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Louis IX
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis IX of Hesse Darmstadt-f4598401.jpg
Portrait of Louis IX around 1780 in the Musée historique de Strasbourg
Born(1719-12-15)15 December 1719
Darmstadt
Died6 April 1790(1790-04-06) (aged 70)
Pirmasens
SpouseCountess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
IssueCaroline, Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg
Frederica Louisa, Queen of Prussia
Louis X and I
Amalie, Hereditary Princess of Baden
Wilhelmina Louisa, Tsarevna of Russia
Louisa Augusta, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Prince Frederick
Prince Christian
HouseHesse-Darmstadt
FatherLouis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
MotherCountess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg

Louis IX of Hesse-Darmstadt (German: Ludwig) (15 December 1719 – 6 April 1790) was the reigning Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1768 to 1790.

Louis IX and his wife became the most recent common ancestors of all current European monarchs on 8 September 2022 after Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, who was not a descendant, died and her son, Charles III, a descendant through his father, became king.

Overview

Louis IX was a son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Müntzenberg.

He was born in Darmstadt on 15 December 1719. On 12 August 1741, Louis married Caroline, daughter of Christian III, Duke of Zweibrücken. They had three sons and five daughters, including:

In 1775, Louis IX married Marie Adelaide of Cheirouze, countess of Lemberg. On 6 April 1790 Louis died in Pirmasens.

Ancestry

Royal descendants

Louis IX and his wife became the most recent common ancestors of all current European monarchs on 8 September 2022 after Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, who is not a descendant, died and her son, Charles III, a descendant through his father, became king.

The lists below show the lines through which each of the 10 current ruling monarchs of Europe is descended from Louis IX and his wife Caroline.

Belgium

  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Charles, Grand Duke of Baden (1786–1818) m. Stéphanie de Beauharnais
  4. Princess Josephine of Baden (1813–1900) m. Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern
  5. Princess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1845–1912) m. Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders
  6. Albert I of Belgium (1875–1934) m. Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria
  7. Leopold III of Belgium (1901–1983) m. Princess Astrid of Sweden
  8. Albert II of Belgium (1934–) m. Donna Paola Ruffo di Calabria
  9. Philippe of Belgium (1960–) m. Jonkvrouw Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz
  10. Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant (2001–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Caroline of Baden (1776–1841) m. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
  4. Princess Ludovika of Bavaria (1808–1892) m. Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria
  5. Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria (1839–1909) m. Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal
  6. Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria (1876–1965) m. Albert I of Belgium
  7. Leopold III of Belgium (1901–1983) m. Princess Astrid of Sweden
  8. Albert II of Belgium (1934–) m. Donna Paola Ruffo di Calabria
  9. Philippe of Belgium (1960–) m. Jonkvrouw Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz
  10. Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant (2001–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Princess Louise of Prussia (1808–1870) m. Prince Frederick of the Netherlands
  5. Princess Louise of the Netherlands (1828–1871) m. Charles XV of Sweden
  6. Princess Louise of Sweden (1851–1926) m. Frederick VIII of Denmark
  7. Princess Ingeborg of Denmark (1878–1958) m. Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
  8. Princess Astrid of Sweden (1905–1935) m. Leopold III of Belgium
  9. Albert II of Belgium (1934–) m. Donna Paola Ruffo di Calabria
  10. Philippe of Belgium (1960–) m. Jonkvrouw Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz
  11. Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant (2001–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia (1774–1837) m. William I of the Netherlands
  4. Prince Frederick of the Netherlands (1797–1881) m. Princess Louise of Prussia
  5. Princess Louise of the Netherlands (1828–1871) m. Charles XV of Sweden
  6. Princess Louise of Sweden (1851–1926) m. Frederick VIII of Denmark
  7. Princess Ingeborg of Denmark (1878–1958) m. Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
  8. Princess Astrid of Sweden (1905–1935) m. Leopold III of Belgium
  9. Albert II of Belgium (1934–) m. Donna Paola Ruffo di Calabria
  10. Philippe of Belgium (1960–) m. Jonkvrouw Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz
  11. Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant (2001–)

