Loretta Lynch
Lynch smiling in front of an American flag
Official portrait, 2015
83rd United States Attorney General
In office
April 27, 2015 – January 20, 2017
PresidentBarack Obama
DeputySally Yates
Preceded byEric Holder
Succeeded byJeff Sessions
United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York
In office
May 8, 2010 – April 27, 2015
PresidentBarack Obama
Preceded byBenton J. Campbell
Succeeded byRobert Capers
In office
June 2, 1999 – May 2, 2001
PresidentBill Clinton
George W. Bush
Preceded byZachary W. Carter
Succeeded byRoslynn R. Mauskopf
Personal details
Loretta Elizabeth Lynch

(1959-05-21) May 21, 1959 (age 65)
Greensboro, North Carolina, U.S.
Stephen Hargrove
(m. 2007)
EducationHarvard University (BA, JD)

Loretta Elizabeth Lynch (born May 21, 1959) is an American lawyer who served as the 83rd attorney general of the United States from 2015 to 2017. She was appointed by President Barack Obama to succeed Eric Holder and previously served as the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York under Presidents Bill Clinton (1999–2001), George W. Bush (2001) and Obama (2010–2015). As a U.S. attorney, Lynch oversaw federal prosecutions in Brooklyn, Queens, Staten Island, and Long Island.

Lynch is a Harvard Law School graduate. She then practiced law in New York and became a federal prosecutor in 1990, rising to become head of the Eastern District office. She later returned to private law practice until she became the top district prosecutor again. From 2003 to 2005, she served on the Federal Reserve Bank of New York board.

In November 2014, President Barack Obama nominated her to succeed Eric Holder as Attorney General.[1] In February 2015, the Judiciary Committee of the United States Senate recommended her confirmation by a 12–8 vote, with all Democrats of the committee and three Republicans in favor. In April 2015, Lynch was confirmed by the Senate by a 56–43 vote, making her the second African American, the second woman and the first African-American woman to be confirmed for the position. She was sworn in as Attorney General in April 2015. Her tenure ended in January 2017. In May 2019, law firm Paul, Weiss announced that Lynch would be joining the firm as a partner in the litigation department.[2]

Early life and education

Lynch was born in Greensboro, North Carolina. Her mother, Lorine Lynch, a school librarian, and her father, Lorenzo Lynch, a Baptist minister, both graduated from the HBCU Shaw University. The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was founded [3] on the campus of Shaw University.[4][5] As a child, she spent hours with her father, watching court proceedings in the courthouse of Durham, North Carolina. Her early interest in court proceedings was increased by hearing stories about her grandfather, a sharecropper and pastor, who in the 1930s had helped people move to the north to escape racial persecution under the Jim Crow laws of the time.[4][6] She also attended the Governor's School of North Carolina, a prestigious summer program for academically and intellectually gifted high school students.[7] Lynch earned a Bachelor of Arts in English and American literature from Harvard College in 1981 and a Juris Doctor from Harvard Law School in 1984, where she was a member of the Harvard Legal Aid Bureau.[8][9] She is a member of Delta Sigma Theta sorority, and was a charter member of the Xi Tau chapter of the sorority while at Harvard.[10][11] In 2017, Lynch was awarded an honorary degree from Duke University.[12]


Lynch's first job in the legal field was working as a litigation associate for Cahill Gordon & Reindel in New York City. She joined the Eastern District as a drug and violent-crime prosecutor in the U.S. Attorney's office in 1990. From 1994 to 1998, she served as the chief of the Long Island office and worked on several political corruption cases involving the government of Brookhaven, New York. From 1998 to 1999, she was the chief assistant U.S. Attorney in the Eastern District and headed the Brooklyn office.

In 1999, she was nominated by President Bill Clinton to serve as the U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of New York.[13] During her term as U.S. Attorney, Lynch oversaw prosecution of New York City police officers in the Abner Louima case.

