Information Technology. Privacy protection (in various forms), is very important in today's internet era. Virtual Youtuber is a term for a Youtuber that uses real-time animation instead of their face. Live2D Virtual YouTubers start by rigging a character using Live2D, then using facial motion capture. The models can also be used in combination with Unity engine as a blueprint. Applications that have been built can be published in the form of videos or streamed on a YouTube platform using OBS Studio.[24]


Live2D Ltd.

Developer(s)Tetsuya Nakajo
PlatformMicrosoft Windows, macOS

Software developer Tetsuya Nakashiro had been independently developing Live2D software and founded the company Cyber Noise (or Cybernoids, Japanese:てサイバーノイズ) in 2006 with support from the Exploratory IT Human Resources Project of the Japanese Information Technology Promotion Agency (IPA). Because of its novelty and lack of uptake, Cyber Noise was unsuccessful.

In 2011, Live2D software received attention after its use in the PSP game Ore no Imōto ga Konna ni Kawaii Wake ga Nai Portable. It subsequently received interest as a library for Android and iOS. Following this success, in 2014 Cyber Noise subsequently renamed itself to Live2D Ltd.,[25] unifying with its product name. Sales of Live2D have had significant growth since then. In 2021, 70% of Live2D Cubism Pro users are or create Vtubers, followed by games/app developers and animation/video creators.[26]

Live2D Ltd. provides its software and SDKs under both commercial licenses and as freeware.


Official marketplace

Other Live2D Animation Software

Animation software is able to combine with the Live2D system to create real-time animated avatars through motion capture, character animation and computer-generated imagery, including:

Animation software

Title Platform
Inochi2D Windows, Linux, MacOS
Spine 2D Windows, Linux, MacOS
DragonBones Windows, MacOS
Adobe Character Animator Windows, MacOS
CrazyTalk Windows
FaceRig Windows
Motion Live 2D Windows
Toon Boom Harmony Windows, MacOS

Face-tracking software

Title Platform
VTube Studio Windows, Android, iOS
Prprlive Windows, iOS
Live2DViewerEX Windows, Android, iOS
VUP Windows, Android
Animaze Windows, Android, iOS
Hololive iOS
Nijisanji Android, iOS
VBridger Windows

Works using Live2D

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2023)

Visual novels

Title Platform Original release date
Mashiroiro Symphony Windows, PSP 2009
Ensemble Girls! Android, iOS 2012
Tokimeki Restaurant Android, iOS 2013
Nekopara Windows, macOS 2014
City of Love: Paris Android, iOS 2017
Date A Live: Rio Reincarnation Windows, PS4 2017
Crystalline Android, iOS 2018
Kaori After Story Android, iOS 2018
Runa's School Story Windows, macOS 2019
Ethereal Enigma Android, iOS 2020
Sophistry Windows, Linux, macOS 2021
Heartbeat! -After the Summer- Windows, macOS 2022
OPPAI Ero App Academy Bigger, Better, Electric Boobaloo! Windows 2023

Mobile games

Title Platform Original release date
Battle Girl High School Android, iOS 2015
BraveSword×BlazeSoul Android, iOS 2015
Ensemble Stars! Android, iOS 2015
Potion Maker Android, iOS 2015
YUMEIRO CAST Android, iOS 2015
Moe Girl Cafe 2 Android, iOS 2016
Destiny Child Android, iOS 2016
Girls' Frontline Android, iOS 2016
Azur Lane Android, iOS 2017
Brave Nine Android, iOS 2017
BanG Dream! Girls Band Party![28] Android, iOS 2017
Magia Record: Puella Magi Madoka Magica Side Story[29] Android, iOS 2017
Neptunia & Friends Android, iOS 2017
Dream Girlfriend Android, iOS 2017
Project Tokyo Dolls Android, iOS 2017
Raramagi Android, iOS 2017
Uta no Prince-sama: Shining Live Android, iOS 2017
Epic Seven Android, iOS 2018
Shoujo Kageki Revue Starlight-Re LIVE Android, iOS 2018
Mashiro Witch: Marchen of Midnight Android, iOS 2018
Ayakashi: Romance Reborn Android, iOS 2018
Promise of Wizard Android, iOS 2019
Girl Cafe Gun Android, iOS 2019
Counter:Side Android, iOS 2019
Mirage Memorial Android, iOS 2019
Palette Parade Android, iOS 2019
My Stella Knights Android, iOS 2020
Disney: Twisted-Wonderland Android, iOS 2020
Arknights Android, iOS 2020
Goddess Kiss: OVE Generation Android, iOS 2020
Hatsune Miku: Colorful Stage![citation needed] Android, iOS 2020
D4DJ Groovy Mix Android, iOS 2020
Illusion Connect Android, iOS 2020
SINoALICE Android, iOS 2020
Zgirls3 Android, iOS 2020
Re:Zero − Starting Life in Another World: Lost in Memories Android, iOS 2020
Assault Lily: Last Bullet Android, iOS 2021
KonoSuba: Fantastic Days Android, iOS 2021
Artery Gear: Fusion Android, iOS 2021
Metal Waltz Android, iOS 2021
Alchemy Stars Android, iOS 2021
B-PROJECT Ryūsei*Fantasia Android, iOS, Nintendo Switch 2021
Blue Archive Android, iOS 2021
Revived Witch[citation needed] Android, iOS 2021
Destiny Girl Android, iOS 2022
Dynasty Heroes: Romance Samkok Android, iOS 2022
Yu-Gi-Oh! Master Duel Android, iOS 2022
Idle Princess Android, iOS 2022
Girls Academy Android, iOS 2022
Clover Theater Android, iOS 2022
Date A Live: Spirit Pledge HD Android, iOS 2022
Echocalypse Android, iOS 2022
MementoMori Android, iOS 2022
Goddess of Victory: Nikke[citation needed] Android, iOS 2022
Counter:Side Android, iOS 2022
Path to Nowhere Android, iOS 2022
Cherry Tale Android, iOS 2022
The Tale of Food Android, iOS 2023
Takt Op. Symphony Android, iOS 2023
Love Live! School Idol Festival 2: Miracle Live! Android, iOS 2023
Crazy Ones Android, iOS 2023
Reverse: 1999 Android, iOS 2023
Trickal Revive Android, iOS 2023
Phantom of the Kill -Alternative Imitation- Android, iOS 2024

