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Louis VIII
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Johann Christian Fiedler - Bildnis des Landgrafen Ludwig VIII. von Hessen-Darmstadt.jpg
Born(1691-04-05)5 April 1691
Died17 October 1768(1768-10-17) (aged 77)
SpouseCountess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg
IssueLouis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Prince George William
Caroline Louise, Margravine of Baden
FatherErnest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
MotherDorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach

Louis VIII (German: Ludwig) (5 April 1691 – 17 October 1768) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1739 to 1768. He was the son of Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach.


A deer hunt near Darmstadt. Painting by Georg Adam Eger 1755
A deer hunt near Darmstadt. Painting by Georg Adam Eger 1755

In 1717, he was married to Countess Charlotte Christine Magdalene Johanna of Hanau and he received Hanau-Lichtenberg as an addition to his dominions. Because of his passion for hunting, he is known as the "Hunting Landgrave" (German: Jagdlandgraf). During the Seven Years' War he stood on the side of the Emperor and received the rank of General Field Marshal.

Like his father, Louis was not a gifted economist and only his good relationship with Empress Maria Theresa and her intervention at the Imperial Court Council kept the Landgraviate from bankruptcy. However, his caring for his country is documented by the establishment of a textile house in 1742 and a state orphanage in the 1746.





  1. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 67.
Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt House of HesseBorn: 5 April 1691 Died: 17 October 1768 Regnal titles Preceded byErnest Louis Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt 1739–1768 Succeeded byLouis IX