Loharu State
लोहारू रियासत
ریاست لوہارو
Princely State of British India
1806–1947
Flag of Loharu
Flag
Punjab 1909.jpg

Loharu at the edge of Punjab (British India), 1903
CapitalLoharu
Area 
• 1901
570 km2 (220 sq mi)
Population 
• 1901
15,229
History
History 
• Established
1806
1947
Succeeded by
India
Today part ofIndia

Loharu State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj.[1] It was part of the Punjab States Agency and was a nine-gun salute state.[citation needed]

Loharu State encompassed an area of 222 square miles (570 km2), and was situated in the south-east corner of the undivided Punjab province, between the district of Hissar and the Rajputana Agency.[2] In 1901, the state had a population of 15,229 people, of whom 2,175 resided in the town of Loharu.[3] From 1803 to 1835, the territory of Loharu State also included an Ferozepur Jhirka enclave within the area directly administered by the British raj,[4][5] Outer limits of the state were defined by the peripheral towns of Loharu, Bahal, Isharwal, Kairu, Jui Khurd and Badhra.

The haveli of 'Nawab of Loharu', known as Mahal Sara, lies in Gali Qasim Jan in Ballimaran, where his son-in-law, noted poet Mirza Ghalib stayed for a few years, whose own Ghalib ki Haveli lies a few yard away.[6][7] Now the gali, which houses the Mahal Sara, is known as Kothi Nawab Loharu lane in Ballimaran mohalla of Chandni Chowk area in Old Delhi.[8]

History

Gali Qasim Jan in Ballimaran
Gali Qasim Jan in Ballimaran

Loharu town, the seat of the state's administration town got its name from the Lohars (local blacksmiths) who were employed in the minting of coins for the erstwhile Jaipur State.[9] The princely state of Loharu was founded by Ahmad Baksh Khan in 1803 when he received the town of Loharu, (along with the pargana of 'Firozepur Jirka' (now in Nuh district), from the Lord Lake of British East India Company as a reward for his services against the Jat rulers of Bharatpur.[5][10][11]

Sir Amiruddin Ahmad KhanNawab of Loharu,1884-1920.
Sir Amiruddin Ahmad Khan
Nawab of Loharu,1884-1920.

Ahmad Baksh Khan was succeeded by his eldest son, Sams-ud-din Khan [Samsudin Ahmad Khan], in 1827; his reign did not last long: in 1835 he was executed by the British Raj for being involved in the conspiracy to kill the British Resident to Delhi, Sir William Frazer,[12][13] Noted Urdu poet Daagh Dehlvi was a son of Nawab Samsuddin Khan.[14][15] subsequently the pargana of Firozepur was taken away by the British and the state of Loharu was given to his brothers, Amin-ud-din and Zia-ud-din Khan. Both were themselves kept under surveillance after the Indian Rebellion of 1857 for some time, before being released and their positions restored.

Alauddin Ahmed Khan succeeded his father Amin-ud-din Khan in 1869 and received the title of Nawab. Alauddin's son, Amir-ud-din Ahmad Khan (1859–1937), after managing the state on his father's behalf, succeed him in 1884, though from 1893 to 1903, he remained administrator and adviser of the state of Maler Kotla – during this time, the state was being handled by his younger brother, Bashiruddin Ahmed Khan. In 1903, Amir- ud-din Ahmad Khan also received the K.C.S.I honour from the British Government and after 1 January 1903 was allowed a 9 gun personal salute.[5] He later became a member of the Viceroy of India's legislative council.[3][16]

Loharu State, State Court Fee Stamp, 8 Annas, issued under Nawab Amin ud-din Ahmad Khan(r. 1926–1947)
Loharu State, State Court Fee Stamp, 8 Annas, issued under Nawab Amin ud-din Ahmad Khan
(r. 1926–1947)

In 1920, he abdicated to his second son, Aizzuddin Ahmad Khan, though he died early in 1926, leaving the state to his son, Amin ud-din Ahmad Khan (1911–1983) - the last Nawab.[17] However, since the new Nawab was still young, Amirud-din Ahmad Khan stepped in and took care of the state till 1931.[citation needed]

