Long March 8
FunctionOrbital launch vehicle
ManufacturerChina Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT)
Country of originChina
Height50.34 m (165.2 ft)
Diameter3.35 m (11.0 ft)
Mass356,000 kg (785,000 lb)
Payload to SSO 700 km
Mass5,000 kg (11,000 lb)
Payload to LEO
Mass8,100 kg (17,900 lb)
Payload to GTO
Mass2,800 kg (6,200 lb)
Associated rockets
Falcon 9 (RTLS reusable)
Ariane 6
Launch history
Launch sitesWenchang, LC-2
Total launches2
First flight22 December 2020
Last flight27 February 2022
Boosters – K2 booster
No. boosters2
Height26.903 m (88.26 ft)
Diameter2.25 m (7 ft 5 in)
Powered by1 YF-100
Maximum thrustSea level: 1,200 kN (270,000 lbf)
Vacuum: 1,340 kN (300,000 lbf)
Total thrustSea level: 4,800 kN (1,100,000 lbf)
Vacuum: 5,360 kN (1,200,000 lbf)
Specific impulseSea level: 300 s (2.9 km/s)
Vacuum: 335 s (3.29 km/s)
PropellantRP-1 / LOX
First stage – K3 core module
Height25.083 m (82.29 ft)
Diameter3.35 m (11.0 ft)
Powered by2 YF-100
Maximum thrustSea level: 2,400 kN (540,000 lbf)
Vacuum: 2,680 kN (600,000 lbf)
Specific impulseSea level: 300 s (2.9 km/s)
Vacuum: 335 s (3.29 km/s)
PropellantRP-1 / LOX
Second stage
Height12.375 m (40.60 ft)
Diameter3.0 m (9.8 ft)
Powered by2 YF-75
Maximum thrust167.17 kN (37,580 lbf)
Specific impulse438 s (4.30 km/s)
PropellantLH2 / LOX

Long March 8 (Chinese: 长征八号运载火箭) is an orbital launch vehicle developed by the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology to launch up to 5000 kg to a 700 km altitude Sun-synchronous orbit (SSO).[1] The rocket is based on the Long March 7 with its first stage and two boosters, along with the existing liquid hydrogen burning third stage of the Long March 3A/3B/3C and 7A as its second stage.

A planned future launch vehicle variant of the Long March 8 will be partially reusable by featuring a combined booster recovery of the first stage and the boosters as a single unit.[2]

The maiden flight of the Long March 8 was launched on 22 December 2020 from the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site.[3]

List of launches

Main article: List of Long March launches

Flight number Date
Launch site Payload Orbit Outcome
1 22 December 2020
Wenchang, LC-2 Xinjishu Yanzheng 7 (XJY-7)
Tianqi Xingzuo 08 (Ping'an-1)
ET-SMART-RSS (Zhixing-1A)
SSO Success
2 27 February 2022
Wenchang, LC-2 Dayun (Xingshidai-17)
Hainan-1 01, 02
Jilin-1 Gaofen-03D 10–18
Jilin-1 Mofang-02A 01
Taijing-3 01
Taijing-4 01
Tianxian-1 (Chaohu-1)
Chuangxing Leishen
Wenchang-1 01, 02
SSO Success
3 TBD Wenchang, LC-2 Unknown TBD Un­known
4 TBD Wenchang, LC-2 Unknown TBD Un­known
5 TBD Wenchang, LC-2 Unknown TBD Un­known

See also


  1. ^ 贾平凡 (28 December 2020). "长征八号首飞成功 中国运载火箭家族再添新成员" (in Simplified Chinese). 新华社. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  2. ^ Jones, Andrew. "China to test rocket reusability with planned Long March 8 launcher". SpaceNews. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  3. ^ a b Jones, Andrew (22 December 2020). "China launches first Long March 8 from Wenchang spaceport". SpaceNews. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  4. ^ "长征八号运载火箭首次飞行试验取得圆满成功" [First Long March 8 rocket test flight was a complete success]. CNSA (in Chinese). 22 December 2020. Retrieved 22 December 2020.