In 2001, Lynch left the U.S. Attorney's office to become a partner at Hogan & Hartson (later Hogan Lovells). She remained there until January 20, 2010, when President Barack Obama nominated Lynch to again serve as United States Attorney for the Eastern District of New York.[9][14] From 2003 to 2005, she was a member of the board of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.[15]

Following the July 2014 death of Eric Garner, an unarmed man who died after being held in a department-prohibited chokehold by a New York City police officer, Lynch agreed to meet with Garner's family to discuss possible federal prosecution of the officer believed to be responsible for Garner's death.[16][17]

Lynch's office prosecuted Republican congressman Michael Grimm; prosecuted Democratic politicians Pedro Espada Jr. and William Boyland, Jr.; investigated Citigroup over mortgage securities sold by the bank, resulting in a US$7 billion settlement; and was involved in the US$1.2 billion settlement with HSBC over violations of the Bank Secrecy Act.[4][18][19]

While Lynch was U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of New York, she supervised the investigation into senior FIFA officials from its earliest stages. The investigation culminated in the indictment of 14 senior FIFA officials and sports marketing executives shortly after Lynch was confirmed as Attorney General.[20] For her work in the case, which eventually led to the resignation of FIFA President Sepp Blatter, Lynch was presented with the 3rd annual Golden Blazer by NBC Sports' Men in Blazers (Roger Bennett and Michael Davies).[21] (The other winners so far include ESPN's Bob Ley, NBC's Rebecca Lowe, FOX's Rob Stone and former US women's national team captains and FIFA Women's World Cup winners Julie Foudy and Megan Rapinoe.)

Replacing Lynch, Robert Capers was confirmed by the U.S. Senate as U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of New York on December 15, 2015, taking his oath of office on January 4, 2016.[22][23]

In May 2019, Lynch returned to the private sector and moved to Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison. She became a partner in the firm’s litigation department, where she represents individuals, companies, and corporate boards of directors in high-stakes cases, regulatory matters, and investigations.[24]

In December 2020, Lynch was hired by the National Football League to help investigate allegations of misconduct among the owners of the Washington Football Team, one of the league's member clubs.[25]

Attorney General of the United States


On November 8, 2014, President Barack Obama nominated Lynch for the position of U.S. Attorney General, to succeed Eric Holder, who had previously announced his resignation, pending confirmation of his replacement. She was confirmed by the Senate Judiciary Committee on February 26, 2015, and approved by the Senate in a 56–43 vote on April 23,[26] thereby becoming the first African-American woman, the second African-American after Holder, and the second woman, after Janet Reno, to hold this office.[1][27]

Several Republicans on the Senate Judiciary Committee including chairman Chuck Grassley, opposed Lynch's confirmation, saying it was important to find out more about Lynch's role in settling a $1.9 billion money-laundering deal with HSBC when she served as United States Attorney in New York.[28] Rand Paul, though not on the committee, opposed her nomination for her support of civil forfeiture.[29] On April 23, 2015, cloture was invoked on her nomination by a vote of 66 to 34.[30] Her appointment was confirmed the same day by a 56 to 43 vote.[26][31] Her nomination process was one of the longest in the history of the United States, taking 166 days after she was first nominated for the post.[32] She was sworn in by Vice President Joe Biden on April 27, 2015.[33]


Lynch in the Oval Office following the San Bernardino shooting, December 2015
Lynch lecturing to Dutch ministers on EU-US cooperation at Leiden University, 1 June 2016
Lynch lecturing to Dutch ministers on EU-US cooperation at Leiden University, 1 June 2016
Lynch speaking at a naturalization ceremony, November 2016

In July 2015, after the Charleston church shooting, Lynch announced the suspected shooter Dylann Roof would be charged with a hate crime.[34] On May 24, 2016, she further announced that the Justice Department would seek the death penalty for Roof.[35]

On December 7, 2015, Lynch stated the Justice Department would be investigating the Chicago Police Department to see if there was a potential violation of civil rights in the case of Laquan McDonald.[36]

On March 3, 2016, following the occupation of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge, Lynch said charges would be filed soon against participants in the standoff while appearing in Portland, Oregon to commemorate the community's policing.[37]

After the death of Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, Lynch's name was mentioned as being a potential nominee to replace him. On March 8, a Justice Department spokesperson said Lynch had asked the White House to withdraw her from consideration.[38]

In April 2016, Lynch took an active role in addressing what she called the difficulty of re-entry into society by felons, writing an op-ed[39] and making public appearances in support of raising awareness.[40]

In May 2016, Lynch delivered the commencement address at Spelman College in Atlanta.