Denmark

  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia (1774–1837) m. William I of the Netherlands
  4. Prince Frederick of the Netherlands (1797–1881) m. Princess Louise of Prussia
  5. Princess Louise of the Netherlands (1828–1871) m. Charles XV of Sweden
  6. Princess Louise of Sweden (1851–1926) m. Frederick VIII of Denmark
  7. Christian X of Denmark (1870–1947) m. Duchess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  8. Frederick IX of Denmark (1899–1972) m. Princess Ingrid of Sweden
  9. Margrethe II of Denmark (1940–) m. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
  10. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark (1968–) m. Mary Donaldson
  11. Prince Christian of Denmark (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Princess Louise of Prussia (1808–1870) m. Prince Frederick of the Netherlands
  5. Princess Louise of the Netherlands (1828–1871) m. Charles XV of Sweden
  6. Princess Louise of Sweden (1851–1926) m. Frederick VIII of Denmark
  7. Christian X of Denmark (1870–1947) m. Duchess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  8. Frederick IX of Denmark (1899–1972) m. Princess Ingrid of Sweden
  9. Margrethe II of Denmark (1940–) m. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
  10. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark (1968–) m. Mary Donaldson
  11. Prince Christian of Denmark (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Princess Charlotte of Prussia (1798–1860) m. Nicholas I of Russia
  5. Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia (1832–1909) m. Princess Cecilie of Baden
  6. Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia (1860–1922) m. Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  7. Duchess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1879–1952) m. Christian X of Denmark
  8. Frederick IX of Denmark (1899–1972) m. Princess Ingrid of Sweden
  9. Margrethe II of Denmark (1940–) m. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
  10. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark (1968–) m. Mary Donaldson
  11. Prince Christian of Denmark (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Princess Alexandrine of Prussia (1803–1892) m. Paul Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  5. Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1823–1883) m. Princess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz
  6. Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1851–1897) m. Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia
  7. Duchess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1879–1952) m. Christian X of Denmark
  8. Frederick IX of Denmark (1899–1972) m. Princess Ingrid of Sweden
  9. Margrethe II of Denmark (1940–) m. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
  10. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark (1968–) m. Mary Donaldson
  11. Prince Christian of Denmark (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Princess Frederica of Baden (1781–1826) m. Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden
  4. Princess Sophie of Sweden (1801–1865) m. Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden
  5. Princess Cecilie of Baden (1839–1891) m. Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia
  6. Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia (1860–1922) m. Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  7. Duchess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1879–1952) m. Christian X of Denmark
  8. Frederick IX of Denmark (1899–1972) m. Princess Ingrid of Sweden
  9. Margrethe II of Denmark (1940–) m. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
  10. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark (1968–) m. Mary Donaldson
  11. Prince Christian of Denmark (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Princess Frederica of Baden (1781–1826) m. Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden
  4. Princess Sophie of Sweden (1801–1865) m. Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden
  5. Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden (1826–1907) m. Princess Louise of Prussia
  6. Princess Victoria of Baden (1862–1930) m. Gustaf V of Sweden
  7. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (1882–1973) m. Princess Margaret of Connaught
  8. Princess Ingrid of Sweden (1910–2000) m. Frederick IX of Denmark
  9. Margrethe II of Denmark (1940–) m. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
  10. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark (1968–) m. Mary Donaldson
  11. Prince Christian of Denmark (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805) m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. William I, German Emperor (1797–1888) m. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  5. Princess Louise of Prussia (1838–1923) m. Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden
  6. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (1882–1973) m. Princess Margaret of Connaught
  7. Princess Ingrid of Sweden (1910–2000) m. Frederick IX of Denmark
  8. Margrethe II of Denmark (1940–) m. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
  9. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark (1968–) m. Mary Donaldson
  10. Prince Christian of Denmark (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1757–1830) m. Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  3. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1783–1853) m. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia
  4. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1811–1890) m. William I, German Emperor
  5. Princess Louise of Prussia (1838–1923) m. Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden
  6. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (1882–1973) m. Princess Margaret of Connaught
  7. Princess Ingrid of Sweden (1910–2000) m. Frederick IX of Denmark
  8. Margrethe II of Denmark (1940–) m. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
  9. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark (1968–) m. Mary Donaldson
  10. Prince Christian of Denmark (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Prince Charles of Prussia (1801–1883) m. Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  5. Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia (1828–1885) m. Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau
  6. Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (1860–1917) m. Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
  7. Princess Margaret of Connaught (1882–1920) m. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
  8. Princess Ingrid of Sweden (1910–2000) m. Frederick IX of Denmark
  9. Margrethe II of Denmark (1940–) m. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
  10. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark (1968–) m. Mary Donaldson
  11. Prince Christian of Denmark (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1757–1830) m. Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  3. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1783–1853) m. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia
  4. Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1808–1877) m. Prince Charles of Prussia
  5. Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia (1828–1885) m. Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau
  6. Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (1860–1917) m. Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
  7. Princess Margaret of Connaught (1882–1920) m. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
  8. Princess Ingrid of Sweden (1910–2000) m. Frederick IX of Denmark
  9. Margrethe II of Denmark (1940–) m. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
  10. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark (1968–) m. Mary Donaldson
  11. Prince Christian of Denmark (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805) m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Prince Louis Charles of Prussia (1773–1796) m. Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Princess Frederica of Prussia (1796–1850) m. Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt
  5. Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau (1837–1906) m. Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia
  6. Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (1860–1917) m. Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
  7. Princess Margaret of Connaught (1882–1920) m. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
  8. Princess Ingrid of Sweden (1910–2000) m. Frederick IX of Denmark
  9. Margrethe II of Denmark (1940–) m. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
  10. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark (1968–) m. Mary Donaldson
  11. Prince Christian of Denmark (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt (1746–1821) m. Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
  3. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Homburg (1774–1846) m. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
  4. Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt (1794–1871) m. Princess Frederica of Prussia
  5. Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau (1837–1906) m. Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia
  6. Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (1860–1917) m. Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
  7. Princess Margaret of Connaught (1882–1920) m. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
  8. Princess Ingrid of Sweden (1910–2000) m. Frederick IX of Denmark
  9. Margrethe II of Denmark (1940–) m. Henri de Laborde de Monpezat
  10. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark (1968–) m. Mary Donaldson
  11. Prince Christian of Denmark (2005–)

