.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Italian. (January 2023) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Italian Wikipedia article at [[:it:Madonna dei Pellegrini]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|it|Madonna dei Pellegrini)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Madonna of Loreto
Italian: Madonna dei pellegrini
The location of the painting today
Click on the map to see marker.
Yearc. 1604–1606
MediumOil on canvas
Dimensions260 cm × 150 cm (100 in × 59 in)
LocationSant'Agostino, Rome
Coordinates41°54′3.24″N 12°28′27.44″E / 41.9009000°N 12.4742889°E / 41.9009000; 12.4742889

The Madonna of Loreto or Pilgrim's Madonna is a painting (1604–1606) by the Italian Baroque master Caravaggio, located in the Cavalletti Chapel of the church of Sant'Agostino, just northeast of the Piazza Navona in Rome.[1] It depicts the barefoot Virgin holding her naked child in a doorway before two kneeling peasants on a pilgrimage.

In 1603 the heirs of marquis Ermete Cavalletti, who had died on 21 July 1602, commissioned a painting on the theme of the Madonna of Loreto to decorate a family chapel.[1] As instructed by the marquis's will, the Cavaletti's purchased a chapel in the church of Sant'Agostino in Rome on 4 September 1603.[2]

The painter Giovanni Baglione, a competitor who had successfully ensured Caravaggio was jailed during a libel trial, said that the unveiling of this painting "caused the common people to make a great cackle (schiamazzo) over it". The uproar was not surprising. The Virgin Mary, like her admiring pilgrims, is barefoot. The doorway or niche is not an exalted cumulus or bevy of putti, but a partly decrepit wall of flaking brick. Only a slim halo indicates her saintly status. While beautiful, the Virgin Mary could be any woman emerging from the shadows. Like many of Caravaggio's Roman paintings, such as the Conversion on the Way to Damascus or the Calling of St Matthew, the scene is a moment where an ordinary person encounters the divine, whose appearance is equally ordinary. The woman modelling Mary appears to be the same as that in Caravaggio's canvas in the Galleria Borghese: The Madonna and Child with St. Anne (Dei Palafrenieri) (1605).

It has been suggested that Caravaggio's composition is at least in part derived from a detail of a 1574 engraving, Adoration of the Magi, after Rosso Fiorentino, by Caravaggio's friend Cherubino Alberti (1553–1615).[3]

See also


  1. ^ a b Hibbard, Howard (1983). Caravaggio (paperback) (1985 ed.). Westview Press. pp. 184–191. ISBN 9780064301282.
  2. ^ Vodret, Rossella (2012). "The Madonna of Loreto". In Rossella Vodret (ed.). Caravaggio's Rome: 1600-1630. Milan: Skira Editore S.p.A. pp. 22–23. ISBN 9788857213873.
  3. ^ William Gavin, Caravaggio's Madonna of Loreto Reconsidered, SOURCE, Notes in the History of Art, Fall 1986, pp.20-23.