Lori Gruen
EducationUniversity of Colorado (BA, PhD)
Occupation(s)William Griffin Professor of Philosophy, Wesleyan University
Known forFeminist philosophy, animal ethics, political philosophy
AwardsWesleyan Prize for Excellence in Research[1]
Notable ideasEntangled empathy[2]
Websitewww.lorigruen.com Edit this at Wikidata

Lori Gruen is an American philosopher, ethicist, and author who is the William Griffin Professor of Philosophy at Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut.[3] Gruen is also Professor of Science in Society, and Professor of Feminist, Gender and Sexuality Studies at Wesleyan.[3]

A scholar specializing in animal ethics, Gruen is the author of several books, including Ethics and Animals: An Introduction (2011) and Entangled Empathy: An Alternative Ethic for Our Relationships with Animals (2015). She is the creator of first100chimps.wesleyan.edu, a memorial for the first 100 chimpanzees used in research in the United States.[4][5]

Gruen has written for Time magazine,[6] Al Jazeera,[7] and the Washington Post.[8]


After obtaining a BA in philosophy from the University of Colorado Boulder in 1983, Gruen spent a year as a graduate student at the University of Arizona,[9] then worked for the animal liberation movement.[10] In 1987 she published her first book, Animal Liberation: A Graphic Guide, written with Peter Singer and illustrated by David Hine, then returned to the University of Colorado Boulder in 1989, where she completed her PhD in 1994.[9]

Her teaching posts have included the University of British Columbia (1991–1992); Lafayette College (1994–1997); the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1997); and Stanford University (1994–1999).[9] After joining Wesleyan University in 2000 as an assistant professor, she became chair of the philosophy department in 2010, professor in the feminist, gender and sexuality studies program in 2011, and the William Griffin Professor of Philosophy in 2015.[9][11] She also co-coordinates a summer fellowship program in animal studies at Wesleyan.[12]


Gruen served as the co-editor of Hypatia, the feminist philosophy journal, from 2008 to 2010, and as a member of its board of associate editors from 2010 to 2015.[13] She edited two special editions of the journal: 25th Anniversary: Feminist Legacies/Feminist Futures (2010)[13][14] and, with Kari Weil, Animal Others (2012).[13][15] The journal published a symposium in 2017 on Gruen's idea of "entangled empathy".[16][17][18][19]

In April 2017, Hypatia published a peer-reviewed article by Rhodes College philosophy professor Rebecca Tuvel that compared transgender and transracial identities. New York magazine reported that Gruen was a lead signatory of an open letter calling for the retraction of the article by her former dissertation advisee.[20] Hypatia's editor-in-chief stood by the publication of the article.[21]

Selected works


  1. ^ https://newsletter.blogs.wesleyan.edu/2020/10/26/sumarsam-gruen-herbst-honored-with-faculty-research-prizes/
  2. ^ Glass, E. "Introducing Lori Gruen". CUNY The Committee for Interdisciplinary Science Studies. CUNY Graduate Center. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Lori Gruen, PhD", Wesleyan University.
  4. ^ Gorman, James; Lin, Thomas; Louttit, Meghan (14 November 2011). "Chimpanzee Stories". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  5. ^ "The first 100". first100chimps.wesleyan.edu. Archived from the original on 11 December 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  6. ^ Gruen, Lori (14 October 2014). "Why Euthanizing Ebola Animals Is a Dangerous Road to Go Down". Time.
  7. ^ "Lori Gruen". Al Jazeera America.
  8. ^ Gruen, Lori (1 June 2016). "The Cincinnati Zoo's problem wasn't that it killed its gorilla. It's that it's a zoo". The Washington Post.
  9. ^ a b c d "Lori Gruen", Wesleyan University.
  10. ^ Gruen, Lori (2015). Entangled Empathy: An Alternative Ethic for Our Relationships with Animals. Brooklyn: Lantern Books, p. 1.
  11. ^ "Lori Gruen PhD". lorigruen.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2017-06-03.
  12. ^ Gorman, James (2 January 2012). "Animal Studies Cross Campus to Lecture Hall". The New York Times.
  13. ^ a b c "Hypatia Honor Roll". Hypatia. Archived from the original on 18 November 2016.
  14. ^ Gruen, Lori; Wylie, Alison, eds. (Fall 2010). "Feminist Legacies / Feminist Futures: 25thAnniversary Special Issue". Hypatia. 25 (4).
  15. ^ Wright, Laura (2015). The Vegan Studies Project. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, p. 15.
  16. ^ Meyers, Diana Tietjens (Spring 2017). "Commentary on Entangled Empathy by Lori Gruen". Hypatia. 32 (2): 415–427. doi:10.1111/hypa.12320. S2CID 152110757.
  17. ^ Debes, Remy (Spring 2017). "Understanding Others in an Alienating World: Comments on Lori Gruen's Entangled Empathy". Hypatia. 32 (2): 428–438. doi:10.1111/hypa.12329. S2CID 151875547.
  18. ^ Cherry, Myisha (Spring 2017). "What an [En]tangled Web We Weave: Emotions, Motivation, and Rethinking Us and the 'Other'". Hypatia. 32 (2): 439–451. doi:10.1111/hypa.12325. S2CID 151501184.
  19. ^ Gruen, Lori (Spring 2017). "Expressing Entangled Empathy: A Reply". Hypatia. 32 (2): 452–462. doi:10.1111/hypa.12326. S2CID 152207814.
  20. ^ Singal, Jesse (2 May 2017). "This Is What a Modern-Day Witch Hunt Looks Like". New York. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019.
  21. ^ McKenzie, Lindsay; Harris, Adam; Zamudio-Suaréz, Fernanda (6 May 2017). "A Journal Article Provoked a Schism in Philosophy. Now the Rifts Are Deepening". The Chronicle of Higher Education. Archived from the original on 5 April 2019.

Further reading