Liechtenstein

  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Caroline of Baden (1776–1841) m. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
  4. Princess Sophie of Bavaria (1805–1872) m. Archduke Franz Karl of Austria
  5. Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (1833–1896) m. Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal
  6. Archduchess Elisabeth Amalie of Austria (1878–1960) m. Prince Aloys of Liechtenstein
  7. Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1906–1989) m. Countess Georgina von Wilczek
  8. Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein (1945–) m. Countess Marie Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau
  9. Alois, Hereditary Prince and Regent of Liechtenstein (1968–) m. Duchess Sophie in Bavaria
  10. Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein (1995–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Caroline of Baden (1776–1841) m. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
  4. Princess Ludovika of Bavaria (1808–1892) m. Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria
  5. Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria (1839–1909) m. Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal
  6. Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria (1878–1912) m. Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria
  7. Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria (1905–1996) m. Countess Maria Draskovich de Trakostjan
  8. Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria (1937–) m. Countess Elisabeth Douglas
  9. Duchess Sophie in Bavaria (1968–) m. Alois, Hereditary Prince and Regent of Liechtenstein
  10. Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein (1995–)

Luxembourg

  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt (1746–1821) m. Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
  3. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Homburg (1774–1846) m. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
  4. Prince Frederick Augustus of Anhalt-Dessau (1799–1864) m. Princess Marie Luise Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel
  5. Princess Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau (1833–1916) m. Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  6. William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1852–1912) m. Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal
  7. Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1896–1985) m. Prince Felix of Bourbon-Parma
  8. Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1921–2019) m. Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium
  9. Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1955–) m. María Teresa Mestre y Batista
  10. Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1981–) m. Countess Stéphanie de Lannoy
  11. Prince Charles of Luxembourg (2020–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Charles, Grand Duke of Baden (1786–1818) m. Stéphanie de Beauharnais
  4. Princess Josephine of Baden (1813–1900) m. Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern
  5. Princess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1845–1912) m. Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders
  6. Albert I of Belgium (1875–1934) m. Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria
  7. Leopold III of Belgium (1901–1983) m. Princess Astrid of Sweden
  8. Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (1927–2005) m. Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  9. Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1955–) m. María Teresa Mestre y Batista
  10. Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1981–) m. Countess Stéphanie de Lannoy
  11. Prince Charles of Luxembourg (2020–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Caroline of Baden (1776–1841) m. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
  4. Princess Ludovika of Bavaria (1808–1892) m. Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria
  5. Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria (1839–1909) m. Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal
  6. Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria (1876–1965) m. Albert I of Belgium
  7. Leopold III of Belgium (1901–1983) m. Princess Astrid of Sweden
  8. Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (1927–2005) m. Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  9. Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1955–) m. María Teresa Mestre y Batista
  10. Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1981–) m. Countess Stéphanie de Lannoy
  11. Prince Charles of Luxembourg (2020–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Princess Louise of Prussia (1808–1870) m. Prince Frederick of the Netherlands
  5. Princess Louise of the Netherlands (1828–1871) m. Charles XV of Sweden
  6. Princess Louise of Sweden (1851–1926) m. Frederick VIII of Denmark
  7. Princess Ingeborg of Denmark (1878–1958) m. Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
  8. Princess Astrid of Sweden (1905–1935) m. Leopold III of Belgium
  9. Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (1927–2005) m. Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  10. Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1955–) m. María Teresa Mestre y Batista
  11. Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1981–) m. Countess Stéphanie de Lannoy
  12. Prince Charles of Luxembourg (2020–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia (1774–1837) m. William I of the Netherlands
  4. Prince Frederick of the Netherlands (1797–1881) m. Princess Louise of Prussia
  5. Princess Louise of the Netherlands (1828–1871) m. Charles XV of Sweden
  6. Princess Louise of Sweden (1851–1926) m. Frederick VIII of Denmark
  7. Princess Ingeborg of Denmark (1878–1958) m. Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
  8. Princess Astrid of Sweden (1905–1935) m. Leopold III of Belgium
  9. Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (1927–2005) m. Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
  10. Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1955–) m. María Teresa Mestre y Batista
  11. Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1981–) m. Countess Stéphanie de Lannoy
  12. Prince Charles of Luxembourg (2020–)

Monaco

  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Charles, Grand Duke of Baden (1786–1818) m. Stéphanie de Beauharnais
  4. Princess Marie Amelie of Baden (1817–1888) m. William Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton
  5. Mary Victoria Douglas-Hamilton (1850–1922) m. Albert I, Prince of Monaco
  6. Louis II, Prince of Monaco (1870–1949) w. Marie Juliette Louvet
  7. Princess Charlotte, Duchess of Valentinois (1898–1977) m. Count Pierre de Polignac
  8. Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (1923–2005) m. Grace Kelly
  9. Albert II, Prince of Monaco (1958–) m. Charlene Wittstock
  10. Jacques, Hereditary Prince of Monaco (2014–)

