Ma and Pa Kettle
MaandPaKettle.jpg
First appearanceThe Egg and I (book)
The Egg and I (film)
Created byBetty MacDonald
Portrayed byMarjorie Main (as Ma)
Percy Kilbride (as Pa)
In-universe information
FilmsMa and Pa Kettle
Ma and Pa Kettle Go to Town
Ma and Pa Kettle Back on the Farm
Ma and Pa Kettle at the Fair
Ma and Pa Kettle on Vacation
Ma and Pa Kettle at Home
Ma and Pa Kettle at Waikiki
The Kettles in the Ozarks
The Kettles on Old MacDonald's Farm

Ma and Pa Kettle are comic film characters of the successful film series of the same name, produced by Universal Studios, in the late 1940s and 1950s. The hillbilly duo have their hands full with a ramshackle farm and a brood of rambunctious children. When the future comes a-callin' in the form of modern houses, exotic locales and newfangled ideas, Ma and Pa must learn how to make the best of it with luck, pluck and a little country charm.[1]

Originally based on real-life farming neighbors in Washington state, United States,[2] Ma and Pa Kettle were created by Betty MacDonald in whose 1945 best-selling novel, The Egg and I, they appeared. The success of the novel spawned the 1947 film The Egg and I starring Claudette Colbert and Fred MacMurray, also co-starring Marjorie Main and Percy Kilbride as Ma and Pa Kettle. Main was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role.[3]

After the audiences' positive reaction to the Kettles in the film, Universal Studios produced nine more films, with Marjorie Main reprising her role in all and Percy Kilbride reprising his in seven. The films grossed an estimated $35 million altogether at the box office[4] and are said to have saved Universal from bankruptcy.[4]

Premise

Recurring characters in the series

Kettle Kids

In Ma and Pa Kettle and Ma and Pa Kettle Go to Town it mentions there are 15 kids (including Thomas and Rosie above) although there is inconsistency in the names

Name The Egg and I Ma and Pa Kettle Ma and Pa Kettle Go to Town Ma and Pa Kettle Back on the Farm Ma and Pa Kettle at the Fair Ma and Pa Kettle on Vacation Ma and Pa Kettle at Home Ma and Pa Kettle at Waikiki The Kettles in the Ozarks The Kettles on Old MacDonald's Farm
Albert Kettle Teddy Infuhr
Benjamin Kettle Teddy Infuhr Jon Gardner Donald MacDonald Jon Gardner
Betty Kettle Judy Nugent
Billy Kettle Robin Winans J.P. Sloane Gary Lee Jackson Richard Eyer Rudy Lee Richard Eyer
Danny Kettle Dale Belding Ronnie Rondell Jr.
(as Dannie)
Tony Epper
(as Donny)
Ronnie Rondell Jr.
(as Donnie)
Elwin Kettle Brett Halsey
Eve Kettle Beverly Mook Beverly Mook Coral Hammond Beverly Mook
George Kettle Paul Dunn Billy Clark Gary Pagett Billy Clark
Henry Kettle George McDonald Jackie Jackson Jackie Jackson Whitey Haupt Jackie Jackson George Arglen
Kettle Boy Billy Gray
Kettle Child Diane Florentine
Kettle Child Diane Graeff
Kettle Child Eugene Persson
Kettle Child George McDonald
Kettle Child Gloria Moore
Kettle Child Judith Bryant
Kettle Child Kathleen Mackey
Kettle Child Robert Beyers
Kettle Child Robert Winans
Nancy Kettle Elana Schreiner Elana Schreiner Carol Nugent Elana Schreiner Olive Sturgess
Rosie Kettle Gloria Moore Lori Nelson Lori Nelson
Ruthie Kettle Margaret Brown Margaret Brown
(as Ruth)
Margaret Brown Donna Cregan Moots Margaret Brown
Sally Kettle Donna Leary Donna Leary Donna Leary
Sara Kettle Diane Florentine Jenny Linder Nancy Zane Jenny Linder
Susie Kettle Melinda Casey Sherry Jackson Patricia Morrow Bonnie Kay Eddy Cheryl Callaway
Teddy Kettle Eugene Persson
(as Ted)
Eugene Persson Mark Roberts Patrick Miller Timmy Hawkins
Willie Kettle George Arglen Eugene Persson George Arglen George Arglen

Animals on the Kettles' farm

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Bossie: Bossie is the Kettles' red and white milk cow, who provides Ma, Pa, and their family of fifteen children with plenty of milk. Most of the time, it is the older Kettle boys or even Pa's Indian friends, Geoduck and Crowbar, who milk her. In "Ma and Pa Kettle Go to Town" (1950), Pa is seen milking Bossie while listening to the music playing on the radio.[citation needed]

Speckled Sussex hen.
Speckled Sussex hen.