In June 2016, in response to the Orlando nightclub shooting, Lynch made multiple appearances on television news shows to highlight the ongoing investigation of the FBI.[41] She said edited transcripts of the conversation between the shooter and the FBI negotiators would be released.[42] On June 21, Lynch traveled to Orlando to both meet with survivors and inquire into the ongoing investigation, also bringing with her $1 million in emergency funding for Florida, Orange County, and Orlando to help pay for overtime and other investigative costs.[43]

In October 2016, Lynch removed the Brooklyn FBI agents and federal prosecutors from the death of Eric Garner case, replacing them with agents from outside New York.[44] The local FBI agents and federal prosecutors had determined that charges should not be brought in the case, prompting strong disagreement from attorneys in the Washington, D.C. office of the Department's Civil Rights Division.[44] Lynch's intervention has been called "highly unusual".[44]

Hillary Clinton email investigation

In early March 2016, the FBI reportedly received a highly classified Russian government document earlier obtained by hackers working with Dutch intelligence. The document, which was considered genuine but had "possible translation issues", had purportedly contained a memorialization of an email sent by Debbie Wasserman-Schultz to Leonard Benardo that had allegedly referenced a conversation between Lynch and Amanda Renteria.[45][46][47][48] One of the allegations within the document reportedly said that Renteria had been assured that "Lynch would keep the Clinton investigation from going too far."[49][50][51] Although the FBI did not find the information about Lynch to be accurate, FBI Director James Comey said he became concerned that the public's perception of the investigation could become tainted if the document leaked, especially after DCLeaks and Guccifer 2.0 had begun releasing hacked emails in mid-June 2016. He later called the document "one of the bricks in the load" that led to his decision to not consult with the Department of Justice before closing the investigation.[52][53][54][55]

On June 27, 2016, Lynch and former President Bill Clinton met privately aboard Lynch's Justice Department jet while it was parked on the tarmac in Phoenix. ABC15 Phoenix reporter Christopher Sign broke the story on June 29, citing unnamed sources.[56] The next day, during a press conference in Phoenix, Lynch denied the conversation was about the Hillary Clinton email controversy or any matters pertaining to it, saying the discussion instead involved personal social topics such as travels, golf, and grandchildren.[57] On July 1, 2016, Lynch swore she would "fully accept" the recommendation of the FBI and prosecutors regarding the email probe, and admitted that she understood how the meeting was raising "questions and concerns", and that she "certainly wouldn't do it again".[58] On July 6, a day after FBI Director James Comey recommended not pressing charges against Clinton, Lynch confirmed the Justice Department had opted to not pursue charges against Clinton and would close the probe into her private email server.[59] On July 12, Lynch testified before Republican lawmakers, on the legal basis of the Justice Department's choice to not prosecute Clinton.[60]

On June 8, 2017, former FBI head James Comey testified under oath that Lynch had instructed him (during the course of a private conversation) to not refer to the Clinton email scandal as an "investigation" and instead refer to it as a "matter". He also said that the directive, combined with Lynch's discussion on a Phoenix tarmac with former President Clinton, led him to make his independent announcement regarding the Clinton email probe last July. In his closely watched Senate Intelligence Committee testimony, otherwise devoted to discussing the circumstances of his firing, Comey said that tarmac meeting was a "deciding factor" in his decision to act alone to update the public on the Clinton probe—and protect the Bureau's reputation.[61][62][63]

In June 2017, the Senate Judiciary Committee launched a bipartisan investigation into whether or not Lynch tried to interfere with the Hillary Clinton email investigation.[64] The following month, Lynch issued a statement through her lawyer pledging to cooperate with the investigation and denying the allegation she had given assurances to a Clinton campaign staffer that she would limit the email investigation.[65] The Department of Justice Inspector General also investigated the handling of the Clinton email investigation.[66] The Inspector General's report, released in June 2018, called Lynch's tarmac meeting with Bill Clinton an error of judgment for the public perception it created, but found no political bias.[67]