Netherlands

  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia (1774–1837) m. William I of the Netherlands
  4. William II of the Netherlands (1792–1849) m. Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia
  5. William III of the Netherlands (1817–1890) m. Princess Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont
  6. Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (1880–1962) m. Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  7. Juliana of the Netherlands (1909–2004) m. Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
  8. Beatrix of the Netherlands (1938–) m. Klaus von Amsberg
  9. Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands (1967–) m. Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti
  10. Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange (2003–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Princess Alexandrine of Prussia (1803–1892) m. Paul Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  5. Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1823–1883) m. Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
  6. Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1876–1934) m. Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  7. Juliana of the Netherlands (1909–2004) m. Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
  8. Beatrix of the Netherlands (1938–) m. Klaus von Amsberg
  9. Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands (1967–) m. Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti
  10. Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange (2003–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt (1746–1821) m. Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
  3. Princess Caroline of Hesse-Homburg (1771–1854) m. Louis Frederick II, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
  4. Princess Thekla of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1795–1861) m. Otto Victor, Prince of Schönburg-Waldenburg
  5. Princess Mathilde of Schonburg-Waldenburg (1826–1914) m. Prince Adolph of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
  6. Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1850–1922) m. Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  7. Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1876–1934) m. Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  8. Juliana of the Netherlands (1909–2004) m. Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
  9. Beatrix of the Netherlands (1938–) m. Klaus von Amsberg
  10. Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands (1967–) m. Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti
  11. Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange (2003–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt (1746–1821) m. Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
  3. Princess Louise Ulrike of Hesse-Homburg (1771–1854) m. Prince Charles Günther of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
  4. Prince Adolph of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1801–1875) m. Princess Mathilde of Schonburg-Waldenburg
  5. Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1850–1922) m. Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  6. Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1876–1934) m. Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  7. Juliana of the Netherlands (1909–2004) m. Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
  8. Beatrix of the Netherlands (1938–) m. Klaus von Amsberg
  9. Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands (1967–) m. Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti
  10. Catharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange (2003–)

Norway

  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia (1774–1837) m. William I of the Netherlands
  4. Prince Frederick of the Netherlands (1797–1881) m. Princess Louise of Prussia
  5. Princess Louise of the Netherlands (1828–1871) m. Charles XV of Sweden
  6. Princess Louise of Sweden (1851–1926) m. Frederick VIII of Denmark
  7. Haakon VII of Norway (1872–1957) m. Princess Maud of Wales
  8. Olav V of Norway (1903–1991) m. Princess Märtha of Sweden
  9. Harald V of Norway (1937–) m. Sonja Haraldsen
  10. Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway (1973–) m. Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby
  11. Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (2004–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Princess Louise of Prussia (1808–1870) m. Prince Frederick of the Netherlands
  5. Princess Louise of the Netherlands (1828–1871) m. Charles XV of Sweden
  6. Princess Louise of Sweden (1851–1926) m. Frederick VIII of Denmark
  7. Haakon VII of Norway (1872–1957) m. Princess Maud of Wales
  8. Olav V of Norway (1903–1991) m. Princess Märtha of Sweden
  9. Harald V of Norway (1937–) m. Sonja Haraldsen
  10. Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway (1973–) m. Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby
  11. Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (2004–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Princess Louise of Prussia (1808–1870) m. Prince Frederick of the Netherlands
  5. Princess Louise of the Netherlands (1828–1871) m. Charles XV of Sweden
  6. Princess Louise of Sweden (1851–1926) m. Frederick VIII of Denmark
  7. Princess Ingeborg of Denmark (1878–1958) m. Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
  8. Princess Märtha of Sweden (1901–1954) m. Olav V of Norway
  9. Harald V of Norway (1937–) m. Sonja Haraldsen
  10. Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway (1973–) m. Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby
  11. Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (2004–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia (1774–1837) m. William I of the Netherlands
  4. Prince Frederick of the Netherlands (1797–1881) m. Princess Louise of Prussia
  5. Princess Louise of the Netherlands (1828–1871) m. Charles XV of Sweden
  6. Princess Louise of Sweden (1851–1926) m. Frederick VIII of Denmark
  7. Princess Ingeborg of Denmark (1878–1958) m. Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
  8. Princess Märtha of Sweden (1901–1954) m. Olav V of Norway
  9. Harald V of Norway (1937–) m. Sonja Haraldsen
  10. Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway (1973–) m. Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby
  11. Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (2004–)

