Luquan County
禄劝县
禄劝彝族苗族自治县
Location of Luquan County (pink) and Kunming City (yellow) and Yunnan province
Location of Luquan County (pink) and Kunming City (yellow) and Yunnan province
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
PrefectureKunming
Established1956
Area
 • Autonomous County4,378 km2 (1,690 sq mi)
Highest elevation
[1] (Mazongling (马鬃岭))
4,247 m (13,934 ft)
Lowest elevation746 m (2,448 ft)
Population
 (2020)
 • Autonomous County378,881
 • Density87/km2 (220/sq mi)
 • Urban
154,828
 • Rural
224,053
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
Postal code
651500
Area code(s)0871
Websitehttp://www.luquan.gov.cn/

Luquan Yi and Miao Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 禄劝彝族苗族自治县; traditional Chinese: 禄劝彝族苗族自治縣; pinyin: Lùquàn Yízú Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn; A-Hmao: Hlus Quangf Ad Mangl Ad Hmaob Ziil Chux So) is an autonomous county, under the jurisdiction of Kunming, Yunnan, China, bordering Sichuan province to the north. As of the 2020 census the population was 378,881.[2]

The county seat has two bus stations; the long-distance Kunming-Luquan bus station, near the access to the G108 highway, and the local public bus station behind the Wuxinglu street market, with buses north to Maoshan, Tuanjie, Zhongping and Sayingpan, south to Songde, east to Cuihua and west to Wuding County.

Economy

Luquan's agriculture is specialized in sericulture, chestnuts, white kidney beans, coffee, and tobacco.[3]

Administrative divisions

Name Native name Population (2020)[2]
Luquan County 禄劝彝族苗族自治县 378,881
Pingshan Subdistrict 屏山街道 101,735
Chongde Subdistrict 崇德街道 27,749
Sayingpan Town 撒营盘镇 28,427
Zhuanlong Town 转龙镇 24,143
Maoshan Town 茂山镇 23,062
Tuanjie Town 团街镇 17,305
Zhongping Town 中屏镇 13,393
Jiaopingdu Town 皎平渡镇 14,342
Wudongde Town 乌东德镇 15,730
Cuihua Town 翠华镇 25,835
Jiulong Town 九龙镇 29,231
Yunlong Township 云龙乡 6,406
Tanglang Township 汤郎乡 9,804
Malutang Township 马鹿塘乡 10,093
Zehei Township 则黑乡 15,245
Wumeng Township 乌蒙乡 9,748
Xueshan Township 雪山乡 6,633

Ethnic groups

29.95% of the population in 2020 belonged to ethnic minorities, mainly Yi and Miao.[2][3]

There are 1,026 ethnic Hani as of 1990, who live in Xiaojing 硝井[4][5] and Liuhe 六合[6] of Chongde Township 崇德乡, and Xinglong 兴龙[7][8] and Chutu 初途[9] of Cuihua Township 翠华乡 (Luquan County Gazetteer 1995:150). The only Hani-speaking village is Liuhe 六合[6] of Chongde Township 崇德乡. Their autonym is Luomian 罗缅.

Sayingpan-zhen (撒营盘镇), 80 km (50 mi) north of the county seat of Luquan, was the original site of Salaowu (撒老乌), the headquarters of the Yi.

The Luquan County Gazetteer (1995:132) lists the following Yi subgroups.

References

  1. ^ a b https://www.neac.gov.cn/seac/ztzl/201207/1067908.shtml
  2. ^ a b c "禄劝彝族苗族自治县第七次全国人口普查主要数据公报". 2021-07-05.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ a b "【云南省民族宗教事务委员会】禄劝彝族苗族自治县". mzzj.yn.gov.cn. Retrieved 2021-12-03.
  4. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vindex.aspx?departmentid=258252[dead link]
  5. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vindex.aspx?departmentid=258247[dead link]
  6. ^ a b http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vindex.aspx?departmentid=258219[dead link]
  7. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=239833[dead link]
  8. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=239834[dead link]
  9. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=239889[dead link]

Coordinates: 25°52′11″N 102°35′36″E / 25.8696114°N 102.5934649°E / 25.8696114; 102.5934649