Personal life

Lynch married Stephen Hargrove in 2007. She uses her married name, Loretta Lynch Hargrove in her personal life. Her husband has two children from a previous marriage.[4][68]

See also


  1. ^ a b Davis, Julie Hirschfeld; Matt Apuzzo (November 7, 2014). "Loretta Lynch, Federal Prosecutor, Will Be Nominated for Attorney General". The New York Times. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  2. ^ "Former U.S. Attorney General Loretta Lynch Joins Paul, Weiss". www.paulweiss.com. Retrieved October 17, 2020.
  3. ^ AG Lynch delivers remarks Department of Justice
  4. ^ a b c d Clifford, Stephanie (November 8, 2014). "Loretta Lynch, a Nominee for Attorney General, Is Praised for Substance, Not Flash". The New York Times. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  5. ^ Fried, Joseph P. (July 14, 1999). "Schumer Urges Carter's Aide For U.S. Post". The New York Times. Retrieved June 23, 2022.
  6. ^ "Attorneys at the top succeeding in spite of dismal diversity trends". The Network Journal. July 4, 2016. Archived from the original on July 4, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  7. ^ Moffett, Margaret (May 17, 2017). "Governor's School too important to cut, alumni say (Video)". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved June 25, 2023.
  8. ^ "Biographical Information for Loretta Lynch". ABC News. November 7, 2014. Archived from the original on November 8, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  9. ^ a b The White House: Office of the Press Secretary (January 20, 2010). "President Obama Nominates Five to Serve as U.S. Attorneys". whitehouse.gov. Archived from the original on February 16, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2011 – via National Archives.
  10. ^ Rhodan, Maya (January 15, 2015). "Loretta Lynch's Sorority Sisters Came to Her Attorney General Confirmation Hearing". Time. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  11. ^ "Xi Tau History". Retrieved April 25, 2015.
  12. ^ Vaughan, Dawn Baumgartner. "Duke to award 7 honorary degrees". The Herald Sun. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  13. ^ Woodrow, Stephanie (February 12, 2010). "Meet Loretta E. Lynch". Main Justice. Archived from the original on March 23, 2010. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
  14. ^ Sulzberger, A. G. (January 20, 2010). "Obama Picks Loretta E. Lynch for Brooklyn U.S. Attorney". The New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
  15. ^ Loretta E. Lynch, NNDB, 2014.
  16. ^ Belmaker, Genevieve (August 21, 2014). "Calls for Calm Ahead of Staten Island Rally in NYC". Faith in New York. Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  17. ^ Hays, Tom (August 22, 2014). "Family of man killed by NYPD chokehold talks to feds". Brooklyn Daily Eagle.
  18. ^ Viswanatha, Aruna; Edwards, Julia (October 27, 2014). "Brooklyn Prosecutor Loretta Lynch Emerges As A Top Candidate For Attorney General". HuffPost. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  19. ^ "United States of America vs HSBC Bank USA, N.A. and HSBC Holdings Pl. Memorandum and Order" (PDF). United States Department of Justice. July 1, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  20. ^ Apuzzo, Matt; Clifford, Stephanie; Rashbaum, William (May 27, 2015). "FIFA Inquiry Yields Indictments; U.S. Officials Vow to Pursue More". The New York Times.
  21. ^ "U.S. Attorney General Loretta Lynch Talked FIFA Corruption On Men In Blazers". Retrieved April 19, 2016.
  22. ^ Casey, Nicholas (October 8, 2015). "Robert Capers, Brooklyn Prosecutor, Nominated for U.S. Attorney Post". The New York Times. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
  23. ^ "Meet the U.S. Attorney: Robert L. Capers". The United States Attorney's Office, Eastern District of New York. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
  24. ^ Newsham, Jack (May 28, 2019). "Former Attorney General Loretta Lynch Joins Paul Weiss". The National Law Journal. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
  25. ^ Beaton, Andrew (December 22, 2020). "Former AG Loretta Lynch Joins NFL Probe of Escalating Fight Among Washington Football Team Owners". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 23, 2020.
  26. ^ a b Jones, Athena (April 23, 2015). "Loretta Lynch makes history". CNN. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