Console games

Title Platform Original release date
Boku wa Tomodachi ga Sukunai (Haganai) PSP 2012
Fire Emblem Fates 3DS 2015
Kancolle Kai[30] PS Vita 2016
Akiba's Beat PS4, PS Vita 2016
Dark Rose Valkyrie PS4, PS Vita 2016
Sword Art Online: Alicization Lycoris PS4, Xbox One 2020

PC games

Title Original release date
Herald: An Interactive Period Drama 2017
Namu Amida Butsu! -UTENA-[31] 2019

See also


  1. ^ "Live2D Cubism Editor". Live2D. 23 July 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Company Profile | Live2D Inc". 株式会社Live2D. 31 July 2019. Retrieved 18 February 2024.
  3. ^ Beck, Jerry (28 August 2012). ""Live2D" by Cybernoids". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved 18 February 2024.
  4. ^ "Live2D Rigging Tutorials - For Beginner & Pro | ShiraLive2D". www.shiralive2d.com. 3 December 2023. Retrieved 18 February 2024.
  5. ^ "live 2D技术:让2D角色动起来的障眼法". 知乎专栏 (in Chinese). Retrieved 18 February 2024.
  6. ^ "Live2D 神奇的动画渲染工具 – 宇宙盒子0123" (in Chinese (China)). 22 June 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2024.
  7. ^ [LIVE2D UPDATE] Cubism 5 New Feature Highlights!, retrieved 18 February 2024
  8. ^ "Live2D Rigging Tutorials - For Beginner & Pro | ShiraLive2D". www.shiralive2d.com. 3 December 2023. Retrieved 18 February 2024.
  9. ^ "Tokyo School Life Featuring Character Animation Tool E-mote".
  10. ^ "https://twitter.com/TheArtGun/status/1485742049714270209". X (formerly Twitter). Retrieved 6 December 2023. ((cite web)): External link in |title= (help)
  11. ^ "FaceRig Live2D Module on Steam". store.steampowered.com. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  12. ^ "FaceRig + Live2D Module | Live2D". Live2D. Archived from the original on 20 May 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  13. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (14 October 2023). "VTuber Legend Anime Reveals 4 More Cast Members, 2024 Debut". Anime News Network. Retrieved 12 November 2023.
  14. ^ "Meet The Catgirls Of Sekai Project's Visual Novel NEKOPARA Vol. 1 - Siliconera". Siliconera. 29 December 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  15. ^ Siegal, Jacob (25 August 2018). "The 8 best free iPhone games of the week". BGR. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  16. ^ "バーチャルYouTuber「月ノ美兎」サブカル女子高生委員長が人気急上昇中 | Mogura VR". MoguraVR (in Japanese). 27 February 2018. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  17. ^ "What is Live2D?". Live2D Cubism. 23 July 2019. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  18. ^ "Creator Interviews". Live2D Cubism. 9 April 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  19. ^ "live2D history". Live2D. 31 July 2019.
  20. ^ "https://twitter.com/FaeriSami/status/1729257776009154584". X (formerly Twitter). Retrieved 6 December 2023. ((cite web)): External link in |title= (help)
  21. ^ "HibikiDokei". sandwichproject.com. Retrieved 9 February 2022.
  22. ^ "【週刊 俺の妹P】俺の妹がLive2Dでこんなに動く!! &5人の妹ができる特典って!?".
  23. ^ "【特集】「Live2D」を救ったのは『俺妹』!?誕生のきっかけや話題の「FaceRig」に迫る". インサイド (in Japanese). Retrieved 9 February 2022.
  24. ^ Zaelani, Daffa (2022). "PEMANFAATAN TOOLS LIVE2D DAN UNITY OPENVHEAD UNTUK VIRTUAL YOUTUBER(VTUBER)" (PDF). ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  25. ^ "会社消滅寸前だったとあるベンチャーが、世界初の2D立体表現技術を完成できたワケ - エンジニアtype". Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  26. ^ "Live2D社が目論む未来の「Live2D」とは?―ソフトウェアから共創のプラットフォーム&マーケット市場へ【alive2021 レポート】". インサイド (in Japanese). 30 December 2021. Retrieved 19 July 2022.
  27. ^ "Live2D official market "secondary ma" was renamed to "nizima" and the design and UI / UX were renewed | Live2D Co., Ltd". 株式会社Live2D. 1 October 2019. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  28. ^ "(日本語) バンドリ! ガールズバンドパーティ! | Live2D". Live2D. Archived from the original on 20 May 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  29. ^ "MAGIA RECORD | Live2D". Live2D. Archived from the original on 28 June 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  30. ^ zozi. "Studio Sleipnir PSvitaのソフト 「艦これ改」が発売になりました。". studiosleipnir.blog15.fc2.com (in Japanese). Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  31. ^ "system|なむあみだ仏っ!-蓮台 UTENA- 公式サイト". なむあみだ仏っ!-蓮台 UTENA- 公式サイト (in Japanese). Retrieved 22 June 2020.