equipped with the compact-open topology. An element of LG is called a loop in G.
Pointwise multiplication of such loops gives LG the structure of a topological group. Parametrize S^{1} with θ,

The space LG is called the free loop group on G. A loop group is any subgroup of the free loop group LG.

Examples

An important example of a loop group is the group

$\Omega G\,$

of based loops on G. It is defined to be the kernel of the evaluation map

$e_{1}:LG\to G,\gamma \mapsto \gamma (1)$,

and hence is a closed normal subgroup of LG. (Here, e_{1} is the map that sends a loop to its value at $1\in S^{1))$.) Note that we may embed G into LG as the subgroup of constant loops. Consequently, we arrive at a split exact sequence

We may also think of ΩG as the loop space on G. From this point of view, ΩG is an H-space with respect to concatenation of loops. On the face of it, this seems to provide ΩG with two very different product maps. However, it can be shown that concatenation and pointwise multiplication are homotopic. Thus, in terms of the homotopy theory of ΩG, these maps are interchangeable.