lyydin kiel', l'yyd'ikiel'
Native toRussia (Republic of Karelia)
RegionNear northwestern shore of Lake Onega
Native speakers
300 (2017)[1]
Latin (Karelian alphabet)
Official status
Official language in
recognised as minority language in:
Republic of Karelia[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3lud
Lang Status 40-SE.svg
[image reference needed]
Lude is classified as Severely Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger (2010)
Flag of Ludic Karelian
Flag of Ludic Karelian

Ludic, or Ludian, or Ludic Karelian (Luudi, Lyydi or lüüdi), is a Finnic language in the Uralic language family or a Karelian dialect. It is transitional between the Olonets Karelian language and the Veps language.[1] It is spoken by 300 Karelians in the Republic of Karelia in Russia, near the southwestern shore of Lake Onega, including a few children.[3]


In the Finnish research tradition, Ludic has been considered a transitional dialect area between Karelian and Veps,[4] while in the Russian research tradition it is, on ethnographic grounds, normally considered a dialect of Karelian. A status as an independent language has been proposed in recent times.[5] Ludic is characterised by a specific mixture of Karelian-like traits (such as the diphthongisation of the Proto-Finnic non-open long vowels: e.g. *pää > piä 'head', *soo > suo 'swamp', contrast Veps , so)[6] and Veps-like traits (such as an almost complete loss of consonant gradation).[7]


Ludic comprises three main dialect groups:[5]

The strongest Karelian resemblance is found in Northern Ludic, while the Kuďäŕv dialect shares the most features with Veps.


See also


  1. ^ a b Ludic at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ "Законодательные акты: О государственной поддержке карельского, вепсского и финского языков в Республике Карелия". Archived from the original on 2017-10-11. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
  3. ^ "Uhanalainen lyydi on oma itämerensuomalainen kielensä | Humanistinen tiedekunta | Helsingin yliopisto".
  4. ^ Itkonen, Terho (1971). "Aunuksen äänneopin erikoisuudet ja aunukselaismurteiden synty". Virittäjä (75): 182.
  5. ^ a b Pahomov 2011, p. 10.
  6. ^ Pahomov 2011, p. 29.
  7. ^ Pahomov 2011, p. 32.
  8. ^ Pahomov, Miikul (2019). Venä-lüüdin paginnik Русско-людиковский разговорник. Lüüdilaine Siebr.