Maharajganj district
Location of Maharajganj district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Maharajganj district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionGorakhpur
HeadquartersMahrajganj, Uttar Pradesh
TehsilsAnand Nagar (Pharenda), Nautanwa, Nichlaul, Maharajganj Sadar
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesMaharajganj
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesMaharajganj sadar, Siswa Bazar, Anand Nagar (Pharenda), Nautanwa and Paniyara
Area
 • Total2,952 km2 (1,140 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,684,703
 • Density910/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy64.3 per cent
 • Sex ratio943
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH730, NH24, NH730S
Websitemaharajganj.nic.in

Maharajganj district is one of the 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India, and the town of Maharajganj is the district headquarter. District is a part Gorakhpur division. It is located in Terai regions of Himalayas, bordering Nepal in North.

Geography

Maharajganj district is bounded by Nawalparasi and Rupandehi Districts of Pradesh Number 5 of Nepal in the north, the districts of Kushinagar in the east,Maharajganj also shares border with West Champaran district of Bihar in east. It borders Gorakhpur to the south and Siddharthnagar and Sant Kabir Nagar in the west. It is part of Gorakhpur Division. The district covers an area of 2,951 km2. It has a

population of 2,684,703 (2011 Census).[2] nautnwa,phrenda,kolhui,paniyra,siswa,nichlool,ghughuli and brijmanganj big town in maharajganj distinct.

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901496,095—    
1911540,574+0.86%
1921551,476+0.20%
1931615,937+1.11%
1941681,685+1.02%
1951765,432+1.17%
1961892,048+1.54%
19711,057,848+1.72%
19811,335,090+2.35%
19911,676,378+2.30%
20012,173,878+2.63%
20112,684,703+2.13%
source:[3]

The district was carved out from the erstwhile Gorakhpur district on 2 October 1989. It is known for the ruins of Buddha which are found here and it is expected that if proper excavation is done then many unknown facts about Buddha will be discovered. Religious temples Lehra devi There is a temple of Lehra Devi (लेहड़ा देवी), also known as Aadravanavaasini (आद्रवनवासिनी), in Lehra forest. People from all over Eastern Uttar Pradesh visit here and worship the goddess Durga. There is special importance to visit here in the period of Navratri in months of March–April and September–October. This temple is about 50 km North-West of Gorakhpur located in Anandnagar. It is believed that while wandering in the forest for 14 years, Pandavas lived a year in disguise. They visited the Lehra Jungle and were offered shelter by Lehra Devi. There is one natural Pindi as in Vaishno Devi. It is also believed that Yudhishthira (युधिष्ठिर) answered the questions of Yaksha(यक्ष) here only in this forest. The Chinese traveller Hiuen-Tsang also mentions the temple in his book Si-Yu-Ki. During British Raj it was one Military Camp named Lehra. One day a British officer came here and fired a bullet at the Pindi. Suddenly, blood started coming out of the Pindi. Seeing the blood, the British ran away. They all died with their horses. Grave of the British Officer is situated in the West of temple about 1 km of distance. Once Maa came to the town as a beautiful girl and wanted to cross the river. She hired a boat and started the journey but in middle of the river the boatman grew interested in her splendid beauty and went off track. As soon as Devi understood his intention, she disappeared with the boat. In the Kali Yuga she was seen with the boat to her followers who made a temple at the very place. It is believed that if a person visits the temple for regular 5 Tuesdays, his wishes are fulfilled. To reach this temple, busses, autorickshaws and trains are available from Gorakhpur to Anandnagar (Pharenda). It is connected by other mediums to the temple from Anandnagar.[citation needed]

Politics

District has one Lok Sabha constituency named as Maharajganj (Uttar Pradesh Lok Sabha constituency), currently represented by Pankaj Chaudhary of Bhartiya Janta Party.

Maharajganj has been a power centre of UP because it has elected several Bahubalis like Viredra Pratap Shahi, Amar Mani Tripathi and various others.

Caste based politics is prevails in Maharajganj which is concentrated between Thakurs and Brahmins. Currently Aman Mani tripathi son of Amar Mani is the leader of Brahmins and Thakur leadership is in hands of Akhilesh Singh.

Muslims elected its first Muslim MP Late Ashfaq Hussain in 1984 and after him Muslims chose Syed Arshad

as their face who has been on various posts like Chairman of Dairy Cooperative Union etc.

There are 5 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in the district which are:

Municipal districts

There are 3 Nagar Palikas in the district:

There are 6 Nagar Panchayat in the district:

Bridgemanganj, Partawal, Chowk and Paniyara are newly created.[citation needed]

Villages

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Maharajganj one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

Divisions

Maharajganj district comprises 4 tehsils:

There are 1048 revenue villages in the district and 19 police stations.

Sonauli is the main checkpoint at the Nepal border and is administered directly by home ministry of government of India.

Thuthibari, Bargadwan, Jhulnipur, Bhagwanpur, Kolhui bazar are some other major entry points at Nepal border.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Maharajganj district has a population of 2,684,703,[citation needed] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[5] or the US state of Nevada.[6] This gives it a ranking of 148st in India (out of a total of 640 districts).

Hinduism is practiced by majority of the population around 82% Islam is followed by 17% of the population. Maharajganj district has the highest population of people following Buddhism. This is because of influence of Gautama Buddha in the region as he was born in Lumbini located nearly in Nepal.[citation needed]

The district has a population density of 909 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,350/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 23.50%

Maharajganj has a sex ratio of 943 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 62.76%.[citation needed]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 99.98% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 0.90% Urdu as their first language.[7]

References

  1. ^ "District Maharajganj". Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Uttar Pradesh". india,gov,in website. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  7. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue