|Directed by||Cecil B. DeMille|
|Screenplay by||Jeanie Macpherson|
|Produced by||Cecil B. DeMille|
|Edited by||Anne Bauchens|
|Music by||(see "Music" below)|
|Distributed by||Loew's Inc.|
Madam Satan or Madame Satan is a 1930 American pre-Code musical comedy film produced and directed by Cecil B. DeMille, starring Kay Johnson, Reginald Denny, Lillian Roth and Roland Young
Madam Satan has been called one of the oddest films DeMille made and certainly one of the oddest MGM made during its "golden age". Thematically, this marked an attempt by DeMille to return to the boudoir comedies genre that had brought him financial success about 10 years earlier.
Socialite Angela Brooks (Kay Johnson) reads in a newspaper that her husband Bob (Reginald Denny) and "Mrs. Brooks" were in night court together with Bob's best friend Jimmy Wade (Roland Young). The woman is actually Trixie (Lillian Roth), a showgirl Bob has been having an affair with, but Bob tries to pretend that she is Jimmy's wife.
Angela is more amused than angered by the clumsy lies, but it soon becomes clear that Bob has lost interest in their marriage as he considers she has become staid and cold. They each declare that they are moving out and leaving the other, but Angela instantly repents. Her maid encourages her to fight for her happiness.
Angela tells Jimmy she will spend the night with him and Trixie. Thinking she believes they are married, Jimmy rushes to Trixie's apartment to warn her, but Angela arrives and they reluctantly pretend to be married. The scene becomes more farcical when Bob arrives as well, while Trixie is hiding; Jimmy conceals Angela under a blanket and says she is his girlfriend, a married woman whose name he will not reveal. Trixie reenters so that Bob will know the woman is not her.
After the men leave, Trixie observes that Angela was caught in her own trap. She then says that the difference between them is that Trixie understands the things a man wants in a woman, and as long as she gives them to Bob, he will stay with her. Angela takes that as a challenge and says she can do what Trixie does.
An elaborate masquerade ball is to be held by Jimmy aboard a moored dirigible, the Zeppelin CB-P-55. To win back her husband's affections, Angela decides to attend as a mysterious devil woman—"Madame Satan"—and "vamp" him. Hidden behind her mask and wrapped in an alluring gown that reveals more than it covers, Angela will find her errant husband at the ball and teach him a lesson.
To Trixie's dismay, Bob is indeed bewitched by Angela in her disguise, nothing like the demure spouse he left at home. During the ball, several exotic musical numbers are performed. Then a thunderstorm strikes and the dirigible is damaged and in danger of breaking apart, so that everyone has to parachute to the ground.
By that time Angela has unmasked and made herself known to Bob, who resents her deception. He gives her his parachute harness and goes to find another one. Then Trixie cannot find a parachute harness; Angela extorts a promise to leave Bob alone in return for her own harness. When Bob returns he gives Angela his own harness, and she parachutes safely into the open jump seat of a car in which a couple are necking. Bob rides a piece of the broken dirigible down, diving into a reservoir just before impact. Jimmy ends up in a tree in the middle of the lion enclosure at the zoo, while Trixie breaks through the roof of a Turkish bath full of toweled men who scramble to cover themselves.
The next day, Angela, who is unharmed, and Bob, who has his arm in a sling, reconcile after a visit from a heavily bandaged Jimmy.
The cast of Madam Satan is listed by the American Film Institute.
Katherine DeMille, DeMille's daughter, was an uncredited "Zeppelin Reveler".
Cecil B. DeMille, voices an uncredited Radio Newscaster
Abe Lyman, who can be seen in Madam Satan, was hired to play the music. He recorded two numbers from the film for Brunswick Records. "Live And Love Today" and "This Is Love" were released on Brunswick's popular 10-inch series as record number 4804. Regal label in Australia also released a version of "Live And Love To-Day" by the Rhythmic Troubadours, record number G20999, in 1930.
