Luxor Las Vegas
Luxor Las Vegas is located in Las Vegas Strip
Luxor Las Vegas
Luxor Las Vegas is located in Nevada
Luxor Las Vegas
Location Paradise, Nevada, U.S.
Address 3900 South Las Vegas Boulevard
Opening dateOctober 15, 1993; 29 years ago (October 15, 1993)
ThemeAncient Egypt
No. of rooms4,407
Total gaming space120,000 sq ft (11,000 m2)
Permanent shows America's Got Talent - Las Vegas Live!
Blue Man Group
Carrot Top

Signature attractionsTitanic: The Artifact Exhibition
Bodies: The Exhibition
Discovering King Tut's Tomb
Notable restaurantsBackstage Deli
Bonanno's Pizzeria
Johnny Rockets
Nathan's Famous Hotdogs
The Buffet at Luxor
Casino typeLand-based
OwnerVici Properties
Operating license holderMGM Resorts International
Renovated in1996, 1998, 2007–09, 2017, 2021
Coordinates36°5′43.67″N 115°10′32.94″W / 36.0954639°N 115.1758167°W / 36.0954639; -115.1758167

Luxor Las Vegas is a 30-story (106.7 meter tall) casino hotel situated on the southern end of the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada. The hotel is owned by Vici Properties and operated by MGM Resorts International and has a 120,000-square-foot (11,000 m2) casino with over 2,000 slot machines and 87 table games.[1][2]

The casino opened in 1993 and was renovated and expanded several times.[3] Later renovation work modernized the design of the property and raised the hotel's capacity to 4,407 rooms, including 442 suites. The hotel's rooms line the interior walls of the main tower, which has a pyramid shape, and the 22-story twin ziggurat towers.[2][4][5]

The hotel is named for the city of Luxor (ancient Thebes) in Egypt.[6]


View of the pyramid also showing the east ziggurat tower

Construction and opening

The resort was announced by Circus Circus Enterprises on November 14, 1991. Known temporarily as "Project X", the pyramid-shaped resort would cost $290 million, and would be built on the Las Vegas Strip, on land located south of the company's Excalibur Hotel and Casino.[7] Groundbreaking took place on April 21, 1992, with the project by then known as "Luxor", after the Egyptian city of the same name.[8][9][10] Veldon Simpson was the architect,[11] and Perini Building Company was the general contractor.[12] Waltek, a Cincinnati-based company, provided the metal-and-glass exterior for the pyramid. Standing 30 stories high, the pyramid was one of the largest metal-and-glass projects ever.[11] The pyramid was topped off on July 9, 1993.[12] The Luxor would compete against two other upcoming resorts, MGM Grand and Treasure Island. All three resorts had a family oriented focus.[7][12]

The resort officially opened at 4 a.m. on October 15, 1993, to a crowd of 10,000 people.[13] When it opened, the pyramid, which cost $375 million to build, was the tallest building on the strip and contained 2,526 rooms and a 100,000 sq ft (9,300 m2) casino.[4][14][15] The resort was financed by "petty cash" earned from other Circus Circus Enterprises properties and did not include any outside financial investors.[16] The hotel's pyramid is similar in size to the Red Pyramid and Bent Pyramid of Egypt. When the hotel opened, it was the tallest structure on the Strip, surpassed after only 11 days by Treasure Island[citation needed], and featured the world's largest atrium, which has since been surpassed.[3]


A $240 million expansion occurred in 1996, and included an IMAX theater.[17] A theater and two additional towers totaling 2,000 rooms were added in 1998 for $675 million.[4]

In July 2007, owner MGM Resorts International announced plans to thoroughly renovate the Luxor, spending $300 million to remodel 80% of Luxor's public areas, removing much of the ancient Egyptian theme and replacing it with more adult-oriented and modern lounges, restaurants and clubs.[18]


On May 7, 2007, a vehicle exploded in a Luxor Hotel parking garage due to a homemade pipe bomb which left one man dead.[19] Local authorities believe the victim, a 24-year-old employee at Nathan's Famous hot dog restaurant in the Luxor food court, was the intended target. The hotel was not evacuated, operations continued uninterrupted, and the parking structure as well as the casino were undamaged.[20][21] Two men were found guilty of the bombing, and in 2010 were sentenced to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole.


