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Macau people
Regions with significant populations
 Macau642,753 (2019)[1]
 Mainland China50,000
 Hong Kong10,000
 South Korea5,000
 United States3,000
Cantonese (native language), Mandarin, English (majority)
Portuguese, Macanese (minority)
Non-religious with Chinese folk religion, Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity and other faiths
Related ethnic groups
Cantonese people, Hong Kong people, Hakka people, Tanka people
Macau people
Traditional Chinese澳門人
Simplified Chinese澳门人

Macau people (Chinese: 澳門人) are people who originate from or live in Macau.

Besides their use to refer to Macau residents, these terms may also be used more loosely to refer to those who may not be residents, but have lived in the city for an extensive period of time or have a strong cultural connection with Macau. Macau people do not comprise one particular ethnicity, and people that live in Macau are independent of Chinese citizenship and residency status. The majority of Macau people are of Chinese descent and are ethnic Han Chinese (with most having ancestral roots in the province of Guangdong). Macau people with Portuguese ancestry are known as the Macanese.[2]


The Chinese terms "澳門人" (lit.'Macau people') and "土生葡人" (lit.'native-born Portuguese people') refer to the Macau people and the Macanese people, respectively. Attempts by the Portuguese Macau government in the mid-1990s to redefine the Portuguese and English term "Macanese" as Macau Permanent Resident (anyone born in Macau regardless of ethnicity, language, religion or nationality) failed.[3] Consequently, the Portuguese and English term "Macanese" refers neither to the indigenous people of Macau (Tanka people) nor to the demonym of Macau, but to a distinctive minority culture (1.2% of all Macau population).

See also


  1. ^ 2018 Demographics
  2. ^ "What are the characteristics of Macanese people?". Macau Daily Times. 10 October 2012. Archived from the original on 16 November 2018. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  3. ^ Clayton, Cathryn H. (2010). Sovereignty at the Edge: Macau & the Question of Chineseness. Harvard University Press. pp. 110113. ISBN 978-0674035454.