Ma Faxiang
马发祥
Deputy Political Commissar of the PLA Navy
In office
July 2013 – November 2014
Serving with Wang Sentai
Political CommissarLiu Xiaojiang
Preceded byWang Zhaohai
Succeeded byDing Haichun
Personal details
Born1953
Dali County, Shaanxi, China
Died13 November 2014 (aged 61)
Beijing
Political partyCommunist Party of China
Military service
Allegiance China
Branch/service
People's Liberation Army Navy
Years of service?−2014
Rank
Vice Admiral

Ma Faxiang (Chinese: 马发祥; 1953 – 13 November 2014) was a Chinese vice admiral (zhong jiang) who served as Deputy Political Commissar of the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). He came under investigation for corruption and committed suicide in November 2014.

Life and career

Ma Faxiang was born in 1953 in Dali County, Shaanxi Province.[1]

Ma was appointed Political Commissar of the PLAN Armament Research Institute in July 2004, and attained the rank of rear admiral a year later. In July 2008, he was appointed Political Commissar of the Navy test and training base. He was elevated to Director of the Political Department of the Navy in June 2011, and attained the rank of vice admiral in 2012.[1] In a 2013 report published by the American think tank The Jamestown Foundation, analysts considered Ma the top contender to succeed Admiral Liu Xiaojiang as the PLAN's next political commissar.[2] In July 2013, he was promoted to Deputy Political Commissar of the PLAN.[1]

Suicide

On 13 November 2014, Ma Faxiang jumped to his death from a building at the navy complex in Gongzhufen, Beijing.[3] Ma had come under investigation for corruption by the Central Discipline Inspection Commission, and it is believed that he committed suicide to avoid disgrace and allow his family to receive his retirement benefits,[4] although it was also said that he had suffered from depression.[5] His suicide followed that of Rear Admiral Jiang Zhonghua under similar circumstances about two months before.[3][5] Ma's corruption investigation is thought to be connected to the cases of the former vice chairmen of the Central Military Commission, Xu Caihou and Guo Boxiong.[5]

People's Navy, the official newspaper of the PLAN, announced that Ma Faxiang had died of an illness. The official obituary called him "an excellent Communist Party member and an excellent political commander of the Navy". On 1 December 2014, his body was cremated at the Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery. Many current and former navy leaders, including Commander Wu Shengli and Political Commissar Liu Xiaojiang, attended the farewell ceremony, but top Communist Party and government leaders were notably absent.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Lin Yunshi (5 December 2014). 海军副政委马发祥中将离世19天后火化. Caixin (in Chinese).
  2. ^ Kenneth Allen; Morgan Clemens; Steven Glinert; Daniel Yoon (4 March 2013). "Assessing PLA Navy and Air Force Political Commissar Career Paths". China Brief. The Jamestown Foundation. 13 (5).
  3. ^ a b Minnie Chan (17 November 2014). "Senior PLA Navy officer leaps to his death from Beijing block, source says". South China Morning Post.
  4. ^ Jayadeva Ranade (6 June 2015). "Xi Jinping draws army into breath-restricting embrace". The Sunday Guardian.
  5. ^ a b c Lin Feng (17 November 2014). 解放军反腐压力增加, 海军副政委跳楼身亡. Voice of America (in Chinese).
Military offices Previous:Wang Zhaohai Director of the Political Department of the PLA Navy 2009–2011 Next:Ding Haichun