Luxor Las Vegas includes 20,000 sq ft (1,900 m2) of convention space, four swimming pools and whirlpools, a wedding chapel, Nurture Spa and Salon, and 29 retail stores.[22][23][24][25][26] As of 2010, the Luxor was designated as a 4 Key rating from the Green Key Eco-Rating Program, which evaluates what is known as "sustainable hotel operations."[27] The hotel features inclined elevators which travel up the side of the building on a 39-degree incline.[28]

The Atrium

The atrium of the Luxor pyramid

Luxor Las Vegas has the largest atrium in the world (by volume) at 29 million cu ft (0.82 million m3).


The Luxor is home to four shows: "Fantasy" (a topless revue), comedian Carrot Top,[29] the Blue Man Group, and America's Got Talent – Las Vegas Live!.

Since 2009, the resort has hosted Bodies: The Exhibition, an educational display on the human body, and Titanic: The Artifact Exhibition; the exhibits replaced the hotel's three-story arcade.[30][31]

Former attractions

At its opening, the resort featured the Nile River Tour, a river ride that carried guests to different parts of the pyramid and passed by pieces of ancient artwork on a river that encircled the casino.[32] It was removed after three years.[33]

The hotel also featured King Tut's Tomb and Museum, a replica of King Tutankhamen's tomb as found in the Valley of the Kings in Egypt.[16] It was closed in June 2008 and its replica artifacts were donated to the Las Vegas Natural History Museum[34][35] where they are displayed in its "Treasures of Egypt" exhibit, which opened January 30, 2010.[36][37][38]

Secrets of the Luxor Pyramid was a collection of three attractions which also debuted at the hotel's opening,[39] including:

Theater of Time was replaced[40] with an IMAX Cinema, which operated from 1996 to 2008.[41]

From 2000 to 2005, the Luxor Theatre was the home of the performance-art show Blue Man Group, which then moved to the Venetian Las Vegas.[42] They returned to the Luxor Theatre on November 18, 2015.


On August 31, 2007, LAX Nightclub officially opened at a party hosted by Britney Spears.[43] A number of other celebrities, including Christina Aguilera, also hosted events at the club.[44] The two-level, 26,000 sq ft (2,400 m2) venue contained 78 VIP tables and Noir Bar, which according to the Las Vegas Review Journal was an "ultra-elite bar" with a reservations-only policy. LAX Nightclub was closed on April 1, 2017, and was transformed into an esports venue, Esports Arena Las Vegas.[43] Work on the Esports Arena began in July 2017 and completed in March 2018.

Additional nightlife destinations within Luxor include CatHouse, Aurora, Liquidity, and Flight.[45][46]

Luxor Sky Beam

The light of the Luxor low view

At 42.3 billion candela, the Luxor Sky Beam is the strongest beam of light in the world, using curved mirrors to collect the light from 39 xenon lamps and focus them into one intense, narrow beam. On a clear night, it is visible up to 275 miles (443 km) away by aircraft at cruising altitude, such as over Los Angeles.[47][48]

Each of the 39 lamps is a 7,000 watt[49] Xenotech fixture[50] costing about $1,200. At full power, the system costs $51 an hour to operate, with $20 per hour of that just for its 315,000 watts of electricity.[49] The beam has operated reliably since it was first activated on October 15, 1993.[47]

The lamp room is about 50 feet (15 m) below the top of the building and serviced by a staff of two workers during the day.[51] The room's temperature is about 300 °F (150 °C) while the lights are operating.[52] Since 2008, only half the lamps have been lit as a cost- and energy-saving measure.[53]


