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Luther
Theatrical release poster
Directed byEric Till
Written byCamille Thomasson
Bart Gavigan
Produced byBrigitte Rochow
Christian P. Stehr
Alexander Thies
StarringJoseph Fiennes
Alfred Molina
Jonathan Firth
Claire Cox
Peter Ustinov
CinematographyRobert Fraisse
Music byRichard Harvey
Production
companies
Eikon Film
NFP Teleart Berlin
Distributed byR.S. Entertainment (U.S.)
United International Pictures (Germany)
Overseas Filmgroup (international)
Release dates
  • 26 September 2003 (2003-09-26) (U.S.)
  • 30 October 2003 (2003-10-30) (Germany)
Running time
124 minutes
Countries
LanguageEnglish
Budget$31 million
Box office$29,413,900

Luther is a 2003 historical drama film dramatizing the life of Protestant Christian reformer Martin Luther. It is directed by Eric Till and stars Joseph Fiennes in the title role. Alfred Molina, Jonathan Firth, Claire Cox, Bruno Ganz, and Sir Peter Ustinov co-star. The film covers Luther's life from his becoming a friar in 1505, to his trial before the Diet of Augsburg in 1530. The American-German co-production[2] was partially funded by Thrivent Financial for Lutherans, a Christian financial services company.[3]

Plot

The film begins during a thunderstorm in 1505, as Luther is returning to his home. For fear of losing his life in the storm, Luther commits his life to God and becomes an Augustinian friar.

Two years later, Luther is a friar at St. Augustine's Monastery in Erfurt. During his time at the monastery, he is constantly troubled by viewing God as a God of hate and vengeance. Martin is encouraged by Johann von Staupitz, an elder friar who is his supervisor and mentor. Staupitz tells Luther to look to Christ instead of himself.

Later, Luther delivers a letter for Staupitz to Rome, where he becomes troubled by the wicked lifestyles of those in the city. He also views the skull believed to be that of John the Baptist and purchases an indulgence. It is during this time that Luther begins to question the veracity of indulgences. Returning to Germany, Luther is sent to Wittenberg, where he begins to teach his congregation that God is not a God of hate, but a God of love. Luther begins to emphasize the love of God instead of his judgment.

In 1513, Pope Leo X becomes the new Pope of the Church, and commissions Johann Tetzel to go throughout several communities, including Luther's town, where he scares people into buying indulgences, which would be used to rebuild and renovate St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, and to recover the Hohenzollern bribes to the Holy See, advanced by Fugger, for the investiture of Archbishop Albert of Mainz and Magdeburg. In his church, Luther denounces the indulgences, calling them "just a piece of paper". He then posts his 95 theses on the door of the church, calling for an open debate regarding the indulgences. For this act, Luther is called in 1518 to Augsburg, where he is questioned by Cardinal Cajetan among other church officials.

After his excommunication, Pope Leo X orders Luther to be delivered to Rome, but Prince-elector Frederick the Wise of Saxony becomes his protector. Frederick and Charles V decide that Luther will be tried at the Diet of Worms.

At Worms, Luther is brought before Charles V and the Cardinals for trial. The Cardinals demand for him to recant of his teachings, and Luther requests more time to give a decent answer, which is granted. The next day, Luther comes before Charles V and the Cardinals, who demand him to recant, and Luther refuses. After his trial at Worms, Luther is forced into hiding by Frederick the Wise who protects him by moving him into Wartburg Castle, while his former professor, Andreas Karlstadt, encourages the Great Peasants' Revolt against the oppressive nobles. Luther, shocked by the revolts, encourages the princes to put them down. Meanwhile, Luther translates the Bible into German.

After Luther marries Katharina von Bora, a former nun, Charles V summons the evangelical Princes of the Holy Roman Empire to the Diet of Augsburg, so he can force them to outlaw Protestantism and the German Bible. The nobles refuse, and Charles is forced to allow the nobles to read their Augsburg Confession.

The film ends with the following words:

What happened at Augsburg pushed open the door of religious freedom. Martin Luther lived for another 16 years, preaching and teaching the Word. He and Katharina von Bora enjoyed a happy marriage and six children. Luther's influence extended into economics, politics, education and music, and his translation of the Bible became a foundation stone of the German language. Today over 540 million people worship in churches inspired by his Reformation.

Cast

Historical inaccuracies

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Reception

The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported an approval rating of 45%, with an average score of 5.2/10, based on 62 reviews. The website's consensus reads, "This cinematic treatment of Martin Luther's life is more dull than inspiring."[7] Metacritic gave the film a weighted average score of 47 out of 100, based on 23 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[8]

Roger Ebert gave the film two stars of four, and wrote:

I don't know what kind of movie I was expecting Luther to be, or what I wanted from it, but I suppose I anticipated that Luther himself would be an inspiring figure, filled with the power of his convictions. What we get is an apologetic outsider with low self-esteem, who reasons himself into a role he has little taste for.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b "LUTHER (2003)". BFI. Archived from the original on 8 August 2012.
  2. ^ "LUTHER (2003)". BFI. Archived from the original on 9 March 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2021.
  3. ^ Share, John. "Four partners help Thrivent market Luther movie". Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  4. ^ "Chapter and Verse Divisions of the Bible".
  5. ^ The Use of Pews Anglican History.org
  6. ^ Bainton, Roland H. (1950). Here I Stand. A Life of Martin Luther. Abingdon Cokesbury Press. pp. 194, 205.
  7. ^ "Luther". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on 3 August 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2021. Edit this at Wikidata
  8. ^ "Luther". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Archived from the original on 18 May 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  9. ^ "Luther". Chicago Sun-Times. 26 September 2003. Archived from the original on 6 January 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2022.