Long County
Long County Courthouse in Ludowici
Long County Courthouse in Ludowici
Map of Georgia highlighting Long County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°46′N 81°45′W / 31.76°N 81.75°W / 31.76; -81.75
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedNovember 2, 1920; 101 years ago (1920-11-02)
SeatLudowici
Largest cityLudowici
Area
 • Total404 sq mi (1,050 km2)
 • Land400 sq mi (1,000 km2)
 • Water3.5 sq mi (9 km2)  0.9%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
19,559
 • Density36/sq mi (14/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.longcountyboc.com
Plaque at the county courthouse
Plaque at the county courthouse

Long County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. The county seat is Ludowici.[1] Long County is part of the Hinesville-Fort Stewart Metropolitan Statistical Area. The constitutional amendment to create the county was proposed August 14, 1920, and ratified November 2, 1920. The county is named after Crawford Long (1815–1878), American surgeon and pharmacist, first to use diethyl ether as an anaesthetic.[2]

As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,464.[3] With a per-capita income of $22,599, Long County is #10 on the list of lowest-income counties in the United States.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 404 square miles (1,050 km2), of which 400 square miles (1,000 km2) is land and 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) (0.9%) is water.[4]

The majority of Long County, roughly centered on Ludowici, is located in the Altamaha River sub-basin of the basin by the same name. The county's northeastern portion, east of Glennville and northwest of Walthourville, is located in the Canoochee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin. Long County's southeastern portion is located in the Ogeechee Coastal sub-basin of the larger Ogeechee basin.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19304,180
19404,086−2.2%
19503,598−11.9%
19603,8747.7%
19703,746−3.3%
19804,52420.8%
19906,20237.1%
200010,30466.1%
201014,46440.4%
2019 (est.)19,559[6]35.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[3]

2000 census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 10,304 people, 3,574 households, and 2,676 families living in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km2). There were 4,232 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.41% White, 24.25% Black or African American, 0.73% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 3.91% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 8.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,574 households, out of which 45.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.00% were married couples living together, 14.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.10% were non-families. 19.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 33.10% under the age of 18, 14.20% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 15.90% from 45 to 64, and 5.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,640, and the median income for a family was $32,473. Males had a median income of $26,416 versus $18,732 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,586. About 17.60% of families and 19.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.00% of those under age 18 and 19.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,464 people, 5,023 households, and 3,654 families living in the county.[12] The population density was 36.1 inhabitants per square mile (13.9/km2). There were 6,039 housing units at an average density of 15.1 per square mile (5.8/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 62.4% white, 25.2% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% American Indian, 0.4% Pacific islander, 7.2% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.3% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 12.1% were German, 10.6% were Irish, 8.3% were American, and 7.1% were English.[14]

Of the 5,023 households, 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 18.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.3% were non-families, and 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.28. The median age was 30.6 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,186 and the median income for a family was $46,654. Males had a median income of $30,921 versus $25,675 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,068. About 11.6% of families and 15.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.[15]

2020 census

Long County racial composition[16]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 8,774 54.27%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 4,028 24.91%
Native American 62 0.38%
Asian 164 1.01%
Pacific Islander 88 0.54%
Other/Mixed 1,073 6.64%
Hispanic or Latino 1,979 12.24%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 16,168 people, 5,695 households, and 4,146 families residing in the county.

Communities

Education

Long County Board of Education building
Long County Board of Education building

Long County School System operates public schools for grades K-12 in the county, except parts in Fort Stewart. Fort Stewart has the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) as its local school district,[17] for the elementary level.[18] Students at the secondary level on Fort Stewart attend public schools operated by county school districts.[19]

Politics

United States presidential election results for Long County, Georgia[20]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,527 62.31% 2,035 35.95% 98 1.73%
2016 2,626 63.78% 1,360 33.03% 131 3.18%
2012 2,306 60.45% 1,442 37.80% 67 1.76%
2008 2,119 61.24% 1,288 37.23% 53 1.53%
2004 1,994 65.57% 1,033 33.97% 14 0.46%
2000 1,320 57.04% 975 42.13% 19 0.82%
1996 791 40.11% 936 47.46% 245 12.42%
1992 719 36.74% 874 44.66% 364 18.60%
1988 858 55.32% 681 43.91% 12 0.77%
1984 1,099 57.39% 816 42.61% 0 0.00%
1980 514 29.49% 1,202 68.96% 27 1.55%
1976 222 15.15% 1,243 84.85% 0 0.00%
1972 764 76.40% 236 23.60% 0 0.00%
1968 156 8.83% 574 32.48% 1,037 58.69%
1964 246 15.55% 1,336 84.45% 0 0.00%
1960 898 76.36% 278 23.64% 0 0.00%
1956 281 19.04% 1,195 80.96% 0 0.00%
1952 420 37.80% 691 62.20% 0 0.00%
1948 25 4.87% 337 65.69% 151 29.43%
1944 129 28.86% 318 71.14% 0 0.00%
1940 76 19.14% 319 80.35% 2 0.50%
1936 51 14.21% 305 84.96% 3 0.84%
1932 14 3.12% 430 95.77% 5 1.11%
1928 401 70.72% 166 29.28% 0 0.00%
1924 19 3.37% 499 88.48% 46 8.16%


See also

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  2. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 135. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 27, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  16. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 14, 2021.
  17. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Long County, GA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2022. - text list - "Fort Stewart School District" refers to the DoDEA schools.
  18. ^ "Fort Stewart Schools". Department of Defense Education Activity. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
  19. ^ "Fort Stewart Education". Military One Source. Retrieved July 5, 2022. - This is from a .mil website.
  20. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 21, 2018.

Coordinates: 31°46′N 81°45′W / 31.76°N 81.75°W / 31.76; -81.75