Spain

  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse (1753–1830) m. Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
  3. Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse (1777–1848) m. Princess Wilhelmine of Baden
  4. Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine (1823–1888) m. Countess Julia von Hauke
  5. Prince Henry of Battenberg (1858–1896) m. Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom
  6. Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (1887–1969) m. Alfonso XIII of Spain
  7. Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona (1913–1993) m. Princess María de las Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
  8. Juan Carlos I of Spain (1938–) m. Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark
  9. Felipe VI of Spain (1968–) m. Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano
  10. Leonor, Princess of Asturias (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Princess Wilhelmine of Baden (1788–1836) m. Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse
  4. Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine (1823–1888) m. Countess Julia von Hauke
  5. Prince Henry of Battenberg (1858–1896) m. Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom
  6. Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (1887–1969) m. Alfonso XIII of Spain
  7. Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona (1913–1993) m. Princess María de las Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
  8. Juan Carlos I of Spain (1938–) m. Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark
  9. Felipe VI of Spain (1968–) m. Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano
  10. Leonor, Princess of Asturias (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1757–1830) m. Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  3. Princess Caroline Louise of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1786–1816) m. Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  4. Duchess Helene of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1814–1856) m. Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans
  5. Prince Philippe, Count of Paris (1838–1894) m. Princess Marie Isabelle of Orléans
  6. Princess Louise of Orléans (1882–1958) m. Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
  7. Princess María de las Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1910–2000) m. Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona
  8. Juan Carlos I of Spain (1938–) m. Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark
  9. Felipe VI of Spain (1968–) m. Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano
  10. Leonor, Princess of Asturias (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1757–1830) m. Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  3. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1783–1853) m. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia
  4. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1811–1890) m. William I, German Emperor
  5. Frederick III, German Emperor (1831–1888) m. Victoria, Princess Royal
  6. Wilhelm II, German Emperor (1859–1941) m. Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein
  7. Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia (1892–1980) m. Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
  8. Princess Frederica of Hanover (1917–1981) m. Paul of Greece
  9. Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark (1938–) m. Juan Carlos I of Spain
  10. Felipe VI of Spain (1968–) m. Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano
  11. Leonor, Princess of Asturias (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1757–1830) m. Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  3. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1783–1853) m. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia
  4. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1811–1890) m. William I, German Emperor
  5. Frederick III, German Emperor (1831–1888) m. Victoria, Princess Royal
  6. Princess Sophia of Prussia (1870–1932) m. Constantine I of Greece
  7. Paul of Greece (1901–1964) m. Princess Frederica of Hanover
  8. Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark (1938–) m. Juan Carlos I of Spain
  9. Felipe VI of Spain (1968–) m. Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano
  10. Leonor, Princess of Asturias (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805) m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. William I, German Emperor (1797–1888) m. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  5. Frederick III, German Emperor (1831–1888) m. Victoria, Princess Royal
  6. Princess Sophia of Prussia (1870–1932) m. Constantine I of Greece
  7. Paul of Greece (1901–1964) m. Princess Frederica of Hanover
  8. Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark (1938–) m. Juan Carlos I of Spain
  9. Felipe VI of Spain (1968–) m. Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano
  10. Leonor, Princess of Asturias (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805) m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. William I, German Emperor (1797–1888) m. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  5. Frederick III, German Emperor (1831–1888) m. Victoria, Princess Royal
  6. Wilhelm II, German Emperor (1859–1941) m. Princess Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein
  7. Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia (1892–1980) m. Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
  8. Princess Frederica of Hanover (1917–1981) m. Paul of Greece
  9. Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark (1938–) m. Juan Carlos I of Spain
  10. Felipe VI of Spain (1968–) m. Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano
  11. Leonor, Princess of Asturias (2005–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805) m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Princess Charlotte of Prussia (1798–1860) m. Nicholas I of Russia
  5. Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (1827–1892) m. Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg
  6. Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia (1851–1926) m. George I of Greece
  7. Constantine I of Greece (1868–1923) m. Princess Sophia of Prussia
  8. Paul of Greece (1901–1964) m. Princess Frederica of Hanover
  9. Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark (1938–) m. Juan Carlos I of Spain
  10. Felipe VI of Spain (1968–) m. Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano
  11. Leonor, Princess of Asturias (2005–)