Theodore Kosloff, a DeMille regular who was better known as a dance director, was originally hired by DeMille to do the film's choreography, but MGM insisted on Leroy Prinz. However, some dance experts believe that Kosloff did choreograph the "Ballet Mechanicique", as it seems more representative of his work than that of Prinz.
The Zeppelin sequences were originally scheduled to be filmed in Technicolor. However, this was abandoned because Technicolor could not handle the high-speed photography needed for the use of miniatures.
DeMille originally wanted writer Dorothy Parker to augment Jeanie MacPherson's original script. Learning that Parker was living in France, and that this would make collaboration too difficult, DeMille then sought vaudeville writer Elsie Janis. She agreed to work on the project, but left amicably on March 24, 1930 due to creative differences. Janis reportedly did not like the direction the script was going.
Hollywood censor Jason Joy worked with DeMille to minimize censorable elements in the potentially objectionable script. "They agreed to put less revealing costumes on the girls at the masquerade party. Body stockings, larger fig leaves and translucent fishnets took care of most of the nudity. The drinking scenes were toned down ...", Angela's "Madam Satan" costume also was made less revealing. An entire scene in which Angela confronts Trixie, and Trixie is shown wearing a sheer nightgown because she "has nothing to hide" was deleted. The collaboration ended up being agreeable to both men. The notoriously finicky Ohio censor board passed the film without cuts.
Thomas Meighan was sought for the lead role of Bob Brooks before Reginald Denny was cast on January 9, 1930. DeMille wanted Gloria Swanson for the role of Angela, but her lover and business partner Joseph P. Kennedy reportedly persuaded her not to accept the role. Swanson still was trying to salvage her disastrous venture in Queen Kelly (1929) and was advised to appear in films only made by her own production company. Although originally scheduled to be shot in 70 days, it took 59, with principal photography commencing on March 3 and ending on May 2, 1930. Madam Satan was the most expensive film made by Metro in 1930, and would remain its most expensive musical until The Merry Widow (1934).
Madam Satan was released at a time when American theaters had become saturated with musicals, and as a result, it was a financial failure, eventually resulting in a net loss of $390,000.
In his review for The New York Times, film critic Mordaunt Hall described Madam Satan as "an inept story with touches of comedy that are more tedious than laughable." He further noted the film "is a strange conglomeration of unreal incidents that are sometimes set forth with no little technical skill. It begins with the flash of a bird bath and closes with the parachuting of passengers from a giant dirigible that is struck by lightning. This production, in which occasional songs are rendered, boasts of no fewer than 46 listed characters besides Abe Lyman and his band."
A similar review by Edwin Schallert in the Los Angeles Times noted: "The general impression of the DeMille picture is that it is too much in one key. The superabundance of sound palls, and leaves one weary. Besides, there is a staginess about the whole result that casts anything approaching convictions to one side." The Film Daily, a trade paper widely read by theater owners in 1930, also highlighted in its review the production's alleged excesses, including its extravagant production values and the frequent use of "risque lines" in its dialogue. The paper in its October 5 issue summarizes the film in all-capital letters as a "TYPICAL DE MILLE ORGY OF SPECTACULAR SETTINGS AND COSTUMES WITH 'HOT' LINES THAT KILL IT FOR FAMILY TRADE."
Today, a reassessment is taking place; though some only regard the film as an amusing oddity and an exercise in DeMille using "too much of everything just because he can."
The original black-and-white release print of Madam Satan still survives, but is missing at least one musical number. According to film reviews of 1930, Kay Johnson and Reginald Denny originally sang "This Is Love," but in the currently circulating print, this song is only heard playing in the background during a scene in which Johnson is speaking to her maid.
The original Technicolor sequences of Madam Satan exist only in black-and-white. The film is available on VHS and, as of November 9, 2010, on DVD via the Warner Archive Collection made-to-order process. The film has also been televised by Turner Classic Movies.