Luxor is at the southern end of the Las Vegas Strip,[54] flanked by the Mandalay Bay to the south and the Excalibur to the north. All three are connected by the Mandalay Bay Tram,[55] as well as by walkways. The Shoppes of Mandalay Bay, a boutique shopping centre, is on a bridge over Mandalay Bay Road, directly connecting the Luxor with the Mandalay Bay resort to the south. All three properties were built by Circus Circus Enterprises, which in 1999 became Mandalay Resort Group, which was then succeeded by MGM Mirage in April 2005 (now named MGM Resorts International).[56][57]

Usage in popular culture

This destination hotel is often viewed as a prime example of 1990s Postmodern architecture, and appeared on the cover of architecture scholar James Steele's book Architecture Today.[58] Since opening in 1993, it has appeared in numerous films, including Mars Attacks! (1996), where a major character is depicted as an employee of the hotel, dressed in an Egyptian costume;[59] and the film 2012.[citation needed]

In Up in the Air, George Clooney's character, Ryan Bingham, is asked to take a picture in front of the Luxor hotel. The hotel was also seen in the movies Showgirls and The Hangover.[60] A futuristic but abandoned version of the hotel is seen in Blade Runner 2049, along with other famous landmarks in a post-apocalyptic Las Vegas.[61]

The hotel was featured in the climax of Angry Video Game Nerd: The Movie, where it is among the famous landmarks that was destroyed by Death Mwauthzyx.[citation needed]

The hotel has also been featured in the television shows Fear Factor, Criss Angel Mindfreak, Great Hotels, and CSI.[59][62] A replica of the Luxor, named "The Camel's Toe", appeared in the Las Venturas area of the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, and another replica appeared in the Las Vegas area of the 2000 video game Driver 2.[63] The Luxor Las Vegas also appears in Futurama episode, "Viva Mars Vegas". It also appears in Vegas Vacation starring Chevy Chase. Tupac Shakur also stayed in The Luxor in September 1996 when he was gunned down on the strip after the Mike Tyson-Bruce Seldon fight on September 7, 1996. Will Smith filmed the 1998 video for "Gettin' Jiggy Wit It" in the hotel's lobby and in front of its sphinx.


Outlines of various pyramids overlaid on top of on another to show relative height
Comparison of approximate profiles of the Luxor Las Vegas with some notable pyramidal or near-pyramidal buildings. Dotted lines indicate original heights, where data is available. In its SVG file, hover over a pyramid to highlight and click for its article.

