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Magam
Town
Magam
Magam
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Magam
Magam
Magam (India)
Coordinates: 34°05′N 74°35′E / 34.08°N 74.58°E / 34.08; 74.58Coordinates: 34°05′N 74°35′E / 34.08°N 74.58°E / 34.08; 74.58
Country India
Union territoryJammu and Kashmir
DistrictBudgam
Elevation1,569 m (5,148 ft)
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English[1][2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
193401

Magam is a town located in the Budgam district in the Indian administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It is an administrative tehsil, and is known because of its presence on Gulmarg Highway. It is 11 km (6.8 mi) from sub-district headquarters Beerwah and 20 km (12 mi) away from Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. The Idara Abu Fazal Abbas Islamic Library, opened in Magam in 1985, is the largest Islamic private library in Jammu and Kashmir.[citation needed]

Economy

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Magam is well known by its business and is being considered the hub of business in district Budgam due to its wide marketing connectivity with three districts like Budgam, Baramulla and Srinagar. Due to the growing business in Magam every commercial financial institution is approaching towards it, it has seven ATM machines and seven commercial Banks.

Magam is also known as the gateway of Gulmarg which is a famous tourist destination in the world which is only 25 km (16 mi) away from it.

Demographics

As of 2011, Magam had a population of 5,470, of which 18% is under 6 years of age. Magam has an average literacy rate of 51.22%, 27.28% lower than the national average of 78.5%. The male literacy rate in Magam is 57%, while the female rate is 42%.[3]

Education

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Magam has three higher secondary schools namely Government Boys Higher Secondary Institute, Government Girls Higher Secondary Institute. At the secondary level, it has Lucent International school ,R.M.P school , Green View Public High School,Government middle school for boys and girls (separate) Yagipora, Raheislam Educational Organisation, the New Convent School

Lucent International School is a franchise based school of Dehradun  that provides transport to all connected wide areas of district Budgam and Srinagar.

These institutes offer teaching in the arts, science, and commerce streams. Government Degree College Magam was established in 2012.[citation needed] The college offers courses like BA, B.Com, and BBA. The College also hosts an IGNOU Study Centre (30026) where students get higher education through distance learning. A technical institute operates there. Himayat centres play a role in Magam to provide student internships.[citation needed]

Transport

Magam is well-connected with the State and District Highway roads; it is also connected by rail to Srinagar and Gulmarg. Mazhom railway station is located 2 km (1.2 mi) from Magam. The town has a post office. Two bus stands provide transportation to adjoining areas.

Magam is famous for tanga (a light horse-drawn two-wheeled vehicle). These tongas were first used by tourists to travel from Magam to Gulmarg and for other local transport. These tongas can still be seen in Magam. Tonga ride is still known as Kings ride.

References

  1. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.