Long March 8
Has useOrbital launch vehicle
ManufacturerChina Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT)
Country of originChina
Size
Height50.34 m (165.2 ft)
Diameter3.35 m (11.0 ft)
Width1.4
Mass356,000 kg (785,000 lb)
Stages2
Capacity
Payload to SSO 700 km
Mass4,500 kg (9,900 lb)
Payload to LEO
Mass8,400 kg (18,500 lb)
Payload to GTO
Mass2,800 kg (6,200 lb)
Associated rockets
ComparableSoyuz-2
Antares
Falcon 9 (RTLS reusable)
Ariane 6
H3
Launch history
StatusActive
Launch sitesWenchang, LC-2
Jiuquan
Total launches1
Success(es)1
First flight22 December 2020
Boosters – K2 booster
No. boosters2
Height26.903 m (88.26 ft)
Diameter2.25 m (7 ft 5 in)
Powered by1 YF-100
Maximum thrustSea level: 1,200 kN (270,000 lbf)
Vacuum: 1,340 kN (300,000 lbf)
Total thrustSea level: 4,800 kN (1,100,000 lbf)
Vacuum: 5,360 kN (1,200,000 lbf)
Specific impulseSea level: 300 s (2.9 km/s)
Vacuum: 335 s (3.29 km/s)
PropellantRP-1 / LOX
First stage – K3 core module
Height25.083 m (82.29 ft)
Diameter3.35 m (11.0 ft)
Powered by2 YF-100
Maximum thrustSea level: 2,400 kN (540,000 lbf)
Vacuum: 2,680 kN (600,000 lbf)
Specific impulseSea level: 300 s (2.9 km/s)
Vacuum: 335 s (3.29 km/s)
PropellantRP-1 / LOX
Second stage
Height12.375 m (40.60 ft)
Diameter3.0 m (9.8 ft)
Powered by2 YF-75
Maximum thrust167.17 kN (37,580 lbf)
Specific impulse438 s (4.30 km/s)
PropellantLH2 / LOX

Long March 8 (Chinese: 长征八号运载火箭) is an orbital launch vehicle developed by the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology to launch up to 4500 kg to a 700 km altitude Sun-synchronous orbit (SSO). The rocket is based on the Long March 7 with its first stage and two boosters, along with the existing liquid hydrogen burning third stage of the Long March 3A/3B/3C and 7A as its second stage.

A planned future launch vehicle variant of the Long March 8 will be partially reusable by featuring a combined booster recovery of the first stage and the boosters as a single unit.[1]

The maiden flight of the Long March 8 was launched on 22 December 2020 from the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site.

List of launches

Main article: List of Long March launches

Flight number Date
(UTC)
Launch site Payload Orbit Outcome
1 22 December 2020
04:37[2][3]
Wenchang, LC-2 Xinjishu Yanzheng 7 (XJY-7)
Haisi-1
Tianqi Xingzuo 08 (Ping'an-1)
Yuanguang-1
ET-SMART-RSS (Zhixing-1A)
SSO Success
2 Q4 2021[4] Wenchang, LC-2 Hainan-1 × 4 LEO Planned
3 2021 Wenchang, LC-2 Unknown TBD Un­known
4 2022 Wenchang, LC-2 Unknown TBD Un­known
5 2022 Wenchang, LC-2 Unknown TBD Un­known

See also

References

  1. ^ Jones, Andrew. "China to test rocket reusability with planned Long March 8 launcher". SpaceNews. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  2. ^ Jones, Andrew (22 December 2020). "China launches first Long March 8 from Wenchang spaceport". SpaceNews. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  3. ^ "长征八号运载火箭首次飞行试验取得圆满成功" [First Long March 8 rocket test flight was a complete success]. CNSA (in Chinese). 22 December 2020. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  4. ^ "三亚中科遥感信息产业园:空天产业蓄势起飞" [Sanya Zhongke Remote Sensing Information Industrial Park: Aerospace industry poised to take off]. Sanya Media Film Group (in Chinese). 30 June 2021. Retrieved 1 July 2021.