Sir Louis-Olivier Taillon
Louis-Olivier Taillon.jpg
8th Premier of Quebec
In office
25 January 1887 – 27 January 1887
Lieutenant GovernorLouis-Rodrigue Masson
Preceded byJohn Jones Ross
Succeeded byHonoré Mercier
In office
16 December 1892 – 11 May 1896
Preceded byCharles Boucher de Boucherville
Succeeded byEdmund James Flynn
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Montréal-Est
In office
July 7, 1875 – October 14, 1886
Lieutenant GovernorJoseph-Adolphe Chapleau
Preceded byFerdinand-Conon David
Succeeded byLaurent-Olivier David
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Montcalm
In office
October 14, 1886 – June 17, 1890
Preceded byJean-Baptiste-Tréfflé Richard
Succeeded byJoseph-Alcide Martin
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec for Chambly
In office
Mar 8, 1892 – May 11, 1897
Preceded byAntoine Rocheleau
Succeeded byAntoine Rocheleau
Personal details
Born(1840-09-26)September 26, 1840
Saint-Louis-de-Terrebonne (Terrebonne), Lower Canada
DiedApril 25, 1923(1923-04-25) (aged 82)
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Resting placeNotre Dame des Neiges Cemetery
Political partyConservative
Georgiana Archambault
(m. 1875)
Residence(s)Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Alma materCollège Masson

Sir Louis-Olivier Taillon PC (September 26, 1840 – April 25, 1923) was a Canadian lawyer and politician. He was the eighth premier of Quebec, serving two separate terms.

Political career

Taillon's first term of office was just four days, from January 25 to January 29, 1887. This term came at the end of the Conservative government of his predecessor John Jones Ross. Ross had lost the 1886 Quebec election, but had tried to cling to power in a minority government for a few more months.

Taillon was Leader of the Opposition from 1887 until 1890, when he lost the 1890 election and his own seat.

He briefly returned to the practice of law, but following the removal of Liberal Honoré Mercier from office by the Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec, Taillon became minister without portfolio in the government of Charles-Eugène Boucher de Boucherville. Taillon became premier when Boucher de Boucherville resigned. Taillon lost the 1890 election but continued as leader of the party.

He resigned in 1896 and moved into federal politics to serve as Postmaster-General in the very short-lived federal Conservative government of Charles Tupper, from May to July 1896. He failed to gain a federal seat in the 1896 federal election, and likewise failed to secure a seat in the 1900 federal election, ending his political career. In 1916, he was made a Knight Bachelor.

Personal life

Taillon was born in Terrebonne, Lower Canada (now Quebec). He was the son of Aimé Taillon, a farmer, and Josephte Daunais. Taillon married Georgiana Archambault in 1875. Archambault and their child died shortly after the child's birth in January 1876.[1]

By the 1920s, Taillon had lost his sight and by 1922 had cut off his beard, his political trademark. Taillon lived in the Institution des Sourdes-Muettes on Rue Saint-Denis in Montreal. Taillon died in 1923.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Biography: Taillon, Louis-Olivier". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Retrieved May 23, 2020.