The Chickens: The Kettles keep a flock of nearly a hundred chickens on their broken-down farm, who provide them with many eggs each day. Sometimes, one or two of the hens cause mischief towards the Kettles or other characters in the films. In "Ma and Pa Kettle At Home" (1954), Ma Kettle's prized speckled hen is seen a few times laying eggs on Mannering's head or in his bowler hat.[citation needed]

Pa Kettle's team: Pa Kettle's team includes an old retired trotting horse, named Emma, and a white donkey wearing a straw hat, who together pull Pa's wagon around the county. In "Ma and Pa Kettle At The Fair" (1952), Pa buys Emma originally to win a horse race at the county fair.[citation needed]

Nick: Nick is the Kettles' prized black bull. He spends most of his time living on the Kettles' farm, which is his main home, but in "Ma and Pa Kettle At Home" (1954), he sneaks out of the farm and lumbers towards the Maddocks' farm to visit one of John Maddocks' prize cows, Bessie. He is often seen wearing a derby hat on his head, similar to the same type of hat that Pa Kettle wears.[citation needed]

The Goats: A herd of four white Saanen goats live on the Kettles' farm. In "Ma and Pa Kettle At Home" (1954), their original owner, John Maddocks, sells them to Pa Kettle for $100 (equivalent to $1,009 in 2021). The goats spend most of their time grazing around the farm, but the largest of them, a large buck with massive curved horns, often causes everyone trouble. In "Ma and Pa Kettle At Home" (1954), he butts Ma, then Mannering, and lastly Pa, after they turn their backs to him. In "Ma and Pa Kettle Back On The Farm" (1951), he starts chewing on several sticks of dynamite that Pa bought to make a new well for Ma, but Pa keeps snatching them from him.[citation needed]

Agnes: Agnes is the Kettles' family Bluetick Coonhound, who also lives on the farm. She is often seen wearing a sweater that Ma Kettle made for her. In "Ma and Pa Kettle At Home" (1954), she produces a litter of puppies for the Kettles and their friends at their Christmas Eve party.[citation needed]

Kettle farm set

Kettle Farm
Ma and Pa Kettle location
The Ma & Pa Kettle Farmhouse.jpg
The set as it appears in the film Ma and Pa Kettle Back on the Farm (1951).

The Kettle Farm (also known as Gausman Ranch) was a movie ranch in Universal Studios where most of the Ma and Pa Kettle features were filmed.[6] The set was redressed several times to resemble a cluttered farmhouse with dilapidating farm buildings.[7] The Kettles' farmhouse did not appear in Ma and Pa Kettle on Vacation and Ma and Pa Kettle at Waikiki. The farm buildings were restored and painted for Ma and Pa Kettle at Home. The entire farm set was modified for The Kettles in the Ozarks, where it was reused as Uncle Sedge's farm in Arkansas. The remodeled farmhouse was also used for The Kettles on Old MacDonald's Farm. The Kettle Farm area was demolished in 1969 to begin construction on the Gibson Amphitheatre on the site of the set. Today this site is The Wizarding World of Harry Potter.

The movie ranch appeared in other films and television series, including:

Films

Original film poster.
Original film poster.

The ten Kettle films are:

  1. The Egg and I (1947)
  2. Ma and Pa Kettle (1949) a.k.a. The Further Adventures of Ma and Pa Kettle
  3. Ma and Pa Kettle Go to Town (1950)
  4. Ma and Pa Kettle Back on the Farm (1951)
  5. Ma and Pa Kettle at the Fair (1952)
  6. Ma and Pa Kettle on Vacation (1953)
  7. Ma and Pa Kettle at Home (1954)
  8. Ma and Pa Kettle at Waikiki (1955)
  9. The Kettles in the Ozarks (1956)
  10. The Kettles on Old MacDonald's Farm (1957)

The Egg and I

Ma and Pa Kettle first appeared in supporting roles as neighbors in The Egg and I (film), starring Fred MacMurray and Claudette Colbert as a refined city couple who move to a rural chicken farm. Marjorie Main, a veteran character actress, played a hardy country woman in dozens of films, and so was a natural for the role of Ma Kettle. Main was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.[8]

Ma and Pa Kettle series

After the success of The Egg and I, she and Percy Kilbride starred in their own series of Ma and Pa Kettle movies, which became box-office bonanzas for Universal Pictures, having earned an estimated $35 million for the entire series.[4][9]

Kilbride retired after making Ma and Pa Kettle at Home (although Waikiki was released last), primarily due to boredom with the character, as well as health concerns.[10]

The Kettles films

The Pa Kettle character did not appear at all in The Kettles in the Ozarks, in which Arthur Hunnicutt played Pa's brother Sedgewick Kettle. In The Kettles on Old MacDonald's Farm, the last Kettle movie, Parker Fennelly played Pa Kettle.[citation needed]

Box office rankings

At the height of the popularity of the series, exhibitors polled by Quigley Publishing voted Kilbride and Main among the most popular stars in the US:

