Lothair
History
United Kingdom
NameLothair
OwnerWilliam Waker
BuilderWilliam Waker, Lavender Dock, Rotherhithe
Launched2 July 1870
United Kingdom
OwnerKillick Martin & Company, London
Acquired7 July 1873
United Kingdom
OwnerWilliam Bowen, Llanelly, Carmarthenshire
Acquired1885
Italy
OwnerG. Buccelli & D. Loero, Genoa, Italy
Acquired1891
Peru
OwnerF.G. Piaggio, Callao, Peru
Acquired1905
FateLost in 1910
General characteristics
Class and typeComposite clipper
Tons burthen
Length191.8 ft (58.5 m)[1]
Beam33.5 ft (10.2 m)[1]
Depth19 ft (5.8 m)[1]
Sail planfully rigged ship[1]

Lothair was a British clipper ship built by William Walker and launched in Rotherhithe, London, on 2 July 1870.[1] After many years of service as a tea clipper, she was operated by merchants in Italy and Peru before being lost in 1910.

Name

Lothair was named after British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli's 14th novel Lothair, published on 2 May 1870.[1] The novel was well received and even Charles Dickens welcomed Disraeli back to the "brotherhood of literature". The first edition sold out immediately. A degree of Lothair mania struck England, with a perfume, a racehorse, a street and a ship all being named after the novel. A perfume with the name Lothair is still produced today by Penhaligon's, who were perfumers to Queen Victoria.

Construction

Lothair was of composite construction, planked in rock elm and teak. The fore and main lower masts were of iron - all other spars were of wood. She was probably the last composite ship built on the Thames.[1]: 213–216 

Career

The launch of Lothair was celebrated in some style. C. Fox Smith describes the event as follows:

At the time of her launch the Thames shipbuilding trade had been greatly depressed for some years, so the event was hailed as an augury of better times in store. She took the water in July, 1870, amid the cheers of a large crowd of spectators, and the launch was followed by a big luncheon, presided over by Mr. Walker, at which many leading shipping people were present.

Lothair was one of the fastest tea clippers ever built. On her maiden voyage under Captain Emlyn Peacock, departing London on 10 September 1870, she reached Yokohama, Japan, in 135 days. There is a contemporary description of her speed, quoted in Stuart Rankin's Shipyards, Granaries and Wharves walk:[2]

I was second mate of a Newbury Port ship, and we were running our easting down bound out to Canton, and we were somewhere near Tristan d'Acunha when we sighted a vessel astern. It was blowing hard from the nor' west and the next time I looked a couple of hours later, there was the ship close on our quarter, and we doing 12 knots. "Holly jiggers" says I to the mate "there's the Flying Dutchman "Naw," says he, "It's the Thermopylae." But when she was abeam a little later, she hoisted her name, the Lothair, and it's been my opinion ever since that she was making mighty close to 17 knots.

This was quite a compliment – the Flying Dutchman was a ghost ship of maritime legend, and the Thermopylae was renowned as the fastest tea clipper on the sea, a reputation seriously challenged only by the Cutty Sark. Records of some of the Lothair's achievements are as follows:

In 1873, Lothair was purchased by Killick Martin & Company, the company led by Captain James Killick of Challenger fame, and sailed in the tea trade to ports such as London, New York City, Yokohama and Hong Kong.[1] David MacGregor adds that in 1873–1874, under the ownership of Killick Martin & Company, she made the fastest passage in the fair monsoon between Macao and Deal, which took her only 88 days. She was particularly fast in light winds.[1]

In 1885, Killick Martin & Company sold Lothair to William Bowen, Llanelly, Carmarthenshire, for use in the South American trade. Though she also sailed to China again under this ownership).

In 1891, she was sold to G. Buccelli & D. Loero, of Genoa, Italy, and finally in 1905 to F.G. Piaggio, of Callao, Peru. Lothair was lost in about 1910.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k MacGregor, David R. (1983). The Tea Clippers, Their History and Development 1833-1875. Conway Maritime Press Limited. pp. 213–216. ISBN 0-85177-256-0.
  2. ^ Andie Byrnes (8 July 2013). "Lothair 1870: The last large ship to be built at Rotherhithe". www.russiadock.blogspot.com.