See also


  1. ^ Howard Stutz (21 April 2010). "MGM aims to adopt a new name". Las Vegas Review-Journal.[dead link]
  2. ^ a b MGM Resorts International (2010). "Luxor Las Vegas Fact Sheet - press kit". Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  3. ^ a b Benson, Liz (July 22, 2007). "The Luxor's New Threads".
  4. ^ a b c Howard Stutz (12 July 2007). "Farewell to Egypt". The Las Vegas Review-Journal. Archived from the original on 2007-12-12.
  5. ^ Caine, Rachel (2003). "The Best Game in Town". Texas Monthly: 73. Archived from the original on 2012-10-11.
  6. ^ "Luxor casino: 30-story pyramid". Chicago Sun-Times. 26 April 1992. Archived from the original on 5 November 2012.
  7. ^ a b Mulligan, Thomas S. (15 November 1991). "Circus Circus Enters Mega-Resort Race". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Vegas resort named after old Egyptian city Luxor". Associated Press. 22 April 1992. Retrieved 19 April 2020 – via
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  10. ^ "New Las Vegas resort features Egypt theme". Victoria Advocate. May 31, 1992 – via
  11. ^ a b "Giving a modern pyramid its skin". The Cincinnati Enquirer. 18 August 1992. Retrieved 19 April 2020 – via
  12. ^ a b c "Unveiling the Great Pyramid of Vegas". Associated Press. 10 July 1993. Retrieved 19 April 2020 – via
  13. ^ Lynn Waddell (15 October 1993). "Resort opens a new era in LV". Las Vegas Sun.
  14. ^ "Imagination Runs Wild at Las Vegas Resorts". The New York Times. 7 November 1993.
  15. ^ Liz Benston (29 July 2007). "Luxor to shed its Egyptian Image". Las Vegas Sun.
  16. ^ a b Mim Swartz (9 January 1994). "Luxor River cruises, tomb tours and, oh, yes, a casino". Rocky Mountain News.
  17. ^ Calkins, Alison (19 December 1996). "Luxor's new Imax theater gives viewers an eyeful". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  18. ^ "Vegas' pyramid-shaped Luxor hotel to get makeover". USA Today. 18 July 2007. Archived from the original on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
  19. ^ "1 dead in casino parking lot explosion". USA Today. 8 May 2007.
  20. ^ "Jury selection complete in Luxor bombing trial". Las Vegas Review Journal. 20 August 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-08-28.
  21. ^ Francis McCabe (1 September 2009). "2 avoid death penalty, get life in prison for Luxor bombing". Las Vegas Review Journal. Archived from the original on 2009-09-05. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  22. ^ "Checking In: The World's 10 Largest Hotels & Resorts". Footwear News. 65: 97. 2009.
  23. ^ "BODIES...The Exhibition Now Open At Luxor Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas" (Press release). PrimeNewswire. 8 August 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
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  31. ^ Amy Robinson (20 December 2009). "2 1/2 miles under the sea; Titanic artifacts exhibit at Las Vegas resort an amazing adventure". Charleston Gazette.
  32. ^ James T. Yenckel (2 October 1994). "Giant Resorts Turn Las Vegas Into Desert Disneyland". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 5 November 2012.
  33. ^ "Question of the Day - 24 October 2019". Anthony Curtis' LasVegasAdvisior. 24 October 2019. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
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  35. ^ Brown, Joe (24 June 2020). "King Tut treasures go to Las Vegas museum". Las Vegas Sun. Las Vegas, Nevada. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
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  37. ^ Brown, Joe (27 January 2010). "The Faux Pharoah". Las Vegas Sun. Las Vegas, Nevada. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
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  41. ^ "Big Movie Zone Luxor Las Vegas". Big Movie Zone. Retrieved 2016-08-26.
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  43. ^ a b Jeremy Pond (31 August 2007). "Expect the unexpected when Spears opens LAX". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Archived from the original on 2012-10-07. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  44. ^ "Christina Aguilera Hosts @ LAX Nightclub Las Vegas NV". 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
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  49. ^ a b Knapp, George (July 11, 2012). "The Story Behind the Luxor Light". Las Vegas: KLAS-TV. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
  50. ^ "Brightest lights on Earth, G-Force IEC, Xenotech, makers of the Skytracker system". Archived from the original on 2012-11-26. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
  51. ^ Sonya Padgett (November 18, 2012). "Luxor light serves as beacon for millions of Las Vegas Strip visitors". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Archived from the original on 2017-01-26. Retrieved 2013-05-31. A staff of two, supervised by Hayes, maintains the Sky Beam. Every day, Hortizuela and co-worker Nick Mihalic take an elevator 30 floors up, then climb a series of ladders and stairs that lead to the Luxor's light room.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  52. ^ Padgett, Hortizuela and Mihalic work during the day, as it's too hot to work around the lights when they're on. It's also too bright. Just five inches above the surface of the lamp, Hayes says temperatures have been measured at 500 degrees. On the worker's platform 25 feet above the lights, temperatures reach 300 degrees when the lights are on.
  53. ^ Padgett, While the hotel management may have claimed that it was the brightest light on Earth, it has been dimmed considerably. It's not visible to the naked eye but the beam has been shining at half-strength since 2008. As a cost-cutting and energy-saving effort, management decided to use only half of the lamps every night, Hayes says.
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