  27. ^ Viswanatha, Aruna; Mason, Jeff (November 8, 2014). "Obama's attorney general pick is change of style, not substance". Reuters. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  28. ^ Roberts, Dan (February 26, 2015). "Loretta Lynch's nomination for attorney general approved despite HSBC scandal". The Guardian. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  29. ^ Levine, Sam (February 5, 2015). "Rand Paul Won't Back Loretta Lynch For Attorney General". HuffPost. Retrieved June 23, 2022.
  30. ^ "U.S. Senate: Roll Call Vote". United States Senate. January 27, 2015.
  31. ^ "U.S. Senate: Roll Call Vote". United States Senate. January 27, 2015.
  32. ^ "Senate Confirms Loretta Lynch as Attorney General 166 Days After Nomination". ABC News. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  33. ^ Apuzzo, Matt (April 27, 2015). "Loretta Lynch Is Sworn In as Attorney General". The New York Times. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  34. ^ Abdullah, Halimah. "AG Lynch: Dylann Roof Indicted on 33 Counts, Hate Crime Charges". NBC News\date=July 22, 2015.
  35. ^ Johnson, Kevin (May 24, 2016). "Lynch: Justice Dept. to seek death penalty against Dylan Roof". USA Today.
  36. ^ Rodgers, Phil (December 7, 2015). "U.S. Attorney General Loretta Lynch Announces Probe Into Chicago Police Department". NBC Chicago.
  37. ^ "AG: More Charges Coming 'Very Soon' In Masher Occupation". opb.org. March 3, 2016. Archived from the original on June 30, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  38. ^ Helm, Angela Bronner (March 8, 2016). "Loretta Lynch Asks to Be Withdrawn From SCOTUS Consideration". theroot.com.
  39. ^ "Loretta Lynch: Remove roadblocks faced by former prisoners re-entering society". USA Today. April 27, 2016.
  40. ^ "Attorney General Loretta Lynch To Visit Mobile". wkrg.com. April 28, 2016. Archived from the original on August 19, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  41. ^ Wolf, Richard (June 18, 2016). "Attorney General Loretta Lynch to dominate news shows". USA Today.
  42. ^ "Attorney General Loretta Lynch Says Investigation Into Orlando Gunman Omar Mateen Moving Forward". ABC 7 Chicago. June 19, 2016. Archived from the original on June 20, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  43. ^ Pearson, Michael (June 21, 2016). "Attorney general visits Orlando". CNN. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  44. ^ a b c Apuzzo, Matt; Adam Goldman; William K. Rashbaum (October 25, 2016). "Justice Dept. Shakes Up Inquiry Into Eric Garner Chokehold Case". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
  45. ^ Demirjian, Karoun; Barrett, Devlin (May 24, 2017). "How a dubious Russian document influenced the FBI's handling of the Clinton probe". Washington Post.
  46. ^ FOX 10 Phoenix (June 18, 2018). "CLINTON EMAIL INVESTIGATION: Full Senate Hearing On DOJ IG Report". YouTube.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  47. ^ "Comey-Interview-12-7-18-Redacted" (PDF). p. 54. Retrieved February 24, 2023. I know generally, and I have to tread carefully here, because I think the underlying material is still classified. So there was material -- this is what I've said publicly, and so I'll say it again, there was material that was classified that if unclassified, released, would open the Attorney General up to the accusation -- whether it was true or not -- the accusation that she had not been acting fairly and impartially in overseeing the investigation. So far as I knew at the time, and still think, the material itself was genuine, which is a separate question, though, from whether it was what it said was accurate.
  48. ^ Goldman, Adam (January 16, 2020). "Justice Dept. Investigating Years-Old Leaks and Appears Focused on Comey". The New York Times. Law enforcement officials are scrutinizing at least two news articles about the F.B.I. and Mr. Comey, published in The New York Times and The Washington Post in 2017, that mentioned the Russian government document, according to the people familiar with the investigation. Hackers working for Dutch intelligence officials obtained the document and provided it to the F.B.I., and both its existence and the collection of it were highly classified secrets, the people said.
  49. ^ Apuzzo, Matt; Schmidt, Michael; Goldman, Adam; Lichtblau, Eric (April 22, 2017). "Comey Tried to Shield the F.B.I. From Politics. Then He Shaped an Election". The New York Times.
