Madison County Courthouse in March 2012
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
|Named for||James Madison|
|• Total||559 sq mi (1,450 km2)|
|• Land||557 sq mi (1,440 km2)|
|• Water||1.5 sq mi (4 km2) 0.3%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||176/sq mi (68/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Madison County is a county located in the western part of the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 98,294. Its county seat is Jackson.
Madison County is included in the Jackson, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Madison County was formed in 1821, and named for founding father and president, James Madison. The county was part of lands the United States purchased from the Chickasaw in 1818. After Congressional passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, most Chickasaw were forced out of the state and west to Indian Territory beyond the Mississippi River.
Pinson Mounds, one of the largest Woodland period (c. 1-500CE) mound complexes in the United States, is located in Madison County. It has the second-tallest earthwork mound in the United States.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 559 square miles (1,450 km2), of which 557 square miles (1,440 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.3%) is water.
McKellar-Sipes Regional Airport (MKL) serves the county. Air Choice One began commercial service to St. Louis Lambert International Airport on June 28, 2015, and then added direct service to Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 91,837 people, 35,552 households, and 24,637 families residing in the county. The population density was 165 people per square mile (64/km2). There were 38,205 housing units at an average density of 69 per square mile (26/km2). There were 35,552 households, out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 15.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.
The racial makeup of the county was 65.20% non-Hispanic White or European American, 32.46% non-Hispanic Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 1.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 35,552 households, out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 15.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.70% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.80% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,982, and the median income for a family was $44,595. Males had a median income of $34,253 versus $23,729 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,389. About 10.80% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.
The county is headed by an elected county mayor (currently Jimmy Harris) and county commission of 25 members elected from 10 districts.
This is the Madison County which Kenny Rogers refers to in his song "Reuben James".