After the Independence of India in 1947, the state acceded to the Union of India and many of the ruling family and the city's Muslim inhabitants re-settled in Lahore, Pakistan, though the Nawab and his direct descendants (except for the eldest daughter of Nawab Aminuddin Ahmed, Mahbano Begum who lives in Islamabad), stayed on, in India.[12]

Nawabs of Loharu

Lineage
Nawab Reign
Ahmad Bakhsh Khan 1806–1827
Sams-ud-din Khan (Samsuddin Ahmad Khan) 1827–1835
Aminuddin Ahmad Khan 1835 - 27 February 1869
Allauddin Ahmad Khan 27 February 1869 – 31 October 1884
Amiruddin Ahmad Khan, K.C.S.I 31 October 1884 - April 1920 (abdicated)
Azizuddin Ahmad Khan April 1920 - 30 October 1926
Aminuddin Ahmad Khan II 30 October 1926 – 15 August 1947

Notable members of the Loharu dynasty

The ruling family of Loharu was linked by blood or marriage to several important Muslim personalities of the 19th century, including:

Courtiers

Jaglan Zail of Bidhwan was adjacent to the Loharu State.

Mir Muhammad Khan, was a fine vocalist in the court of Maharaja Loharu, a descendant of Mir Allahbux who a famous vocalists and the court-musician of Raja Nahar Singh of Ballabhgarh State.[18]

Post-Independence

Loharu descendants in India

Loharu descendants in Pakistan

Adjacent states and jagirs

See also

References

  1. ^ Loharu Princely State (nine gun salute)
  2. ^ 1909 location map of Loharu in British Punjab
  3. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Loharu" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 922.
  4. ^ Sir Thomas Metcalfe. "Assasination [sic] of William Fraser, Agent to the Governor-General of India". British Library. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Loharu State The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 16, p. 169.
  6. ^ HC fiat to Centre, Delhi Govts on poet Mirza Ghalib's haveli Indian Express, 12 April 1999.
  7. ^ Delhi Hunger and History in Delhi Archived 8 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Jauymini Barkataky, Civil Society, April 2007 Edition.
  8. ^ Senior Secondary Panama Building Girls School in the Kothi Nawab Loharu lane in Ballimaran Indian Express, 8 October 2008.
  9. ^ Loharu Town The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 16, p. 170.
  10. ^ Chapter 5: My Loharu Connection Archived 30 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine The Battle Within, by Brigadier Mirza Hamid Hussain, Pakistan Army 33. 1970. ISBN 969-407-286-7 -.(ebook)
  11. ^ The State of Loharu Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey, by Somerset Playne, R. V. Solomon, J. W. Bond, Arnold Wright. Asian Educational Services, 2006. ISBN 81-206-1965-X.Page 691.
  12. ^ a b c Loharu family’s get-together in capital – Islamabad Dawn, 26 May 2005.
  13. ^ The Story of Many Moons ArabNews, "Sams-ud-din Khan is one of the characters in the historic novel, Kai chand thay sar-e asman (novel), by Shamsur Rahman Faruqi."
  14. ^ a b Amrita Dutta (16 June 2013). "Finding Wazir". The Indian Express (newspaper). Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  15. ^ a b Omair Ahmad (14 September 2013). "An incandescent star, a polyphonic constellation". The Sunday Guardian. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  16. ^ a b Lee-Warner, William (1911). "Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Sir" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 278.
  17. ^ Genealogy of the Nawabs of Loharu Queensland University.
  18. ^ Amala Dāśaśarmā, 1993, Musicians of India: Past and Present : Gharanas of Hindustani Music and Genealogies
  19. ^ "Eighth Nawab" of Loharu Alauddin Ahmed Khan The Tribune, 23 August 2007.
  20. ^ Bhiwani district www.haryana-online.com.
  21. ^ Nawab of Loharu Archived 21 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "Heritage". Mariekesartofliving.com. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  23. ^ Jamiluddin Aali - Pakistani Poet Dawn, 5 June 2008.

Coordinates: 28°27′N 75°49′E / 28.45°N 75.82°E / 28.45; 75.82