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Loch Ard (ship, 1873) - SLV H91.108-1068.jpg
History
United Kingdom
NameLoch Ard
NamesakeLoch Ard, Scotland
OwnerGeneral Shipping Co
OperatorJames Aitken
Port of registryGlasgow
BuilderCharles Connell & Co, Scotstoun
Yard number87
Launched8 November 1873
Identification
FateWrecked 1 June 1878
General characteristics
TypeClipper
Tonnage1,693 GRT, 1,624 NRT
Length262.7 ft (80.1 m)
Beam38.3 ft (11.7 m)
Depth23.0 ft (7.0 m)
Propulsionsail, three masts
Sail planfull-rigged ship
Crew17
NotesGave her name to Loch Ard Gorge, where she was wrecked.

Loch Ard was an iron-hulled clipper ship that was built in Scotland in 1873 and wrecked on the Shipwreck Coast of Victoria, Australia in 1878.[1][2]

Building

Charles Connell and Company of Scotstoun, Glasgow built Loch Ard for the General Shipping Company, part of the Loch Line of Glasgow that operated between Great Britain and Australia. Her yard number was 57 and she was launched on 8 November 1873. Her registered length was 262.7 ft (80.1 m), her beam was 38.3 ft (11.7 m) and her depth was 23.0 ft (7.0 m). Her tonnages were 1,693 GRT and 1,624 NRT. She had three masts and was a full-rigged ship.[3]

Her owners registered Loch Ard in Glasgow. Her official number was 68061 and her code letters were WSGD.[4][5]

The ship was named after Loch Ard in Scotland, a loch west of Aberfoyle and east of Loch Lomond. It means "high lake" in Scottish Gaelic. She gave her name to Loch Ard Gorge on the Shipwreck Coast.

Final voyage

Loch Ard with the Thames tugboat Robert Bruce
Loch Ard with the Thames tugboat Robert Bruce

Loch Ard left England on 1 March 1878, bound for Melbourne, commanded by Captain G Gibbs and with a crew of 37 men and 17 passengers, a total of 54 people. She was loaded with a general mixed cargo. On 1 June she was approaching Melbourne. The crew expected to sight land but encountered heavy fog. The inquest determined that, unable to see the Cape Otway lighthouse; having faulty chronometers on board; and not having been able to take a reading to establish his exact position due to bad weather conditions over the previous few days, Gibbs was unaware how close he was running to the coast. The fog lifted around 4am, revealing breakers and cliff faces. Gibbs quickly ordered sail to be set to come about and get clear of the coast, but they were unable to do so in time, and ran aground on a reef. The masts and rigging came down, killing some people on deck and preventing the lifeboats from being launched effectively. The ship sank within 10 or 15 minutes of striking the reef.

Graves of some of the passengers and crew of Loch Ard, near Loch Ard Gorge
Graves of some of the passengers and crew of Loch Ard, near Loch Ard Gorge

The widespread popular belief that Gibbs mistook the opening of the nearby Loch Ard Gorge for Port Phillip Heads has no basis in fact or probability. There is no physical or cartographic resemblance whatever, ships are obliged to stop outside the Heads to take on a pilot, and Loch Ard never entered the Gorge.

The only two survivors of the wreck were Eva Carmichael, who survived by clinging to a spar for five hours, and Thomas "Tom" R Pearce, an apprentice who clung to the overturned hull of a lifeboat. Pearce came ashore first, then heard Carmichael's shouts and went back into the ocean to rescue her. They came ashore at what is now known as Loch Ard Gorge and sheltered there before seeking help. Pearce was the stepson of James Pearce, captain of SS Gothenburg, which had been wrecked in Queensland in 1875.[6]

Surviving artefacts

The Loch Ard Peacock, now in Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum
The Loch Ard Peacock, now in Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum

Loch Ard's cargo included various luxury goods, including a grand piano which later washed up in the Gorge, and a large decorative porcelain peacock made by Minton in England, intended to be displayed in the Melbourne International Exhibition in 1880. The peacock was recovered intact and was eventually able to be displayed a century later for the Victoria Pavilion at the Brisbane 1988 World Exposition. It is now on display at the Flagstaff Hill Maritime Museum in Warrnambool, Victoria, along with other relics of the wreck.

Wreck

Loch Ard's wreck lies at a depth of 25 metres (82 ft). It is a recreational wreck diving site, rated "Advanced Open Water and beyond".[7]

Play

Eva and the Cabin Boy by Sheila Dewey, produced at the Warehouse Theatre in Croydon in 1994, concerned the Loch Ard shipwreck.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Loch Ard Lost". The Argus. No. 9, 972. Melbourne. 3 June 1878. p. 5. Retrieved 9 March 2017 – via Trove.
  2. ^ "The loss of the Loch Ard". Cairns Post. Vol. XXXV, no. 5137. Cairns. 18 March 1925. p. 3. Retrieved 9 March 2017 – via Trove.
  3. ^ "Loch Ard". Scottish Built Ships. Caledonian Maritime Research Trust. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  4. ^ Mercantile Navy List. London. 1875. p. 330. Retrieved 2 September 2022 – via Crew List Index Project.
  5. ^ Lloyd's Register of British and Foreign Shipping. London: Lloyd's Register. 1877. LLE. Retrieved 2 September 2022 – via Internet Archive.
  6. ^ "Captain James Pearce". Picture Australia. Retrieved 4 June 2009.[dead link]
  7. ^ "Loch Ard". Scuba Doctor. Retrieved 2 September 2022.

Sources

Further reading

Coordinates: 38°38′55″S 143°04′19″E / 38.64861°S 143.07194°E / -38.64861; 143.07194