Maharajganj district
Nepal-India border checkpoint at Sonauli
Nepal-India border checkpoint at Sonauli
Location of Maharajganj district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Maharajganj district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionGorakhpur
HeadquartersMahrajganj
TehsilsAnand Nagar (Pharenda), Nautanwa, Nichlaul, Maharajganj Sadar
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesMaharajganj
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesMaharajganj sadar, Siswa Bazar, Anand Nagar (Pharenda), Nautanwa and Paniyara
Area
 • Total2,952 km2 (1,140 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,684,703
 • Density910/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
 • Urban
134,730
Language
 • OfficialHindi[2]
 • Additional officialUrdu[2]
 • RegionalBhojpuri
Demographics
 • Literacy64.3 per cent
 • Sex ratio943
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH730, NH24, NH730S
Websitemaharajganj.nic.in

Maharajganj district is one of the 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India, and the town of Maharajganj is the district headquarters. District is a part Gorakhpur division. It is located in Terai regions of Himalayas, bordering Nepal in North.

Geography

Maharajganj district is bounded by Nawalparasi and Rupandehi Districts of Lumbini Province of Nepal in the north, the districts of Kushinagar in the east, Maharajganj also shares border with West Champaran district of Bihar in east. It borders Gorakhpur to the south and Siddharthnagar and Sant Kabir Nagar in the west. It is part of Gorakhpur Division. The district covers an area of 2,951 km2. It has a population of 2,684,703 (2011 Census).[3]

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901496,095—    
1911540,574+0.86%
1921551,476+0.20%
1931615,937+1.11%
1941681,685+1.02%
1951765,432+1.17%
1961892,048+1.54%
19711,057,848+1.72%
19811,335,090+2.35%
19911,676,378+2.30%
20012,173,878+2.63%
20112,684,703+2.13%
source:[4]

The district was carved out from the erstwhile Gorakhpur district on 2 October 1989. It is known for the ruins of Buddha which are found here and it is expected that if proper excavation is done then many unknown facts about Buddha will be discovered. Religious temples of Lehra Devi: There is a temple of Lehra Devi (लेहड़ा देवी), also known as Aadravanavaasini (आद्रवनवासिनी), in Lehra forest. People from all over Eastern Uttar Pradesh visit here and worship the goddess Durga. There is special importance to visit here in the period of Navratri in months of March–April and September–October. This temple is about 50 km North-West of Gorakhpur located in Anandnagar. It is believed that while wandering in the forest for 14 years, Pandavas lived a year in disguise. They visited the Lehra Jungle and were offered shelter by Lehra Devi. There is one natural Pindi as in Vaishno Devi. It is also believed that Yudhishthira (युधिष्ठिर) answered the questions of Yaksha (यक्ष) here only in this forest. The Chinese traveller Hiuen-Tsang also mentions the temple in his book Si-Yu-Ki. During British Raj it was one Military Camp named Lehra. One day a British officer came here and fired a bullet at the Pindi. Suddenly, blood started coming out of the Pindi. Seeing the blood, the British ran away. They all died with their horses. Grave of the British Officer is situated in the West of temple about 1 km of distance. Once Maa came to the town as a beautiful girl and wanted to cross the river. She hired a boat and started the journey but in middle of the river the boatman grew interested in her splendid beauty and went off track. As soon as Devi understood his intention, she disappeared with the boat. In the Kali Yuga she was seen with the boat to her followers who made a temple at the very place. It is believed that if a person visits the temple for regular 5 Tuesdays, his wishes are fulfilled. To reach this temple, buses, autorickshaws and trains are available from Gorakhpur to Anandnagar (Pharenda). It is connected by other mediums to the temple from Anandnagar.[citation needed]

Politics

District has one Lok Sabha constituency named as Maharajganj (Uttar Pradesh Lok Sabha constituency), currently represented by Pankaj Chaudhary of Bhartiya Janta Party.

There are 5 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in the district which are:

Municipal Corporations

There are 3 Nagar Palikas in the district:[citation needed]

There are 8 Nagar Panchayat in the district:[citation needed]

Bridgemanganj, Partawal, Chowk and Paniyara are newly created.[citation needed]

Villages

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Maharajganj one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]

Divisions

Maharajganj district comprises 4 tehsils:

There are 1048 revenue villages in the district and 19 police stations.

Sonauli is the main checkpoint at the Nepal border and is administered directly by home ministry of government of India.

Thuthibari, Bargadwan, Jhulnipur, Bhagwanpur, Kolhui bazar are some other major entry points at Nepal border.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Maharajganj district has a population of 2,684,703,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[7] or the US state of Nevada.[8] This gives it a ranking of 148st in India (out of a total of 640 districts). The district has a population density of 909 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,350/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 23.50%. Maharajganj has a sex ratio of 943 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 62.76%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 18.36% and 0.61% of the population respectively.[6]

Religions in Maharajganj district (2011)[9]
Religion Percent
Hindus
81.83%
Muslims
17.08%
Buddhists
0.60%
Other or not stated
0.49%

Hinduism is practiced by majority of the population, around 82%. Islam is followed by 17% of the population. Maharajganj district has the highest proportion of people following Buddhism in Uttar Pradesh.[9]

Languages in Mahrajganj district (2011)[10]

  Bhojpuri (59.23%)
  Hindi (39.65%)
  Urdu (0.90%)
  Others (0.22%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 59.23% of the population in the district spoke Bhojpuri, 39.65% Hindi and 0.90% Urdu as their first language.[10]

Bhojpuri is the local language of Maharajganj. The Bhojpuri variant of Kaithi is the indigenous script of Bhojpuri language.[11]

References

  1. ^ "District Maharajganj". Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Uttar Pradesh". india,gov,in website. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  4. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  6. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Maharajganj" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  9. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  10. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  11. ^ Grierson, George Abraham (1881). A handbook to the Kayathi character. The Library of Congress. Calcutta, Thacker, Spink, and co.