Luntai County
轮台县
بۈگۈر ناھىيىسى
Location of Luntai County (red) within Bayingolin Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Location of Luntai County (red) within Bayingolin Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Luntai is located in Bayingolin
Luntai
Luntai
Location of the seat in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 41°46′N 84°10′E / 41.767°N 84.167°E / 41.767; 84.167Coordinates: 41°46′N 84°10′E / 41.767°N 84.167°E / 41.767; 84.167
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionXinjiang
Autonomous prefectureBayingolin
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Luntai County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese轮台县
Traditional Chinese輪台縣
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese布古尔县
Traditional Chinese布古爾縣
Mongolian name
Mongolian scriptᠪᠦᠭᠦᠷ ᠱᠢᠨᠢ
Uyghur name
Uyghurبۈگۈر ناھىيىسى

Bügür County[1][2][3][4][5] (transliterated from Mongolian), also known from Mandarin Chinese as Luntai County,[3] is a county in central Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of the Bayin'gholin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture. It contains an area of 14,189 km2 (5,478 sq mi). According to the 2002 census, it has a population of 90,000.

Map including northern part of the county (ATC, 1972)
Map including northern part of the county (ATC, 1972)

Luntai has a long history associated with China. When the city refused aid to Li Guangli's Fergana campaign (c. 101 BC), the inhabitants were slaughtered. Around 80 BC, a Han military colony was established on the site.[6]

As of 1885, there was about 25,100 acres (165,700 mu) of cultivated land in Bugur.[7]

Demographics

The proportion of nationalities in Luntai (Bügür) County
Nationality Percentage
Uyghurs
82.5%
Han People
17.0%
Hui People
0.3%
Others
0.2%
Source of the population statistics :[8]

References

  1. ^ Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (2010). 建筑抗震设计规范 [GB50011-2010: Code for Seismic Design of Buildings] (in English and Simplified Chinese). Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press. p. 203 – via Google Books. Bugur County
  2. ^ "Sandstorm strands 4,000 train passengers in Xinjiang". 中华网. 2008-08-05. Archived from the original on 3 December 2020. Retrieved 3 December 2020 – via Internet Archive. Bugur County ... Xinhua Photo
  3. ^ a b Xie Yuzhong 解玉忠 (2003). 地名中的新疆 (in Simplified Chinese). Ürümqi: 新疆人民出版社. pp. 138–141. ISBN 7-228-08004-1. 轮台 Luntai(Bügür)
  4. ^ Zhong Xingqi 钟兴麒, ed. (July 2008). 西域地名考录 (in Simplified Chinese). Beijing: 国家图书馆出版社. pp. 604–605. ISBN 978-7-5013-3628-9. 轮台 lún tái Bügür {...} 轮台县 (Bugur)
  5. ^ "Rights Groups Condemn China's Detention of RFA Reporters' Relatives". Radio Free Asia. 2018-03-01. Archived from the original on 17 November 2020. Retrieved 17 November 2020. RFA Uyghur broadcaster Kurban Niyaz’s youngest brother, Hasanjan Niyaz, was arrested in May 2017 in Bugur county, and in July sentenced to six years in jail on charges of “holding ethnic hatred.”
  6. ^ Loewe, Michael (1979). "Introduction". In Hulsewé, Anthony François Paulus (ed.). China in Central Asia: The Early Stage: 125 BC – AD 23. Brill. pp. 1–70. ISBN 978-90-04-05884-2. Pages 43, 46.
  7. ^ Herold J. Wiens (November 1966). "Cultivation Development and Expansion in China's Colonial Realm in Central Asia". The Journal of Asian Studies. 26 (1): 75. doi:10.2307/2051832. JSTOR 2051832. S2CID 162339064 – via JSTOR.
  8. ^ 3-7 各地、州、市、县(市)分民族人口数 [3-7 Population by Nationality by Prefecture, State, City and County (City)]. tjj.xinjiang.gov.cn (in Chinese). Statistical Bureau of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. 2020-06-10. Archived from the original on 2020-11-01. Retrieved 2021-06-11.

Further Readings