Sweden

  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Princess Frederica of Baden (1781–1826) m. Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden
  4. Princess Sophie of Sweden (1801–1865) m. Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden
  5. Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden (1826–1907) m. Princess Louise of Prussia
  6. Princess Victoria of Baden (1862–1930) m. Gustaf V of Sweden
  7. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (1882–1973) m. Princess Margaret of Connaught
  8. Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten (1906–1947) m. Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  9. Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (1946–) m. Silvia Sommerlath
  10. Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden (1977–) m. Daniel Westling
  11. Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland (2012–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805) m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. William I, German Emperor (1797–1888) m. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  5. Princess Louise of Prussia (1838–1923) m. Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden
  6. Princess Victoria of Baden (1862–1930) m. Gustaf V of Sweden
  7. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (1882–1973) m. Princess Margaret of Connaught
  8. Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten (1906–1947) m. Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  9. Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (1946–) m. Silvia Sommerlath
  10. Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden (1977–) m. Daniel Westling
  11. Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland (2012–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1757–1830) m. Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  3. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1783–1853) m. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia
  4. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1811–1890) m. William I, German Emperor
  5. Princess Louise of Prussia (1838–1923) m. Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden
  6. Princess Victoria of Baden (1862–1930) m. Gustaf V of Sweden
  7. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (1882–1973) m. Princess Margaret of Connaught
  8. Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten (1906–1947) m. Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  9. Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (1946–) m. Silvia Sommerlath
  10. Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden (1977–) m. Daniel Westling
  11. Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland (2012–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Prince Charles of Prussia (1801–1883) m. Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  5. Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia (1828–1885) m. Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau
  6. Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (1860–1917) m. Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
  7. Princess Margaret of Connaught (1882–1920) m. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
  8. Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten (1906–1947) m. Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  9. Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (1946–) m. Silvia Sommerlath
  10. Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden (1977–) m. Daniel Westling
  11. Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland (2012–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1757–1830) m. Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
  3. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1783–1853) m. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia
  4. Princess Marie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1808–1877) m. Prince Charles of Prussia
  5. Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia (1828–1885) m. Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau
  6. Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (1860–1917) m. Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
  7. Princess Margaret of Connaught (1882–1920) m. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
  8. Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten (1906–1947) m. Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  9. Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (1946–) m. Silvia Sommerlath
  10. Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden (1977–) m. Daniel Westling
  11. Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland (2012–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805) m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Prince Louis Charles of Prussia (1773–1796) m. Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Princess Frederica of Prussia (1796–1850) m. Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt
  5. Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau (1837–1906) m. Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia
  6. Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (1860–1917) m. Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
  7. Princess Margaret of Connaught (1882–1920) m. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
  8. Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten (1906–1947) m. Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  9. Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (1946–) m. Silvia Sommerlath
  10. Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden (1977–) m. Daniel Westling
  11. Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland (2012–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt (1746–1821) m. Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
  3. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Homburg (1774–1846) m. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
  4. Leopold IV, Duke of Anhalt (1794–1871) m. Princess Frederica of Prussia
  5. Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau (1837–1906) m. Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia
  6. Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia (1860–1917) m. Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
  7. Princess Margaret of Connaught (1882–1920) m. Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden
  8. Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten (1906–1947) m. Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
  9. Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden (1946–) m. Silvia Sommerlath
  10. Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden (1977–) m. Daniel Westling
  11. Princess Estelle, Duchess of Östergötland (2012–)