  50. ^ Grassley, Chuck (June 22, 2017). "Russian government document" (PDF). Letter to Loretta Lynch. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 28, 2017.
  51. ^ Stephanopoulos, George (April 15, 2018). "Transcript: James Comey's interview with ABC News chief anchor George Stephanopoulos". abcnews.go.com.
  52. ^ "A Review of Various Actions by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Department of Justice in Advance of the 2016 Election" (PDF). Office of the Inspector General | U.S. Department of Justice. June 14, 2018. p. 171. When asked about the [highly classified information about Lynch], Comey stated that he knew it was not consistent with his personal experience with Lynch. Comey stated, "I saw no, I'll say this again, I saw no reality of Loretta Lynch interfering in this investigation." However, Comey said that he became concerned that the information about Lynch would taint the public's perception of the Midyear investigation if it leaked, particularly after DCLeaks and Guccifer 2.0 began released hacked eails in mid-June 2016.
  53. ^ Raben, Robert (July 6, 2017). "Russian government document" (PDF). Letter to Chuck Grassley.
  54. ^ Stephanopoulos, George (April 15, 2018). "Transcript: James Comey's interview with ABC News chief anchor George Stephanopoulos". abcnews.go.com. Archived from the original on April 16, 2018.
  55. ^ "LSSC Full Uncut Interview: James Comey" (video). YouTube. April 17, 2018. I'm saying -- because I believe this -- that I don't credit what's in those classified documents. I don't believe that Loretta Lynch did anything improper. But I believe what was in those documents, if released, would allow reasonable people to question whether the investigation was being done in a fair way. [...] I had to put it in [my book], because it was one of the bricks in the load that led to that decision.
  56. ^ Sign, Christopher (July 4, 2016). "Loretta Lynch, Bill Clinton meet privately in Phoenix". ABC15 News. Archived from the original on July 12, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  57. ^ Watkins, Eli (June 30, 2016). "Bill Clinton meeting causes headaches for Hillary". CNN.
  58. ^ Levine, Mike (July 1, 2016). "Attorney General Loretta Lynch Calls It 'Perfectly Reasonable' to Question Bill Clinton Meeting". ABC News.
  59. ^ Van Hall, Karey (July 6, 2016). "Attorney General Loretta Lynch says DOJ will not pursue charges against Clinton". Politico.
  60. ^ Slack, Donovan (July 12, 2016). "GOP lawmakers grill attorney general over Clinton emails, get few answers". USA Today.
  61. ^ Kopan, Tal (June 8, 2017). "Comey: Lynch asked for Clinton investigation to be called a 'matter'". CNN. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  62. ^ Singman, Brooke (June 8, 2017). "Comey says Lynch tarmac meeting, directive to downplay probe prompted him to go rogue on Clinton case". Fox News. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  63. ^ Johnson, Kevin (June 8, 2017). "Comey: Lynch told me not to call probe of Clinton emails an investigation". USA Today. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  64. ^ Parkinson, John (June 23, 2017). "Senate probes Loretta Lynch's alleged interference in Clinton email investigation". ABC News.
  65. ^ Wright, Austin (July 6, 2017). "Loretta Lynch denies offering assurances to Clinton campaign over email probe". Politico. Retrieved October 20, 2017.
  66. ^ CBS News (June 14, 2018). "Highlights of DOJ Inspector General report on handling of Clinton email probe — live updates". CBSNews.com. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  67. ^ Johnson, Carrie (June 14, 2018). "Report Condemns FBI Violations In 2016 Clinton Probe But Finds No Political Bias". NPR.org. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  68. ^ "Obama To Nominate Loretta Lynch As U.S. Attorney General", AP/Huffington Post, November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014.

Further reading

Legal offices Preceded byEric Holder United States Attorney General 2015–2017 Succeeded byJeff Sessions U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial) Preceded byBob McDonaldas Former US Cabinet Member Order of precedence of the United Statesas Former US Cabinet Member Succeeded byJohn King Jr.as Former US Cabinet Member