Adaptations and revivals

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Betty MacDonald's characters Ma and Pa Kettle also appeared in television's first comedy serial, The Egg and I, which aired on CBS (September 3, 1951 – August 1, 1952).[11] Each episode was only 15 minutes long. Ma Kettle was played by Doris Rich and Pa Kettle was played by Frank Twedell. Betty Lynn (better known as Barney Fife's girlfriend Thelma Lou from The Andy Griffith Show) played Betty MacDonald in some episodes, including "Pa Turns Over A New Leaf" (which aired on May 21, 1952). The role was usually played by Pat Kirkland. Another episode, "The Purloined Jacket", starred Mary Perry as Cammy, Richard Carlyle as Joe Kettle, and William A. Lee as Ed Peabody.[citation needed]

Animator Walter Lantz produced a short-lived cartoon series for Universal Pictures called "Maw and Paw", although only four cartoons were released between 1953 and 1955. The characters Maw and Paw (voiced by Grace Stafford and Dal McKennon, respectively) were based on the characters of Ma and Pa Kettle. The spellings of Maw and Paw Kettle appeared in the book The Egg and I (1945). Another Walter Lantz cartoon, "The Ostrich Egg And I" (1956), from the Maggie & Sam series, was a spoof of The Egg and I, with Maggie voiced by Grace Stafford and Sam voiced by Daws Butler.[citation needed]

In The Munsters season 1 episode "Family Portrait" (S01 E13, 1964-12-17), a magazine writer makes a reference to the Kettles when he sees the Munster home, which he implies resembles the Kettle farmhouse: "Let's see if Ma and Pa Kettle are home."[12]

In several Warners Brothers cartoons of the 1950s and 1960s, prolific voice artist June Foray imitates Marjorie Main's voice whenever a big aggressive female character appears in the cartoon. Many boomer kids became familiar with Foray's version of Main's voice before they discovered Marjorie Main as the source of Foray's imitation.[clarification needed][citation needed]

The satirical film Loose Shoes (1980), which starred Bill Murray, included a sketch called "A Visit With Ma and Pa", where Ma Kettle was played by Ysabel MacCloskey and Pa Kettle was played by Walker Edmiston.[citation needed]

DVD releases

The Adventures of Ma and Pa Kettle Volume 1 [13]

as the first part of Universal's Franchise Collection series.

The Adventures of Ma and Pa Kettle Volume 2 [14]

as the second part of Universal's Franchise Collection series.

The Further Adventures of the Kettles [15]

as a TCM Vault Collection presented by Universal Studios.

The Ma and Pa Kettle Complete Comedy Collection [16]

as a TCM Vault Collection presented by Universal Studios.

References

  1. ^ Ma & Pa Kettle Complete Comedy Collection, retrieved 2021-07-18
  2. ^ a b Fitzgerald, Michael G. (1977), Universal Pictures: A Panoramic History in Words, Pictures, and Filmographies, New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House Publishers, p. 67, ISBN 0-87000-366-6
  3. ^ "Awards for The Egg and I". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  4. ^ a b c Harkins, Anthony (2005) [2003]. Hillbilly: A Cultural History of an American Icon. New York; Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189506.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-19-518950-6. OCLC 656796911. Retrieved November 26, 2011.
  5. ^ a b Fitzgerald, p. 69
  6. ^ Gennawey, S. (2014). Universal versus Disney: The Unofficial Guide to American Theme Parks' Greatest Rivalry. Unofficial Guides. p. 32. ISBN 978-1-62809-015-4. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  7. ^ Vogel, M. (2013). Marjorie Main: The Life and Films of Hollywood's "Ma Kettle". McFarland. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-4766-0426-8. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  8. ^ The Egg and I, Awards at Internet Movie Database
  9. ^ Main and Kilbride also appeared together in the 1948 Universal film "Feudin', Fussin' And A-Fightin", costarring Donald O'Connor and Joe Besser. Many have mistaken this movie to be a Kettle film. Main played Maribel Matthews and Kilbride played Billy Caswell.
  10. ^ Thomas, Bob (1953-04-08). "'Pa Kettle To Quit Family Film Series". Sarasota Journal. Retrieved 2014-05-11.
  11. ^ McNeil, Alex (1996). Total Television. New York, NY: Penguin Books. p. 254. ISBN 0-14-024916-8.
  12. ^ "Family Portrait" episode - The Munsters 1964, Kayro-Vue Universal Studios.
  13. ^ TCM Shopping: The Adventures Of Ma And Pa Kettle, Vol. 1 Archived 2010-11-09 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved January 26, 2011.
  14. ^ TCM Shopping: The Adventures Of Ma And Pa Kettle, Vol. 2 Archived 2010-07-09 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved January 26, 2011.
  15. ^ TCM Vault Collection: The Further Adventures of the Kettle Archived 2011-01-12 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved January 26, 2011.
  16. ^ TCM Vault Collection: The Ma and Pa Kettle Complete Comedy Collection, Retrieved October 6, 2011.