United Kingdom

  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Frederick William III of Prussia (1770–1840) m. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  4. Princess Charlotte of Prussia (1798–1860) m. Nicholas I of Russia
  5. Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (1827–1892) m. Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg
  6. Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia (1851–1926) m. George I of Greece
  7. Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (1882–1944) m. Princess Alice of Battenberg
  8. Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark (1921–2021) m. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
  9. Charles III of the United Kingdom (1948–) m. Lady Diana Spencer
  10. William, Prince of Wales (1982–) m. Catherine Middleton
  11. Prince George of Wales (2013–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (1751–1805), m. Frederick William II of Prussia
  3. Prince Wilhelm of Prussia (1783–1851) m. Princess Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg
  4. Princess Elisabeth of Prussia (1815–1885) m. Prince Charles of Hesse and by Rhine
  5. Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse (1837–1892) m. Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
  6. Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine (1863–1950) m. Prince Louis of Battenberg
  7. Princess Alice of Battenberg (1885–1969) m. Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
  8. Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark (1921–2021) m. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
  9. Charles III of the United Kingdom (1948–) m. Lady Diana Spencer
  10. William, Prince of Wales (1982–) m. Catherine Middleton
  11. Prince George of Wales (2013–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt (1746–1821) m. Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
  3. Princess Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg (1785–1846) m. Prince Wilhelm of Prussia
  4. Princess Elisabeth of Prussia (1815–1885) m. Prince Charles of Hesse and by Rhine
  5. Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse (1837–1892) m. Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
  6. Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine (1863–1950) m. Prince Louis of Battenberg
  7. Princess Alice of Battenberg (1885–1969) m. Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
  8. Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark (1921–2021) m. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
  9. Charles III of the United Kingdom (1948–) m. Lady Diana Spencer
  10. William, Prince of Wales (1982–) m. Catherine Middleton
  11. Prince George of Wales (2013–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse (1753–1830) m. Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
  3. Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse (1777–1848) m. Princess Wilhelmine of Baden
  4. Prince Charles of Hesse and by Rhine (1809–1877) m. Princess Elisabeth of Prussia
  5. Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse (1837–1892) m. Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
  6. Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine (1863–1950) m. Prince Louis of Battenberg
  7. Princess Alice of Battenberg (1885–1969) m. Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
  8. Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark (1921–2021) m. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
  9. Charles III of the United Kingdom (1948–) m. Lady Diana Spencer
  10. William, Prince of Wales (1982–) m. Catherine Middleton
  11. Prince George of Wales (2013–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse (1753–1830) m. Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
  3. Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse (1777–1848) m. Princess Wilhelmine of Baden
  4. Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine (1823–1888) m. Countess Julia von Hauke
  5. Prince Louis of Battenberg (1854–1921) m. Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine
  6. Princess Alice of Battenberg (1885–1969) m. Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
  7. Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark (1921–2021) m. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
  8. Charles III of the United Kingdom (1948–) m. Lady Diana Spencer
  9. William, Prince of Wales (1982–) m. Catherine Middleton
  10. Prince George of Wales (2013–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Princess Wilhelmine of Baden (1788–1836) m. Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse
  4. Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine (1823–1888) m. Countess Julia von Hauke
  5. Prince Louis of Battenberg (1854–1921) m. Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine
  6. Princess Alice of Battenberg (1885–1969) m. Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
  7. Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark (1921–2021) m. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
  8. Charles III of the United Kingdom (1948–) m. Lady Diana Spencer
  9. William, Prince of Wales (1982–) m. Catherine Middleton
  10. Prince George of Wales (2013–)
  1. Louis IX and Caroline
  2. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (1754–1832) m. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
  3. Princess Wilhelmine of Baden (1788–1836) m. Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse
  4. Prince Charles of Hesse and by Rhine (1809–1877) m. Princess Elisabeth of Prussia
  5. Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse (1837–1892) m. Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
  6. Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine (1863–1950) m. Prince Louis of Battenberg
  7. Princess Alice of Battenberg (1885–1969) m. Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
  8. Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark (1921–2021) m. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
  9. Charles III of the United Kingdom (1948–) m. Lady Diana Spencer
  10. William, Prince of Wales (1982–) m. Catherine Middleton
  11. Prince George of Wales (2013–)

References

  1. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 68.
Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt House of Hesse-DarmstadtCadet branch of the House of HesseBorn: 15 December 1719 Died: 6 April 1790 Regnal titles Preceded byLouis VIII Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt 1768–1790 Succeeded byLouis Xas Grand Duke ofHesse and by Rhine